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Malga-Herdsman's hut in the Valteline. | Sérac--Tower of a glacier ice-fall, iceMayen-Châlet of a Senner, or COW

castle; name derived from a thin cheese which splits into rectangular pieces.

herd.

Montets-Common name for an ascent in Staffel-Step.
a defile. Les Montets.
Moulin-Well-like aperture in a glacier.
Nachglühen Afterglow of the Alps.
Névé-See Firn.

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Steinbock-German for the ibex. Bou-
quetin (Fr.). Stambecco (Ital.).
Stoss-Pasture.

Tines-Les Tines. Common name for a
defile.

Tobel-See Graben.
Tritt-Step.

From Fr. Uja. Italian for aiguille.

Wand-Wall.
Windloch-Blowhole.
Wyl-Village.

ABBREVIATIONS, &c., EMPLOYED IN THE HANDBOOK.

The points of the compass (true, not magnetic) are marked by the letters N. S. E. W.

(rt.) right, (.) left,-applied to the banks of a river. The right bank is that which lies on the right hand of a person whose back is turned towards the source, or to the quarter from which the current descends.

Distances are, as far as possible, reduced to English miles; when miles are mentioned, they may be understood to be English, and feet to be English feet.

Where there is a railway, the distances at the head of the chapters are measured from the first station or terminus. On other roads the distances are measured from each place to the next place mentioned.

The names of Inns precede the description of every place (often in a parenthesis), because the first information needed by a traveller is where to lodge, and the best Inns are placed first.

Inns* is a mark of commendation; B. Bed; Br. Breakfast; D. Dinner.

Instead of designating a town by the vague words "large" or "small," the amount of the population, according to the latest census, is almost invariably stated, as presenting a more exact scale of the importance and size of the place.

[Switz.]

In order to avoid repetition, the Routes are preceded by a chapter of preliminary information; and to facilitate reference to it, each division or paragraph is separately

numbered.

Each Route is numbered with Arabic figures, corresponding with the figures attached to the Route on the Map, which thus serves as an Index to the Book; at the same time that it presents a tolerably exact view of the great and minor roads of Switzerland, and of the course of public conveyances.

E. C. S., English Church Service on Sundays.

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SWITZERLAND.

ROUTE 1.

BÂLE TO BERNE, BY THE VAL MOUTIERS (MÜNSTER THAL) AND BIENNE. BALE or Basle. (Germ. Basel, Ital. Basilea.)- Inns: Trois Rois, overlooking the Rhine a fine large house, improved under a new landlord; Schweizerhof and Euler, both in the open space adjoining the Centr. Rly. Stat., both well furnished, and tolerable. The older houses are Tête d'Or and Couronne, on the river-side; Cigogne, Cygne and Sauvage. In Little Bâle, on rt. bank of the river, are the L'Ours Noir; Croix Blanche, with good cuisine; and H. de Bâle

[Switz.]

RHINE

BADEN. RLY. STAT.

SECTION I.

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opposite the rly. stat. There is a café adjoining the Trois Rois, and an excellent Buffet at the Centr. Rly. Stat. The Portier at this station provides water, towels, &c., for washing — a convenience to the traveller who arrives from Paris by the night train. He should remember that his watch will be wrong here. (See p. 5.) Eng. Ch. S. in St. Martin's ch.

ARSENAL

Bâle is divided by the Rhine into Great Bâle on the 1. bank and Little Bâle on the rt., connected by a wooden bridge, 680 ft. long, partly on stone piers. Great Bâle is situated on high, sloping banks, overlooking the Rhine, which rushes past in a full broad flood of a clear light green; and

FERRY

CATHEDRAL

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