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fatissed over the chimney pieces of our thrifty brusesises of nie si art scbno, and which, once touched, would bob up and down acous BOLIT LE an hour together. If it were not for the general appearaxect SETENAL ADİ Esperzily the three-cordered hat upon the wis, I should cera IPTE IS DIE son.e pernber of the whiz c.cb, whose reck had fontcgales SIDE 1 12. an- tiat the recollection ci the unpleasant sensation, had occasion, perpétual motion, which I have so chien roticed and aimz Ingurusi *5 action by the name of singularity, because, learned cacicss, so I usuh upon the occasion, tell me, that do calarecus, or paralytic Sci. 41 Dzie such an everlasting oscillation of the head. If, therefore, mye 15. *** the on. I al.ude to is ac* oally a divine, and that he is cisisme se larity in the pulpit, bis parishioners, I apprehend, must posses a 7 mm of licir muxies, as long as he remains in it. I could produce 2002 DEOS of sicgularity, but these will suffice to sbew, that this matris DZIS of a man's characier, much less of that of a diplomatic ass. We are ties are whici adorn the character of lord Dorgias, the Cutes 21 DT proper to inform its readers; but, it is clear, if ther: be at alisiziz SETIT have into described above, that they couid not fail to render te af ridicule in a foreign court. It has been very generally whispered 3-5 ties did occasion some inconvenience, and report goes 50 f2: 3 CST, reis to his crdship. However, the public will learn, with pleaseze, oz. si toreje has not been excised, and that, after his trareis of discoterT Ceritat Sibe: !, and the steppes of the vast Russian empire, he may, oc bsresos count, choose the sphere of an orator, and be, in the catect ci de Coa " onc of the best speakersin parlament.” In that case it is to be hopedisz je 19.Te his sir.zulari:ies in the coantry where they bare afforded so much direzice; sort John Ball is sc fond of humour that he will, with his wonted god matere, toza any species of drollery, yet la carnot endure any thing forced or ce
With respect of the animadsersons that were made upon Jr. Ajat: 200-102, they were, in my opinion, conclusire; and I do not hesitate eren DON 10 rex, the circunstance alleged against his appointment to fill a diplomatic ezacy735 suiticieni to bave di qualified him. But, it may be said, the present paristan his. in his official employment, which fact is, alone, a sctficient proct tha: bezze satisfied with him. To this I answer, that it is an argument only, and no pencs. For aught I know, the present administration may be satisfied with him, o, fiz a trotive of state corr placercy, they may judge it expedient to let him remais stihe cast of Vienna: ard the last motive seems to be the fact, for, according to the Morning Chronicle, he is continued solely at the particular request of that court. The circumstance has afforded to the Chronicle an opportunity for exultation : ani, no doubt, it is a just ground of triumpb, in which every honest Briton may participate. It is a very pleasing reflection, that we have a minister, though a member of the shig club, who has made himself respected abroad; and when we consider how this ration has been represented, for some years past, upon the continent, the distinguished approba. tion conferred upon the character of Mr. Adair, is truly consoling. But this agreeable circumstance, does not, in the least, invalidate our original ground of exception to that gentleman's appointment ly Mr. For. The people had not forgotten the candes. tine mission of Mr. Adair to Petersburg, for the treacherous design of counteracting the views of his majesty's government, and of giving to a factious leader a momentary advantage over his political adversary. The success of that pernicious stratagem, the civilized world feels at this day. It is notorious that Mr. Adair was the secret agent whom Mr. Fox employed upon that occasion ; that he was commissioned too without the knowledge of the confidential associates of Mr: Fox, to betray and frustrate the policy of the British minister, than which, no acț could more fully prove that the wel. fare of their country was a matter of subordinate consideration to them, when placed in competition with the defeat of a political rival
. What honest man could reflect upon that base transaction, and dissemble his anxieties and his indignation at the nomi. nation of Mr. Adair to the embassy at Vienna, the moment that Mr. Fox was invested with power? Did not their previous intrigue justify suspicion of their future conduct, especially when Mr. Fox did not disguise that the present was a war of wanton aga
gression on our part against France? We contemplated this appointment both retrospectively and prospectively; and, dreading the future from our experience of the past, we said that our country's interests might be committed.
What I wrote upon that occasion, I glory in repeating here; and I challenge the Morning Chronicle to adduce the shadow of an argument against the propriety of my reasonings. The most glaring and indecent act of impropriety, I observed,* the greatest aitront to public opinion, next to the appointment of Alexander Davison to the treasurership of the ordnance,t is the act of sending Mr. Robert Adair to the court of Vienna, in the character of minister plenipotentiary from this country. I call it an act of impropriety, because when we refer to Mr. Adair's previous diplomatic excursion to Petersburg, and reflect by whose authority, and with whose instructions he went thither, it is an high insult to the public spirit of the country, and an indignity to our sovereign. Is Britain descended so low in the comparison with foreign countries, that the person selected by our secretrary for foreign affairs, as the fittest to fill a most important, and, at this time, arduous situation, is a man whom Mr. Burke branded with the charge of having committed:“ an high-treasonable misdemeanor,” and whom no one ever heard of, except under the names of Bobby Adair, the half letter writer, and the representative of Mr. Fox at the court of St. Petersburg ? This last circumstance is a most weighty aggravation of the indignity cast upon this nation by the selection of this particular man; and that my readers may enter fully into this opinion, that they inay i see the nature and characters of the men who are managing our interests at home and abroad, that they may have a full-length portrait of this accomplished plenipo, this bantling of rank, weight, and talents, I request their attention to the following extract from Mr. Burke's “ Observations on the conduct of the Minority,"
" The laws and constitution of the kingdom, entrust the sole and exclusive right of treating with foreign potentates to the king. This is an undisputed part of the legal prerogative of the crown. However, notwithstanding this, Mr. Fox, without the knowledge or participation of any one person in the House of Commons, with whom he was bound, by every party principle in matters of delicacy and importance, confidentially, to communicate, thought proper to send Mr. Adair as his representative, and with his cypher, to St. Petersburg, there to frustrate the objects for which the minister from the crown was authorized to treat. He succeeded in this, his design, and did actually frustrate the king's minister in some of the objects of his negociation. This proceeding of Mr. Fox does not (as I conceive) amount to absolute high treason, Russia, though on bad terms, not having been then declaredly at war with this kingdom.--But such a proceeding is, in law, not very remote from that offence; and is, undoubtedly, a most unconstitutional act, and a high-treasonable misdemeanor. The legitimate and sure mode of communication between this nation and foreign powers, is rendered uncertain, precarious, and treacherous, by being divided into two channeis, one with the government, one with the head of a party, in opposition to that g'Wernment; by which means the foreign powers can never be assured of the real authority or validity of any public transaction whatsoever. On the other hand, the advantage taken of the discontent which at that time prevailed in parliament, and in the nation, to give to an individual an influence directly against the government of his conutry, in a foreign court, has made a highway into England for the intrigues of foreign courts in our attairs. This is a sore.evil; an evil from which, before this time, England was more tree than any other nation. Nothing can preserve us from that evil, which connects cabinet factions abroad with popular factions here, but the keeping sacred the crown, as the only channel of communication with every other nation.”
These were the strong grounds which led reflecting persons to feel a just alarm at Mr. Adair's appointment, and to remonstrate against it as an act of gross
effrontery on the part of Mr. Fox. In these exceptions, nothing personal was meant against
* See No. 27, of the 1st volume. + By the bye, I hear nothing more about the prosecution of this delinquent. I have been hitherto silent from a regard to justice. But if, upon inquiry, I should find that the long fingers of the law cannat, or will not, be outstretched to overtake him, I shall feel myself bound to resume my criticisms upon his adventures.
Mr. Adair, any further than as his agency at St. Petersburgh was implicated; but they were confined to the want of delicacy on the part of the employer. Of Mr. Adair's abilities, not one word was said ; Of his diplomatic dexterity, 110 one doubțed who recollected his exploits in Russia. The exceptions taken, therefore, were no against the personal character, but the political,--the party character of that gentle
Divested of his former reputation, as a clandestine agent in an illicit and unpatriotic transaction, he might make a good foreign minister; but considered as a partizan, and the accredited agerit of 'the state under the official patronage of his former employer, he certainly was a proper object of jealousy and animadversion. It does not, however, follow, because there was ground for this jçalousy then, that it should continue to exist now. The connection that was dreaded between himself and his patron, has ceased with the life of the fatier ; and furtherniore, a new ministry, actuated by national principles, less tinctured with the doctrines of modern universal philanthropy, and unquestionably hostile to the ambition and aggrandizement of France, are entrusted with the management of affairs, and will take care that no former bias of the mind shall induce any agent of our government abroad, to act otherwise than as may be consonant with the honour, the dignity, and the interests of the empire. Time, which assuages the force of party attachments, and corrects the jaundiced intellectual vision of public characters, may also contribute to effect a great change in the mode of thinking of the person to whom we allude; and should he be retained, for any length of time, in the dignified situation which he now fills; it is extremely probable, that his thoughts will be inseparably bent upon his country's welfare, and that the 'Whig Club, the good old cause, the choice spirits, the Foxites, will be obliterated from his mind, and become as much the objects of his contempt, as they now are of every patriotic and ingenuous subject.
Of Mr. Erskine, the Morning Chronicle has not launched out in its usual tone of eulogy, but has contented itself with republishing; in its columns, the favourable character given of that minister in the American papers. It is true, that gentleman's appointment was objected to, 'because he had married an American, and he was supposed to be not at all conversant with tlie daties of an ambassador. With respect of his marriage, I do not think that an objection of this sort would he tenable of delicate, in any case, where a personal interest in the welfare of the wife's country cannot be established. : For which reason, the objection to Mr. Adair, upon the same principle, would have been irrelevant and yngentlemanly, if his well-known connection with Mr. Fox; and that minister's steadfast predeliction for French politics, had not rendered almost every act of his public life an olject of suspicion. Apart from this consideration, the objection would be unworthy of a liberal mind. It is not French wives, but FRENCH MISTRėsses whose obtrusive influence England may justlý tremble at; and it matters not whether these infimous and abandoned prostitutes be screened beneath a princely, or any other, coat of arms ; still we Britons must pay the wages of their prostitution, and hire them to'make us the victims of their treachery. “If these be impeached as the dreams of a gloomy imagination, let the sceptic read the memoirs of the house of Stuart, by Dalrymple and Macpherson; or go to the opera, or to , and ; and ac, &c.
Upon these grounds, it does not appear that the mere circómstance of ivír. Erskine having married an American lady, ought to be urged as a' reason for 'excludiog him fron the exercise of diplomatic functions in the United States. But if to this fact be superadded the circumstance, as reported, that his family have invested a large fortune in the land and funds of America, a sufficient càuse arisés out of it; to question the propriety and decency of his appointment, because he must have a personal interest in the prosperity of that country, wbich, from innumerable causes, and some of which have recently occurred, may run counter to the inmediate interests of his country. 'A man cannot serve God and Mammon; neither are we'to expect in our times, the display of that patriotisın, which now sounds romantic, by which the national attachments of an individual preponderate over his regards to property. It is à trite adage, that personal feelings, duties, and patriotism, follow property; and therefore, some degree of caution ought to be observed in giving preferment to one, whose interests lay more, or as much, in a foreign as in his native country. These observations are here introduced merely in answer to the challenge contained in the
Chronicle, and by no means with any personal reference to Mr. Erskine. I do not think that he ought to be excepted against, because he was the son of a lord chancellor of England ; on the contrary, the circumstance is a recommendation ; for the same reason that the appointment of Mr. Rose may be approved of, because he is the son of a gentleman of great political experience, of extensive cominercial knowledge, and possessing a thorough insight into the best interests of his couptry. The probability therefore is, that the son, from his opportunities, must be duly instructed in those principles which he is sent to establish.
These are the reflections which have suggested themselves to my mind, upon the perusal of the article upon which I have animadverted, and which, from its spirit and tendency, seems to have been written rather with a view to lampaon the party whose cause it professes to support, that to expose the errors of their adversaries. In the present age, the minister who should select for a foreign ambassador, a man endowed with no other qualification than the mere retentive memory of all the musty treaties which human ambition, working upon human imbecility, has rendered obsoJete, would deservedly merit the reproaches of his country. And the ambassador who should take upon himself to guide his conduct by the treaties of Westphalia, Ryswick, or Paris, would merit a dweiling in Bedlam. For the same reason, the appointment of any man to a diplomatic function, who should be more distinguished by his singularities than his prudence, would draw down ridicule both upon the minister and his country. Common sense is the only basis of any negociation which may now take place between this nation and other states; and that common sense points out, with intuitive demonstration, that no peace, no security, no independence, no respect, no power, can be maintained by this country, without reserving an absolute maritime superiority in its own hands, to balance the inordinate growth of French power by land, and to hold a due equipoise of controul over neutral states, propor, tionate to the influence exerted by France." To theșe objects, the whole of our diplomacy should tend, and the men whose talents are best fitted to promote them, are the persons who ought to be preferred and employed.
GENERAL WHITELOCKE. This most unfortunate commander is in London; and, for several days after his ar, rival, it was stated, in most of the newspapers, that he had been put under an arrest, upon seventeen charges, which sir Samuel Achmuty had preferred against him. The intelligence excited universal satisfaction, as it was expected that the public would be made acquainted with the real causes of that disaster, which has reflected so much disgrace upon the British arms. At the same time that every one rejoiced in the measure upon this consideration, it was not forgotten that the general would thereby be afforded an opportunity of exonerating himself from the heavy reproaches cast bpon his military character, in consequence of his defeat at Buenos Ayres. Many persons also' were curious to ascertain the collateral circumstances which, no doubt, the general is prepared to adduce in his exculpation; and which he did not think it neces, sary to include in his official dispatch, that produced the calamity over which the genius of our country mourns. For it appears to be utterly impossible that so fine an army could have been beaten by such a description of force as that opposed to it, without the intervention of some accidents, against which human wisdom, and the most consummate generalship could not provide. The public were, however, disappointed in these expectations, for general Whitelocke has not been arrested, nor has sir Samuel Achmuty brought any charge against him.' It must not, nevertheless, be supposed that no investigation is intended to take place, or, to use a legal phrase, that the general himself will blink the question. His honour and reputation are so deeply implicated, that I am pursuaded he will voluntarily demand an inquiry into his conduct; for a man must have a heart as callous as a piece of adamant, if he can contentedly walk the streets while subjected to such contumelious and reproachful language, as that continually vented against general Whitelocke.
Whether there be any defect in our articles of war; or whether such a case as that which befel our army at Buenos Ayres were never contemplated by our legislators, and, consequently, that no direct mode of proceeding can be instituted, I am not able to inform my readers. But of this I am certain, that as no difficulties stood in the way of the prosecution, and subsequent condemnation of a gallant admiral, for not
a perfect reliance in the vigilance and activity of the present first lord of the admiralty, from the earnest he has already given of his administration, that I may safely predict
, the Danish privateers, well-manned as they may be, will gain little else besides hard blows and salt water. The Danes will soon experience the difference between British and French amity; and when, perhaps, it is too late, the crown prince will repent of that princtilious obduracy, which has precipitated the fall of his country. If any ad. ditional circumstances were necessary to justify the expediency and policy of the con duct of our government toward Denmark, the refusal of the crown prince to listen to all proffers of reconciliation, and the marked inveteracy of his resentment, would be sufficient to convict him of an undue connection with France, and of a clandestine it. tention to co-operate against us when the opportunity should have presented itself.
The arrival of the hereditary sovereign of France in this country, has been already noticed in an article in our last number, which I recommend to the attention of the reader. For the present, I must decline entering into any disquisition on the nature and object of this visit, having not yet had any opportunity of making inquiry respecting so unexpected an event.*
The only remaining articles of intelligence relates to the transactions of the Turkish government. These are detailed in the Vienna court gazette of Octcber 14, 15, ar.. 21st, and which I have inserted in its own words, as they do not require any comment.
“In consequence of the armistice concluded between Russia and the Ottonian Porte, the navigation of the Black Sea is become free; but the advanced state of the season will permit only a small number of vessels to profit by this liberty The Russian officers and soldiers, prisoners of war, have been released from the slave prison, where they were confined at Constantinople. They will be conveyed to Odessa in Ragusian vessels. The Turks have nominated Silistria as the place for carrying on the negociations for a definitive treaty of peace; but many obstacles seem to stand in the way of the approaching opening of the congress. The Janissaries, after sorte fresh motions towards a rebellion, on the first of September, received their pay, wbich had been in arrear for a considerable time. The 10th of September, General Gara dannë, ambassador from France to Persia, passed over from Tophana, to Scutari, oa his journey to Tehram, by the way of Bagdad. This minister is accompanied by Mitzer Mahmoud, envoy from the Shah of Persia, the French officers destined for the East Indies, commercial agents, and missionaries.”
The following are the articles of the armistice concluded between the Turks and Servians: The first states, That there shall be a cessation of hostilities for an unlimited time. 2. That orders should immediately be expedited to both armies to cease liova tilities. 3. The armistice to extend to the two armies in Bulgaria, as well as et: troops in and on the frontiers of Servia. 4. The two armies to remain in their respre ca tive positions. 5. Either party to break the armistice at pleasure ; but five or 5 hours to elapse before resuming hostilities. 6. The soldiers of each army prohibici from going into the camp of the other. The armistice is signed by George Petrowl... commander-in-chief of the Servian army of insurrection, Issrailow, general of adi14 sion of Russian troops, and Ibrahim Pacha, of Macedonia and Romelia.
According to the last advices, Wallachia is entirely evacuated by the Russia.se They are preparing also to abandon Moldavia ; the troops are already marching - wards the frontiers of that principality. The quarter-master-general de Suchteten, kas proceeded from Bucharest to Jassy, to accelerate the evacuation. Prince Hua sorowski has at present the command in chief of the Russian forces in that counts. On the other hand we are informed that the grand vizir has gone into winter quercy at Adrianople and in the environs."
DIPLOMATIC CORPS. An article appeared in the Morning Chronicle last week, upon the subject of: choice of our foreign ministers, which must not be allowed to pass unobserved
. seems to have been the main object of the writer, to gloss over the diplomatic appui ments made under the late administration, and to cast an indirect reproach upon ?
* For the last six weeks, the editor of this review has been confined to his bed b; most painful illness, and he is not yet able to quit his room.