« AnteriorContinuar »
Essay on the Theory of Money, (continued.)......
Admiral Berkeley's order for searching the American frigate, Chesapeake......
Nu 16. Historical Digest of foreign attairs-Thoughts on the Prussian ensin at our com-
State of Turkey..
Treaty of Armistice between Russia and the l'oric.........
No. 1S. Further considerations on the dispute with America......
Proceedings of the court-martial, holden in Halifax harbour, for the trial of Jenkin Ratford,
Provisional government of th.
No. 20. Histcrical Diyos
Observations on the
His majesty's proclamation, subjecting all the ports of Europe, except in the powers not at
'T. P.'s letter on the decay of religion
Danish patent, inflicting penalties on such Danes as carry on trade with England.
French reply to his majesty's declaration relative to the expedition to Copenhagen
Return of the English frigate
Vol. III. N° 1. Saturday, July 4, 1807: Price 10d.
រ PARLIAMENTARY PROCEEDINGS. On Friday, the 26th ult. the lord chancellor, in his majestys name, delivered the following speech to both houses of parliament:
" My lords and gentlemen,- We have it in command from his majesty to state to you, that having deemed it expedient to recur to the sense of his people, his ma jesty, in conformity to his declared intention, bas lost no time in causing the present parliament to be assembled.
" His majesty has great satisfaction in acquainting you, that since the events which led to the dissolution of the last parliament, his majesty has received, in numerous adultesses fruto his subjects, the warmest assurances of their affectionate ato tachment to his person and government, and of their firm resolution to support bim, in maintaining ihe just rights of his crown, and the true principles of ihe constitution; and he commands us to express his entire confidence, ibat he shall experience, in all your deliberations, a determination to afford him an equally loyal, zealous, and affectionate support, under all the arduous circumstances of the present time.
* We are commanded by his majesty to inform you, that his majesty's endeavours have been most anxiously employed for the purpose of drawing closer the ties by which his majesty is connected with the powers of the continent: of assisting the etforts of those powers against the ambition and oppressions of France; of forming sucbengagements as may ensure their continued co-operation ; and of establishing that mutual confidence and concert, so essential, under any course of events, to the restoration of a solid and permanent peace in Europe.
" It would have afforded his inajesty the greatest pleasure to have been enabled to inform you, that the mediation undertaken by his majesty for the purpose of preserving peace between bis majesty's ally, the emperor 'oi Russia, and the Sublime Port, had proved effectual for that important object; his majesty deeply regrets the failure of that mediation, accompanied as it was by the dissappointment of the efforts of bis majesty's squadron in the sea of Marmora, and followed as it hus since been by the losses which have been sustained by his gallant troops in Egypt.
His majesty could not but lament the extension of hostilities in any quarter, which should create a diversion in the war so favourable to the views of France; but lamenting it especially in the instance of a power with which his majesty has been só closely connected, and which has been so recently indė isted for its protection against the incroachments of France to the signal and successful interposition of his majesty's
“ His majesty has directed us to acquaint you, that he has thought it right to adopt such measures as might best enable him, in concert with the emperor of Russia, to take advantage of any favourable opportunity for bringing the hostilities in which they are engaged against the Sublime Port, to a conclusion, consistent with his majesty's honour, and the interests of his ally.
Gentlemen of the house of commons, His majesty has ordered the estimates of the current year to be laid before you, and hé relies on the tried loyalty and zeal of his faithful commous to make such provisions for the public service, as well as for the further application of the sums which were granted in the last parliament, as may appear to be necessary.
" And his majesty, bearing constantly in mind the necessity of a careful and economical administration of the pecuniary resources of the country, has directed us to express his hopes that you will proceed without delay in the pursuit of those inquiries, connected with the public economy, which engaged the attention of the last Parliament.
"My lords and gentlemen,– His majesty commands us to state to you, that he deeply impressed with the peculiar importance, at the present moment, of cherish
ing a spirit of union and harmony amongst his people: such a spirit will most effectue ally promote the prosperity of the country at home, give vigour and efficacy to its councils, and its arms abroad; and can alone enable his majesty, under the blessing of providence, to carry on successfully the great contest in which he is engaged, or finally to conduct it to that termination which his majesty's moderation and justice. bave ever led him to seek a peace; in which the honour and interests of his kingo dom can be secure, and in which Europe and the world may hope for independence and repose."
In the house of lords, the address was moved by the earl of Mansfield and sen conded by lord Rolle. Lord Fortescue led "all the talents" into action, and moved the following amendment, which, together with the speech delivered in his inajesty's name, must be considered as the text of the sentiments of the opposition and of the ministry.
“That by a long experience of his majesty's virtues we well know it to be his majesty's invariable wish that all his prerogatives should be exercised solely for the advantage of his people. That our dutiful attachment to his majesty's person and government obliges us therefore most humbly to lay before him the inanifest miscon duct of his ministers in having advised the dissolution of the late parliament in the midst of its first session, and within a few months after his majesty had been pleased to assemble it for the dispatch of the urgent business of the nation.
“That this measure advised by his majesty's ministers at a time when there ex. isted no difference between any of the branches of the legislature, and no sufficient cause for a fresh appeal to his majesty's people, was justified by no public necessity or advantage. That by the interruption of all private business then depending in parliament, it has been productive of great and needless inconvenience and expense, thereby wantonly adding to the heavy burdens which the necessities of the times require. That it has retarded many useful laws for the internal improvement of the kingdom, and for the encouragement and extension of its agriculture, manufactures, and commerce. And that it has either suspended or wholly defeated many most important public measures, and has protracted much of the most weighty business of parliament to a season of the year when its prosecution must be attrended with the greatest public and private inconvenience. And that we feel ourselves bound still further to submit to his majesty, that all these mischiefs are greatly, aga gravated by the groundless and injurious pretences in which his majesty's ministers have publicly rested this their evil advice; pretences affording no justification for the measure, but calculated only to excite the most dangerous animosities annong his majesty's subjects, at a period when their united efforts were more than ever necessary for the security of the empire; and when to promote the utmost harmong and co-operation amongst them would have been the first object of wise and prudent ininisters."
When we consider what a bustle was excited amongst the adherents of the late ministers previous to the ineeting of parliament, and when we rc-call to our recollection the circular note of lord Howick, calling upon those inernbers who had voted with them to support a division which was intended to be made on the meeting of parliament, it is impossible not to feel great surprize at the very weak and incon. siderable ground upon which the leaders of the opposition commenced their attack against the present government. The whole force of their arguments may be compressed into one point, namely, the propriety of the dissortion of the late parlia: ment; and out of this simple proposition, they availed themselves of the opportunity usually afforded for a great latitude of discussion at the comencemencement of a session, to travel out of the record, and to make the most extraordinary excursion from the main subject of the debate. These excursions necessarily constrained the ministry and their friends to follow the opposition, but, under this manifest disad vantage, tbat the arguments of the ministerial party in reply to their adversarie being usually delivered towards the close of a debate, their speeches are not, as wat ih case I have been informed, of the admirable speeches of lord Eldon and Me Canning, in the least detailed by the reporters; whereas the opinions of those mem bers who rise earliest in the house are sure to be published with exactitude. This an imperfection in the method of reporting the debates which loudly calls for ro dress; and, I am persuaded, it would amply repay the reporters for their troubic,