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the Martino de Freitas, which was at first destined to go to England, in consequence of a fresh arraigement made yesterday on the latter being found in the best state for the voyage of the two. I have detached captain Moore, in the Marlborough, with the London, Monarch, and Bedford, to attend the Portuguese fleet to the Brazils. I have thought it my duty, in addition to the usual order to take the above ships under his orders, to give captain Moore one to hoist a broad pendant after passing Madeira, in order to give him greater weight and consequence in the performance of the important and unusually-delicate duties I have contided to him. I feel the most perfect reliance, in that officer's judgment, ability, and zeal.
The Portuguese ships did not, after their repartition, want more provisions or slops from us than the list inclosed, which I supplied from this ship and the Conquercr.
This dispatch will be delivered by captain Yeo, of his majesty's sloop Confiance, who has shewn great address and zeal in opening the communications by flag of Truce, which it was the interest of those in power, who were against the measure of emigration, obstruct. Lord Strangford speaks of his conduct in terms of warm approbation ; on this ground I beg leave to recommend him to their lordships, to whom his general merits, as an officer, are already well known. Having been in Lisbon without restraint during the intercourse, he is qualified to answer any questions their lord. ships may wish to put to him. I have the honour to be, &c.
W. SIDNEY SMITH. MEMORANDUM.—The Diana merchant vessel, having on board about sixty British subjects, who had been detained in consequence of the embargo, came out of the Tagus in company with the Portuguese fleet, and it is supposed that she bore up for England at the commencement of the gale.
PROCLAMATION OF THE PRINCE REGENT OF PORTUGAL.. “ Having endeavoured, by all the means in my power, to maintain the neutrae lity hitherto enjoyed by my faithful and beloved subjects, and having exhausted my Royal treasury, and made other sacrifices, proceeding even to the extremity of shutting the ports of my dominions against the subjects of my ancient Royal ally, the King of Great Britain, thus exposing the commerce of my people to total ruin, and consequently suffering the greatest losses in the collection of the revenues of the crown; I find that troops of the Emperor of the French and King of Italy (with whom I had united myself on the Continent, in the hope of being tree from further molestation) are actually marching into the interior of my kingdom, and are on their way to this capital; and desiring to avoid the fatal consequences of a defence, which would be more dangerous than profitable, serving only to occasion an effusion of blood dreadful to humanity, and to inflame the animosity of the troops which have entered this kingdom, under a declaration and promise that they will not commit any the smallest hostility; and knowing also that these troops are most particularly destined against my royal person, and that my faithful subjects would be under less apprehensions were I absent from this kingdom, I have resolved, for the welfare of my subjects, to retreat, with the Queen, my mother, and all my royal fanily, to my doninions in America, there to establish myself in the city of Rio de Janiero, until a general peace; and, moreover, considering the importance of leaving the government of these kingdoms in that good order which is for their advantage, and for that of my people (a matter which I am essentially bound to provide for), and having duly reflected on all the circumstances of the moment, I have resolved to nominate to be Governor and Regent of these kingdoms, during my absence, my truly beloved cousin the Marquis D'Arbantio Francisco da Cunha de Menezes, Lieutenant-General of my Forces; the principal Castro (one of my Council, and a Regidor de Justica); Pectroda Meller Breynez, also of my Council, who will act as President of my Treasury during the incapacity of Luis de Vas Concellos e Seuzis (who is unable to fufil that. function at present on account of illness); Don Francisco de Noronka, President of the Board of Conscience and Religious Orders; and in the absence of any of them, the Conde De Castro Mazim, (Grand Huntsman) whom I have nominated President of the Senate, with the assistance of the Secretaries thereof; the Conde de Sampayo, and in his absence, Don Miguel Perira Forgaz; and of my Attorney-GeVeral, Jocco Antonio Salter de Mendenea; on account of the great confidence I have
in them, and of the experience which they possess in matters of government; being
“ By the greatest outrage against humanity and against policy, Spain was forced by Great Britain to take part in the present war. This power has exercised over the sea, and over the commerce of the world, an exclusive dominion. Her numerous factories, disseminated through all countries, are like sponges which imbibe the riches of those (conntries) without leaving them more than the appearances of mercantile liberty. From this maritime and commercial despotism, England derives immense resources for carrying on a war, whose object is to destroy the commerce which belongs to each state from its industry and situation. Experience has proved, that the morality of the British cabinet has no hesitation as to the means, so long as they lead to the accomplishment of its designs; and whilst this power can continue to enjoy the fruits of its immense traffic, humanity will groan under the weight of a desolating
To put an end to this, and to attain a solid peace, the emperor of the French and king of Italy issued a decree on the 21st of November last, in which, adopting the principle of reprisals, the blockade of the British isles is determined on, and his ambassador, his excellency Francis de Beauharnois, grand dignitary of the order of the iron crown, of the legion of honour, &c. &c. having communicated this (decree) to the king, our master ; and his majesty being desirous to co-operate by means sanctioned by the rights of reciprocity, has been pleased to authorize his most serene highness the prince Generalissimo of the marine to issue a circular of the following
“ As soon as England committed the horrible mutrage of intercepting the vessels of the royal marine, insidiously violating the good faith with which peace assures indivi-, dual property, and the rights of nations, his majesty considered himself in a state of war with that power, although his royal soul suspended the promulgation of the manifesto until he saw the atrocity committed by its seamen, sanctioned by the government of London. From that time, and without the necessity of warning the inhabitants of these kingdoms, of the circumspection with which they ought to conduct themselves towards those of a country, which disregards the sacred laws of property, and the rights of nations, his majesty made known to his subjects the state of war in which he found himself with that nation. All trade, all commerce, is prohibited in such a situation, and no sentiments ought to be entertained towards sucli an enemy, which are not dictated by honour, avoiding all intercourse which might be considered as the vile effect of avarice, operating on the subjects of a nation, which degrades itself in them. His majesty is well persuaded that such sentiments of honour arę. rooted in the learts of his beloved subjects; but he does not choose, on that account, to allow ilie smallest indalgence to the violators of the law, nor perinit that, through their ignorance, they should be taken by surprise ; authorizing me, by these presents, to declare, that all English property will be confiscated whenever it is found on board a vessel, although a neutral, if the consignment belongs to Spanish individuals. So likewise will be contiscated all merchandize that may be met with, although it may be in neutral vessels, whenever it is desired for the ports of England or her isles. And, finally, bis majesty conforming himself to the ideas of his ally, the emperor of the French, declared in his states the same law which, from principles of reciprocity and suitable respect, his imperial majesty promulgated under date of the 21st Novein. ber, 1806,
504 “ The execution of this determination of his majesty, belongs to the chief of the provinces, of departments, and of vessels ; (baxels) and communicating it to them in the name of his majesty, I hope they will leave no room for the royal displeasure. God preserve you many years. “Aranjuez, 19th February, 1807.
“ The prince generalissimo of the marine."
RUSSIAN UKASE. TO COUNT NICOLAY PETROWITUK ROMANZOFF. “ In consequence of the present political circumstances which have compelled us to break off all connections with Britain, we order :-
“ I. An embargo to be laid on all British ships in our harbours, and on all property of the British on board of the same, as also on that at 'change and in the custon-house packhouses.
“ II. Their immoveable property, and what does not consist of goods, to be left in their possession as heretofore, but not be allowed to be sold, mortgaged, or transferred into other hands. Taking such measures merely from our evident mercy to them, we hope they will not, during the existing difference, transgress their duty by actions which might prove prejudicial to Russia, and thus incur our just displeasure, but live in due quietness and tranquillity.
“ III. Concerning the embargo, a committee is to be appointed at this port, of the most respectable Russian merchants, and of one member of the college of commerce, authorizing you to select these men; we leave it to you to form this committee, and to inform us of the same.
“ IV. Similar committees to be appointed in Riga and Archangel, which are to be dependent on the one here. The selection and appointment of the members of them to be left to the military governors, directing also the civil department, and where 10 such are, to the civil governors.
“ V. The charges which may accrue on this occasion to be provided from the revaNues of the respective custom-houses, and placed to the account of the sequestered ships and goods.
on We are, &c.
(Signed by his inperial majesty's hand) “ St. Petersburgh, Oct. 28, 1807.
“ ALEXANDER." COPENHAGEN, Nov. 27. In the year 1785, bis royal highness the crowo prince received an Englisb-built frigate as a present from his majesty the king of England. When the English carried away the Danish navy, and plundered the arsenal, they left this frigate behind. His royal highness therefore, on his return to Copenhagen, ordered that this frigate sliould be manned with sixteen English sailors, who had been made prisoners, furnished with the necessary provisions, and sent back to England. The following is a copy of the pass with which the captain, William Patterson, was provided, written in the Danish, French, and English languages :
“ The deputies of the board of admiralty make known, that William Patterson, master of an English vessel sent from hence, with an English-built frigate, to England, for the purpose of delivering her to the royal English a 'miralty, bas been permitted to pass the boom at the toll-house, and further to sail without returning, from the road of Copenhagen in the said frigate, whose crew is composed of one mate and sixteen sailors, at liberated English prisoners of war, agreeable to the list delivered to the said master : requesting all whom it may concern to let the master of this frigate, together with his said crew, pass free and unmolested, as well out of the harbour as at sea, ou his present voyage.
“ The board of admiralty and commissioners of the navy,
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alone these hostilities can be terminated, and the intercourse of the two countries rés newed.
His majesty has already had occasion to assert, that justice has in po instance been denied to the claims of his imperial majesty's subjects.
The termination of the war with Denmark has been so anxiously sought by his najesty, that it cannot be necessary for his majesty to renew any professions upon that subject. But his majesty is at a loss to reconcile the emperor of Russia's present anxiety for the completion of such an arrangement, with his imperial majesty's recent refusal to contribute his good offices for effecting it.
The requisition of his imperial majesty for the immediate conclusion, by his majesty, of a peace with France, is as extraordinary in the substance, as it is offensive in the manner. His majesty has at no time declined to treat with France, when France has professed a willingness to treat on an admissible basis. And the emperor of Russia cannot fail to remember, that the last negociation between Great Britain and France kwas broken off upon points immediately affecting, not his majesty's own interests, but those of his imperial ally. But his majesty neither understands, nor will he admit, the pretension of the emperor of Russia to dictate the time or the mode of his majesty's pacific negociations with other powers. It never will be endured by his majesty, that any government shall indemnify itself for the humiliation of subserviency to France, by the adoption of an insulting and peremptory tone towards Great Britain.
His majesty proclaims anew those principles of maritime law, against which the armed neutrality, under the auspices of the empress Catharine, was originally directed;
and against which the present hostilities of Russia are denounced. Those principles *** have been recognized and acted upon in the best periods of the history of Europe;
* and acted upon by no power with more strictness and severity, than by Russia herself, in the reign of the empress Catharine.
T Those principles it is the right and the duty of his majesty to maintain: and against We every confederacy his majesty is determined, under the blessing of Divine Providence; to maintain them. They have at all times contributed essentially to the support of the 2015. naritime power of Great Britain; but they are become incalculably more valuable
and imporiant at a period when the maritime power of Great Britain constitutes the 1.7 sole remaining bulwark against the overwhelming usurpations of France; the only
refuge to which other nations may yet resort, in happier times, for assistance and
majesty will embrace it with eagerness. The arrangements of such a negociation
King's most excellent Majesty in council.
emperor of all the Russias, as set forth in the Declaration of this date, issued by ephed his majesty's command; and being determined to take such measures as are neces
sary for vindicating the honour of his crown, and procuring reparation and satisfaction, his majesty therefore is pleased, by and with the advice of his privy council, to order, and it is hereby ordered, that general reprisals be granted against the ships, goods and subjects of the emperor of all the Russias, (save and except any vessels to which his majesty's licence has been granted, or which have been directed to be released from the embargo, and have not since arrived at any foreign port) so that as well his majesty's Reets and ships, as also all other ships and vessels that shall be commis-sionated by letters of marque, or general reprisals, or otherwise, by his majesty's commissioners for executing the office of lord high admiral of Great Britain, shall and may lawfully seize all ships, vessels, and goods belonging to the emperor of all the Russias, or his subjects, or others inhabiting within the territories of all the Russias, and bring the same to judgment, in any of the courts of Admiralty within
Supplement to ro, XXVI.---Vol. ll.
his majesty's dominions ; and, to that end, his majesty's advocate-general, with the
TUESDAY, DEC. 22, 1807.
His majesty's ship Hilernia, off the Tagus, Nov. 29, 1807 SIR.-I have the honour of announcing to you, ihat the prince-regent of Portuga! bas effected the wise and magnanimous purpose of retiring from a kingdom which le could no longer retain, except as the va-sal of France; and that his royal bigline" and family, accompanied by most of his ships of war, and by a multitude ott's faithful subjects and adherents, have this day departed froni Lisbon, and aie cow la their way to the Brazils, under the escort of a British fieet.
This grand and memorable event is not to be attributed only to the sudden alarm excited by the appearance of a French army within the frontiers of Portugal. 1 has been the genuine result of the system of persevering confidence and moderati adopted by bis majesty towards that country; for the ultimate success of which I lo in a manner, rendered myself responsible; and which, in obedience to your instructions, I had uniformly continued to support, even under appearances of the most s couraging nature.
I had frequently and distinctly stated to the cabinet of Lisbon, that in agreeing na Difransson, use exclusion of British commerce from the ports of Portugal, his maje:
usten ve means of forbearance; that in making that concession to the pecu.
of the prince-regent's situation, his majesty had done all that friecá.