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the Martino de Freitas, 'which was at first destined to go to England, in consequence of a fresh arrangement made yesterday on the latter being found in the best state for the voyage of the two. I have detached captain Moore, in the Marlborough, with the London, Monarch, and Bedford, to attend the Portuguese fleet to the Brazils. I have thought it my duty, in addition to the usual order to take the above ships under bis orders, to give captain Moore one to hoist a broad pendant after passing Madeira, in order to give him greater weight and consequence in the performance of the important and unusually-delicate duties I have contided to him. I feel the most perfect reliance in that officer's judgment, ability, and zeal.
The Portuguese ships did not, after their repartition, want more provisions or slou's from us than the list inclosed, which I supplied from this ship and the Conqueror.
This dispatch will be delivered by captain Yeo, of his majesty's sloop Confiance, who has shewn great address and zeal in opening the communications by flag of Truce, which it was the interest of those in power, who were against the measure of emigration, to obstruct. Lord Strangford speaks of his conduct in terms of warm approbation ; on this ground I beg leave to recommend him to their lordships, to whom his general merits, as an officer, are already well known. Having been in Lisbon without restraint during the intercourse, he is qualified to answer any questions their lordships may wish to put to him. I have the honour to be, &c.
W. SIDNEY SMITA. MEMORANDUM.—The Diana mercbant vessel, having on board about sixty British subjects, who had been detained in consequence of the embargo, came out of the Tagus in company with the Portuguese fieet, and it is supposed that she bore up for England at the commencement of the gale.
PROCLAMATION OF THE PRINCE REGENT OF PORTUGAL. “ Having endeavoured, by all the means in my power, to maintain the neutrie lity hitherto enjoyed by my faithful and beloved subjects, and having exhausted my Royal treasury, and made other sacrifices, proceeding even to the extremity of shriting the ports of my dominions against the subjects of my ancient Royal ally, the King of Great Britain, thus exposing the commerce of my people to total ruin, and consequently suffering the greatest losses in the collection of the revenues of the crown; I find that troops of the Emperor of the French and King of Italy (with whom I had united myself on the Continent, in the hope of being free from further molestation) are actually marching into the interior of my kingdom, and are on their way to this capital; and desiring to avoid the fatal consequences of a defence, which would be more dangerous than profitable, serving only to occasion an effusion of blood dreadful to humanity, and to inflame the animosity of the troops which have entered this kingdom, under a declaration and promise that they will not commit any smallest hostility; and knowing also that these troops are most particularly destined against my royal person, and that my faithful subjects would be under less apprehensions were I absent from this kingdom, I have resolved, for the welfare of my subjects. to retreat, with the Queen, my mother, and all my royal family, to my doninions in America, there to establish myself in the city of Rio de Janiero, until a general peace; and, moreover, considering the importance of leaving the government of these kingdoms in that good order which is for their advantage, and for that of my people (a matter which I am essentjally bound to provide for), and having duly reflected on all the circumstances of the moment, I have resolved to nominate to be Governor and Regent of these kingdoms, during my absence, my truly beloved cousin the Marquis D'Arbantio Francisco da Cunha de Menezes, Lieutenant-General of my Forces; the principal Castro (one of my Council, and a Regidor de Justica); Pectroda Meller Breynez, also of my Council, who will act as President of my Treasury duriig the incapacity of Luis de Vas Concellos e Seuzis (who is unable to fufil that function at present on account of illness); Don Francisco de Noronka, President of the Board of Conscience and Religious Orders; and in the absence of any of them, the Conde De Castro Mazim, (Grand Huntsman) whom I have nominated President of the Senate, with the assistance of the Secretaries thereof; the Conde de Sampayo, and in his absence, Don Miguel Perira Forgaz; and of my Attorney-GeBeral, Jocco Antonio Salter de Mendenea: on account of the great confidence I have
in them, and of the experience which they possess in matters of government; being
TRANSLATION. By the greatest outrage against humanity and against policy, Spain was forced by Great Britain to take part in the present war. This power has exercised over the sea, and over the commerce of the world, an exclusive dominion. Her numerous factories, disseminated through all countries, are like sponges which imbibe the riches
of those (conntries) without leaving them more than the appearances of mercantile The ima liberty. From this maritime and commercial despotism, England derives immense
resources for carrying on a war, whose object is to destroy the commerce which belongs to each state from its industry and situation. Experience has proved, that the morality of the British cabinet has no hesitation as to the means, so long as they lead to the accomplishment of its designs; and whilst this power can continue to enjoy the fruits of its immense traffic, humanity will groan under the weight of a desolating war. To put an end to this, and to attain a solid peace, the emperor of the French and king of Italy issued a decree on the 21st of Norember last, in which, adopting the principle of reprisals, the blockade of the British isles is determined on, and his ambassador, his excellency Francis de Beauharnois, grand dignitary of the order of the iron crown, of the legion of honour, &c. &c. having communicated this (decree) to the king, our master ; and bis majesty being desirous to co-operate by means sanctioned by the rights of reciprocity, has been pleased to authorize his most serene highness the prince Generalissimo of the marine to issue a circular of the following tenor.
“ As soon as England committed the horrible cutrage of intercepting the vessels of the royal marine, insidiously violating the good faith with which peace assures indivi-, dual property, and the rights of nations, his majesty considered himself in a state of war with that power, although his royal soul suspended the promulgation of the manifesto until he saw the atrocity committed by its seamen, sanctioned by the government of London. From that time, and without the necessity of warning the inhabitants of these kingdoms, of the circumspection with which they ought to conduct theinselves towards those of a country, which disregards the sacred laws of property, and the rights of nations, his majesty made known to his subjects the state of war in which he found himself with that nation. All trade, all commerce, is prohibited in such a situation, and no sentiments ought to be entertained towards such an enemy, which are not dictated by honour, avoiding all intercourse which might be considered as the vile effect of avarice, operating on the subjects of a nation, which degrades
itself in them. His majesty is well persuaded that such sentiments of honour are. are rooted in the learts of his beloved subjects; but he does not choose, on that account, er to allow ile smallest indulgence to the violators of the law, nor permit that, through their ignorance, they should be taken by surprise ; authoriz?ng me, by these presents
, to declare, that all English property will be confiscated wlienever it is found on board a vessel, although a neutral, if the consignment belongs to Spanish individuals. So likewise will be contiscated all merchandize that may be met with, althongh it may be in neutral vessels, whenever it is desired for the ports of England or ber isles. And, finally, his majesty conforming himseit to the ideas of his ally, the emperor of the French, declared in his states the same law which, from principles of reciprocity and suitable respect, his imperial majesty promulgated under date of the 21st Noven
1 day ber, 1806.
lui ieri bo
“ The prince generalissimo of the marine.”
“ I. An embargo to be laid on all British ships in our harbours, and on all pro-
“ II. Their immoveable property, and what does not consist of goods, to be left in their possession as heretofore, but not be allowed to be sold, mortgaged, or transferred into other hands. Taking such measures merely from our evident mercy to them, we hope they will not, during the existing difference, transgress their duty by actions which might prove prejudicial to Russia, and thus incur our just displeasure but lise in due quietness and tranquillity.
* III. Concerning the embargo, a committee is to be appointed at this port, of the most respectable Russian merchants, and of one member of the college of commerce authorizing you to select these men; we leave it to you to form this committee, and to inform us of the same.
“ IV. Similar committees to be appointed in Riga and Archangel, which are to be dependent on the one here. The selection and appointment of the members of them to be left to the military governors, directing also the civil department, and where is such are, to the civil governors.
“ V. The charges which may accrue on this occasion to be provided from the rennues of the respective custom-houses, and placed to the account of the sequester. ships and goods.
on We are, &c.
(Signed by his imperial majesty's hand) “ St. Petersburgh, Oct. 28, 1807.
“ ALEXANDER." COPENHAGEN, Nov. 27. In the year 178), bis royal highness the crown prince received an Englisb-builtgate as a present from his majesty the king of England. When the English carra i away the Danish navy, and plundered the arsenal, they left this frigate behind. H royal highness therefore, on his return to Copenhagen, ordered that this frigate shows be manned with sixteen English sailors, who had been made prisoners, furnisted the necessary provisions, and sent back to England. The following is a copy
of the pass with which the captain, William Patterson, was provided, written in the Danis. French, and English languages :
“ The deputies of the board of admiralty make known, that William Patterso,
“ The board of admiralty and commissioners of the next
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