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In the year 1709, a young fovereign prince paffed a few days with Fenelon. They had much converfation together, and, among other subjects, talked of toleration. The archbishop faid to his royal gueft, Never, "Sir, oblige your fubjects to change their 66 religion; no human power can force the "impenetrable intrenchment of the freedom
"cife, if not upon Sundays and holidays, feeing that they "muft apply their labour and win their living on all working days.
"His Majeftie's pleafure is, that, after the end of di"vine fervice, his good people be not difturbed,. letted, or "difcouraged, from any lawful exercife, fuch as dancing, "either men or women, archery for men, leaping, vault"ing, or any fuch harmless recreation; nor from having of "May-games, Whitfun ales, morrice-dancing, and the "fetting-up of may-poles, and other fports therein ufual, "fo as the fame be had in due and convenient time, with"out impediment or neglect of divine worship."
The Puritans indeed had gone fo far as to prevent brewing on a Saturday, for fear the beer fhould work on the Sunday following. It must be recollected, however, that thefe overzealous Chriftians afterwards deftroyed monarchy, epifcopacy, and the peerage, the fupports no lefs than the ornaments of the conftitution of England.
"of thinking. Violence can never convince it can only make them hypocrites. "When fovereigns interfere in matters of "religion, instead of protecting it, they en"flave it. Grant, then, to all men a civil "toleration of religion; not as if you ap"proved of every difference in it, as a matter "of indifference; but as if you permitted
every thing with patience that God per"mitted, and as if you wished to conduct "mankind into one opinion by the charms of a foft and gentle perfuafion."
The Telemachus' of this prelate gave great offence at court: it was affuredly an indirect fatire upon the tyrant Louis XIV. and his fycophantic courtiers, by the general principles of juftice and toleration which it taught. Fauduit attacked it with great virulence and folly, in his' Antitelemachia', and Louis and his minifters were enraged against its illuftrious author. Many perfons faw allufions in it to particular characters. Fenelon thus concludes a letter to his pupil the Duke of Burgundy, heir to the crown of France:
"Be the heir of the virtues of St. Louis, before you become the heir of his crown.
"Call upon him with confidence when you "have occafion for his affiftance, Remember
"that his blood runs in your veins, and that "the fpirit of faith which fanctified him fhould "be the life of your heart. He beholds you "from the exalted heights of heaven, where "he prays for you, and where he hopes that you will one day reign with him. Unite "then your heart to his. Conferva, mi fili, "præcepta patris tui,"
Fenelon wrote on the education of young women, at he defire of the Duke de Beauvilliers. In this little book neither the magic of his ftyle, nor the purity of his fentiments, nor his knowledge of life, forfake him,
"All forms of government," faid Fenelon one day to the Chevalier Ramsay, “are ne"ceffarily imperfect; for the fupreme power "in this world muft ever be entrusted to
man. Yet all forms of government are
good, when thofe who govern attend only "to the great law of the public welfare. In "theory, perhaps, certain forms appear pre"ferable to others; but in practice, the "weakness and the corruption of mankind,
fubject to the fame paffions, expofe every "state to inconveniences nearly equal in each " of them."
The lively and intrepid Lord Peterborough, who had the misfortune to have his mind tainted with infidel principles, staid a few weeks with the good archbishop at his palace at Cambray, and was fo much impreffed with the sweetness of his manners, and the benevolence of his difpofition, that he told the Chevalier Ramsay,
Upon my word, I must
quit the archbishop as foon as I can; for if "I ftay a week longer, I am a Chriftian in
spite of myself." This fentiment gave rise to the following lines:
An Uncle to his Proteftant Nieces, on their vifiting Wardour Caftle in Wilts, the Seat of LORD ARUNDEL, on St. Peter's Day 1794.
"TIS not the fplendid Houfe of Prayer,
'Tis not the lengthen'd notes and flow
The found the pious virgins breathe
This facred fite can bring to view;
The Lord of Life, torn, pale, and dead,
* The attendants on the priests at the altar, fo called.
+ Spagnolet, fo called.