« AnteriorContinuar »
(that was free) he had not been left in the similitude of God; for he having the liberty of his will, to will freely, uncapable of being forced, was a glorious image of God. The next thing in order is, who this world was created for? and who it was made by?
First, It was made for him to whom all is committed, which is Jesus Christ, Col. 1. 16. Cor. 8. 6. Heb. 1. 2.
Secondly, It was created by Jesus Christ, not only for hin, but by him, Col. 1. 16. Heb. 1. 2. John 1. 3. Both these points being proved, I begin 'the amplification of the first; the doctrine shall be the words of the scriptures: all things that has been made in time has been made for Jesus Christ, whether it was heaven, whether it was angels, whether it was the earth and its fulness, whether it was Adam, whether it was the covenant made with him, whether it was the law upon Mount Sinai; all things were made for him and by him.. If all things were made for Jesus Christ, then Jesus Christ must be before all things, Col. 1. 17, and he is before all things, (saith the apostle) and by him all things consist. Now more particularly; if all things, than angels were made for him. Why, what need had he of angels? Heb. 1. 14. are they not all ministering spirits? He stood in need of them to serve, and that was all, therefore no reward for their services, but their delight in their services.
Secondly, Men were made for Jesus Christ also, not for themselves; it could not be for any good he saw in them before existence, but only alone for Jesus Christ; it was not ir any good he saw they
needed, nor any good they should enjoy by it that moved God to create them, but only and alone for Jesus Christ, all other motives were too low to move him, only Jesus Christ, all things were made for him; let us learn to bless Jesus Christ, the cause of our creation, for we were created for him, not for ourselves, but for him only, Isa. 54. 5. Let us forget the shame of our youth, for our Maker is our husband. We were made for him alone, which is more than Eve could say by her husband; though she was made for him, she was not made by him. Was Eve made of him? Yet she was not made by him; but we are made for him, and we are made by him, and we are made of him, Eph. 5. 30.
Thirdly, if all things were made for Jesus Christ, then the covenant made with Adam was made for Jesus Christ. Thus I argue: if Adam was a shadow, or the figure, then Jesus Christ was the substance. Now here layeth the matter wherein Adam 'was a shadow of Christ.
First, In his creation he was made in the likeness of God, Gen. 1. 27. so God created man in his own image; and if all things were made by him, then Jesus Christ, God-man, made Adam in his own image, male and female created he them, Matt. :19. 4, 5. He created them male and female in one body, and called their name Adam, Gen. 5. 2. in the day that he created them. So when Jesus Christ made Adam, he made him in his own image, male and female, undistinguished, but one body, till distinguished into distinct persons, but yet but one body and one flesh.
So when Eve was taken out of Adam, it did not take her out of relation to his body, but only made
distinct persons, distinguished by sexes; and their communion is a communion of
sexes, but yet but one body, and but one flesh, by conjugal covenant.
So Jesus Christ, when the members of his body were distinguished, being set up in Adam, it did not seperate them from his body, nor from his flesh, but in order to have communion with them by ano
Secondly, In that the man is not of the woman, but the woman is of the man, 1 Cor. 11. 7, 8, 9. And if the woman be the glory of the man, then if Jesus Christ had not had the matter of a woman considered and set up in him ever since he was Jesus Christ, he had been short of Adam's glory, For Adam was created with his glory or image in him, which was his wife. 1 Cor. 11. 7.
Thirdly, Had not Jesus Christ been the whole body, as Adam was, the church could not have been so nigh to Christ as Eve was to Adam.
Fourthly, Had not the church been as near to Christ when she was created, as Eve was to Adam when she was taken out of him, she was short of the glory of Eve, for Eve had a head already in covenant for her, that had he stood, she could never have perished whatsoever she had done. As touching this point, let us observe, that Evc was not taken out of Adam when God made covenant with him, Gen. 2. 17. But of the tree of the knowledge of the good and evil thou shalt not eat of it; for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. The very next words, v. 18. And the Lord God said it is not good for man to be alone, V_ 20, 21, compare. So it appears plainly that the covenant was made with Adam alone and only. But it may be objected, did not she, reasoning with the serpent, Gen. 3. 3. saying, God hath said ye shall not eat of it, prove that she thought she must die for her eating?
First, I answer: she was the weaker vessel, therefore not so much to be regarded; but suppose she had thought so, that did not make it true; she was the more like the wife of Adam, that knew no other but that she must die for eating, neither before she did eat, nor after.
Secondly, Farther: it appears that her personal obedience was not required, because she was not then a distinct person from Adam.
Thirdly, She could not sensibly receive the law from the mouth of God whilst she was in Adam.
Fourthly, She must have received the law from Adam,, as her head and rector or governor under God, for her obedience to God, Eph. 5. 22. From all which it appears plainly there was no ohedience required in this covenant, but the obedience of Adam's person;
there was no obedience required as the conditions of life and death, neither for Adam nor for his posterity, but Adam's only. The doctrine is this: that all the covenants that God has made with particular men, and theirs, have been the amplification and confirmation of the covenant of grace, and not the covenant itself; first of Adam. And first, how the covenant of grace was amplified or manifested in Adam's. covenant.
First, In respect of Adam himself. Adam was formed of the dust of the earth, Gen. 2. 7. there was the substance of every particular member of his body formed or framed, every organ fitly prepared and composed, fit for action, according to their several offices, only wanting a principle of life to put them in action; and this curious formed body is capable of having a wife taken out of it, and yet remains a perfect compleat person; thus organized the Lord breathed in the breath of life; and when Adam took in that breath, he took it for himself and his wife, for his life was the life of his wife; for it cannot be proved that God breathed in Eve as he did in Adam, Gen. 2. 21. And the Lord caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam. Adam was not dead when God took the rib out of his side, but God operating and working in that life, built him a wife meet for him, though the life that she lived in him was not intelligible, till an intelligible soul was joined to that life; so before she was taken out of him, she was sustained in him, and by him, for she lived in him, and by him, though not yet made meet for him (by form and reason) to have conjugal communion with her; so Jesus Christ was set up from everlasting. (He that is wisdom direct me here in this transcendent glory.) I was set from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was, Prov. 8. 23. when there was no debths, I was brought forth, v. 25. this Christ speaketh of human nature. I was set up, cannot be applied to his Godhead, for setting up signitieth his being inferior to his father, which he was not in respect of his Godhead, for in respect of that he was equal with his father, Phil. 2, 6, Heb. 1. 3. neither can it signify his human nature alone distinct from us.