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Lucius TARQUINIUS (for his excessive pride surnamed Superbus), after he had caused his own father-in-law, Servius Tullius, to be cruelly murdered, and, contrary to the Roman laws and customs, not requiring or staying for the people's suffrages, had possessed himself of the kingdom ; went, accompanied with his sons and other noblemen of Rome, to besiege Ardea. During which siege, the principal men of the army meeting one evening at the tent of Sextus Tarquinius, the king's son, in their discourses after supper, every one commended the virtues of his own wife; among whom. Collatinus extolled the incomparable chastity of his wife Lucretia. In that pleasant humour they all posted to Rome; and intending, by their secret and sudden arrival, to make trial of that which every one had before avouched, oniy Collatinus finds his wife (though it were late in the night) spinning amongst her maids : the other ladies were all found dancing and revelling, or in several disports. Whereupon the noblemen yielded Collatinus the victory, and his wife the fame. At that time Sextus Tarquinius being inflamed with Lucrece' beauty, yet smothering his passions for the present, departed with the rest back to the camp; from whence he shortly after privily withdrew himself, and was (according to his estate) royally entertained and lodged by Lucrece at Collatium. The same night, he treacherously stealeth into her chamber, violently ravished her, and early in the morning speedeth away. Lucrece, in this lamentable plight, hastily dispatcheth messengers, one to Rome for her father, another to the camp for Collatine. They came, the one accompanied with Junius Brutus, the other with Publius Valerius ; and finding Lucrece attired in mourning habit, demanded the cause of her sorrow. She, first taking an oath of them for her revenge, revealed the actor, and whole manner of his dealing, and withal suddenly stabbed herself. Which done, with one consent they all vowed to root out the whole hated family of the Tarquins; and bearing the dead body to Rome, Brutus acquainted the people with the doer and manner of the vile deed, with a bitter invective against the tyranny of the king: wherewith the people were so moved, that with one consent and a general acclamation the Tarquins were all exiled, and the state government changed from kings to consuls.
THE RAPE OF LUCRECE.
FROM the besieged Ardea all in post,
And girdle with embracing flames the waist
Haply that name of chaste unhapp’ly set
For he the night before, in Tarquin's tent,
That kings might be espoused to more fame,
let] i. e. forbear.
O happiness enjoy'd but of a few!
Honour and beauty, in the owner's arms,
Beauty itself doth of itself persuade
of men without an orator;
Of that rich jewel he should keep unknown From thievish ears, because it is his own?
Perchance his boast of Lucrece' sovereignty
should vaunt That golden hap which their superiors want.
But some untimely thought did instigate
suggested] i. e. tempted.
Neglected all, with swift intent he goes
O rash false heat, wrapt in repentant cold,
When at Collatium this false lord arriv'd,
When beauty boasted blushes, in despite
But beauty, in that white intituled, 3
Teaching them thus to use it in the fight,-
This heraldry in Lucrece' face was seen,
The sovereignty of either being so great,
intituled) i. e. having a title in.