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phecies concerning the Christian Church, in twelve Sermons preached in Lincoln's Inn Chapel, at the lecture founded by bishop Warburton, 2 vols. 8vo.; Sermons preached before the Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn, 3 vols. 8vo.; a Sermon before the House of Lords, January 30, 1786 ; an edition of Bishop Warburton's Works, 6 vols, 4to. with a biographical account of that Prelate, which has been attacked in an able letter on account of some remarks in it reflecting on Archbishop Secker, and other eminent men. The learned editor also experienced some rough treatment from Dr. Parr in the republication of “ Tracts by Warburton and a Warburtonian, 8vo. 1789.” Of these petulant performances, however, the bishop very properly took no notice; and he was also equally silent when Ør. Priestley, with his accustomed forwardness and asperity, attacked fome pofitions in his three volumes of Sermons, and endeavoured to provoke him into a controversy concerning ecclesiastical establishments, and the doctrines of the Church of England.

That restless controvertist was very ambitious of entering the lifts with Gibbon the historian as well as with the bishop, and it is a curious instance of literary vanity, that in the fame performance he should have publicly challenged those two writers into the field of combat


different subjeéts. It is worth while, however, to extract a passage which shews his opinion of Dr. Hurd.

“One of the worst symptoms of the present time” says Priestley, “ is that men of the greatest eminence in the church and of the most unquestionable ability, appear to be either wholly indifferent to the subject, or, instead of promoting a farther reformation, acquiesce in the present system; when all they can urge is so palpably weak, that it is barely possible they should be in earnest'; not indeed in their wishes to keep things as they are, but in thinking their arguments have that weight in themselves, which they wish them to have with others. To see such men as bishop Hurd in this class of writers, a class so little respectable, when he is qualified to class with Tillotson, Hoadley, and Clarke, equally excites one's pity and indignation*

But while this doughty champion of Socinianism was thus treating the class of divines among whom the bishop had enrolled himself, he little thought that one of them was about to put him to confusion, and to ruin the cause which he considered as invulnerable.

Bishop * Hist. of the Corruptions of Christianity, vol. ii. p. 476.

Bishop Hurd was a man of mild manners, a profound scholar, an excellent writer, and a most exemplary prelate. He died at the advanced age of eighty-eight, and has left a name which will stand as long as letters and religion shall continue to be respected among us.




* and we


" St. James's, Westminster,

April 11, 1749. R. WALPOLE has been so kind as to make me two

vifits fince you were in town, and hath put into my hands the papers


nich you intimated he would, with leave to communicate them to the bishop of Glocester; have both of us read them with great fatisfaction, and a high esteem of the abilities and spirit of the writer, who has shewn the rightest judgment of affairs, supported it with the clearest reason, proposed it, and pursued the proposal with the most steady resolution, and yet the greatest decency and propriety; and (which I could not help taking particular notice of,) hath, in several places, expressed a strong sense of the superintendancy of the Divine Providence. On the whole, I do not think any man living hath deserved so well of this country, in its late situation, as he hath; and I see that his brother deserved much better than I apprehended, . though I always both thought better of him, and wished bet. ter to him, than some who voted constantly with him. I hope Mr. Walpole's health will long permit him to continue his attention to the public, and that the

directors of the pub. lic will attend to his advice. The affair of Tobago seems likely to blow over; what may blow from the North, God knows ! if we have any wisdom, we shall endeavour to keep clear; but alas! there seems no disposition to the way which he hath pointed out, and which I fear is the only one." +

II. # Dr. Martin Benson. † The papers here alluded to composed the " Letter to a Friend who desired my thoughts upon signing the Preliminaries, which letter was written by Sir Robert Walpole in justification of his conduct, with respect to the pacification of 1718. This letter it is said “ removed many prejudices which Dr. Secker, then bishop of Oxford, had entertained against the administration of Sir Robert Walpole." Coxe's Memoirs of Lord Walpole.

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II. To Miss ELIZABETH CARTER, on EPICTETUS, from the Memoirs of that Lady, recently published.

Cuddesden, Sept. 13, 1749. " Good Miss Carter, HIS naughty girl (Miss Talbot] hath sealed up her packet without giving me notice; and so


must take what I have to say by itself. Arrian is not a commentator on Epictetus, as Simplicius is ; but professes to exhibit his very conversations and discourses, as Xenophon doth those of Socrates : and a translator should represent him in our tongue, such as he appears in his own : not indeed copying the peculiarities of the language he speaks in, but still preserving his genuine air and character as far as ever is consistent with making him rightly understood. Where the terms of his philosophy are now become obscure, or the manners of his

age and country unsuitable to ours, 1 allow the one to be cleared up, and the other softened, to a requifite degree, in the translation itself, and still more in a short note. Nay, some parts, those for inftance where he digresses into logical niceties, provided a general notice be given of what nature they are, I think may be entirely passed over. Et quæ desperas tracta nitescire poffe, relinquas. But with proper exceptions of this kind, every ancient writer should, in common justice, be laid before the modern reader, if at all, such as he is. And Epictetus in particular should be cause he will make a better figure, and have more influence in his own homely garb than any other, into which he may be travesti. Abruptnels, and want of ornament, very often add much force and persuasion to what is said. They shew the speaker to be in earnest, which hath the greatest weight of any thing: and the same sentiments delivered in a smooth and polite, a florid and panegyrical, or a formal and profeffional style, are no longer the same. These last were the methods in vogue when Epictetus lived; and they had brought philosophy into disregard and disgrace. He saw it with grief ; and reproved Messieurs les Philosophes with an honelt zeal. Surely then, we should be very careful to do nothing that may but feem to approach towards transforming him into one of these gentlemen.' And I am fully per. suaded, that plain and home exhortations and reproofs, without studied periods and regular connections, in short, such as they might be supposed to come extempore from the fulness



of the old man's good heart, will be more attended to and felt, than any thing sprucer that can be substituted in their

I do not mean by all this to vindicate my own specimens. I confess myself to have bent the stick as strongly as I well could, the opposite way to yours. But I am content to divide the difference with you; which, perhaps, after we have both explained ourselves, will be no great one. Yet indeed, of the two, I think a rough and almost literal translation, if it doth not relish strongly of that warm and practical spirit, which to me is the characteristic of this book, infinitely preferable to the most elegant paraphrase, that lets it evaporate, and leaves the reader unmoved. I know you experience so much of this way of thinking in general, that I may very safely trust you with the particular application of it; and therefore shall only add, that I am, with high esteem and every good wish,

Your most obedient, humble servant,


I , I

III. The Archbishop's Letter to the Bishops of his Province.

My Lord, T having been the unanimous opinion of as many of our portunity of consulting during the present session of parliament, that it might be for the service of religion to revive and enforce, with some variations and additions which I proposed to them, the rules published by the four last of my predecesfors in the see of Canterbury soon after their accession to it; I earnestly recommend to you,

I. That you require of every person, who desires to be admitted to holy orders, that he fignify to you his name and place of abode, and transmit to you his testimonial, and a certificate of his age duly attested, with the title upon which he is to be ordained, at least twenty days before the time of ordination; and that he appear on Wednesday, or at farthest on Thursday, in Ember-week, in order to his examination.

II. That if you shall reject any person, who applies for holy orders, upon the account of immorality proved against him, you signify the name of the person fo rejected, with


the reason of your rejecting him, to me, within one month; that fo I may acquaint the rest of my suffragans with the case of such rejected person before the next ordination.

III. That you admit not any person to holy orders, who having resided any considerable time out of the university, does not send to you, with his testimonial, a certificate signed by the ininifter, and other

credible inhabitants of the parish where he so resided, expressing, that notice was given in the church, in time of divine service on some Sunday, at least a month before the day of ordination, of his iniention to offer himself to you to be ordained at such a time: and that upon such notice given, no objections have come to your knowledge for the which he ought not to be ordained.

IV. That you admit no letters testimonial, on any occafion whatsoever, unless it be therein expressed, for what particular end and design fuch letters are granted; nor unless it be declared, by those who shall sign them, that they have personally known the life and behaviour of the person for the time by them certified ; and do believe in their conscience, that he is qualified for that order, office, or employment, to which he desires to be admitted.

V. That in all testimonials sent from any college or hall, in either of the universities, you expect that they be signed, as well as sealed; and that among the persons signing, the governor of such college or hall, or in his absence, the next person under such governor, with the dean, or reader of divinity, and the tutor of the person to whom the testimonial is granted, (such tutor being in the college, and such person being under the degree of master of arts) do subscribe their



VI. That you admit not any person to holy orders upon letters dimissory, unless they are granted by the bishop himself, or guardian of the spiritualties, sede vacante; nor unless it be expressed in such letters, that he who grants them, has fully satisfied himself of the title and conversation of the person to whom the letter is granted.

VII. That you make diligent enquiry concerning curates in your diocese; and proceed to ecclesiastical censures against those, who shall presume to serve cures without being first duly licensed thereunto; as also against all incumbents who shall receive and employ them, without first obtaining such license. VIII. That

you do not by any means admit of any mi. nister, who removes from another diocese, to serve as a curate in yours, without the testimony in writing of the bishop


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