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language, the feet sometimes denotes all the lower parts of the body, which decency requires to be concealed. In eastern countries, these were generally covered by the long garments which they were accustomed to wear: hence it may have been thought want of respect, to appear in public, on solemn occasions, with the feet uncovered. In reference to this opinion, which was probably adopted by our prophet and his countrymen, the scraphims which he beheld, testisied their profound reverence and humility in the divine presence, by covering their feet. This inculcates upon us the fame important lesson with the former article.— And with twain he didsty, to execute with the utmost speed the commands he received from his highest Lord. You reckon that a bullet shot from a muiket rlies with great velocity; and no doubt it does, for, according to some calculations, did it continue in the lame rapid motion with which it flies oil, it would go one hundred and eighty miles in the hour. Celestial spirits move with incomparably greater velocity, in performing the services assigned them. Of this you may be sensible, by considering the immense distance between the throne of Gcd in the highest heavens, and this earth, where they are often employed in ministering to the heirs of salvation. This circumstance ought to animate us to perform every part of the service of God with alacrity and dispatch, that, in this as well as other respects, our obedience may in some measure resemble the obedience of the angels in heaven. After the example of David, let us make haste, and not delay to keep all the commandments of God.

3 And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts, the whole earth

is full of his clorv.

o J

These words farther describe the employment of

the seraphiins. We pretend not to explain in what

manner these heavenly intelligences communicate - their their sentiments to one another. According to our prophet's description, they were engaged in celebrating, with loud exclamations, the praises of Jehovah. In this sublime exercise, they seemed to him to sorm a sound in the air, which reached his ears; or somewhat resembling it, which affected his imagination. To this delightful work they were summoned by the inspired royal psalmist, and called upon to lift up their voices, and sing, together with the whole creation, a hymn of thanksgiving to his honour, who is the praise of all his saints: 'Praise the Lord from the heavens:

* praise him in the heights: praise ye him, all his an

* gels: praise ye him, all his holts *.' To this call they yield the most cheerful obedience; an instance of which is'recorded, Luke ii. 13, 14. where we read, 'That suddenly there was with the angel (who pub'limed, the nativity of our Saviour) a multitude of 'the heavenly host, praising God, and faying, Glory 'to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good

* will towards men.' In this heavenly employment they are represented by the apostle John, Rev. v. 11, ic. ' who beheld, and heard the voice of many

* angels round about the throne—saying with a loud

* voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was fiain, to re'ceive power, and riches, and wisdom, and' strength,

* and honour, and glory, and blessing.' This pleasant work they perform with the greatest unanimity and ardour, as is plainly intimated in the expression under consideration; where the short hymn mentioned by Isaiah, is said to have been sung by the seraphims, divided into two choirs, who alternately persormed their parts, the one singing responsively to the other,

Holy, holv, holy is the Lord of hefts. The holiness of God consists in the supreme excellence, and perfect rectitude of his divine nature; in consequence of which, he is insinitely removed from all manner of

* Pitt!, cxlviii. 1, 2,

impurity^ impurity, and always acts considently with his glo. rious attributes. With respect to himself, all his counsels, dispensations, and commands, admirably correspond to his consummate excellencies: in his whole character, and in all his actions, there is not the smallest spot, or the least impropriety. He cannot do evil through ignorance, because his knowledge is perfect; nor through weakness, for his power is almighty; nor through malice, because his rectitude is complete; neither can he deceive, commit injustice, or do that which is cruel, because he approves, and loves what is true, upright, and righteous. With regard to his creatures, the righteous Lord loveth righteousness; his countenance doth behold the upright; he requir. eth what is holy, just, and j-ood; and discovers the greatest aversion to all sin, and the highest detestation os it. * He is of purer eyes than to behold evil, and * cannot look on iniquity *.' This holiness of God is strongly exprested in every precept of his perfect law, which was at sirst engraven upon the heart of man; which, with awful solemnity, he published to Israel from Mount Sinai; and is briefly comprehended in these words, ' Be ye holy, for I the Lord your 'God am holyf.' It is frequently manifested in the dispensations of his providence, whereby he condemns all unrighteousness and sin, and punishes the guilty with terrible judgments; among which, none are more to be dreaded, than that spiritual blindness and hardness of heart, mentioned in the 9th and i0th verses of this chapter. In a special manner is the divine purity illustriously displayed, in the way whereby guilty sinners are restored to the enjoyment of the favour of God, and eternal salvation, through the mediation os his own Son; whom he set forth to be the propitiation for sin, that he might be just and holy, as well as merciful, in justifying and saving them that believe in Jesus. In this manner the Lord God demonstrates

* Hab, i. i3. f Lev. xix. 2.


the insinite holiness of his nature: he makes known to men what he loves, and what he hates; what he allows, and what he disapproves; what is well-pleasing to him, and what is offensive. In sew words, the holiness of Jehovah is manisest in'heaven, in earth, and hell; in the exercise of his justice, in the distribution of his grace, and the communication of his glory; in the dispensations of his providence, in the precepts of his law, and the doctrines of his gospel, which contain the brightest manifestation of divine purity and righteousness that the world ever beheld.

This holiness is thrice ascribed, by the seraphims, to the Lord of hosts. This repetition may intimate, that the purity of Jehovah is insinite and ineffable, and of everlasting perpetuity; that he is holy in his nature, in his word, and in his works; that in himself he is perfectly holy; that all holiness is derived from him; and that he ought to be served in the beauties of holiness. It may also express the high admiration in which the holiness here celebrated, was held by the adoring seraphims; and the ardour of their affection, when employed in this sublime exercise. Or rather, this rehearsal, as some have supposed, may allude to the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, one Jehovah, whose supreme excellence, and consummate rectitude, are here asserted by celestial worshippers. This last remark accords with the voice of the Lord, which faith in the 8th verse, ' Whom lhall I lend, and 'who will go for us?,' where no more than one divine

person is introduced making this inquiry. Be ye

imitators of God, then, as dear children. Diligently study a growing conformity to the holiness of his nature, and the purity of his law and g >lpel. Be ye merciful, just, faithful, patient, and perfect as your Father in heaven, that as the invisible things or God, even his eternal power and Godhead, are clearly seen in things which are made, so the other invisible things of God, even his everlasting holiness and purity, may be seen in your good conduct, and holy behaviour,

on on account of'which others may be induced to glorify him in your behalf.

The whole dirth is full cf his glory. The Hebrew words may be rendered, the fulness of the earth is his glory; and in their literal, and molt obvious fense, are certainly true. Ever since the earth was formed, it hath been full of the glory of its great Creator; whose wisdom., power, and goodness, are therein nobly displayed; with whose mercy and loving-kindness it is richly replenished; and -whose praises, therefore, ought to be continually celebrated. In this hymn of praise, however, the scraphims seem to refer to some peculiar manifestation of the divine glory afforded to the kingdom of the Son of God, of which Isaiah was now favoured with a prophetic vision. When God gave his law, which was glorious, from Mount Sinai, it was delivered only to one savourite people, the posterity of Israel. 'He shewed his word unto Jacob, his 'statutes and his judgments unto Israel*.' The glory of the Lord thereby displayed, was consined within the narrow limits of the land of Canaan. The Most High reserved the more grand and extensive manifestation of his glory, to beautify and enrich the kingdom of his Son Jesus Christ, after he had rejected the Jews on account of their rejecting him. To the pardon which he granted the Israelites, at the entreaty of his servant Moses, he subjoined this solemn declaration; ' As truly as I live, all the earth shall be silled 'with the glory of the Lordf.' In the words before us, the celeitial worshippers announce the fulsilment of this divine prediction; and on that account celebrate the praises of Jehovah, anticipating, hi their adorations, this certain and most joyful event. By the whole earth, then, may be meant all the nations and kingdoms of this world, the inhabitants of all the various tracts of this earth, and the several charters into which it is divided, wherein the kingdom of the

* Psal, cxlvii. 19. I Nutnb. xiv. 21.


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