« AnteriorContinuar »
upon the value, tenure, and services of the Lands therein described, and was made from the survey ordered by William the Conqueror. It is styled by Hume, “ The most valuable piece of Antiquity possessed by any nation.”
“ The most ancient of our · Records' is that known as the Domesday Book, the authority of which can never be called in question, and from which their lies no appeal. The Commission' which produced this remarkable volume has, perhaps, never been equalled for the rapidity and correctness with wbich it accomplished its laborious task. That task was
To inquire into the name of every place; who held it in the time of King Edward the Con, fessor ; who was the present possessor; how many hides in the manor ; how many carucates in demesne ; how many homagers; how many villeins ; how many cotarii ; how many servi; what
how many tenants in socage; what quantity of wood ; how much meadow and pasture ; what mills and fishponds; how much added or taken away; what the gross value was in King Edward's time; what was the present value ; how much each freeman or soch-man had or has. All this was to be triply estimated. First, as the estate was held in the time of the Confessor ; then as it was bestowed by King William ; thirdly, as its value stood at the formation of the survey; and to state whether any advance could be made in the value.'
“All this was done within something more than a year! The inquisition was made before jurors, and the mass of returns was despached to Winchester, where ready penmen methodized and registered all into the forms in which we now possess it. If a modern commission were intrusted with such a charge, the chances are that the result would be infinitely longer of accomplishment, much more costly, and when achieved unintelligible."
“The preservation of Domesday Book is a check upon family pride. Persons with Norman names have been addicted to trace their descent from the well-armed gentlemen who came over with the Conqueror. The Battle Abbey Roll was often referred to; but, unluckily, it was discovered that, from time to time, the monks forged, falsified, or interpolated names, doubtless for a consideration; and it is only the notable record of Domesday' which contains names on wbich reliance can be placed."- Athenæum, Oct. 11, 1856. 140 CALENDARIUM ROTULORUM PATENTIUM in Turri Londinensi, folio, with Indices, hf. bd. uncut, out of print, 12s
1802 The Patent Rolls contain Grants of Offices and Lands, Restitutions of Temporalities to Bishops, Abbots, and other Ecclesiastical Persons ; Confirmations of Grants made to Bodies Corporate; Grants in Fee Farm; Patents of Creation ; Licences of all kinds which pass the Great Seal, Com. mission, &c.
These Rolls in the Tower commence 3 John to 23 Edw. IV., 1200–1483 ; but this is a Calendar to a Selection only. 141 Taxatio ECCLESIASTICA Angliae et Walliae, auctoritate P. Nicholai IV. circa 1291, folio, facsimile, hf. bd. uncut, out of print, 15s
1802 This is the Taxation of the Tenths of all Ecclesiastical Benefices granted by Pope Nicholas IV. in 1288 to Edw. I., towards the expense of an Expedition to the Holy Land.
The Taxation of Pope Nicholas is a most important Record, because all the Taxes, as well to our Kings as the Popes, were regulated by it, until the Survey made in the 26th year of Henry VIII.; and because the Statutes of Colleges which were founded before the Reformation are also interpreted by this Criterion, according to which their Benefices, under a certain Value, are exempted from the Restriction in the Statute 21 Hen. VIII. concerning Pluralities. The whole is edited from two MSS. in the Remembrancer's Office, Exchequer, and collated with a Cottonian MS. in the British Museum. 142 CALENDARIUM ROTULORUM CHARTARUM et Inquisitionum ad quod damnum, folio, with Indices, half bd. uncut, out of print, 12s
1803 The first part of the volume contains a Calendar to the Charter Rolls, 1 John, 1199, to the end of the reign of Edward IV. 1483. The contents of the Charter Rolls are described by Astle, “ They contain Royal Grants of Privileges to Cities, Towns, Bodies Corporate, and private Trading Companies belonging to those Cities and Towns; Grants of Markets, Fairs, and Free Warrens ; Grants of Creation of Nobility, from the 11th year of the reign of Edward II. to the end of the reign of Edward IV.; Grants of Privileges to Religious Houses, etc.”
The second part is a Calendar to the Inquisitions ad quod damnum, commencing 1 Edw. II. and ending 28 Hen. VI. These Inquisitions were taken by virtue of Writs, directed to the Escheator of each County, when any Grant of a Market, Fair, or other Privilege or Licence of Alienation of Lands was solicited, to inquire, by a Jury, whether such Grant of Alienation was prejudicial to the King or to others. This Calendar is very incorrect, and has also various omissions, but the latter have been supplied by the Record Officers in the copy at the Tower. 143 ROTULORUM ORIGINALIUM in Curia Scaccarii Abbreviatio. Hen. III.—Edw. III. 2 vols. folio, facsimile (pub. at £1. 5s), hf. bd. uncut, 12s
1805-10 These are abstracts of the Originalia, which are the Estreats transmitted from the Court of Chancery to the Court of Exchequer, of all Grants from the Crown inrolled on the Patent and other Rolls, whereon any rent is reserved, any salary payable, or any service to be performed.
144 CALENDARIUM INQUISITIONUM post Mortem sive Escaetarum. Hen. III.-Rich.
III. Vols. 1-3, folio, with Indices, (pub. at £3. 38) hf. bd. uncut, 30s 1806-21 The 4th volume can be supplied new in bds. for 24s.
These are Calendars to the Inquisitions taken by virtue of Writs directed to the Escheators of each County or District, to summon a Jury on oath, who were to inquire what Lands any person died seised of, and by what rents or services the same were held, and who was the next heir, and of what age the heir was, that the King might be informed of his Right of Escheat or Wardship. They also show whether the Tenant was attainted of Treason, or was an Alien, in either of which cases they were seised into the King's hands. They likewise show the Quantity, Quality, and Value of the Lands of which each Tenant died seised, &c.; and they are the best evidences of the Descents of Families and of property. 145 TESTA DE NEYILL sive Liber Feodorum in Curia Scaccarii, temp. Hen. III. and
Edw. I., folio, with Indices and facsimile, hf. bd. uncut, out of print, 12s 1807
Containing an account of fees bolden either immediately of the King or of others in capite ; of fees holden in Frankalmoigne, and the values thereof; of Serjeanties holden of the King; of Widows and Heiresses of Tenants in Capite, whose marriages were in the gift of the King, and the values of their lands ; of Churches in the gift of the King, and in whose hands; of Escheats, as well of the ·lands of Normans as others, in whose hands they were, and by what service held ; of the amount paid for Scutage and Aid by each Tenant. 146 NONARUM Inquisitiones in Curia Scaccarii, temp. Edw. III., folio, facsimile (pub. at 18s bds.) half bd. uncut, 108
10; Chronological Index from Magna Carta to the end of the reign of Queen
1810-28 Volumes 1, 2 and 3 are out of print. An alphabetical Index has been published, which can be supplied new in bds. for 368. The chronological Index can also be supplied separately new in bds. for 368.
As the title implies, these volumes contain all the Public Acts of Parliament to the end of the
folio, 1 facsimile and 16 coloured maps, (pub. at £7. 108) 5 vols. half bd. and 1 in
1810-34 Volume 2 is out of print.
This is a survey of the whole Ecclesiastical Property of England and Wales, in the state in which it stood on the eve of the Reformation, to ascertain the values, in order to the payment of the First Fruits and Tenths of the Benefices and Dignities. This superseded the survey made temp. Edw. I., known under the title Taxatio Ecclesiastica Angliæ et Walliæ auctoritate P. Nicholai IV. circa 1291.
At the end of each volume are maps of the different dioceses, and a list of Peculiars in each, signed by the respective bishops. Vol. 1, contains the dioceses of Canterbury, Rochester, Bath and Wells, Bristol, Chichester, and London. Vol. 2, Winchester, Salisbury, Oxford, Exeter, and Glou. cester. Vol. 3, Hereford, Coventry and Lichfield, Worcester, Norwich, and Ely. Vol. 4, Lincoln, Peterborough, Llandaff, St. David's, Bangor, and St. Asaph. Vol. 5, York, Chester, Carlisle, and Durham. 149 PLACITORUM in Domo Capit. Westmon. asservatorum Abbreviatio, Ric. I.-- Edw. II. folio, (pub. at 18s bds.) half bd. uncut, 10s
licis Archivis Scotiæ adhuc servantur, Abbreviatio, from about 1546 to the end
1811-16 The above is an abridgment of the Scottish Inquisitions, which originate in Writs of Mortancestry, or Writ of Succession. By the above writ the Judge to whom it is addressed is authorised and required to ascertain by the verdict of a jury the following points :-1. Of what lands and
annual rents the ancestor of the claimant died vested and seised ? 2. If the claimant be the nearest lawful heir? 3. If of lawful age? 4. Annual value of the lands, &c., according to certain valuations, usually called Old and New Extent? 5. Of whom, as feudal superior, the lands are held ? 6. By what feudal service or species of tenure? 7. In whose possession the lands now are, on what account, and how long so possessed? The result of these inquiries were transmitted to Chancery, together with the original writ.
With certain limitations, the above may be considered as exhibiting an authentic bistory of the transmission by inheritance of the far greater part of the landed property of Scotland, as well as that of the descent of the greater number of its considerable families. 151 ROTULI HUNDREDORUM, Hen. III. and Edw. I., in Turr. Lond., et in Curia Re
ceptæ Scaccarii Westm. asservati. 2 vols. folio, with 4 Indices and 2 facsimiles, half bd. uncut, £2.
1812-18 Vol. 2 is out of print.
The Hundred Rolls are Inquisitions taken under a commission dated 11 October, 2 Edw. I., 1274, issued in consequence of the diminution of the King's rights and revenue, by tenants in capite alienating lands without licence; by ecclesiastics and laymen with bolding from the Crown, under various pretexts, its just rights, and usurping the right of holding Courts and other Jura Regalia. Numerous exactions and oppressions of the people had been committed, temp. Hen. III. by the nobility and gentry claiming the Rights of Free Chace, Free Warren, and Fisbery, and demanding unreasonable tolls in fairs and markets; and again by sheriffs, escheators, and other officers and ministers of the Crown, under colour of law.
These abuses remained unredressed until the return of Edw. I. from the Holy Land, his father having died in his absence; and one of his first acts, after his arrival, was to inquire into the state of the demesnes and of the rights and revenues of the Crown, and the conduct of sheriffs and other officers and ministers who had defrauded the King and grievously oppressed the people.
These Inquisitions furnish evidence upon the oath of a jury of each hundred and town in every County of–1. All the demesne lands of the Crown, the persons holding the same, the authority, and how alienated. 2. Tenants in capite, and tenants in ancient demesne. 3. The losses sustained by the Crown in military services, and otherwise, by the subinfeudations made by such tenants in capite, etc. 4. Alienations to the Church, under pretext of gifts in Frankalmoigne. 5. Ward. ships, marriages, escheats, suits, and services withholden and subtracted. 6. Fee-farms of the Crown, hundreds, wapentakes, and tithings. 7. Courts, wreck of the sea, free chace, free warren, and fishery, and other Jura Regalia. 8. Oppressions of the nobility, clergy, and other great men claiming to have and exercise such rights. 9. Exactions by excessive and illegal tolls in fairs and for murage, pontage, etc. 10. Exactions and oppressions of sheriffs, escheators, and other ministerial officers under colour of law. 11. Unlawful exportation of wools, etc. 152 SCOTLAND. - Registrum Magni Sigilli Regum Scotorum in Archivis Publicis asser
vatum, A.D. 1306— 1424, cum Indicibus Nominum et Locorum, folio, 5 facsimiles, hf. bd. uncut, out of print, 10s
1814 The above is a collection of Royal Charters of Scotland. 153 ROTULI SCOTIÆ in Turri Londinensi et in Domo Capitulari Westmonasteriensi · asservati, 19 Edw. I.- Hen. VIII. 2 vols. folio, with Indices and 2 facsimiles, (pub. at £2. 2s bds.) half bd. uncut, 24s
1814-18 These are important records, illustrative of the political transactions between England and Scotland, commencing 19 Edw. I. 1290, and terminating 8 Hen. VIII, 1517. They chiefly relate to political, naval and military transactions ; to prisoners of war; rewards to partisans; orders for attainders and pardons; to revenue and trade ; grants of benefices ; licences to persons to fight duels in Scotland; to students in Scotland to study at the English universities ; grants of ward. ships ; safe conducts to pilgrims; and to various miscellaneous matters of great interest to the historian and antiquary. 154 RYMER'S FOEDERA: Foedera, Conventiones, Litterae, et cujuscunque generis
Acta Publica, inter Reges Angliae et alios quosvis Imperatores, Reges, Pontifices, Principes, vel Communitates; ab ingressu Gulielmi I. A.D. 1066, ad nostra usque tempora: denuò aucta et emendata acc. Ad. Clarke et Fred. Holbrooke, Vols. 1, 2, and 3, pars II. (1066-1344 and 1361-77) numerous large plates of
facsimiles, including engravings of Seals, (pub. at £5.5s) hf. bd. uncut, 30s 1816-30
The best edition, possessing all the advantages of the Dutch edition, with additional articles and plates from recently discovered sources. Vol. 1 extends from 1066 to 1307. Vol. 2 from 1307 to 1344. Vol. 3 from 1344 to 1377. Vol. 1, in 2 parts, is out of print. Vol. 3, part 1, can be supplied new for 248. The following volumes will also be supplied new if required.
This invaluable collection, equally interesting to the Antiquary and Historian, contains copies of treaties, leagues, manifestoes, capitulations, correspondence, and other public documents, between this country and other states, since the Conquest; and presents most important illustrations, not only of the history of England, but of Europe.
155 PLACITA DE Quo WARRANTO, temp. Edw. I., II., III., in Curia Receptæ Scaccarii
Westm. asservata, folio, with Indices and a facsimile, hf. bd. uncut, out of print, 10s
1818 These are Pleadings in Quo Warranto to try by what right parties held or claimed manors, liberties, privileges, etc. These chiefly had reference to the Inquisitions previously taken, called Rotuli Hundredorum, which latter were delivered to the Justices in Eyre for the purpose of holding pleas upon the claims stated therein. 156 IRELAND. Reports from the Commissioners respecting the Public Records of
Ireland, with Supplements and Appendixes, 1810-15, 21 plates, 13 being face similes of MSS., 8 elevations and plans, 1819.-The 11th-15th Reports, 1821-25, with Indices of Names.—2 vols. folio, one hf. bd. and the other boards, uncut, 7s 6d
1819-25 157 REPORTS from the Commissioners respecting the Public Records of the Kingdom,
with the Appendices, 1800-19, 2 vols.; one vol. consisting of 1 plate of Alphabets, and 86 large engraved facsimiles of old MSS., exhibiting numerous SEALS AND COATS OF ÅRMS, with explanatory text, 1820. - General Report of the Commissioners on the Public Records, 1831-7, with Appendix and Index-together 3 vols. fol. (pub. at £5. 13s) 2 vols. hf. bd. and one in cloth, uncut, £2.2s 1820-37
The Reports, 1819-31, are not published. 158 CALENDARS of the Proceedings in Chancery in the Reign of Queen Elizabeth, to
which are prefixed examples of earlier proceedings in that Court from Rich. II. to Elizabeth, from the originals in the Tower, 3 vols, fol. with Indices of names and places, (pub. at £3. 38) hf. bd. uncut, 30s
1827-32 Vol. 7. is out of print.
These Calendars contain the names of the plaintiffs and defendants ; the objects of the the suit; the premises, and the county in which the lands were situated ; and are arranged in alphabetical order under the names of the plaintiffs. The specimens of earlier Chancery proceedings prefixed to these volumes present most valuable information on the state of society, the manners and customs, language, family connections, and, in short, on every point of interest to the antiquarian and historian in the fourteenth, fifteenth, sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. 159 ROTULI LITTERARUM CLAUSARUM in Turri Londinensi asservati, acc. T. D. Hardy,
Vol. 1, A.D. 1204 to 1224, with general Introduction and Indices, stout fol. (pub. at £3. 3s), hf. bd. uncut, 158
1833 The second volume, 1224-1227, can be supplied new in cloth for 188.
These Close Rolls are Mandates, Letters, and Writs addressed in the King's Name to individuals for special and particular purposes, and were folded or closed up, and sealed on the outside with the Great Seal. It is chiefly in these particulars that they differ from Letters Patent, which were addressed to all the King's liege subjects, and not folded up, but had the Great Seal attached at the bottom. Information on almost every subject is to be obtained from these important Rolls. For further particulars see the General Introduction to the Work. 160 ROTULI LITTERARUM PATENTITM in Turri Londinensi asservati, acc. T. D.
Hardy, Vol. 1, pars 1, A.D. 1201-1216, all published, folio, with the Itinerary of
King John, Introduction and Index, (pub. at £1. 11s 6d) cloth, 158 1835
During the reigns of the Plantagenets, the Letters Patent are of a very diversified and interesting nature, relating principally to Prerogatives of the Crown ; Revenue ; Judicature; Treaties ; Truces ; Correspondence and Negotiations with Foreign Princes and States ; Letters of Protection, of Credence, and of Safe Conduct; Appointments and Powers of Ambassadors : indeed there is scarcely a subject connected with the History and Government of the Country which may not receive illustration from the Patent Rolls. In addition to the class of documents which may properly be denominated public, there is another relating more especially
to the internal policy, &c. of the Kingdom, such as Grants and Confirmations of Liberties, Offices, Privileges, Lands, Wardships, Letters of Incorporation, Licences for Election of Bishops and other Ecclesiastical Dignitaries, Restitutions of Temporalties, Presentations to Churches, Vicarages, and Chapels, Creations of Nobility, Special and General Pardons, Special Liveries, Licences and Pardons for Alienations, Proclamations, and all manner of Commissions, etc
See the Introduction to the work ; which can be had separately, in royal 8vo. cloth, price 98. 161 ROTULI CHABTABUM in Turri Londinensi asservati, acc. T. D. Hardy, Vol. 1,
pars 1, A.D. 1199-1216, all published, folio, with Introduction, Index and facsimile, (pub. at £1. 10s) cloth, 20s
1837 These are Royal Grants of Lands, honours, dignities, hereditary offices, liberties and other Estates of Inheritance to the nobility and commonalty; and of lands, liberties, privileges, immuni. ties, and other estates in mortmain to ecclesiastical, eleemosynary, and lay corporations, etc.
162 CAERNARVON. Registrum vulgariter nuncupatum, “The Record of Caernarvon,"
e Codice MSto. Harleiano 696 descriptum, folio, with Introduction by Sir H. Ellis, and Indices, (pub. at £1. Ils 6d) cloth, 21s
1838 The first portion of the above record of Caernarvon contains a collection of Extents of Manors, taken chiefly in 26 Edw. Ill., in the Counties of Caernarvon and Anglesey. A second portion contains other Extents of Commons and Manors, including the Lands of the Bishopric of Bangor, A third portion contains Records under the title “ Leges et Consuetudines Walliæ.” A fourtb por. tion is a collection of Inquisitions and Pleadings in Quo Warranto, before the Justices Itinerant in North Wales, Petitions, &c. The next portion contains particulars of the Taxation of the Spiri. tual and Temporal Possessions of the Clergy of the Diocese of Bangor, followed by an Extent of the Temporalities of the See, 22 Ric. II. After which follows a collection of smaller Records.
These valuable volumes are recommended to all Antiquaries and Students of Mediæval History, Genealogy, etc. 163 ANCIENT Laws and Institutes of ENGLAND, comprising Laws enacted under the
Anglo-Saxon Kings, from Æthelbirht to Cnut, with an English Translation of the Saxon; the Laws called Edward the Confessor's; the Laws of William the Conqueror, and those ascribed to Henry the First; also Monumenta Ecclesiastica Anglicana, from the 7th to the 10th century; and the Ancient Latin version
of the Anglo-Saxon Laws, with a compendious Glossary, etc. folio, cl. £2. 1840 163*_ The same, 2 vols, royal 8vo. cloth, 30s
1840 This is a portion of the works intended to be collected as materials for the History of Britain, under the title of “Anglo-Saxon Laws." 164 ANCIENT Laws and Institutes of WALES, comprising Laws supposed to be enacted
by Howel the Good; modified by subsequent Regulations, under the native Princes, prior to the Conquest by Edward the First; and anomalous Laws, consisting principally of Institutions, which, by the Statute of Ruddlan, were admitted to continue in force: with an English Translation of the Welsh Text: to which are added a few Latin Transcripts, containing Digests of the Welsh Laws, principally of the Dimetian : with Indices and Glossary, folio, cloth, £2. 4s
1841 164* - the same, 2 vols. royal 8vo. cloth, 36s
1841 This is a portion of the works intended to be collected as materials for the History of Britain, under the title of “ Welsh Laws.” 165 Jones's (Edward) Index to Records, called, the Originalia and Memoranda, 2 vols. folio, hf. bd. uncut, 10s
1793 Priced, 1845-8, Payne and Foss, russia, £2.58. These volumes, although not published by the Commission, form a necessary adjunct. 166 Publications of the Record Commissioners, royal 8vo. in all 26 vols. (pub. at about £20.) cloth, many of the volumes out of print, £10. 1833
CONTENTS. . Magnum Rotulum Scaccarii vel Magnum Rotu- , with his Barons, viz., “ Placita de terris datis et
lum Pipae, de anno 3lo. Hen. I. (ut videtur); | occupatis occasione turbacionis in regno Ang. edidit J. Hunter, out of print
1833 Annual Acconnts of the Exchequer. Palgrave (Sir F.) An Essay upon the Authority Rotulus Cancellarii vel Antigraphum magni Ro of the King's Council, 8vo. out of print 1834
tuli Pipae, de tertio anno regni regis Johannis, Hunter (Rev. Jos.) Introduction to the Valor 4 facsimiles, out of print
1833 Ecclesiasticus of King Henry VIII., map The Chancellor's or Duplicate Roll of An. showing the distribution in dioceses 1834 nual Accounts of the Exchequer.
Proceedings and Ordinances of the Privy Coun, Report concerning Mr. Bayley's publication of cil of England, commencing 10 Ric. II. to 33
the Calendars of the Proceedings in Chancery, Hen. VIÏI. (1386-1542), edited by Sir H. 8vo. only 25 copies printed for private use Nicolas, 7 vols. (pub. at £4. 188) 1834.7
1833 Rotuli Curiae Regis : Rolls and Records of the Rotuli Selecti ad Res Anglicas et Hibernicas Court held before the King's Justiciars or
spectantes ex Archivas in Domo Cap. West Justices, 6 Ric. I.-1 John, edited by Sir F. mon. deprompti, cura J. Hunter, out of print Palgrave, 2 vols. facs. (pub. at £1. 88) 1835
1834 Fines, sive Pedes Fipium : sive Finales ConcorThis Miscellaneous volume contains :-1. diae in curia Domini Regis, 7 Ric. I.-16 A Patent Roll of 7 John, (1205-1206). 2. John (1195-1214), in Counties, Vol. 1 (pub. Transcripts of all Letters Patent and Annuities at 88 6d)
1835 which had been granted by any Lieutenant or These are Fines of Lands; a full descripJustice of Ireland, from the day of the Corona. tion of which will be found in Blackstone's tion of Hen. V. to the 12th of Hen. VI. 3. Commentaries. Vol. 2 can be supplied new for Six Rolls, relating to the affairs of Hen. III. | 28 6d