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was not merely Heathenith idolatry, and ceremonies of false worship, but that indulgence of vanity, and that gratification of appetite, in which worldly men, in every age, place their fupreme delight.

3. What hath been sai{ may serve for the fupport ard confolation of real believers, under ite trials to which they are exposed in the prefent state. It is melancholy to think, how fre- . quently, ard how easily, we are unhinged by diItress; what discontent and impatierce we are api to discover under suffering. Alas! my brethren, are you not ashamed, of impatience, when you consider the unparallelled sufferings of your Redeemer in your room? A believing view of the Saviour's cross, one would think, might stop every mouth, and compose every murmuring thought. Has he suffered so much for us? and shall we refuse to suffer from him, and for him ? His sufferings should make us patient, as they Thew us ihe evil of sin, and what we have deserved. Did we really deserve aven. ging wrath ? and Mall we dare to complain of fatherly correction? Did he suffer with patience who did no fin? and shall we complain who are punished less than our iniquities deserve ? His sufferings should teach us parience, because they take away the bitterness and malignity of our sufferings, and turn them from a poison to a mea dicine : he hath exhausted, if I may speak so, the whole wrath of God, and left nothing for us but what is highly falutary. And as he hath changed the nature of all the sufferings of life,

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he hath taken away the sting of death, which is the end of all our suffering. That blood which speaks peace to the wounded spirit, should be a healing balm to the wounded body...

But of all the different kinds of suffering, if we pretend to glory in the cross, we ought to be least afraid of the reproach thrown upon us for adherence to our duty. To glory in the cross, is indeed to glory in shame. The form of expression used with regard to Peter and John, Acts v. 41. is very remarkable. They departed from the presence of the council, rejoicing that they were counted worthy to suffer Name for his name. It would greatly tend to fortify us against this trial, if we would lay up in our hearts what hath been said on the doctrine of the cross. If it is impossible to avoid it, we must needs sit down composedly under it. And .. if our attachment to our great master is what it ought to be, we will chear fully follow him even without the camp, bearing his reproach.

4. In the last place, By what hath been said, you may try your title to fil down at the Lord's table, and learn your employment there. This ordinance is a sensible memorial of our Redeem. er's cross and passion. It was on the cross that his body was broken, and his blood med; for you. Are you then to commeinorate it ? You can. not do so, either in an acceptable or profitable manner, unless you can join the apostle in glo. rying in it. Have you seen any thing of the ex. cellence and amiablenels of this despised object ? Nothing so tasteless and infipid to the proud

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and self-righteous ; nothing so delightful and refreshing to the broken in heart. Have you feen any thing of the glory of the true God, in the fufferings of Christ and can you say with the apostle Paul, Heb. ii. 10. “ It became him, for

whom are all things, and by whom are all " things, in bringing many fons unto glory, to * make the Captain of their falvation perfect " through sufferings.” Do you see the glory of infinite mercy in the cross ? and are your hearts drawn with the cords of love to him who “loved you, and gave himself for you ?" Have you experienced the sanctifying influence of the cross? are your corruptions weakened and more tified by looking upon it? Is it your unfeigned desire, that they may be finally destroyed by it?

To draw to a conclusion of the fubject : I cannot point out your duty to you in a manner more suited to this day's employment, or more proper for your after security and comfort, than to turn the three reafons for glorying in the cross into the form of exhortations. I befeech you, my beloved hearers, contemplate the glory of God in the cross of Christ. See him, infinite in power, infinite in wisdom, infinite in holiness. You may see a faint emblem of his glory in the book of nature ; but you can only see his tran. fcendent majesty in the book of God. And may “ he who at first commanded the light to shine " out of darkness, shine in your hearts, to give “ you the light of the knowledge of the glory # of God, in the face of Jesus Christ!" -- Adore and apply the riches of divine grace. Let the


. 199 convinced, fearful, trembling sinner, Ay to this atoning blood, rest his hope upon it, and be se. cure. And neglect not to use the cross of Christ for mortifying your corruptions. Let your views of it now be lively and strong, and carry the same impression away, to be your great preservative from daily temptation. Make no image of the cross in your houses; but let the remembrance of it be ever on your hearts. One lively view of this great object will cool the flames of unclean luft : one lively view of this great object will make the unjuft man quit his hold: one lively view of this tremendous object will make the angry man drop his weapon : nay, one look of mercy from a dying Saviour will make even the covetous man open his heart. In one word, believing views of the crofs of Christ will unite the Christian more and more to a reconciled God, will make his presence comfort. able, his worship delightful, and excite a humble longing for that time when we Mall see him no more through the help of these elements, but as he is in himself, exalted on his throne, where his worlhip and service are everlasting,

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- By whom the world is crucified to me, and I unto the world.

THE character of a servant of God is fome

1 times described in scripture by particular dispositions or instances of obedience, and some times by a general view of the spirit that runs through the whole of his temper and carriage. Each of these ways has its own advantage and use. Each of them is to be found in its proper order in the holy scriptures, and stands there as a proof of their fulness and perfection. The whole of this passage, but particularly the last clause, upon which I am now to insist, is of the general kind, and, in the apostle's own example, gives us a very comprehensive view of what ought to be the temper and disposition of every real Christian : “ By whom,” that is, by Christ crucified, or, “by which," that is to say, by the cross of Christ, “ the world is crucified unto me, “ and I unto the world.”.

This description will serve, if carefully attend. ed to, as a trial and touchstone of sincerity ;


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