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tor of the second church in Brookfield. Published by request. Wor. ; cestér, Isaiah Thomas, jun.

Surgical observations on the constitutional origin and treatment of local diseases ; on Anuerions; on diseases resembling Syphilis ; and on diseases of the urethra. By John Abernesty, F. R. S. Philadelphia, Thomas Dobson.

An account of the extraordinary abstinence of Ann Moor, of Turbury, (Staffordshire, England, who has for more than three years, lived en. tirely without food ; giving the particulars of her life to the present time, an account of the investigation instituted on the occasion, and observations on the letters of some medical men who attended her. Boston, Nathaniel Coverly.

The sixth volume, and part first of the seventh volume of Johnson's Reports. New York, R. M‘Dermut.

Fourth volume Smollett's continuation of Hume's England. Boston, Wm. M'Ilhenny.

An Essay on the inspiration of the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testament. By John Dick, A. M. of Glasgow. To which is added, an inquiry into the nature and extent of the inspiration of the Apostles, and other writers of the New Testament, conducted with a view to some late opinions on the subject. By William Parry. Boston, Lincoln and Ed. mands.

WORKS PROPOSED AND IN PRESS. W. Wells, and T. B. Wait & Co. have in press, the Four Gospels, translated from the Greek. With Preliminary Dissertations, and notes critical and explanatory. By George Campbell, D.D.F.R. S. Edinburgh. Principal of the Marischal College, Aberdeen. In four volumes, 8vo. With the author's last corrections. The first volume will be published in six days. - T. B. Wait and Co. propose to publish, by subscription, A Geographi. cal and Historical View of the World : exhibiting a complete delineation of the natural and artificial features of each country ; and a succinct nar. rative of the origin of the different nations, their political revolutions, and progress in arts, sciences, literature, commerce, &c. The whole com prising all that is important in the geography of the globe and the history of mankind. By John Bigland, author of Letters on Ancient and Modern History, Essays on various subjects, &c. &c. in five volumes.

Lincoln and Edmands, Boston, hare in press, Lathrop's Discourses on the mode and subjects of Christian Baptism; or an attempt to shew that pouring or sprinkling is a scriptural mode. With an examination of various objections, &c. Fifth edition, revised, corrected and greatly enlarged, by the author.




MARCH, 1811.




(Continued from page 83.) A SAMPLE of what Lisbon was may still be seen in those parts of the town which escaped demolition. In that quarter called the Mororia, which is evidently the most ancient part, the streets are ill paved, very irregular, and so narrow that the pro. jections of the upper stories of the houses almost meet those of the opposite side, so that the sun and air are thereby excluded. These streets which are super-eminent in darkness, dirt, and stench, remain at this day nearly in the same state in which Lisbon is described by Mariana to have been at the time the town was taken from the Moors by Don Alphonso Henriquez, in the twelfth century. The houses are here narrow, lofty, with a great number of stories, and are beautified with a profusion of gothick and Moorish ornaments. The new streets which have been erected are all parallel and straight, intersecting each other at right angles. They are broad, perfectly uniform, and level. They stand in the valley which was totally destroyed. It is not a little singular that the limits of the earthquake should be so strongly marked. The houses on the steep declivity of the mountain immediately above, remained in a great measure uninjured. The house in which I lodge overhangs this valley, and notwithstanding its immense height, received no ill effects from the convulsion. A strict attention to uniformity is observed in the construction of the houses in

VOL. X. 19

the new town. They are five stories high, and are built of white slone. The appearance which they make is very handsome. They are not built like separate houses, so that on a coup d'œil, they seem rather to be the sides of immense palaces. On each side of the way there is a spacious foot-path, raised above the surface of the pavement, and flagged for passengers. It is defended against carriages by stone posts. The three principal of these streets commence in the large square called Praça do Commercio, which is on the bank of the river where the valley begins, and terminate in the Praça do Rucio. The centre is called Rua Augusta, the others which are parallel to it Rua da Prata and Rua d'Oro, streets of silver and gold. They are inhabited by gold and silver smiths, and artizans in other metals, who, as is usual in the south of Europe, work on the ground floor, close to the door. Their shops make a most glittering and brilliant appearance, but your ears in passing by are assailed by such an intolerable din that it is scarcely possible to hear yourself speak. The noise is equally pleasant as that with which you are frequently entertained in the streets of London while walking in the wake of a waggon loaded with iron bars. The Praça do Commercio is the largest square in Lisbon. It is six hundred and ten feet long, and five hundred and fifty broad. Here was formerly the terrace or parade of the Royal Palace, called terreiro do pago. On the east it is bounded by the Tagus. The buildings which surround it are handsome and uniform, each wing terminating in a pavilion at tbe water's edge. One side is occupied by the publick library and courts of justice. The others are appropriated to the Custom House and Exchange. Under the whole there is a spacious arcade, similar to the piazzas of Covent Garden, ad. mirable for symmetry and strength, and equally useful as ornamental. From this square the Portuguese compute their latitude and longitude. In the centre stands the celebrated equestrian statue of the late king. It is of bronze, and was cast in one entire piece, which is said not to have occurred in any work of similar magnitude since the restoration of the art. Altogether, it is the noblest work of the kind I have ever seen. The appearance of the figure and horse is strikingly magnificent. The statue is elevated on a lofty pedestal, adorned with emblematical groups, which do equal credit to the taste and execution of the sculptor, whose name was Joachim Machado de Castro. Among them the fine figure of an elephant is particularly conspicuous. The founder's name was Bartholomew da Costa. The bust of the Marquis de Pombal, who was the chief promoter of the undertaking, formerly adorned the front of the statue. This was displaced by the dastardly resentment and dirty malignity of his triumphant enemies after his fall from power. In place of the portrait of this great minister, they have substituted the arms of Lisbon. On being told of the circumstance, Pombal observed with as much magnanimity as sang froid, “ I am glad they have done it: it was a bad likeness.” At the other extremity of the new streets is the Praça do Rucio. Here is the great palace of the Inquisition. Over the pediment in the centre of the edifice is a group of figures representing religion trampling on a prostrate heretic. The caverns and dungeons are said to extend under a great part of the square, which is next in size to the Praça do Commercio. The houses which surround it are mostly mean and dirty. They are occupied chiefly by low wine shops and coffee houses, which consequently make it the grand resort of noisy politicians, tobacco smokers, idlers, and beggars. In each of these squares is an encampment of French.

The town is open on all sides, and without any other defence than the batteries and forts on the river. It is true that on an eminence in the old Moorish part of the town there is a small fortification called O castello dos Mouros, and by the English, the Castle of Lisbon : but this is merely a name. The fortress is very weak, and totally incapable of protecting the town against an attack, even were the inhabitants disposed to make trial of its strength. It is, however, of equal service to the Portuguese as if it were as strong as Gibraltar. They would defend one with the same gallantry as the other. Neither would be made use of by them for any other purpose than to fire salutes on a royal birth-day, on the festival of St. Antonio, or on some equally important occasion. When the French approached, the guns of this castle maintained a most 'respectful silence.

There is here no court end of the town as in London. The nobility and gentry reside indiscriminately in all quarters. The most agreeable part is that which, from its elevated situation, and the salubrity of the air, bears the Spanish name of Buenos

Ayres. This hill is the highest in Lisbon, and is chiefly chosen on account of its superior cleanliness, as a residence by the English who resort hither for the benefit of their health. The natives who live here are comparatively few. Earthquakes have also been always much less felt in this situation, which is another reason of its being preferred by foreigners. Many of the houses in this quarter are handsome, and have not only large gardens contiguous, but you see vineyards, cornfields, and orange groves, interspersed among the buildings, which, when contrasted with the dirtiness of the streets below, give it an appearance exceedingly pleasant and rural. The view from the hill is very picturesque and extensive. Few of the houses in Lisbon have any thing very striking in their architecture, though many are dignified with the pompous appellation of palaces. They are generally four or five stories high, of which the attick apartments from being the most airy and pleasant, are used as dining and drawing rooms. The bed chambers are in the lower stories. In good houses nobody inhabits the ground floor, which is occupied as a coach-house or stable, and frequently by merchants as a warehouse for goods. Many of the palaces of the nobility, so nearly allied is their grandeur to meanness, are disgraced by having this part of the house appropriated as a dram-shop, or decorated by the appendage of a barber's bason. The windows of the upper stories open into balconies, where during the heat of the day the Portuguese damsels sit under awnings of silk to inhale the refreshing breezes from the river, to make signals to some passing lover, or to listen to the musick of the guitar. Their elevation, however, does not always protect them from the aromatick gales and sweet smelling odours of the inferior regions All sounds and stinks come mingled from below.” The interior decorations in houses of some of the nobility are very costly. The apartments in several which I have seen, now occupied by English officers, are magnificent, yet there is in them, though much splendour, but little taste, and a total absence of what an Englishman calls comfort. Notwithstanding it is frequently cold enough for a fire in the winter months, they never make use of either grates or chimneys. The windows are all thickly latticed with iron: and though jealousy is by no means out of fashion, these bars are seldom efficacious when opposed by inclination or

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