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were, by her own particular desire, in- epitaph, of which the following is a terred in the abbey or Bez, before the translation :altar of the Virgin. where a tomb, richly “ By father much, spouse more, but son most adorned with silver, crerted to her memory by the tilial affection of her son, Here Henry's mother, daughter, wife, doth King Lenry the Second, bore a Latin
Rejoicings of Matilda and Stephen at their success— Matilda founds the hospital of
St. Katherine, and the abbeys of Coggeshall and St. Saviour, at Ferershan-ller health declines-Henry Plantagenct visits his uncle, King David of Scotland Death of Matilda—Burial-Her children-Stephen endeavours to procure the coronation of his son Eustace—Henry Plantagenet lands in England - Terms of peace
-Lamentable death of Eustace - IVilliam, Earl of Boulogne-Vary, the nunHer clevation to the abbacy of Rumsey-Her forced marriage with the Earl of Flanders-She retires to the nunnery of Austrebert, and dies—Death and burial of Stephen-His body exhumed.
E must now return richly endowed the hospital a:.d church
to the history of Ma- of St. Katherine, near the Tower, for
restoration of the gate Pump, the remains of St. Michael long-desired public peace was celebrated next Aldgate," a chapel built about the throughout the lard with great rejoic- year 1108, by Norman, prior of St. Ka. ings. Stephen and his consort, no less therine, and of the Holy Trinity, and elated than their subjects at the bright which was subsequently connected by an prospects of the future, kept their Christ- arched passage with the church of St. mas at Lincoln with extraordinary mag. Katherine. nificence. All the powerful prelates and Queen Matilda also founded the abbey barons were invited to court, and enter- of Coggcshall, as a testimony of gratitained with great pomp and ceremony. Stephen, in the pride of his heart, be that the Empress Matilda was crowned
• It has been asserted by some historians lieved himself again monarch of Eng- of England; but this is a mistake, as her land, and although there was a predic- downfall occurred whilst preparations were tion then abroad that direful misfor- yet being made for her coronation in West
ininster Abbey. William of Malmesbury, the lunes would befal the king who dared paid historian of her unflinching partizan, to appear crowned in that city, he could Earl Robert of Gloucester, expressly
declares not resist the temptation of wearing the that she never was crowned nor styled
Queen diadem and robes of royalty at public used during her short exaltation at Winches
He even endeavoured to obtain ter, althongh she bears a sceptre in her hand the coronation of his son Eustace, as his and a crown on her brow, the inscription is successor, but in this he signally' failed, simply-"Romanornm Regina Macthildis," – as most of the barons declared they would seal was struck for her use as Empress of not swear fealty to any one as heir to Germany. Besides, it cannot be presumed for the crown whilst matters were yet so un
a moment that so hanghty a personage as the settled.
Empress would have assumed the royal reing
without styling herself on her great seal In 1148, Qucen Matilda founded and / Queen Reguant of England."
tude to heaven for the liberation of Ste-1 Eustace was betrothed to Constance, phen from his severe captivity, and, in i sister of Louis the Seventh of France, conjunction with her royal lord, she built and after the death of his mother he was the stately abbey of St. Siuviour, at te-again invested with the ducal crown of versham, which she endowed with the Normandy by his father-in-law, the valuable manor of lieversham, and other French King, who had not without reglands formerly belonging to Sir Williamson taken umbrage at the doings of the Ypres, but who had cxchanged them ambitious llenry Plantagenet. with the Queen for her own manor of In 1151, Stephen, his royal sire, made Lillochurch, and the king's demesne of a second cffort to procure lis coronation Middleton.
as heir to the throne of England. But At this period the health of the Queen, the bishops declared the measure would undermined by mental anxiety and bo- again embroil the land in civil strife, and dily suffering, risibly declined; and, in refused to perform the ceremony, which accordance with the idea of the agc, she so enraged Stephen, that he confined now devoted her carnest attention to them for a period as prisoners-a folly works of piety and charity, and spent for which he dearly paid, as the Archmuch of her time in the seclusion of the bishop of Canterbury contrived to escape cloister. Not so, however, with her to Normandy, when he prevailed on royal lord, for he knew no rest on this Henry Plantagenet, who was then marside of the grave;
ried to the richly-dowered Eleanor, the Scarcely was the sword of civil con- divorced Queen of France, to once more tention shcathed, when, towards the strive with Stephen for the English close of the year 1149, the youthful crown. Henry Plantagenet visited Scotland with Henry, by great courage and diligence, the evident intention of contesting the reached England brfore Stephen was precrown with Stephen. His great-uncle pared to oppose his progress, and marched David, King of the Scots, after confer- to the relief of Wallingford, a town where ring on him the honour of knighthood, his most powerful supporters had taken crossed the border with hostilc forces. shelter, and which was being vigorously l'ut Stephen, on hearing of his doings, besieged by Prince Eustace. Here he flew to arms with such promptitude and so cffectually blockaded the besiegers, vigour, that he found it expedient to that they must have suffered from famine, make a quict but hasty retreat to his but for the timely arrival of Stephen, own dominions, and prevail on his ne- with a reinforcement of troops, and money phew, Henry, to embark for the conti- from London. A general engagement nent, and patiently wait for a more pro- now appeared inevitable, and but for one mising opportunity to grasp at the En- of those accidents, then viewed as an glish sceptre.
cvil omen, much blood would doubtless Queen Matilda, however, did not sur- have been spilt. The opposing forces • vive to witness this struggle. After were being drawn up for battle, when, as suffering the hectic torments of a fatal Stephen was arranging his soldiers, his fever, she breathed her last at Hening- horse thrice reared, and thrice threw him, ham Castle, in Essex, on the third of which so terrified both his barons and May, 1151, being the fifteenth year of his soldiery, that they loudly declared Stephen's reign.
their inability to fight on the day that The remains of “this holy and virtu- had dawned with so direful a progous queen" were interred with all the im- nostic. posing rites of the period, in her own Happily for the war-wasted land, Stefavourite abbey of Feversham, where, phen, counselled by the eloquence and for nearly four centuries afterwards, reason of William de Albini, widower of prayers were daily said and requiems the late Queen Dowager Adelicia, and sung for the eternal repose of her soul. perhaps not a little intlucnced by the fear
Queen Matilda left three surviving that the freaks of his unruly horse had children, Eustace, William, and Mary. so disheartened his men, as to render
vetery suudetui, entered into a peacerui his continental adiance, and utterly dis. contract with icury, by the arms of painting the row of perpetual chastity, which Stendeu as more (TW: which are a re solemnir piead before wura, we that wil va iis dua, the Most Hig, vitiru her in marriage it' Mi cu sedia as his dan cui 6 Matthew. Earl of Flanders, who, de
pe che ratacurva v the treaty, spite or her tecurs and entreatius, forcibly Stephen performed ceremony or couvered her from the seriusion of the adopeng Henry, who, in return, saluted i nunnery, and by violent threats, comhinaus king and father.
pelled her to become his wife, by which The proceedings so greatly enraged he in her right became Count of BouPrice bites that he withdrew from logue. After a lapse of ten years, she, the theld in disgust, 20 at the head of a by the consent of her lord, retired to the bud w daring rubbers, proceeded to de- nunnery of St. Austrebert, near Mon
slu the county of Suifolk His treuil, where she expired in the year dat, however, was but a short one, the 1182, and where her remains were inunice ud iudguativa at being de- terred with great privacy. Jy her marprised on his birahip by the young riage with Earl Matthew, she had two Harg'rm' imurd à vivleug 'bruiu daughters, Ida and Matilda, both of whom todide which he died, ander three days the pope formally legitimatized.
timinde taille de #t the Abbey of St. But Little more than thrce years had winder well the auth of August, 1133. elapsed since the demise of his beloved Ile de ballad by the side of his mother Queen, when death suddenly terminated Vinitate in the 15 Beversham, the existence of Stephen. Whilst busily
Il sidde inde ihird was stapacu and occupied in endeavouring to restore that Winiais rada a les the exuriuos of Bou- happiness to the land which civil war hans, and the Wadiah Ulci anche led without had so long banished, he died at Dover, tiden se lewende home from the of a painful internal disease, on the twind in 1!00.
twenty-tifth of October, 1154, in the fiftyVinde bile su uviin laughter of first year of his age, and the nineteenth Simple Villacido e dan Susu ibuut the of his reign. His body was ceremoni
Fivuhot ibanoy the prin- ously entombed by the side of his dePin its die midlitba by bus pucuts to the parted Queen and their unfortunate son Harddis Ababa whou in the uideteenth or Eustace, in the Abbey of Feversbam; All word host w but yes, she was ele- where it was suffered to repose in peace Ponud ind i buy w Rumsex. In till the suppression of the abbeys, when, Illich so we bid vil her duty surviving for the paltry value of the lead in which Nedide bird W., aho bevume ('oun- it was encoffined, it was exhumed and Bitte PhoneyAdded Huury the Second, ruthlessly flung, without covering or con the stage in this ar bus his food to strengthen 'remony, into the adjacent river.
Attend a synod called at Winchester, by, the loss of regal power and state, galling the legate Henry, they, instead of com- as it might be, was, to tbe Queen, oniy plying with the wish of the assembly, as a shadow compared to the cruel imby giving in their adherence to the ein- prisonment of her royal lord, whose repress, actually demanded, in the name lease she used every nerve to obtain, and of their fellow citizens. the release of for whose behoot she humbled herself, King Stephen before proceeding further by addressing a respectful and inpioring in the matter. Their boldness greatly petition, which she herself presented in astonished the synod, and Hcnry told all humility to the haughty Fmpress, them, “ that it did not become the Lon- promising, in the name of Stephen, that, doners to side with the barons who haa as he desired but his liberty, he would, basely deserted their king in battle, and on his release, renounce the crown for were now endeavouring to drain them himself and his heirs, depart from the of their money, and embroil the king- kingdom in peace, and entering a condom in further troubles."
tinental monastery, end his days as a Provoked by this lecture, the angry monk; the only favour asked, being, Londoners, after hinting at revenge, that her son Eustace should not be deabruptly departed, declaring they would prived of the earldom of Boulogne. own no other sovereign but Stephen, These efforts of the affectionate Queen, and further, that the church had no although seconded by Stephen's brother, power by its own individual voice to Henry, proved of no avail, for the proud choose a ruler over the nation.
Domina, after smiling at her tears, Finding that her husband's brother, trampled on the petition with insulting Henry, Bishop of Winchester, had de- scorn, and ordered her to instantly defcated the purpose of the good magis- part, and never again enter her pretrates of London, Matilda herself dic- sence. tated a letter to the synod, earnestly en- This harsh inflexibility was inherent trcating the release of her royal lord, let in the nature of the Empress. In the whoever might be king. This letter she days of her exaltation not a favour entrusted to her chaplain, Christian, would she grant, even to those who had who delivered it to the Bishop of Win- been most instrumental in raising her to chester in full synod; but as the bishop, her proud position. But the arrogant after perusing it
, would not communi- Bishop of Winchester, who was not to cate its purport to the assembly, Chris- be daunted by one denial, again retian boldly took it from his hand, and quested her, as a favour to himself, to himself read it aloud to the conclave, permit his nephew Eustace to retain the who had scarcely recovered from their earldoms of Mortagne and Boulogne; astonishment at Christian's courage, and trifling as the desired boon was, to when the angry Henry prevented the her his good services had so exalted, the pathetic appeal from taking effect, by Empress flatly refused to grant it. This again anathematizing Stephen and his treatment disgusted the astute bishop: adherents, and after pronouncing the He perceived that the Domina only used empress lawfully elected as the Domina him as her footstool to the throne, and or Lady of England and Normandy, from this hour he resolved to desert her hastily dissolved the synod.
cause, and again favour the pretensions In the meantime, the sorrows of of the less legitimate, but more reasonQueen Matilda were increased by the able sovereign, his brother Stephen. sad intelligence, that Geoffrey of Anjou Although possessed of_the outward had just succeeded in his endeavours to semblance of royalty, the Empress could deprire her young son, Eustace, of the not be crowned till she had gained the ducal crown of Normandy. However, goodwill of the citizens of London-a
task by no means easy of accomplishThe citizens of London, says Malmes- ment. However, after some delay in fore their influence in state matters was con negociation, the Londoners, as an act
of cxpcdicncy, opened the gates of their