Imágenes de páginas

to time presented themselves, and the extraordinary charges thus resulting, which fall
entirely on myself,—the costs of this complete victory, obtained by an individual over a
powerful conspiracy, by which, all that wealth, rank, and influence, could accomplish,
was essayed in vain, will be little short to me of One Thousand Pounds sterling, inde-
pendantly of the suffering and loss inflicted on me by the effect of these widely-spread
slanders in India. There, indeed, the injury occasioned to me by their influence was
immense; for they undoubtedly led, in their results, not merely to my being banished
from that country, without a trial or a hearing, at the very moment of my bringing the
abettors of these calumnies before a British Court of Justice; but also to a total annihi-
lation of all my future prospects in life, and to the wanton and utter destruction of all
the property I had lawfully and honourably acquired, by the labours of my pen, and
left behind me in India, while I came to England to seek redress. This property,
amounting in saleable value to Forty Thousand Pounds, and yielding, at the moment
of my being torn from it, a clear and improveable income of Eight Thousand Pounds
sterling per annum, was, as soon as I had quitted the shores of India, forcibly trans-
ferred, with all its advantages, to other hands, in consequence of a premeditated design
(since discovered by secret papers produced before a Committee of Parliament) first to
get me to leave the country, in the confidence of its being safe from violation, and
then, as soon as I was absent, to destroy it altogether; the Government of Bengal
making a local regulation for this express purpose, which regulation has since been
declared, by the King's Judges in the Supreme Court of Justice at Bombay, to be
utterly repugnant to British law, and in violation of the rights of the subject ; which
no Court of Justice could therefore legally sanction.

To crown the whole of this career of treachery and iniquity, the Indian authorities in
England,—including the Directors of the East India Company, and the Members of
the Board of Controul, to each of whom all these facts are as well known as to myself,
-have not only denied me all redress for this illegal plunder of their servants abroad,
but have refused me even permission to return, for a few brief weeks only, to my ruined
concerns in the East, in order to gather up, if possible, some fragments from the
scattered wreck, which is now, therefore, entirely and irretrievably swept away for ever!

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war, 2.

ABASSIDES, empire of this dynasty of the Eastern

Caliphate, 504.
Abdallah, a Christian pilgrim met with at Orfah, 57.
Abduction of a beautiful Arab woman gives rise to a
Abgarus, king of Edessa, 72. 86.
Abraham, feasting his angelic visitants, 19; his birth-

place, Ur of the Chaldees, 62. 64. 70.
Abraham, his native place, 62. 70.
Abstinence, religious, of the Mohammedans.
Abu Aioobe Ibn Temar, sheikh of the tribe of Beni-

Melan, 99. 144. 150. Presents exacted by him and
his followers, 150. 152.

Nature of the supper
given in his tents, 154. His father's tomb, 160.

Visit to him, 165.
Academic building called Medrassee el Mostanseree,

Accommodations and rest, agreeable, 69.
Adventurers, military, 49.
Agate, cylinders found at Nineveh, and sculptured,

Agriculture, particulars relating to, 17. 24.
Ahmed, the Caliph Abbassidas, his history and learning,

505. 507.
Akkerkoof, or Nimrod's palace, supposed by early tra-

vellers to have been the Tower of Babel, 399.

Ruins and masonry at, 402. 406.528.
Akkerkoof, its ruin is coeval with the extant vestiges of

Babylon, 397. Assumption that this is the site of
an ancient city, 398. Conjectures, respecting the

origin and identity of the tower at Akkerkoof, 398.
Ain Koura, village of, 322.
Alexander the Great, cities built by him, 29. His expe-

dition against Darius, 314. 483, 484.
Aleppo, the author's stay in this city; he takes his de-

parture, 1.
Aleppo, river of, 5.
Al Hheimar, mound of, (near Hillah and Babylon,) 442.

444. 451. 452. 455. 465.
Altoun Kupree, or the Golden Bridge, town so called, 328.

Altoun Sou, river so named, 329.331.
Amida, city of, (now Diarbekr,) 217.

Its history,
218, 219.
Amooda, Koord village of, 235.
Amusements, places of public, at Bagdad, 513.
Ancient authors cited, with respect to Babylon, 419.

429. 446. 450. 451. 461. 464. 529. 532.
Antioch, city of, 532.
Antiques, valuable collection of, 498. 499.
Antiquities, at Beer, 33; at Orfah, 89; at Nisibeen, 250;

at Nineveh, 306, 307. 401 ; at Babylon, 414.
Anah, (the ancient Anatho,) 31.
Anazie Arabs, strength of this tribe, 2. 117. 158,
Ants, an inch in length, 140.
Arab-el-Belled, encampments, 131.
Arabian Nights' Entertainments, not a copy to be pro-

cured in Bagdad, 547.
Arabic, the language, 292. Not so generally spoken at

Bagdad as the Turkish, 546.
Arabic letter, dictated. Its nature, 162
Arabic pointed niches in various architectural remains,

Araske, temple of, at Nineveh, 306.
Architecture, remarks on, 17. Ancient edifices, 34.

At Orfah, 89. 108. Remains of Roman archi-
tecture in the East, 179. At Nisibeen, 248. 250.
Temple at Nineveh, 306. The arch called Tauk

Kesra, 527.
Ark of Noah, tradition respecting it, 267.
Areveel, or Arbeel, town of, 325. 327. (Arbela.)
Arrack, 324.
Arrest of a Koord for debt, 222.
Artillery, dismounted in the town of Diarbekr, 213.
Ashur, founder of Rehoboth, Resen, and the Assyrian

and Syrian cities, 399.
Assad, Pasha of Bagdad, 383. 541. 542.
Asses, white, of Bagdad, 389.
Astronomical observations made at Bagdad, 515, 516.
Attack by Arab horsemen, 6.
Azrower village, 258.


Bokhara, town of, 545.
Bricks, masonry of burnt, similar to those of Babylon,

Bricks, unburnt, in various great ruins of antiquity,

395. Their composition, and the style of masonry,

Bridges of boats, passage across them, 310. 471. That


the Tigris at Bagdad described, 514.
Brosses, President de, his Memoir on the monarchy of

Nineveh, 521. 531.
Brousa, or Boursa, ruined site of, 476.
Bruce, the traveller, anecdote respecting a statement of

his, 8, 9. 304.
Buckingham, Mr., agreement respecting his journey from

Aleppo, witli a merchant of Mousul, 3. 40.. He is
seized upon as a fugitive janissary, by the soldiers
at Bir, 39. Though falsely charged, he confesses
he is a janissary, and escapes by paying a sum
of money, 41. Kind treatment of him by his Mo-
hammedan travelling friend, 60. He takes interest
in the cotton manufactures of Orfah, 84. He fails in
due respect to the Bedouin warriors, 145, 146. In-
quiries with regard to him resulting therefrom, 147.
Ridiculous test proposed to him, 148. Sum paid
by him to save his property from pillage by the
Arabs, 152. His anxious care of his Damascus
sword, 153. 155. It is discovered, and how ran-
somed, 155. A Koord vows to escort him with
fidelity, 196. Adventure which befals his guide,
222. Disagreeable consequences to the author,
223. He sets out alone for Mardin, 226. Con-
stant demands on him for tribute to the sheikhs,
256. His serious trouble in loading a mule, 360.
362. His ill plight at the gate of Bagdad, 368.
His determination to enter the city, 369, 370,
371. Kind reception and rest after fatigues,
371. Equipped as a Bedouin, 408. He assumes
the character of a guide, 413. Visits Babylon,
414. 426, 427. He seeks for the ancient walls,
442. He is seized with fever at Bagdad, 496.
The author visits Ctesiphon and Seleucia, 517. He
resolves to proceed to India through Persia, by the
route of Kermanshah, Hamadan, Ispahan, to Bu-

shire, 545.
Burnisht, hospitable reception of the author at, 231.
Bushire, road from Bagdad to, 545.
Butter, modes of making, 9.


Babylon, extent of, 301. Approach to the first mounds,

414. Writing, reeds, inscribed bricks, and bitumen,
are characteristics of the Babylonian remains, 414.
422. 453. Descriptions, 415. 419. The Mujel.
libé, 418. 423. 426. El Kassr, 427. 433. 435.
The walls and city, 438. 440. 442. 451. 465. The
ditch, 455, 456. Relative position of Babylon and
Ctesiphon, and their comparative grandeur and
magnificence, 534. Map of the environs of Baby-

lon, by Major Rennel, 522. 535.
Bagdad, the author arrives at, 367. His reception there,

368. 370. Its walls, 372. Description of the
city, 373. The serai of the Pasha, 374. The
mosques, 375, 376. The bazars, 379. Its trade
and manufactures, 385. 387. Bridge of boats, 394.
Site of the ancient Bagdad, 403. Return to Bag-
dad, 496. Its mosques, 512, 513. The bazars,
513. The Pasha's state procession, 541. General
description of the manners and customs of this
city, 547. Its police, 548. The Bagdad women,
549. Their practice of staining their body with

blue dye, 551, 52.
Bairam, feast of the, 540.
Baldwin, of Jerusalem, 74.
Balkh, city of, in the ancient Bactria, 545.
Barak, plain of, 17.
Barker, Mr., British Consul at Aleppo, 3. 5. 121. 127.

Basalt, tops of columnar basaltic stones, 11. 168. Po

rous basalt of the Hauran plains, 156.
Basaltic columns at Diarbekr, 208.
Baths, 111, 112. 214. 216.
Battle in the Desert, betwixt tribes jealous of the plun-

der of the caravan, 155.
Bazars, vaulted and groined, 191. 379.
Bears, dancing, 339.
Beards, unshaven, 106.
Beauty, female, 9. 551.
Bedouins, the, 93. 144. Blue stains employed for the

skin by these Arabs, 551.
Beer, passage of the Euphrates at, 27. The ancient

Birtha, 28. History of this city, 29. Description,
33, 34. Language spoken, 37. The governor ob-
tains money from the author, for permission to pro-

ceed, 40.
Belled Chittea, district so named, 260.
Bellino, Mr., secretary, 368. 394. 403. 407. 413. 468.

470. 541.
Belus, temple of, 453, 474, 475. Description of it, 478,

479. 483. Its dimensions, 485. Disquisition re-

specting it, 489. 491.
Belus, tower of, 422, 423.
Beni-Meilan, tribe of Arabs of the Desert, tribute exacted

by them, 150. Their_encampments, 153. 157.

Their cemetery, 160. Their force, 166.
Benjamin, of Tudela, travels of the Rabbi, 76. 248. 292.

His account of Bagdad compared with the present

time, 506. 509. 541.
Berman, village of, 198.
Birs Nimrood, a great ruin on the western shore of the

Euphrates, 453. 474. 483. 485.
Biz, an enormous fresh-water fish of the river Diala,

Boats, remarkable, of the Euphrates described, 27.

Cabalistic devices and gems, 501, 502.
Calcutta, Bishop of, sails in the Aurora, 498.
Calneh of the Scriptures, attempt to identify its position

with that of the ancient Ctesiphon, 531.
Camels eaten, 117.
Camilla di Jesu, Padre, an Italian traveller to Damascus,

345. His mistakes in geography are fatiguing to

him, 346, 347.
Canal from the Euphrates to the Tigris, 401. The Nahr

Malka, 409.
Caravan, that which the author joins, commences its

journey, 7. It is attacked by a horde of Turco-
mans, 13. Its passage across the Euphrates, 27.
Adventure on quitting Beer. 39. 41. Charitable
hospitality of the merchants towards the poor, 47.
The caravan quits Orfah, 130. It is detained by

the Arab Pasha, 145. The author rejoins it at

Nisibeen, exactions excessive, 241.
Caravan from Aleppo to Bagdad, 2.
Caravanserais, Khan Charmelleek, 42. Khan Koolah

Oglee at Orfah, 53. 81. Khan-el-Goomrook at
Orfah, 54. 81. At Diarbekr, 214. Of Baiaat, 342.
Of Bagdad, 378. Khans on the route to Babylon,

408. 410. Description of, 411.413.
Carp, in excessive quantity in the Lake of Orfah, 63. 66.
Cashmere Shawls, 215.
Castle of Orfah, 88. 91.
Castles and fortified camps of antiquity, 8. 122.
Cathedral of the Crusaders, at the ancient Orthosia, on

the coast of Syria, 519.
Caves, remarkable, 33. 36.
Cawasses, or silver-sticks, attendants of the Pasha at

Mousul, 283. 285.
Cemeteries. At Beer, 26. At Orfah, 52. 65. In the

Desert, 160.
Chamoorly, its mosque in ruin, 10.
Chastity of the Turcoman females, 44. They have no

veil, scriptural parallel, Judah and Tamar, 44.
Chief, young Arab, of Altoun Kupree, 331.
Christians of Bagdad, few in number, 503.
Cisterns, circular and bottle-shaped, cut down into the

rock, or otherwise constructed, Saireej Kairatt, 45,

46. 143.
Circassian women at Bagdad, 551.
Climates, various, 48, 49. 167. 331. Babylon, 443.
Climate of Bagdad, 393.
Coffee, how partaken of, 18.
Coffee-House, the learned, near the Medrassee el Mos-

tanser at Bagdad, 515,
Coffins and skeletons found in the Mujellibé, at Baby-

lon, 426.
Coins found on the banks of the Tigris, why claimed by

the Pasha, 499.
College of the mosque at Orfah, 108.
Colt, Arabian, offered for sale to the author, 413.
Columns, Corinthian, 89.
Constantius, the emperor, 218,
Convent, Christian, at Bagdad, 391.
Copper ore, smelting of, 21.
Corpses, caravan of, Persian, 495.
Costume, Arab, 4. 12. 37. Of the Turcomans, 12. 44.

Of certain pilgrims, 57. At Orfah, 87. Of the
Arabs of the Desert, 146. At Mardin, 193. At

Altoun Kupree, 328. At Bagdad, 381. 549.
Cottons, printed, 84.
Courtenay, Count, of Edessa, 75.
Crassus, his defeat by Surena, and death, 93.
Ctesiphon, walls and mounds of this ancient city, 523.
Cufic rings, seals, and talismans, 499.
Cunaxa, battle fought at, between Cyrus the younger

Artaxerxes, 400.
Custom dues excessive, 123.
Custom-house at Beer, 28.
Cylinders, intaglios, amulets, and idols, found at Baby-

lon, 498.
Cypress tress, formerly abounded in Babylonia, 526.
Cyrus divided the Gyndes into many channels, 520.

Dances, eastern, 57, 58. St. Cyprian and Volney quoted

in illustration of them, notes, 58. Similar to the

Fandango, 59. 204. 225.
Dangers of the author's route from commotions and

robbers, 1. 116. 135. 257: 519.
Daniel, the son of Khasdai, “Conductor of the Cap-

tivity,” 509. His state, 510.
Dara, or Kara Daru, 237. Its history, 238, 239. Its

geographical position, 240.
Darius, disquisition respecting his defeat, 316.
Darius, his fight after his defeat at Arbela, 326.
Daracardin, mentioned by Tavernier, 240.
Date-trees, 326. 530.
Deer Zafferany, convent at Mardin, 182.
Delhi Abass, village of, 356. 359. 361.
Della Valle, Pietro, his observations on Babylon, 423.

Derb Sultani, or the King's highway, 143.
Dervishes, amount of, 124. Their tenets, 125. Account

given by a Dervish, of some interesting places, and

a valuable library of ancient books, 545.
Dervish, Indian, 197. Moroseness of a Dervish, 362.
Desert, the western, 395.
Desert, Arabs of the Great, 117. 157.
Desert, description of the, 131, 134. 141. 164. 168.

Dew, fall of, 275.
Diala, bridge of boats over this river, broken, 581.

Description of this stream, 518. Its identity,

discussed, 521. Its amplitude, 538.
Diarbekr, City of, 60. 207. Description of, 210. Its

citadel, 211, 212. Anciently Amida, 217. Columns

of black basalt, 217. Its History, 218, 219.
Dissertation respecting Nineveh and the ancient city

of “ No," 302. 304.
Diodorus Siculus, describes Babylon, 419. 429. 446. 478.
Dogs, species of, 6.
Domestic economy in private families at Bagdad, 549,

Doogher, village of, 254.
Drought, distressing near Bagdad, 497.
Dye, black; called Hindi, 536.

Edessa, its site occupied by the town of Orfah, 62. 70.

Its history, 72, 73.
Eesa, a Christian pilgrim, 57.
El-Assr, the hour of afternoon prayers, 152.
El Modeien, residence of the King of Persia, 399.
El Mazar, a camp of Bedouins, 145.
Eliezer Ben Isamah, claimed a descent from the Prophet

Samuel, 509.
Emblems sculptured on silver coins; a Greek galley, -

a bearded warrior in a chariot,-a castle, 500.
Entertainnlents and feasts, Eastern, 55. 94. 106. 114.

225. 229. 297.
Environs of Babylon, particulars relative to the neigh-

bouring towns, 522; map of them, by Major

Rennel, 535.
Eruptions, cutical, 87, 194.
Esau, Bek, a powerful Arab of Hillah, 474.
Etymologies, curious and interesting, 29, 30. 61. 70.

248. 535.
Euphrates, river of, 26. Comparison of its width at Beer,

with that of some other rivers, 28. The river popá,
its etymology, 29. 31. 409. Its rafts aided by blad

D'Anville, Memoir on the Euphrates and the Tigris by,

532. 535.

ders, now in disuse, 36. Called Nahr, 409.426.

E.ractions, by the Arab governors, levied upon Frank

travellers, 3.
Ercursion to Akkerkoof, 394.
Erodus, quoted respecting the kingdom of Babel and

the Land of Shinar, 531.


Fakirs, or beggars, from the Punjab, 18. 47. 55. 125.

To kill vermin accounted by them an unclean act,

56. 114.
Fanaticism, 125.
Farsee, Sheikh, 242. 249.
Felugia, or Gehiaga, visited by the Rabbi Benjamin,

510. 512.
Feradj, a juvenile Abyssinian slave, 103, 104.
Fever, cure for, 21.
Fire-flies, 142.
Fortifications, old, 33. At Dara, 239, Ancient wal) at

Diarbekr, 122.
Fountains, ancient, 26.
Fruits of the East enumerated, 86.

Heath, odoriferous, with a purple, bean-shaped fruit,

522. Carried to Bagdad market, 523.
Hebheb, village of, 364.
Hebrew, proficiency of the Caliph Ahmed in, 505.
Helena, religious foundations by the Empress, 183.
Herodotus, cited, 450. 521.
Hieroglyphics and symbols, chased on the surface of the

Babylonian cylinders, 498.
Hillah, town and mounds of, 443. 457. 468, 469. 472.

Hillah, the site of a part of Babylon, 32.
Hindoostanee, 11.
Hine, Dr. 368, 454. 505. 541.
History of the World, written in Arabic with Syriac

characters, 67.
Hospital of the Dervishes at Bagdad, 395.
Hoopoes, crested, abundant in Egypt, 132.
Horse-dealer, who travels with the author, 233. 236.
Humburak, village of, 24.
Hunting, occasional, 16.
Hussein, a Koord robber, 194. 196. His village and

dwelling, 198. His arrest, 222.
Hyana, the ravages of this animal, 8.

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Gallen, castellated dwelling at, 200.
Gall-nuts, of the Koordistan hills, 274.
Garden and pavilion, 110. 114.
Garzoni, le Père; his account of the Yezidis, 163.
Gaugamela, battle of, (between Alexander and Darius)

Genii, belief in the influence of, 104.
Geographical absurdities credited by the Arabs, 149.
Georgian women, beauty of the, 551.
Ghatter, bird so named in Arabic, 11.
Gihon, river, 30.
Gospels, valuable copy in Syriac found at Mardin, 184.
Greek and Roman masonry, character of certain ex-

amples of these, 528.
Gyndes, river, 520,521. 546.

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Janissaries, corps of, 107.
Janissary, execution of a, 67.
Jebel Mardin, hilly range, 173.
Jelab, water of, 132.
Jews, 148. Resident in Assyria and Mesopotamia, in

great number ever since their captivity, 503. The

Jews protected by Seleucus, 529,530.
Jezeereh, town of, 273.
Jonah, the tomb of this prophet, 299, 300. 303. 410.

Jonas, the Tartar, (messenger,) 310. His disposition of

four wives at the distant towns to which he travelled,

312. 321. 323, 324, 343. 345. 369.
Josephus, passages from, 29. He is cited with regard to

the Prophet Daniel, 526.
Journey, rate of a caravan's progress, 46.
Jupiter Ammon, under the symbol of a ram's head, 498.


Hadjee Abd-el-Rakhman, merchant of Mousul, admits

the author of his travelling party, 3. 128. He ad-
vises Mr. Buckingham not to shew his passport, as
an Englishman, 40. His hospitable tent and table,
47. 49. 100. His occasional humility, 145, 146.
150. His excellent entertainments, 194. Exac-
tions made upon him at Nisibeen, 241. Fresh ex-
tortion, 256, 273. Attachment of the inhabitants

of Mousul to him, 295. His house, 296.
Hadjee Abd-el-Ateef, the nephew of the merchant, 4. 128.
Hadjee Habeeb, 352. 354. 364. 367.
Hadjee and Mokhoddesy, the signification of these titles

explained, 57; the etymology of these words, 61.
Halleluia, chorus in a Syrian hymn, 186.
Hamadan, town of, 280.
Hamed, Pasha of Mousul, 282. His stud, 283. His

courteous behaviour, 282.
Hanging Gardens of Babylon, 421. 430. 433. 436.
Harun, towers of, 133.
Harvest gathered in, 236.
Heut, of the Desert, is insupportable, 167.

Karagoash, village, 311. Construction of the houses,

311, 312.
Kuraj Dag, or the Black Mountain, 161.
Kauther, river of, 313.
Kellek, or raft, attacked by Arabs, and the crew mur-

dered, 479.

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