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to time presented themselves, and the extraordinary charges thus resulting, which fall
entirely on myself,—the costs of this complete victory, obtained by an individual over a
powerful conspiracy, by which, all that wealth, rank, and influence, could accomplish,
was essayed in vain, will be little short to me of One Thousand Pounds sterling, inde-
pendantly of the suffering and loss inflicted on me by the effect of these widely-spread
slanders in India. There, indeed, the injury occasioned to me by their influence was
immense; for they undoubtedly led, in their results, not merely to my being banished
from that country, without a trial or a hearing, at the very moment of my bringing the
abettors of these calumnies before a British Court of Justice; but also to a total annihi-
lation of all my future prospects in life, and to the wanton and utter destruction of all
the property I had lawfully and honourably acquired, by the labours of my pen, and
left behind me in India, while I came to England to seek redress. This property,
amounting in saleable value to Forty Thousand Pounds, and yielding, at the moment
of my being torn from it, a clear and improveable income of Eight Thousand Pounds
sterling per annum, was, as soon as I had quitted the shores of India, forcibly trans-
ferred, with all its advantages, to other hands, in consequence of a premeditated design
(since discovered by secret papers produced before a Committee of Parliament) first to
get me to leave the country, in the confidence of its being safe from violation, and
then, as soon as I was absent, to destroy it altogether; the Government of Bengal
making a local regulation for this express purpose, which regulation has since been
declared, by the King's Judges in the Supreme Court of Justice at Bombay, to be
utterly repugnant to British law, and in violation of the rights of the subject ; which
no Court of Justice could therefore legally sanction.
To crown the whole of this career of treachery and iniquity, the Indian authorities in
England,—including the Directors of the East India Company, and the Members of
the Board of Controul, to each of whom all these facts are as well known as to myself,
-have not only denied me all redress for this illegal plunder of their servants abroad,
but have refused me even permission to return, for a few brief weeks only, to my ruined
concerns in the East, in order to gather up, if possible, some fragments from the
scattered wreck, which is now, therefore, entirely and irretrievably swept away for ever!
ABASSIDES, empire of this dynasty of the Eastern
Abdallah, a Christian pilgrim met with at Orfah, 57.
Abduction of a beautiful Arab woman gives rise to a
Abgarus, king of Edessa, 72. 86.
Abraham, feasting his angelic visitants, 19; his birth-
place, Ur of the Chaldees, 62. 64. 70.
Abraham, his native place, 62. 70.
Abstinence, religious, of the Mohammedans.
Abu Aioobe Ibn Temar, sheikh of the tribe of Beni-
Melan, 99. 144. 150. Presents exacted by him and
his followers, 150. 152.
Nature of the supper
given in his tents, 154. His father's tomb, 160.
Visit to him, 165.
Academic building called Medrassee el Mostanseree,
Accommodations and rest, agreeable, 69.
Adventurers, military, 49.
Agate, cylinders found at Nineveh, and sculptured,
Agriculture, particulars relating to, 17. 24.
Ahmed, the Caliph Abbassidas, his history and learning,
Akkerkoof, or Nimrod's palace, supposed by early tra-
vellers to have been the Tower of Babel, 399.
Ruins and masonry at, 402. 406.528.
Akkerkoof, its ruin is coeval with the extant vestiges of
Babylon, 397. Assumption that this is the site of
an ancient city, 398. Conjectures, respecting the
origin and identity of the tower at Akkerkoof, 398.
Ain Koura, village of, 322.
Alexander the Great, cities built by him, 29. His expe-
dition against Darius, 314. 483, 484.
Aleppo, the author's stay in this city; he takes his de-
Aleppo, river of, 5.
Al Hheimar, mound of, (near Hillah and Babylon,) 442.
444. 451. 452. 455. 465.
Altoun Kupree, or the Golden Bridge, town so called, 328.
Altoun Sou, river so named, 329.331.
Amida, city of, (now Diarbekr,) 217.
Amooda, Koord village of, 235.
Amusements, places of public, at Bagdad, 513.
Ancient authors cited, with respect to Babylon, 419.
429. 446. 450. 451. 461. 464. 529. 532.
Antioch, city of, 532.
Antiques, valuable collection of, 498. 499.
Antiquities, at Beer, 33; at Orfah, 89; at Nisibeen, 250;
at Nineveh, 306, 307. 401 ; at Babylon, 414.
Anah, (the ancient Anatho,) 31.
Anazie Arabs, strength of this tribe, 2. 117. 158,
Ants, an inch in length, 140.
Arab-el-Belled, encampments, 131.
Arabian Nights' Entertainments, not a copy to be pro-
cured in Bagdad, 547.
Arabic, the language, 292. Not so generally spoken at
Bagdad as the Turkish, 546.
Arabic letter, dictated. Its nature, 162
Arabic pointed niches in various architectural remains,
Araske, temple of, at Nineveh, 306.
Architecture, remarks on, 17. Ancient edifices, 34.
At Orfah, 89. 108. Remains of Roman archi-
tecture in the East, 179. At Nisibeen, 248. 250.
Temple at Nineveh, 306. The arch called Tauk
Ark of Noah, tradition respecting it, 267.
Areveel, or Arbeel, town of, 325. 327. (Arbela.)
Arrest of a Koord for debt, 222.
Artillery, dismounted in the town of Diarbekr, 213.
Ashur, founder of Rehoboth, Resen, and the Assyrian
and Syrian cities, 399.
Assad, Pasha of Bagdad, 383. 541. 542.
Asses, white, of Bagdad, 389.
Astronomical observations made at Bagdad, 515, 516.
Attack by Arab horsemen, 6.
Azrower village, 258.
Bokhara, town of, 545.
Bricks, masonry of burnt, similar to those of Babylon,
Bricks, unburnt, in various great ruins of antiquity,
395. Their composition, and the style of masonry,
Bridges of boats, passage across them, 310. 471. That
the Tigris at Bagdad described, 514.
Brosses, President de, his Memoir on the monarchy of
Nineveh, 521. 531.
Brousa, or Boursa, ruined site of, 476.
Bruce, the traveller, anecdote respecting a statement of
his, 8, 9. 304.
Buckingham, Mr., agreement respecting his journey from
Aleppo, witli a merchant of Mousul, 3. 40.. He is
seized upon as a fugitive janissary, by the soldiers
at Bir, 39. Though falsely charged, he confesses
he is a janissary, and escapes by paying a sum
of money, 41. Kind treatment of him by his Mo-
hammedan travelling friend, 60. He takes interest
in the cotton manufactures of Orfah, 84. He fails in
due respect to the Bedouin warriors, 145, 146. In-
quiries with regard to him resulting therefrom, 147.
Ridiculous test proposed to him, 148. Sum paid
by him to save his property from pillage by the
Arabs, 152. His anxious care of his Damascus
sword, 153. 155. It is discovered, and how ran-
somed, 155. A Koord vows to escort him with
fidelity, 196. Adventure which befals his guide,
222. Disagreeable consequences to the author,
223. He sets out alone for Mardin, 226. Con-
stant demands on him for tribute to the sheikhs,
256. His serious trouble in loading a mule, 360.
362. His ill plight at the gate of Bagdad, 368.
His determination to enter the city, 369, 370,
371. Kind reception and rest after fatigues,
371. Equipped as a Bedouin, 408. He assumes
the character of a guide, 413. Visits Babylon,
414. 426, 427. He seeks for the ancient walls,
442. He is seized with fever at Bagdad, 496.
The author visits Ctesiphon and Seleucia, 517. He
resolves to proceed to India through Persia, by the
route of Kermanshah, Hamadan, Ispahan, to Bu-
Burnisht, hospitable reception of the author at, 231.
Bushire, road from Bagdad to, 545.
Butter, modes of making, 9.
the Arab Pasha, 145. The author rejoins it at
Nisibeen, exactions excessive, 241.
Caravan from Aleppo to Bagdad, 2.
Caravanserais, Khan Charmelleek, 42. Khan Koolah
Oglee at Orfah, 53. 81. Khan-el-Goomrook at
Orfah, 54. 81. At Diarbekr, 214. Of Baiaat, 342.
Of Bagdad, 378. Khans on the route to Babylon,
408. 410. Description of, 411.413.
Carp, in excessive quantity in the Lake of Orfah, 63. 66.
Cashmere Shawls, 215.
Castle of Orfah, 88. 91.
Castles and fortified camps of antiquity, 8. 122.
Cathedral of the Crusaders, at the ancient Orthosia, on
the coast of Syria, 519.
Caves, remarkable, 33. 36.
Cawasses, or silver-sticks, attendants of the Pasha at
Mousul, 283. 285.
Cemeteries. At Beer, 26. At Orfah, 52. 65. In the
Chamoorly, its mosque in ruin, 10.
Chastity of the Turcoman females, 44. They have no
veil, scriptural parallel, Judah and Tamar, 44.
Chief, young Arab, of Altoun Kupree, 331.
Christians of Bagdad, few in number, 503.
Cisterns, circular and bottle-shaped, cut down into the
rock, or otherwise constructed, Saireej Kairatt, 45,
Circassian women at Bagdad, 551.
Climates, various, 48, 49. 167. 331. Babylon, 443.
Climate of Bagdad, 393.
Coffee, how partaken of, 18.
Coffee-House, the learned, near the Medrassee el Mos-
tanser at Bagdad, 515,
Coffins and skeletons found in the Mujellibé, at Baby-
Coins found on the banks of the Tigris, why claimed by
the Pasha, 499.
College of the mosque at Orfah, 108.
Colt, Arabian, offered for sale to the author, 413.
Columns, Corinthian, 89.
Constantius, the emperor, 218,
Convent, Christian, at Bagdad, 391.
Copper ore, smelting of, 21.
Corpses, caravan of, Persian, 495.
Costume, Arab, 4. 12. 37. Of the Turcomans, 12. 44.
Of certain pilgrims, 57. At Orfah, 87. Of the
Arabs of the Desert, 146. At Mardin, 193. At
Altoun Kupree, 328. At Bagdad, 381. 549.
Cottons, printed, 84.
Courtenay, Count, of Edessa, 75.
Crassus, his defeat by Surena, and death, 93.
Ctesiphon, walls and mounds of this ancient city, 523.
Cufic rings, seals, and talismans, 499.
Cunaxa, battle fought at, between Cyrus the younger
Custom dues excessive, 123.
Custom-house at Beer, 28.
Cylinders, intaglios, amulets, and idols, found at Baby-
Cypress tress, formerly abounded in Babylonia, 526.
Cyrus divided the Gyndes into many channels, 520.
Dances, eastern, 57, 58. St. Cyprian and Volney quoted
in illustration of them, notes, 58. Similar to the
Fandango, 59. 204. 225.
Dangers of the author's route from commotions and
robbers, 1. 116. 135. 257: 519.
Daniel, the son of Khasdai, “Conductor of the Cap-
tivity,” 509. His state, 510.
Dara, or Kara Daru, 237. Its history, 238, 239. Its
geographical position, 240.
Darius, disquisition respecting his defeat, 316.
Darius, his fight after his defeat at Arbela, 326.
Daracardin, mentioned by Tavernier, 240.
Date-trees, 326. 530.
Deer Zafferany, convent at Mardin, 182.
Delhi Abass, village of, 356. 359. 361.
Della Valle, Pietro, his observations on Babylon, 423.
Derb Sultani, or the King's highway, 143.
Dervishes, amount of, 124. Their tenets, 125. Account
given by a Dervish, of some interesting places, and
a valuable library of ancient books, 545.
Dervish, Indian, 197. Moroseness of a Dervish, 362.
Desert, the western, 395.
Desert, Arabs of the Great, 117. 157.
Desert, description of the, 131, 134. 141. 164. 168.
Dew, fall of, 275.
Diala, bridge of boats over this river, broken, 581.
Description of this stream, 518. Its identity,
discussed, 521. Its amplitude, 538.
Diarbekr, City of, 60. 207. Description of, 210. Its
citadel, 211, 212. Anciently Amida, 217. Columns
of black basalt, 217. Its History, 218, 219.
Dissertation respecting Nineveh and the ancient city
of “ No," 302. 304.
Diodorus Siculus, describes Babylon, 419. 429. 446. 478.
Dogs, species of, 6.
Domestic economy in private families at Bagdad, 549,
Doogher, village of, 254.
Drought, distressing near Bagdad, 497.
Dye, black; called Hindi, 536.
Edessa, its site occupied by the town of Orfah, 62. 70.
Its history, 72, 73.
Eesa, a Christian pilgrim, 57.
El-Assr, the hour of afternoon prayers, 152.
El Modeien, residence of the King of Persia, 399.
El Mazar, a camp of Bedouins, 145.
Eliezer Ben Isamah, claimed a descent from the Prophet
Emblems sculptured on silver coins; a Greek galley, -
a bearded warrior in a chariot,-a castle, 500.
Entertainnlents and feasts, Eastern, 55. 94. 106. 114.
225. 229. 297.
Environs of Babylon, particulars relative to the neigh-
bouring towns, 522; map of them, by Major
Eruptions, cutical, 87, 194.
Esau, Bek, a powerful Arab of Hillah, 474.
Etymologies, curious and interesting, 29, 30. 61. 70.
Euphrates, river of, 26. Comparison of its width at Beer,
with that of some other rivers, 28. The river popá,
its etymology, 29. 31. 409. Its rafts aided by blad
D'Anville, Memoir on the Euphrates and the Tigris by,
ders, now in disuse, 36. Called Nahr, 409.426.
E.ractions, by the Arab governors, levied upon Frank
Ercursion to Akkerkoof, 394.
Erodus, quoted respecting the kingdom of Babel and
the Land of Shinar, 531.
Fakirs, or beggars, from the Punjab, 18. 47. 55. 125.
To kill vermin accounted by them an unclean act,
Farsee, Sheikh, 242. 249.
Felugia, or Gehiaga, visited by the Rabbi Benjamin,
Feradj, a juvenile Abyssinian slave, 103, 104.
Fever, cure for, 21.
Fortifications, old, 33. At Dara, 239, Ancient wal) at
Fountains, ancient, 26.
Fruits of the East enumerated, 86.
Heath, odoriferous, with a purple, bean-shaped fruit,
522. Carried to Bagdad market, 523.
Hebheb, village of, 364.
Hebrew, proficiency of the Caliph Ahmed in, 505.
Helena, religious foundations by the Empress, 183.
Herodotus, cited, 450. 521.
Hieroglyphics and symbols, chased on the surface of the
Babylonian cylinders, 498.
Hillah, town and mounds of, 443. 457. 468, 469. 472.
Hillah, the site of a part of Babylon, 32.
Hine, Dr. 368, 454. 505. 541.
History of the World, written in Arabic with Syriac
Hospital of the Dervishes at Bagdad, 395.
Hoopoes, crested, abundant in Egypt, 132.
Horse-dealer, who travels with the author, 233. 236.
Humburak, village of, 24.
Hunting, occasional, 16.
Hussein, a Koord robber, 194. 196. His village and
dwelling, 198. His arrest, 222.
Hyana, the ravages of this animal, 8.
Gallen, castellated dwelling at, 200.
Gall-nuts, of the Koordistan hills, 274.
Garden and pavilion, 110. 114.
Garzoni, le Père; his account of the Yezidis, 163.
Gaugamela, battle of, (between Alexander and Darius)
Genii, belief in the influence of, 104.
Geographical absurdities credited by the Arabs, 149.
Georgian women, beauty of the, 551.
Ghatter, bird so named in Arabic, 11.
Gihon, river, 30.
Gospels, valuable copy in Syriac found at Mardin, 184.
Greek and Roman masonry, character of certain ex-
amples of these, 528.
Gyndes, river, 520,521. 546.
Janissaries, corps of, 107.
Janissary, execution of a, 67.
Jebel Mardin, hilly range, 173.
Jelab, water of, 132.
Jews, 148. Resident in Assyria and Mesopotamia, in
great number ever since their captivity, 503. The
Jews protected by Seleucus, 529,530.
Jezeereh, town of, 273.
Jonah, the tomb of this prophet, 299, 300. 303. 410.
Jonas, the Tartar, (messenger,) 310. His disposition of
four wives at the distant towns to which he travelled,
312. 321. 323, 324, 343. 345. 369.
Josephus, passages from, 29. He is cited with regard to
the Prophet Daniel, 526.
Journey, rate of a caravan's progress, 46.
Jupiter Ammon, under the symbol of a ram's head, 498.