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holy Writ, yet, as it ought not to decree Christian men's profession, but rather any thing against the same, so besides they be certain sure witnesses, and effectthe same ought it not to enforce any ual signs of grace, and God's good will thing to be believed for necessity of Sal- towards us, by the which he doth work vation.
invisibly in us, and doth not only quicken,
but also strengthen and confirm our Faith XXI. Of the Authority of General in him. Councils.
There are two Sacraments ordained of ENERAL Councils may not be Christ our Lord in the Gospel, that is to
say, Baptism, and the Supper of the Lord. mandment and will of Princes. And Those five commonly called Sacrawhen they be gathered together, (foras- ments, that is to say, Confirmation, much as they be an assembly of men, Penance, Orders, Matrimony, and exwhereof all be not governed with the treme Unction, are not to be counted for Spirit and Word of God,) they may err,
Sacraments of the Gospel, being such as and sometimes have erred, even in things have grown partly of the corrupt followpertaining unto God. Wherefore things ing of the Apostles, partly are states of ordained by them as necessary to salva- life allowed in the Scriptures; but yet tion have neither strength nor authority, have not like nature of Sacraments with unless it may be declared that they be Baptism, and the Lord's Supper, for that taken out of holy Scripture.
they have not any visible sign or cereXXII. Of Purgatory.
mony ordained of God.
The Sacraments were not ordained of THE Romish_Doctrine concerning Christ to be gazed upon, or to be carried
Purgatory, Pardons, Worshipping about, but that we should duly use them. and Adoration, as well of Images as of And in such only as worthily receive the Reliques, and also invocation of Saints, same they have a wholesome effect or is a fond thing vainly invented, and operation : but they that receive them grounded upon no warranty of Scripture, unworthily purchase to themselves dambut rather repugnant to the Word of God. nation, as Saint Paul saith. XXIII. Of Ministering in the Congre- | XXVI. Of the Unworthiness of the Minisgation.
ters, which hinders not the effect of the
Sacrament. IT T is not lawful for any man to take upon him the office of publick preach: A the evil be ever mingled with the
LTHOUGH in the visible Church ing, or ministering the Sacraments in the Congregation, before he be lawfully called, good, and sometimes the evil have chief and sent to execute the same. And those authority in the Ministration of the Word we ought to judge lawfully called and and Sacraments, yet forasmuch as they sent, which be chosen and called to this do not the same in their own name, but work by men who have publick authority in Christ's, and do minister by his comgiven unto them in the Congregation, to mission and authority, we may use their call and send Ministers into the Lord's Ministry, both in hearing the Word vineyard.
of God, and in receiving of the Sacra
ments. Neither is the effect of Christ's XXIV. Of speaking in the Congregation ordinance taken away by their wicked
in such a tongue as the people understandeth.
ness, nor the grace of God's gifts dimi
nished from such as by faith and rightly T is a thing plainly repugnant to the do receive the Sacraments ministered
unto them ; which be effectual, because Primitive Church, to have publick Prayer of Christ's institution and promise, alin the Church, or to minister the Sacra- though they be ministered by evil men. ments in a tongue not understanded of Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the the people.
discipline of the Church, that enquiry be
made of evil Ministers, and that they be XXV. Of the Sacraments.
accused by those that have knowledge of ACRAMENTS ordained of Christ their offences; and finally being found
el boer he sens of God by the Holy Ghost, THEhat perfect redemption, propitia
XXVII. Of Baptism.
XXX. Of both kinds.
THE fession, and mark of difference, denied to the Lay-people: for both whereby Christian men are discerned the parts of the Lord's Sacrament, by from others that be not christened, but it Christ's ordinance and commandment, is also a sign of Regeneration or new ought to be ministered to all Christian Birth, whereby, as by an instrument,
men alike. they that receive Baptism rightly are grafted into the Church; the promises XXXI. Of the one Oblation of Christ of forgiveness sin,
finished upon the Cross. be THE are visibly signed and sealed ; Faith is confirmed, and Grace increased by virtue tion, and satisfaction, for all the sins of of prayer unto God. The Baptism of the whole world, both original and actual; young Children is in any wise to be re- and there is none other satisfaction for tained in the Church, as most agreeable sin, but that alone. Wherefore the sacriwith the institution of Christ.
fices of Masses, in the which it was
commonly said, that the Priest did offer XXVIII. Of the Lord's Supper. Christ for the quick and the dead, to NHE Supper of the Lord is not only have remission of pain or guilt, were blas
a sigu of the love that Christians phemous fables, and dangerous deceits. ought to have among themselves one to another; but rather is a Sacrament of
XXXII. Of the Marriage of Priests. our Redemption by Christ's
and with faith, receive the same, the either to vow the estate of single life, or Bread which we break is a partaking of to abstain from marriage: therefore it is the Body of Christ; and likewise the lawful for them, as for all other Christian Cup of Blessing is a partaking of the men, to marry at their own discretion, as Blood of Christ.
they shall judge the same to serve better Transubstantiation (or the change of to godliness. the substance of Bread and Wine) in the Supper of the Lord, cannot be proved by XXXIII. Of excommunicate Persons, how holy Writ; but is repugnant to the plain
they are to be avoided. words of Scripture, overthroweth the THAT person which by open denunoccasion to many superstitions.
off from the unity of the Church, and The Body of Christ is given, taken, excommunicated, ought to be taken of and eaten, in the Supper, only after an
the whole multitude of the faithful, as heavenly and spiritual manner. And an Heathen and Publican, until he be the mean whereby the Body of Christ is openly reconciled by penance, and rereceived and eaten in the Supper is Faith. ceived into the Church by a Judge that
The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper hath authority thereunto. was not by Christ's ordinance reserved, carried about, lifted up, or worshipped.
XXXIV. Of the Traditions of the Church.
[T is not necessary that Traditions XXIX. Of the Wicked which eat not the
Sc , Body of Christ in the use of the Lord's
and utterly like; for at all times they Supper.
have been divers, and may be changed THE
a lively faith, although they do times, and men's manners, so that nothing carnally and visibly press with their teeth be ordained against God's Word. Who(as Saint Augustine saith) the Sacrament soever through his private judgement, of the Body and Blood of Christ, yet in willingly and purposely, doth openly no wise are they partakers of Christ: but break the traditions and ceremonies of rather, to their condemnation, do eat and the Church, which be not repugnant to drink the sign or Sacrament of so great the Word of God, and be ordained a thing.
and approved by common authority, ought to be rebuked openly, (that others may of Priests and Deacons, lately set forth fear to do the like,) as he that offendeth in the time of Edward the Sixth, and against the common order of the Church, confirmed at the same time by authority and hurteth the authority of the Magis- of Parliament, doth contain all things netrate, and woundeth the consciences of cessary to such Consecration and Orderthe weak brethren.
ing: neither hath it any thing, that of Every particular or national Church itself is superstitious and ungodly. And hath authority to ordain, change, and therefore whosoever are consecrated or abolish, ceremonies or rites of the Church ordered according to the Rites of that ordained only by man's authority, so that Book, since the second year of the foreall things be done to edifying.
named King Edward unto this time, or
hereafter shall be consecrated or ordered XXXV. Of the Homilies.
according to the same Rites; we decree HE second Book of Homilies, the all such to be rightly, orderly, and law.
joined under this Article, doth contain a godly and wholesome Doctrine, and
XXXVII. Of the Civil Magistrates
THE Queen's Majesty the former Book of Homilies, which were set forth in the time of Edward the Sixth; and other her Dominions, unto whom and therefore we judge them to be read the chief Government of all Estates of in Churches by the Ministers, diligently this Realm, whether they be Ecclesiand distinctly, that they may be under- astical or Civil, in all causes doth apperstanded of the people.
tain, and is not, nor ought to be, subject
to any foreign Jurisdiction. Of the Names of the Homilies.
Where we attribute to the Queen's 1 OF the right Use of the Church. Majesty the chief government, by which 2 Against peril of Idolatry. Titles we understand the minds of some 3 Of repairing and keeping clean of slanderous folks to be offended; we give Churches.
not to our Princes the ministering either 4 Of good Works : first of Fasting. of God's Word, or of the Sacraments, the 5 Against Gluttony and Drunkenness. which thing the Injunctions also lately 6 Against Ercess of Apparel.
set forth by Elizabeth our Queen do 7 Of Prayer.
most plainly testify; but that only prero8 of the Place and Time of Prayer. gative, which we see to have been given 9 That Common Prayers and Sacra- always to all godly Princes in holy
ments ought to be ministered in a Scriptures by God himself; that is, that known tongue.
they should rule all states and degrees 10 of the reverend estimation of God's committed to their charge by God, Word.
whether they be Ecclesiastical or Tem11 Of Alms-doing.
poral, and restrain with the civil sword 12 Of the Nativity of Christ.
the stubborn and evil-doers. 13 Of the Passion of Christ.
The Bishop of Rome hath no juris14 Of the Resurrection of Christ. diction in this Realm of England. 15 Of the worthy receiring of the Sacra- The Laws of the Realm may punish
ment of the Body and Blood of Christian men with death, for' heinous Christ.
and grievous offences. 16 Of the Gifts of the Holy Ghost.
It is lawful for Christian men, at the 17 For the Rogation-days.
commandment of the Magistrate, to wear 18 Of the state of Matrimony.
weapons, and serve in the wars. 19 Of Repentance. 20 Against Idleness.
XXXVIII. Of Christian men's Goods,
which are not common. 21 Against Rebellion.
THE Riches and Goods of Christians XXXVI. Of Consecration of Bishops and
are not common, as touching the Ministers.
right, title, and possession of the same, THE Book of Consecration of Arch- as certain Anabaptists do falsely boast. bishops and Bishops, and Ordering Notwithstanding, every man ought, of such
things as he possesseth, liberally to give | James his Apostle, so we judge, that alms to the poor, according to his ability. Christian Religion doth not prohibit, but
that a man may swear when the MagisXXXIX. Of a Christian man's Oath.
trate requireth, in a cause of faith and S we confess that vain and rash charity, so it be done according to the
Swearing is forbidden Christian Prophet's teaching, in justice, judgement, men by our Lord Jesus Christ, and and truth.
and executed within the Realm, by the assent and consent of our Sovereign Lady ELIZABETH, by the grace of God, of England, France, and Ireland, Queen, Defender of the Faith, &c. Which Articles were deliberately read, and confirmed again by the subscription of the hands of the Archbishops and Bishops of the Upper-house, and by the subscription of the whole Clergy of the Nether house in their Convocation, in the Year of our Lord 1571.
NOTE. Articles of Religion were published, by order of Henry VIII., in the year 1536. They were of that mixed character which it might be expected a summary of faith would assume in the then unsettled state of the Church. In 1552 Edward VI, issued a series of Articles, forty-two in number, and which had been drawn up and signed by the two Houses of Convocation. They afforded a full and clear view of the tenets of the Reformed Church of England. These Articles were set aside in the reign of Mary; but in the year 1562 Queen Elizabeth confirmed the ThirtyNine Articles as agreed upon by the Archbishops and Bishops of both provinces, and the whole Clergy, in the Convocation holden at London.” As they were published only in Latin, the mass of the people could derive from them no additional information respecting the doctrines of their Church. When they were revised, therefore, in 1571, the Convocation signed an English, as well as the Latin, copy of the Articles. Cranmer and Ridley are said to have been chiefly concerned in framing the original sketch of the Articles; but Bishop Burnet expressly observes, that most of the bishops and eminent divines of the day were consulted on the subject, and invited to give their assistance in drawing up this grand statement of doctrine for the national Church.
1. Of Faith in the holy Trinity. 2. Of Christ the Son of God. 3. Of his going down into Hell. 4. Of his Resurrection. 5. Of the Holy Ghost. 6. Of the Sufficiency of the Scripture. 7. Of the Old Testament. 8. Of the Three Creeds. 9. Of Original or Birth-sin. 10. Of Free-will. 11. Of Justification. 12. Of good Works. 13. Of Works before Justification. 14. Of Works of Supererogation. 15. Of Christ alone without Sin. 16. Of Sin after Baptism. 17. Of Predestination and Election. 18. Of obtaining Salvation by Christ. 19. Of the Church. 20. Of the Authority of the Church.
21. Of the Authority of General Councils. 22. Of Purgatory. 23. Of Ministering in the Congregation. 24. Of Speaking in the Congregation. 25. Of the Sacraments. 26. Of the Unworthiness of Ministers. 27. Of Baptism. 28. Of the Lord's Supper. 29. Of the Wicked which eat not the Body
of Christ. 30. Of both kinds. 31. Of Christ's one Oblation. 32. Of the Marriage of Priests. 33. Of Excommunicate Persons. 34. Of the Traditions of the Church. 35. Of the Homilies. 36. Of Consecrating of Ministers. 37. Of Civil Magistrates. 38. Of Christian men's Goods. 39. Of a Christian man's Oath.
London : Printed by WILLIAM CLowes and Sons, Stamford Street.