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IN TRODUCTORY-THE NECESSITY OF A DIW lNE REVELATION
Joe, xi, 7–9.—Apology for the undertaking. Statement of the plan of the Lectures--Mode of discussion proposed, by an appeal to the beathen world...Their ignorance of the nature and attributes of God--Commencement of man's errors---Source of polytheism --Rise of image worship--visible objects...heroes--benefactors-deified --Impurity of their worship...Sacrifice of human victims. Contrasted with Christianity - Their civil institutions---their defective morals-- their systems too refined for the multitude- Universal adaptation of Christianity --Their uncertainly respecting the future, instanced by Homer and by Paul at Athens - Revelation has removed these difficulties---Infidelity anticipates annihilation-objections against Revelation refuted- State of man without it deplorable...expectation of Socrates.--Revelation possible, probable, found in the
the cre Ation-That THE MOSAIC ACCOUNT OF IT IS THE onLY RATIONAL ONE WHICH WE HAVE RECEIVED.
s} e N. 1. 1.-The province of sense, of reason, and, of faith---Incitements to inquire into the origin of all things -all ages have attempted it.--The several opinions of mankind reduced to Two—First that the world was produced by chance---examined on acknowledged principles - refuted by Cicero-. Appeal to the human frame, and the conversion of Galen---Hypothesis of the Egyptians---a disfigured copy of Moses-—hypothesis of modern philosophy—Second opinion, that the world is eternal--By whom held-Refuted by the world's mutability—by philosophical and astronomical laws—by history—by the arts and sciences—by the origin of nations—Objection raised from some recent discoveries in volcanic irruptions considered—tradition of the creation universal—The being of a God inferred, and our connexion with him exhibited—Mosaic account of the Creation—Dr. Geddes—Light created—Longinus—Work of the six days—Inquiries answered—respecting primeval light—astronmy—extent of the Creation—the six days—the information of Moses.
THE DELU Ge.
GEN. v. 11, 11—24: 2 PET. 111, 5–7. Ruins-apostasy of man—progress of vice—antediluvian longevity—Union between the sons of God and the daughters of men—Giants—State of the world at the time of the Deluge–Plan of the Lecture—The fact established—By the general consent of all nations—Testimonies of Abydenus-Berosus, Lucian—remark of Grotius–By the existence of marine productions on land—Hy-
pothesis of volcanic irruptions examined—objections of Buffon and others
opposed—Hypotheses of Burnet, Whiston, M. de la Pryme, and St.
Pierre stated—Effected by Divine interposition—Objections, respecting
the ark, America, infants, and the rainbow, answered—Improvement—
appeal to the last judgment.
To HE DESTRUCTION OF SO DOM AND GOMORRA h.
GEN. xix. 15–26, 2 PET. ii., 6.--Domestic scenes of Genesis--con-
trasted with profane writers.--the patriarchal tents welcomed--Abraham
introduced—Idolatry of his country—triumphs of faith—titles of Abra-
ham—his infirmity in Egypt—his memorials of gratitude—his separation
from Lot—the battle of Siddim, and Lot rescued—Melchise dec-—Inter-
view with Jehovah—Religious worship to be guarded—Domestic con-
tention---Hagar's flight—prediction respecting Ishmael–Circumcision,
and Abraham’s name changed——Three angels visit him. --God reveals
his designs against Sodom, and Abraham pleads for it---Two angels visit
Lot—Danger threatens the city in the morning—Lot hastened—is sent
to the mountain---objects—pleads for Zoar--obtains his request---'l'he
destruction of Sodom sudden---how effected---the Dead Sea—Lot's wife
—Testimonies of Tacitus, Philo, Pliny, Diodorus Siculus, Strabo. and
Solinus, to this fact—Modern writers—Evidences remaining on the spot
—Representations of the Bible concerning its appearance in different
ages—correspondent features remain—testimony of Josephus---Changes
supposed to be effected by time, and their immediate causes.--The sub---
ject improved---Judgments delayed will yet be executed.---The righteous
are always safe.
GEN. xlix, 22---26–Acts vii, 9-- 16—Intervening history slightly
touched---Sacrifice of Isaac—Death of Sarah--Subsequent events enumer-
ated.--Joseph’s history commences with his mother's death---and at an
interesting age---Jacob’s partiality, and its effects upon his sons---Jo.
seph’s dreams---His brethren remove from home---Joseph visits them---
progress of sin in their bosoms, and they resolve to slay him---Reu-
ben’s interference—Joseph assumed nothing in consequence of his father’s
partiality---He is sold, and his coat dyed in blood–Jacob’s anxiety and
despair—Joseph in Egypt, and in temptation-Joseph in prison, and his
acquaintance with Pharaoh’s chief butler and baker—The chief butler's
ingratitude—Pharaoh’s dreams—Joseph's elevation–Justin's remarka-
ble testimony—Joseph’s brethren visit Egypt, and know him not—Simeon
bound—They return dismayed—Benjamin brought into Egypt—on their
second return Benjamin is arrested—Judah pleads for his brother—Jo-
seph discovers himself—Retrospection—They tell their father of his
prosperity–Jacob and Joseph meet—Their after-feelings supposed—Ja-
cob introduced to Pharaoh–Israel dies—Joseph's mourning—He returns
to fulfil his duties in Egypt—and dies also—Concluding Remarks on
Genesis—It relates facts in which we are concerned, and which revela-
tion must necessarily contain—Moses is the author of it—The connex-
ion between it, and the succeeding books, is inseparable.—The historian
writes like a man convinced of the truth of that which he advances—
The difference between the style of Genesis, and that of his other writ-
ings, noticed and accounted for.
GEN. 11, 7. Joe xxxi.1, 8.-Introduction—Vegetable world—Ani-
mal world—Man—his natural dignity—What is spirit?—Its operations
Its separate state—'I he Soul—sleeping scheme examined—How repre-
sented in the Scriptures—capable of separate joys or sufferings—Source
of human dignity—Life secretly communicated by God—Intelligence
distributed variously by the same hand–Madness—Spiritual knowledge
the gift of God—The ń. existence of the spirit flows from him—lke-
flections—How high is the destination of the spirit!—Its powers should
be devoted to the Deity—How vast is its loss!—How diligently should
it be cultivated—Concluding remarks—A skeptic is an enemy to him-
self and to mankind—Humanity is concerned in the progress of Chris-
THE SLAVERY AND DELIVE RANCE OF ISRAEL IN EG Y PT.
GEN. xv, 13, 14. Acts v1.1, 35, 36 -- The Bible recalls past events---
Man always man---his information confined to the past and the present---
he knows no hing of the future.--Commencement of Exodus--Subject
proposed, and its arrangement stated.--Changes effected in a few years
---How much often depends upon an individual---Ravages of time im-
pressively pourtrayed by the inspired writer. Multiplication of Israel---
Their bondage-- Children slain Birth of Moses and his exposure--He
is rescued by Pharaoh's daughter—her blindness to the future Educa-
tion of Moses... Difference between man and man in talents, in litera-
ture, in rank of life, and in piety.- Silence of Moses respecting the first
40 years of his life. He slays the Egyptian---and flies---He marries Zip-
porah.--He approaches the burning bush.--his commission opens...he
meets the Magicians before Pharaoh--General statement of his miracles
..-Death of the first born--the Israelites depart.--Criticism on the word
“To Borrow”---They pass the Red Sea----Foreign testimonies to this
fact—There was such a person as Moses, proved by Justin and Longi-
nus—He brought Israel from Egypt, proved by Justin, Miametho, Taci-
tus, Pliny, Trogus Pompeius---The Jews could not have asserted these
things, unless they had been true, without detection---Testimony of
Numenius---the Jews themselves could not be imposed upon---These
facts are kept in remembrance by their rites—Ancient custom of the
Egyptians on the day before the Passover—Testimony from Diodorus
Siculus-- An appeal to Skepticism.
THE Jouras EY of 1sh AEL IN THE wild ERNEss: The IR Es-
TABLISHMENT IN CANAAN; AND THE circumstances
ATTENDING THESE EVENTS.
Joshu A xxiv. 2. 13.-- Reason is to the mind what the eye is to the
body, and Revelation is to reason what light is to the eye--the one is the
organ-- the other the medium—"evelation necessary to elucidate Nature
and Providence--and to develope futurity—the Subject stated in its ex-
tent, and arranged according to the Scripture history—Character of the
Israelites—They murmur for water—Manna and quails sent—a fresh sup-
ply of water--Two events distinguished—They subdue Amalek—The
Law given—Contrast between Sinai and Calvary–- The Golden Calf—the
spies bring an evil report of Canaan—A general enumeration of succeed-
ing events-- and the death of Moses---a tribute to his memory.-. Joshua
succeeds him, and the situation of Israel stated --They pass Jordan-- The
fall of Jericho - and the fulfilment of Joshua's curse. - A shower of stones,
and the sun and moon stand still—Foreign testimonies–Positive evi-
dence from the most ancient writers to the history at large --from Aris-
tobulus, the Orphic verses, Strabo, Juvenal, Diodorus Siculus, Pliny.
Tacitus, Calcidius, Hermippas, and the Poets in general---Testimony of
Manetho to the antiquity of these events...Circumstantial evidences---
Publicity of the Law---adherence of the Jews to it-- its perfection.--im-
possibility of imposition---So also of the miracles of the journey—Cus.
toms of the Jews, perpetuated to this hour, refer to these events—Rea-
son for the reservation of the Canaanites—aspect of the whole to the
Messiah—Objections—that the conduct of the Israelites was immoral---
that it was cruel---that the instruments used to punish these nations
were improper---refuted.--Improvement---the harmony and success of the
designs of God contrasted with human fluctuations---he presides in the
councils of princes—lt is pleasant to see the gradual developement of
his plans—it will be delightful in heaven to review the whole.
THE GOVERNMENT OF THE JEWS-INCLUDING THE THEoc RA-
cy AND Mon ARchy, To THE BUILDING OF solomon’s TEM-
PLE: With A CONFIRMATION OF SOME SUBOR DINATE FACTS.
1 SAM. v. 111, 6–10, & 19, 20. A cors v11. 44 --48. HEB. x 1. 32—34
Revelation to be examined with : everence, with caution, and with can-
dor—Retrospection—the subject stated—An inquiry into the rise of
government—The parental and thc patriarcha'—Nimrod—Origin of mon-
archy—Sekection of Israel—Theocracy—derivation of the term—Three-
fold relation of God to the Hebrews—Distinction of the terms, statutes,
commandments, judgments, and testimonies—Scripture epithets expres-
sive of God’s choice of the Jews—Appointment of their rulers—Samuel
and his sons—Expiration of the Theocracy; and in what sense?–Monar-
chy of the Jews—The change of government displeasing to God—and
why?—Saul anointed—his alienation from God—l)avid brought to court
—his friendship with Jonathan–Saul and his sons slain—David's lamen-
tation–His succession, his character, and his trials—His design to build
a temple—The monarchy traced to its close—absorbed in the spiritual
reign of Jesus—Solomon's temple—Evidences respecting it—God’s pres-
ence unconfined—Subordinate Scripture facts confirmed-- Gideon’s ac.
tions by Sanchoniathon---Jepthat's vow, by the story of Iphigenia - Samp-
son's foxes, in Ovid's Roman feasts.--Delilah's treachery, in the story of
the daughter of Nisus---The strength and valor of Sampson. in the la-
bors of Hercules---The victory of David over the Syrians, by Nichelaus
l)amascenus---The taking of Jerusalem, and the destruction of Senacha-
rib's army, by Herodotus-- The Translation of Elijah, in the story of
Phaeton---Jonah's preservation by the whale, is related of Hercules by
Lycophron, and by Æneus Gazeus---The dearth in the days of Ahab, by
Menander---and the fire from Heaven which consumed Elijah's sac-
rifice, by Cyprian, and by Julian-Conclusion---Christ compared with
o LECTURE XI.
THE CAPTIVITIES OF ISRAEL AND OF Ju D.A. H.
.2 Kiscs xvii. 1 - 6. 2 Chaos. xxxv 1. 14--21.--The history of em.
Pires is the record of the human heart—"The Bible makes us acquainted
*th Mrs. --Cautions arising from Solomon's fall --succession of Reho-
boam, and division of the kingdom--The captivity of Israel, when? and
” whom?---Samaritans.--Cause of the captivity---Menandcr's testimony-