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1818.]

Account of an Epidemic in Bengal.

35

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fifth day.

A CITIZEN.

his room, there being no other Candi were among the first to encourage and date.

spread the terror, and by their own example 1818 Matthew Wood, esq.

5700 contributed much towards its continuance Thomas Wilson, esq.

4829

and effect. Truth, neglected and despised Robert Waithman, esq.

4603 on earth, was, with astrological wisdom John Thomas Thorp, esq.

4335 sought for in the skies ! and the beautiful Sir William Curtis, bart. 4224 constellation of the Galaxy, shining in John Atkins, esq.

1688 splendid majesty every evening over Jessore, Mr. Alderman Atkins declined on the was most ungenerously accused of shower

ing down pestilence and destruction upon A greater number of Livery than was

the portion of the lower world immediately ever before known have polled at this picions moreoverexisted that Jupiter, beam

beneath its influence. Some indirect susElection, being very nearly 8000. The ing gloriously from the heart of that maligexact number stated is 7978.

nant demon the Scorpion, might not altogether be without connection with his sister

friends of the milky-way. One sapient person ACCOUNT OF AN EPIDEMIC IN BENGAL. famed above others for superior sagacity MR. EDITOR,

and discernment, with infinite labour and A medical friend of mine, just returned difficulty accomplished the wonderful disfrom the East Indies, yesterday put into my covery of there happening to be this year hands a pamphlet lately published at Cal- five Saturdays in the English month of cutta by Dr. Tytler, giving an account August. The importance of this fact, upon of the fatal Epidemic disease, which being promulgated, and its authority conravaged the district of Jessore in Bengal. firmed by the printed records of the AlmaI quote you the following passage to shew nack in the Calcutta directory, was immewhat beneficial influence may be expected diately acknowledged; for this being a day from the spread of the gospel truths among dedicated to Sani, whose malignant potency the Hindoos. The passage will speak volumes has long been acknowledged in India, and on the utility of missionary labours in that the number five being the express proquarter of the globe. In my next, I shall perty of the destructive Sica, a mystical give you a curious translation of one of the combination was hence, with unspeakable chapters of the Sama Veda by Rammohun penetration detected, whose infallibility and Roy, a Hindoo of extraordinary character baneful influence it would have amounted and talents, who has lately renounced the to sacrilege to question. Indian superstition, acknowledges but one Artifice and knavery did not hesitate to God—has translated this chapter from the take their usual advantage of credulity and Veda to prove it, and is on his way to this popular perplexity. A religious devotee country, to study the doctrines of the who had been unsuccessful in a legal conChristian Religion. I am, &c.

test respecting land, publicly announced

JAMES JOHNSON. that the prevalence of the distemper was the 14 Princes-street, Hanover-square,

wrath of heaven manifested in his cause, July 15th, 1818.

and would in consequence continue till his To mitigate this fervour, and soothe asserted property was restored. This imthe feelings of the people, by removing the postor was seized, and after being confined idea of infection, a notion which having dismissed from the town. In the night of originally arisen now generally prevailed, the the 29th commotion, which might, but dwellings of the sick, in all quarters were for timely precautions, have been productive personally visited by myself, and by touching of serious mischief, occurred in the villages and examining the patients, and administer near the station. A number of Jadoos, or ing the remedies, I endeavoured to convince magicians, were reported to have quitted their friends no general contagion was pre- Morelly, with a human head in their possent, for if such were the truth, the judge, session, which they were to be directed by who had frequently seen the sick, and my the presence of supernatural signs to leave self, who was hourly in contact with the in a certain and to them unknown bustee or

cases, must have been infected. village. The people on all sides were ready Reasoning of this kind was however at by force to arrest the progress of these tended with no effect, and such as visited at nocturnal visitors; for the prophecy foremy house appeared with camphor in their told, that wherever the head fell, the clothes, and smelling bottles in their hands, destroying angel terminating her sanguinary and declaring their thorough conviction of career would rest, and the demon of death a pestilential atmosphere, betrayed evident thus satisfied refrain from further devasta. signs in their countenances of being in tion in this part of the country.” momentary expectation of sudden dissolution. Those, who from the dignity of their

A singular scene was witnessed that cast, wealth, and information, had influence night by the judge and myself.

While over the minds of the populace, and might walking along the road, endeavouring to in great measure have averted the alarm, allay the agitation and quiet the apprehen

worst

[Aug. 1,

[ 36 ] MINUTI E LITERARIE.

OBSERVATIONS, ANECDOTES, &c. ILLUSTRATIVE OF THE HISTORY OF LITERATURE.

"Ινα μή τι απόληται.

KING JAMES THE FIRST.

LORD BACON.

that advice of a holy monk, who persuaded Notwithstanding the praises which his friend to perform his customary devowere lavished upon this British Solomon tions in a constant place, because in that as his flatterers called him, it appears place, we usually meet with those very that the booksellers were far from being thoughts which possessed us at our last fond of engaging in his works. The being there: and “added Sir Henry learned Thomas Lydyat, in a letter to I find it thus far experimentally true, Mr., afterwards Archbishop, Usher that my now being in that school, and (written August 22, 1611) says, “I have seeing that very place where I sat when sent you the King's book in Latin against I was a boy, occasioned me to remember Vorstius, yet scant dry from the press : those very thoughts of my youth which which Mr. Norton, who bath the matter then possessed me; sweet thoughts inwholly in his own hands, swore to me, deed, that promised my growing years he would not print, unless he might hare numerous pleasures without mixtures of money to print it."

cares; and these to be enjoyed when

time (which I therefore thought slow This great man, of whom the world is paced) had changed my youth into manyet to seek for a good meinoir, submitted hood; but age and experience have the manuscript of his Novum Organum taught me, that these were but empty to the perusal of his cousin Sir Thomas hopes; for I have always found it true as Bodley, who in returning it, gave him iny Saviour did foretel, sufiicient for the this advice: “One kind of boldness day is the evil thereof. Nevertheless I doth draw on another. insomuch, that saw there a succession of boys using the methinks I should offend not to signify, same recreations, and questionless posthat before the transcript of your book sessed with the same thoughts that then be fitted for the press, it will be requi- possessed me. “ Thus one generation site for you to cast a censor's eye upon succeeds another, both in their lives, the stile and elocution, which in the recreations, hopes, fears and death." frame of your periods, and in divers words Let the whole of this beautiful sentiand phrases, will hardly go for current, ment be compared with Gray's Ode on a if the copy brought to me be just the distant prospect of Eton College, and I same that you would publish."

am much mistaken if the reader will not

at once see the original germ of that Sir Henry Wotton whose history has

pathetic composition. been so well related by honest Izaack Walton, spent the close of his rery busy Ah happy hills, ah pleasing shade, life in Eton College, when he entered Where once my careless childhood stray d,

Ah fields belov'd in vain, into deacon's orders, and he became pro

A stranger yet pain! vost. The year before his death he said I feel the gales that from ye blow, on returning to the College from an ex A momentary bliss bestow, cursion to Winchester: “Ilow uscful was As waving fresh their gladsome wing,

My weary soul, they seem to sooth, sions of the people, we perceived a faint And, redolent of joy and youth, light issuing from a thick clump of bamboo. To breathe a second spring. Attracted by this circumstance, we proceeded But it is in the description of the to the spot, and found a hut the interior of sportive joys of the youthful train that which, that was illuminated, contained five

the images of Hindoo .gods, and one of them

instructs the poet.

sage has since been ascertained to be Steetillah, Gay hope is theirs, by fancy led or the formidable and celebrated Colat Less pleasing when possest; Beebee. In front of the idols that adorned The tear forgot as soon as shed, this den of superstition, a female child

The sunshine of the breast; apparently about 9 years of age, lay upon Their's buxom health of rosy hue, the ground-she was evidently stupitied with Wild wit, invention ever new, intoxicating drugs, and in this manner pre

And lively cheer of vigour born ; pared to return responses to such questions The thoughtless day, the easy night, as those initiated into the mysteries should The spirits pure, the slunibers light, think proper to propose.

That fly th' approach of morn.

WOTTON AND GRAY.

get thee

red;

1818.) Anecdotes, fc. Illustrative of the History of Literature. 37 Alas, regardless of their doom,

I prithee let me bring thee where crabs grow, The little victims play!

And I with my long nails will dig thee pig No sense have they of ills to come,

nuts, No care beyond to day:

Shew thee a jay's nest, and instruct thee Yet see how all around them wait

how The ministers of human fate,

To snare the nimble marmozet. I'll bring And black misfortune's baleful train !

thee
Ah shew them where in ambush stand To clust'ring filberds ; and sometimes I'll
To seize their prey the murderous band,
Ah! tell them they are men.

Young shamois from the rock.
SHAKESPEARE AND SPENSER.
All the critics upon our immortal

On turning to the third book of the dramatist have dwelt with rapture upon tion of an Incubus, or at least the son of

Faery Queen, we meet with this descriphis creative genius in bodying the offspring of his imagination, or in other

a witch, and his awkward courtship of a words giving powers to airy nothings young damsel in distress who had put exactly adapted to the character and herself under the beldam's protection. office for which he had occasion. Among Oft from the forest wildings he did bring those beings by far the most extraor- Whose sides empurpled were with smiling dinary is Caliban, the monstrous production of a dæmon and a witch, in

And oft young birds, which he had taught

to sing, heriting all the qualities of each parent; His mistress' praises, sweetly caroled; and uniting to the most hideous outward Garlands of flowers, sometimes for her fair form a diabolical malignity and acute head ness, with simplicity and ignorance. Yet He fine would dight; sometimes the squirrel this uncouth representation loses the wild credit of originality when the reader He brought to her in bands, as conquered compares the picture with the person- To be her thrall-ification of lust in the Faery Queen:

In pointing out these coincidences of It was to weet, a wild and savage man, apparent imitation, it is not intended to Yet was no man, but only like in shape, cast the slightest reflection upon the And eke in stature, higher by a span, All over-grown with hair, that could awliape human heart, whose original powers of

genius of the mighty master of the An hardy heart, and his wide mouth did

conception and magical influence over gape With huge great teeth like to a tusked boar, the passions must ever command the For he lived all on rapine and on rape,

admiration of mankind, even should the Of men and beasts, and ted on fleshly gore, language in which he wrote ever cease The sign whereof yet stain d his lips afore. to be a living tongue.

His nether lip was not like man nor beast, But like a wide deep poke, down hanging In the year 1738 the patriotic booklow,

seller Andrew Villar printed a new In which he wont the relics of his feast, And cruel spoil, which he had spard to

edition of Milton's Areopagitica with an

admirable preface written in a style of stow; And over it his huge great pose did grow, performance which it recommends. The

animation equal to the unanswerable Full dreadfully empurpled all with blood And down both sides two wide long ears did author of this preface was James Thomglow.

son, the poet, and any publisher, who In the play Caliban shews the con

should undertake to reprint the book at tracted limits of his knowledge and his this time would render an acceptable serattempt at grateful feeling, by the fol- vice to the public. lowing very natural expressions :

MILTON AND THOMSON.

PARLIAMENTARY REPORT.

REPORT FROM THE SELECT COMMITTEE ON

tuitous delivery of new publications, is THE COPYRIGHT ACTS OF 8 ANNE, C. 19; to be found in a deed of the year 1610, 15 Geo. II, c. 53; 41 Geo. Ill, c. by which the Company of Stationers of 107; AND 54 GEO. II1, c. 116.

London, at the request of Sir Thomas Ordered, by the House of Commons to be Bodley, engages to deliver a copy of Printed, 5 June 1818.

every book printed in the Company (not THE earliest foundation for a claim having been before printed) to the Unifrom any public Library, to the gra- versity of Oxford. This however seems

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38

Report of the Committee on the Copyright Acts. [Aug. 1, to be confined to the publications of the rights; these Copyrights had been asCompany in its corporate capacity, and signed from hand to hand, had been the could in no case extend to those which subject of family settlements, and in some might proceed from individuals uncon- instances larger prices had been given nected with it.

for the purchase of them (relation being Soon after the Restoration in the had to the comparative value of money) year 1662, was passed the “Act for than at any time subsequent to the Act preventing Abuses in printing seditious, of the 8th of Queen Anne.* By this treasonable, and unlicensed books and Act, which in the last of these two cases, pamphlets, and for regulating of printing has since been determined to have deand printing presses;" by which, for stroyed the former perpetual Copyright, the first time, it was enacted, that every and to have substituted one for a more printer should reserve three copies of limited period, but protected by addithe best and largest paper of every book tional penalties on those who should innew printed, or reprinted by him with fringe it, it is directed, that nine copies additions, and shall, before any public of each book that shall be printed on vending of the said book, bring them to published, or reprinted and published the Master of the Company of Station with additions, shall, by the printer, be ers, and deliver them to him; one delivered to the warehouse-keeper of the whereof shall be delivered the keeper Company of Stationers, before such pubof his Majesty's Library, and the other lication made, for the use of the Royal two to be sent to the Vice Chancellor of Library, the livraries of the Universities the two Universities respectively, to the of Oxford and Cambridge, the libraries use of the public libraries of the said of the four Universities of Scotland, the Universities. This Act was originally library of Sion College in London, and introduced for two years, but was con- the library belonging to the Faculty of tinued by two Acts of the same Parlia- Advocates at Edinburgh. ment till 1679, when it expired. * From the passing of this Act until

It was, however, revived in the 1st the decision of the cases of Beckford and year of James II, and finally expired Hood in 1798, and of the University of in 1695.

Cambridge and Bryer, in 1813, it was It has been stated by Mr. Gaisford, universally understood, that neither the one of the curators of the Bodleian protection of copyright, nor the obligaLibrary, “that there are several books tion to deliver the eleven copies attached entered in its register, as sent from the to the publication of any book, unless it Stationers' Company subsequent to the was registered at Stationer's Hall, an expiration of that Act;" but it is pro, act which was considered as purely bable that this delivery was by no means optional and unnecessary, where it was general, as there are no traces of it at intended to abandon the claim for CopyStationers' Hall

, and as Hearnc, in the right; and in conformity to this conpreface to the “ Reliquiæ Bodleianæ," struction, the Act of 41 Geo. Ill. exprinted in 1703, presses for benefactions pressly entitled the libraries of Trinity to that library as peculiarly desirable, College, and the King's Inn, Dublin, to “ since the Act of Parliament for sending copies of such books only as should be copies of books, printed by the London entered at Stationers' Hallot hooksellers, is expired, and there are In Beckford versus Hood, the Court divers wanting for several years past." of King's Bench decided, that the omis

During this period, the claim of sion of the entry only prevented a proseauthors and publishers to the perpetual cution fur the penalties inflicted by the Copyright of their publications, rested statutes, but it did not in any degree imupon what was afterwards determined pede the recovery of a satisfaction for to have been the common law, by a the violation of the copyright. The majority of nine to three of the judges same Court further determined, in the on the cases of Millar and Taylor in case of the University of Cambridge 1769, and Donaldson and Becket in 1774. Large estates had been vested in Copy- * Birch, in his Life of Archbishop Tillot

son, states, that his widow, after his death in Upon reference to the continuing Act 1695, sold the Copyright of his unpublished of 17. Ch. II. c. 4, the clauses respecting sermons for 2,500 guineas. the delivery of the three copies appear to + The whole number of entries during the be perpetual, yet it should seem that they 70 years, from 1710 to 1780, does not equal were not so considered, not being adverted that which has taken place in the last four to in the Act of Anne.

years. See Appendix No. 1.

they had.

1918.) Report of the Committee on the Copyright Acts.,

39 against Bryer in 1812, that the eleven much of the Copyright Act as requires the copies were equally claimablc by the gratuitous delivery of eleven copies should public libraries, where books had not be repealed, except in so far as relates to been entered at Stationers' Hall as where the British Museum, and that it is desirable

that a fixed allowance should be granted, The burthen of the delivery, which in lieu thereof, to such of the other public by the latter decision was for the first libraries, as may be thought expedient. time established to be obligatory upon this Committee, that if it should not be

2. Resolved,—That it is the opinion of publishers, produced in the following thought expedient by the House to comply year a great variety of petitions to the with the above recommendation, it is desirHouse of Commons for redress, which able that the number of libraries entitled to were referred to a Committee, whose claim such delivery should be restricted to Report will be found in the Appendix ;*

the British Museum, and the Libraries of and in 1814 the last Act on this subject Oxford, Cambridge, Edinburgh and Dublin was passeit, which directed the indis- Universities. criminate delivery of one large paper this Committee, that all books of prints,

3. Resolved,,That it is the opinion of copy of every book which should be pub, wherein the letter-press shall not exceed a lished (at the time of its being entered certain very small proportion to each plate, at Stationers' Hall) to the British shall be exempted from delivery, except to Museum, but limited the claim of the the Museum, with an exception of all books other ten libraries to such books as they of mathematics. should demnand in writing within twelve 4. Resolved,--That it is the opinion of months after publication; and directed this Committee, that all books in respect of that a copy of the list of books entered which claim to Copyright shall be expressly at Stationers' Hall should be transmitted and effectually abandoned, be also exempted. to the librarians once in three months, this Committee, that the obligation imposed

5. Resolved,—That it is the opinion of if not required oftener.

on Printers to retain one Copy of cach It appears, so far as Your Committee

Work printed by them, shall cease, and the have been enabled to procure informa- copy of the Museum be made evidence tion, that there is no other country in lieu of it. which a demand of this nature is carried

June 5, 1818. to a similar extent. In America, Prus

Appendix, No. 1.- Books and Music entersia, Saxony and Bavaria, one copy only ed at Stationers' Hall from the passing is required to be deposited ; in France

of the Act 8th Anne, 17 10 to 1818. » and Austria two, and in the Netherlands

872 three; but in several of these countries April 1710 to April 1720 (10 years)

1730 (do). 492 this is not necessary, unless copyright is

1740 (do)

343 intended to be claimed.

1750 (do) 618 The Committee having directed a

1760 (do)

417 statement to be prepared by one of the

1770 (do) 433 witnesses, an experienced bookseller,

1780 (do) 1,033 of the retail price of one copy of every

1790 (do) - 2,606

1800 book entered at Stationers' Hall between

(do) 5,386

1810 (do) 3,076 the soth July 1814 and the 1st of April

1814 (4 do) 1,235 1817, find that it amounts in the whole

1818 (du) 4,353 to 1,4 191. Ss. 11d. which will give an

Very little, if any Music was entered at average of 532!. 4s. per annum; but Stationers' Hall till 1776-7, when some legal the price of the books received into the dispute arose respecting the Copyright of Cambridge University Library from July Music; and single Songs do not appear to 1814 to June 1817. amounts to 1,1451. have been entered till April 1783: since 108. the average of which is 3811. 168 that period, Music, particularly single songs, 8d: per annum.

has formed a considerable portion of the In the course of the inquiry committed articles entered. to them, the Committee have proceeded

Geo. Greenhill, Warehouse-keeper

of the Company of Stationers. to examine a variety of evidence, which, as it is already laid before the House, Appendix, No. 2.- Report from the they think it unnecessary here to re

Committee (in June 1813) on the Copycapitulate; but upon a full consideration right of Printed Books. of the subject, they have come to the The Committee appointed to examine following resolutions:

several Acts passed in the 8th year of 1. Resolved,,That it is the opinion of Queen Anne, and in the 15th and 41st this Committee, that it is desirable that so years of his present Majesty, for the Appendix, No. 2.

encouragement of learning, by vesting

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