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this memorable day of the week, the disciples were as

sembled together, statedly and repeatedly, for religious

purposes; and on these occasions they enjoyed the visible presence and favor of their Lord and Master. On the first day of the week, the Holy Ghost was given, at the feast of Pentecost; when three thousand were converted and baptized. On this day, the Apostles of Christ commenced their public ministry, and the church of Christ became a visible church. How great and astonishing were the transactions of this first day of the week! We read also that Paul with his fellow-travellers, on his last journey to Jerusalem, came to Troas, where he abode seven days; but no mention is made of a sabbath, nor of social worship and ordinances, till the first day of the week. But, on this memorable day, “The disciples came together to break bread,” or to attend the sacramental supper. “And Paul preached unto them ready to depart on the morrow.” Is it not evident, that the i. day of the week was considered, by Paul and all that were present, as the christian sabbath P Again;. As has always been customary in the church, the contributions for the poor, and for * purposes, were made on the holy sabbath. But Paul, in his exhortation to the Corinthians on this subject, says: “Upon the first day of the week, let every one of you lay by him in store, as God hath prospered him.” We have now before us, sufficient evidence, that the first day of the week, which has been observed, as a holy sabbath, by the most correct aid orthodox christians, of all denominations, from the day of Pentecost, is indeed, the christian sabbath. ** Having proved the continuation of the sabbath; and its change from the seventh to the first day of the week; we proceed to consider some of the principal duties required; or how the sabbath is to be observed." And, in general terms, it is to be observed according to the true import of the fourth commandment. “Remember the sabbath day, and keep it holy.” “ In it thou shalt not do any work.” Keep in mind constantly, that it is the Lord’s day, and to be devoted to his service. The

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sabbath is to be a day of holy delights—better than a thousand days of worldly occupations, or carnal pleasures. The proper celebration of the sabbath, connected with the most precious promises, is beautifully stated by the prophet Isaiah. “If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight; the holy of the Lord, honorable; and shalt honor him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words; then shalt thou delight thyself in the Lord, and I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father; for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it.”— Here, we find, that the law of the sabbath prohibits vain pleasure, as well as servile labor. Since common labor is forbidden, it is evident, that all worldly intercourse and conversation are forbidden. To converse on worldly topics, or to negotiate worldly business, is of the same general nature, as to labor for worldly profit and advantage. By the law of the Sabbath, are all vain and foolish amusements specially forbidden. According to the correct statement of the Assembly of divines, “The Sabbath is to be sanctified, by a holy resting, all that day, even from such worldly employments and recreations as are lawful on other days; and spending the whole time in the public and private exercises of God’s worship; except so much as is to be taken up in the works of necessity

and mercy.” Visiting, and party entertainments, however civil and friendly, are a gross violation of the fourth

commandment. Visiting the sick and afflicted is often admissible; but not merely as a saving of time; but for the purpose of necessary assistance, and for holy conversation and prayer. In such cases, the Lord will have mercy, and not sacrifice. To attend to the arts and sciences, and every thing, not conducive to religious improvement, must be considered as sabbath breaking. But, of all the breaches of this holy command, none is more common, and none is more threatening to the moral interests of the community, than journeying. By this men not only involve themselves in guilt; but they also involve many others in unnecessary cares and perplexities. Many must dispense with public worship to attend to tavern concerns. And they who attend religious worship, find it difficult to “wait upon the Lord, without distraction.” , The religious duties of the Sabbath are such as meditation and prayer, holy conversation, attention to the holy . and other religious books; and especially to the public and social worship of God, the ministry of the gospel, and the ordinances of Christ, in his sanctuary. These are enjoined as the duties of the Sabbath. On attending the worship of God, and the ministry and ordinances of Christ in the sanctuary, the scriptures are peculiarly strenuous. “Ye shall keep my sabbaths, and reverence my sanctuary, I am the Lord.” On the sabbath, in ancient times, special offerings and sacrifices were brought to the sanctuary; and a public reading and exposition of the holy scriptures were attended. There was a holy convocation, or calling together of the people to the place of the sanctuary; and none were allowed, without the most satisfactory reasons, to absent themselves. To accommodate the duties of the sabbath, sanctuaries are now erected, not at one particular place; but all over the christian world; and to neglect them, when they are so near to our doors, is, according to the NewTestament as well as the old, a capital crime. Hear the solemn language of the Apostle ! “ Not forsaking the assembling of yourselves together, as the manner of some is ; but exhorting one another, and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching. For if ye sin wilfully, after that ye have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sin; but a certain fearful looking for of judgment, and fiery indigo nation, which shall devour the adversaries.” All this terror is denounced against those who forsake the assemibling of themselves together, on the holy sabbath. To do this, after we have received, clearly, the knowledge of the truth, seems to be considered as a fatal sin. A similar idea is expressed by David, and quoted by Paul“To-day, if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts.” To-day, as we have found, means the Christian Sabbath; the special day, on which the voice of Christ, by his ministering servants, is to be heard in his sanctuary. Refuse to convene together, to hear the voice of gospel #...". which is the Christian Sabbath, and your earts will be hardened. You shall be greatly exposed to reprobation. The holy Sabbath is no ordinary day; it is a day on which the so of sinners are generally hardened or softened. And, in fact, the symptoms of reprobation sometimes appear, in those who will not hear the gospel of Christ, in his sanctuary. Gradually, to every good work they become reprobate. They also become opposed to every article of the Christian faith. To keep the Sabbath holy, is an important precept in the first table of the law, in the first and great commandment. And for those who violate this, there is no more hope, and perhaps less hope, than for thieves and murderers. For these violate only the second table of the law. Custom sanctions a thousand violations of the first table, more readily than one of the second table. Men may acquire and support a high reputation for virtue and honor, while they disregard, or oppose, all the commands and prohibitions of the first table of the law. ... They may deny the being of a God, or hold to a plurality of gods, or worship graven images, or take God’s name in vain, or despise the holy j, with but little wound of reputation. But if they violate the commands in the second table of the law, they are loaded with reproach, and stamped with infamy. But “God seeth not as man Seeth.” The murderer is indeed, a great sinner, and must surely be put to death; but the Sabbath-breaker, in the wilderness, was condemned to a death, most terrible and ignominious. How odious in the sight of God is the Sabbath-breaker more odious than he is, who violates any, or all the commands in the second table of the divine law. All these a man may violate, and not be a reprobate. But we have found, that he who wilfull violates the law of the Sabbath, is greatly exposed to reprobation. Infinitely important is the duty of public worship and ordinances, on the holy Sabbath. We hence remark, 1. In a review of what has been said on the Sabbath, and its duties and privileges, Christians are comforted and animated. With great delight, they anticipate, through the medium of the earthly rest, the heavenly rest, where all labor and sorrow will cease forever, 0 what a privilege it is to Christians, to live in a state of preparation for the eternal Sabbatism . But to obtain a good hope of the heavenly rest, much depends on the improvement of the earthly rest. Let us therefore fear, lest a promise being left us of entering into his rest any of us should seem to come short of it. * He, and he only, who calls the Sabbath a delight, the holy of the Lord, and honorable, has an earnest of the enjoyments of heaven. 2. How unpleasant and gloomy must this subject be, to those who have no relish for the duties of the Sabbath! The Sabbath, being a type of heavenly rest, they can easily decide, that they have no taste for heavenly enjoy. ments. And if they have no satisfaction in such enjoy; ments as heaven affords, how can they hope for any final happiness? Ought not all to despair of any rest, till they begin to delight in the duties of the Sabbath, and of the sanctuary 2 If the Sabbath be irksome; if it be a weariness; if they say in their hearts, “When will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn ? and the Sabbath, that we may, set forth wheat o making the ephah small, and the sheckel great?” Their case is wretched indeed! it is almost hopeless. , Surely, with this temper of mind, they cannot reasonably hope to enjoy that eternal rest,

which is the antitype to the holy Christian Sabbath; and .

which remains forever.....AMEN.

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