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made Mattaniah his father's bro- 19 And he did that which was ther king, in his stead, and evil in the sight of the LORD, changed his name to Zedekiah. according to all that Jehoiakim

18 Zedekiah was twenty and had done. one years old when he began to 20 For through the anger of reign, and he reigned eleven the LORD it came to pass in years in Jerusalem.

And his Jerusalem and Judah, until he mother's name was Hamutal, had cast them out from his prethe daughter of Jeremiah of sence, that Zedekiah rebelled Libnah.

against the king of Babylon.

LECTURE 635. Of God's giving up the wicked to a reprobate mind. After the ruin of Nineveh, which took place not long before this time, the Assyrian empire fell into the hands of the

king of Babylon, the city of the Chaldees. This was the power which it pleased God 'to make use of, in chastising those idolatries and cruelties, for which Judah was now doomed to be led into captivity. “In the eighth year" of Nebuchadnezzar's reign, he besieged Jerusalem, and took it. And he carried away into captivity king Jehoiachin, son and successor of Jehoiakim, and his mother and wives and officers, and all the chief men of rank, wealth, valour, or skill; besides spoiling “all the treasures of the house of the Lord, and the treasures of the king's house.” And having left none “save the poorest sort of the people of the land,” he set up Mattaniah, the brother of Jehoiakim, and son of Josiah, to be king, changing his name to Zedekiah. And as if to shew to what a height of infatuation this miserable race of princes and people had now come, even Zedekiah, with such awful calamities fresh acted before his eyes, and with the words of so many prophets as lived about this time sounding in his ears, "did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord according to all that Jehoiakim had done.” He rebelled against his earthly master the king of Babylon, as well as against his Master which was in heaven. And this is said to have come to pass, in Jerusalem and Judah, “through the anger of the Lord,” and “until he had cast them out from his presence;" words which shew us, that the infatuation of the king and people, in thus rebelling against the king of Babylon, was inflicted on them by the Lord in judgment for their sins. A fearful doctrine; but one abundantly confirmed by other passages of sacred history; and one which may be often useful to make the wicked tremble, and sometimes helpful to move them to repent. Perhaps they are not yet past the hour of repentance, not yet given over to a reprobate mind. Oh let them then turn to day, whilst it is called to day, let them turn to God with confession, and amendment, lest He speedily shut them out from all access to his grace for ever!

Jerusalem is again taken and spoiled ; and the temple burnt. 1 And it came to pass in the Jerusalem : ninth year of his reign, in the 9 And he burnt the house of tenth month, in the tenth day the LORD, and the king's house, of the month, that Nebuchad- and all the houses of Jerusalem, nezzar king of Babylon came, and every great man's house he, and all his host, against Je- burnt he with fire. rusalem, and pitched against it; 10 And all the army of the and they built forts against it Chaldees, that were with the round about.

captain of the guard, brake down 2 And the city was besieged the walls of Jerusalem round unto the eleventh year of king about. Zedekiah.

1 Now the rest of the people 3 And on the ninth day of the that were left in the city, and the fourth month the famine pre- fugitives that fell away to the vailed in the city, and there was king of Babylon, with the remno bread for the people of the nant of the multitude, did Ne land.

buzar-adan the captain of the 4. And the city was broken up, guard carry away: and all the men of war fled by 12 But the captain of the guard night by the way of the gate left of the poor of the land to be between two walls, which is by vinedressers and husbandmen. the king's garden: (now the 13 And the pillars of brass that Chaldees were against the city were in the house of the LORD, round about:) and the king went and the bases, and the brasen the way toward the plain. sea that was in the house of the

5 And the army of the Chal- LORD, did the Chaldees break dees pursued after the king, and in pieces, and carried the brass overtook him in the plains of of them to Babylon. Jericho: and all his army were 14 And the pots, and the shoscattered from him.

vels, and the snuffers, and the 6 So they took the king, and spoons, and all the vessels of brought him up to the king of brass wherewith they ministered, Babylon to Riblah; and they took they away, gave judgment upon him. 15 And the firepans, and the 7 And they slew the sons of bowls, and such things as were Zedekiah before his eyes, and of gold, in gold, and of silver, put out the eyes of Zedekiah, in silver, the captain of the guard and bound him with fetters of took away. brass, and carried him to Baby- 16 The two pillars, one sea, and lon.

the bases which Solomon had 8 And in the fifth month, on made for the house of the LORD; the seventh day of the month, the brass of all these vessels was which is the nineteenth year of without weight. king Nebuchadnezzar king of 17 The height of the one pillar Babylon, came Nebuzar-adan, was eighteen cubits, and the captain of the guard, a servant chapiter upon it was brass : and of the king of Babylon, unto the height of the chapiter three


cubits; and the wreathen work, score men of the people of the and pomegranates upon the cha- land that were found in the city: piter round about, all of brass : 20 And Nebuzar-adan captain and like unto these had the se- of the guard took these, and cond pillar with wreathen work. brought them to the king of

18 And the captain of the guard Babylon to Riblah : took Seraiah the chief priest, 21 And the king of Babylon and Zephaniah the second priest, smote them, and slew them at and the three keepers of the Riblah in the land of Hamath. door:

So Judah was carried away out 19 And out of the city he took of their land. an officer that was set over the 22 And as for the people that men of war, and five men of remained in the land of Judah, them that were in the king's whom Nebuchadnezzar king of presence, which were found in Babylon had left, even the city, and the principal scribe them he made Gedaliah the son of the host, which mustered the of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, people of the land, and three- ruler.

LECTURE 636. Of striving for heaven, and escaping endless burnings. Jerusalem, the holy happy city, is a second time besieged and taken. Let this remind us, that there is a sense, in which “ the kingdom of heaven suffereth violence, and the violent take it by force.Matt. 11. 12. Let us press forward with the earnestness of those, who have the heavenly Jerusalem, and all its treasures, set before them as the prize of their exertions. “Without weight,” that is to say, above all price that we can put on them, are the joys and glories of the city which is above, of the temple wherein God is to be worshipped for ever. Oh may God's faithful servants never cease to watch, and never shrink from working and contending, with all the arms and arts of holy courage and prevailing love; until the everlasting gates shall lift up their heads, to them as to their Lord, and they shall enter in with Him into his glory! But that day, so full of triumph to the conquerors, is a day of desolation to the wicked. With Zedekiah they must stand before the throne of judgment; and in their miserable lot must be fulfilled all the warning words of God, which they have long been used to set at nought. See Jer. 32. 5. Ezek. 12. 13. Like the earthly temple, and the earthly Jerusalem, “the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up.” 2 Pet. 3. 10. Oh ere those flames of vengeance fiercely rage, may God be pleased to gather in yet many many more of sinners, who with us may join to praise his grace, and magnify his love in our redemption, throughout all the ages of eternity!


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Gedaliah is slain. Jehoiachin is set at large. 23 And when all the captains 26 And all the people, both of the armies, they and their small and great, and the captains men, heard that the king of Ba- of the armies, arose, and came bylon had made Gedaliah go- to Egypt: for they were afraid vernor, there came to Gedaliah of the Chaldees. to Mizpah, even Ishmael the son 27 And it came to pass in the of Nethaniah, and Johanan the seven and thirtieth year of the son of Careah, and Seraiah the captivity of Jehoiachin king of son of Tanhumeth the Netopba- Judah, in the twelfth month, on thite, and Jaazaniah the son of a the seven and twentieth day of Maachathite, they and their the month, that Evil-merodach

king of Babylon in the year 24 And Gedaliah sware to them, that he began to reign did lift and to their men, and said unto up the head of Jehoiachin king them, Fear not to be the servants of Judah out of prison; of the Chaldees : dwell in the 28 And he spake kindly to him, land, and serve the king of Ba- and set his throne above the bylon; and it shall be well with throne of the kings that were you.

with him in Babylon; 25 But it came to pass in the 29 And changed his prison garseventh month, that İshmael the ments: and he did eat bread son of Nethaniah, the son of continually before him all the Elishama, of the seed royal, days of his life. came, and ten men with him, and 30 And his allowance was a consmote Gedaliah, that he died, tinual allowance given him of the and the Jews and the Chaldees king, a daily rate for every day, that were with him at Mizpah. all the days of his life.

LECTURE 637. That God's judgments should awaken us to fear and diligence.

How lamentable was the condition of the remaining men of might in the kingdom of Judæa! They were afraid to dwell at peace under the king of Babylon. And when they had slain his officer, they were afraid to be at war with him. And in the case of Jehoiachin, how miserable was the end of all the glory, which was the inheritance of this son of David ! to have his city in ruins, his subjects in exile and captivity, and himself first to be kept long in close confinement, and then released only to be promoted to the melancholy eminence of a captive exile king, fed at a daily rate, by a continual allowance, through the bounty of the conquerors ! How are the haughty humbled! How wretched, in time of trouble, is the state of those, who have forgotten God in their prosperity! Lord, when we see thy judgments against those whom Thou hast loved, let us tremble at the thought of displeasing Thee ! When we see thy holy city a heap of ruins, thy temple burnt, thy people and their kings put out of thy sight; let us take tenfold pains to secure the gain and glory of dwelling in the light of thy countenance for ever!


The genealogies of Noah and of his sons.

1 Adam, Sheth, Enosh,

17 The sons of Shem; Elam, 2 Kenan, Mahalaleel, Jered, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and 3 Henoch, Methuselah, La- Lud, and Aram, and Uz, and mech,

Hul, and Gether, and Meshech. 4 Noah, Shem, Ham, and Ja- 18 And Arphaxad begat Shepheth.

lah, and Shelah begat Eber. 5 The sons of Japheth ; Go- 19 And unto Eber were born mer, and Magog, and Madai, two sons: the name of the one and Jaban, and Tubal, and Me- was Peleg; because in his days shech, and Tiras.

the earth was divided : and his 6 And the sons of Gomer; brother's name was Joktan. Ashchenaz, and Riphath, and 20 And Joktan begat Almodad, Togarmah.

and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, 7 And the sons of Javan ; Eli- and Jerah, shah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and 21 Hadoram also, and Uzal, Dodanim.

and Diklah, 8 The sons of Ham ; Cush, and 22 And Ebal, and Abimael, and Mizraim, Put, and Canaan. Sheba,

9 And the sons of Cush; Se- 23 And Ophir, and Havilah, ba, and Havilah, and Sabta, and and Jobab. . All these were the Raamah, and Sabtecha. And sons of Joktan. the sons of Raamah; Sheba, and 24 Shem, Arphaxad, Shelah, Dedan.

25 Eber, Peley, Reu, 10 And Cush begat Nimrod : 26 Serug, Nahor, Terah, he began to be mighty upon the 27 Abram; the same is Abraearth.

ham. 11 And Mizraim begat Ludim, 28 The sons of Abraham ; Iand Anamim, and Lehabim, and saac, and Ishmael. Naphtuhim,

29 These are their generations: 12 And Pathrusim, and Caslu- The firstborn of Ishmael, Nehim, (of whom came the Philis- baioth; then Kedar, and Adbeel, tines,) and Caphthorim.

and Mibsam, 13 And Canaan begat Zidon 30 Mishma, and Dumah, Mashis firstborn, and Heth,

sa, Hadad, and Tema, 14 The Jebusite also, and the 31 Jetur, Naphish, and KedeAmorite, and the Girgashite, mah. These are the sons of Ish15 And the Hivite, and the mael. Arkite, and the Sinite,

32 Now the sons of Keturah, 16 And the Arvadite, and the Abraham's concubine: she bare Zemarite, and the Hamathite. Zimran, and Jokshan, and Me

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