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Joash is proclaimed king. 1 And in the seventh year Je- when he goeth out. hoiada strengthened himself, and 8 So the Levites and all Judah took the captains of hundreds, did according to all things that Azariah the son of Jehoram, and Jehoiada the priest had comIshmael the son of Jehohanan, manded, and took every man and Azariah the son of Obed, his men that were to come in on and Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, the sabbath, with them that were and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, to go out on the sabbath : for into covenant with him. Jehoiada the priest dismissed 2 And they went about in Ju- not the courses. dah, and gathered the Levites 9 Moreover Jehoiada the priest out of all the cities of Judah, delivered to the captains of hunand the chief of the fathers of dreds spears, and bucklers, and Israel, and they came to Jeru- shields, that had been king Dasalem.

vid's, which were in the house 3 And all the congregation of God. made a covenant with the king 10 And he set all the people, in the house of God. And he every man having his weapon said unto them, Behold, the in his hand, from the right side king's son shall reign, as the of the temple to the left side of Lord hath said of the sons of the temple, along by the altar David.

and the temple, by the king 4 This is the thing that ye round about. shall do; A third part of you 11 Then they brought out the entering on the sabbath, of the king's son, and put upon him priests and of the Levites, shall the crown, and gave him the be porters of the doors;

testimony, and made him king. 5 And a third part shall be at And Jehoiada and his sons anthe king's house; and a third ointed him, and said, God save part at the gate of the founda- the king. tion: and all the people shall be 12 Now when Athaliah heard in the courts of the house of the the noise of the people running LORD.

and praising the king, she came 6 But let none come into the to the people into the house of house of the LORD, save the the LORD: priests, and they that minister 13 And she looked, and, beof the Levites; they shall go in, hold, the king stood at his pillar for they are holy: but all the at the entering in, and the people shall keep the watch of princes and the trumpets by the the Lord.

king: and all the people of the 7 And the Levites shall com- land rejoiced, and sounded with pass

the king round about, every trumpets, also the singers with man with his weapons in his instruments of musick, and such hand; and whosoever else cometh as taught to sing praise. Then into the house, he shall be put Athaliah rent her clothes, and to death: but be ye with the said, Treason, Treason. king when he cometh in, and 14 Then Jehoiada the priest

brought out the captains of hun- Levites, whom David had disdreds that were set over the host, tributed in the house of the and said unto them, Have her LORD, to offer the burnt offerforth of the ranges : and whoso ings of the LORD, as it is writfolloweth her, let him be slain with ten in the law of Moses, with thesword. For the priestsaid, Slay rejoicing and with singing, as it her not in the house of the Lord. was ordained by David.

15 So they laid hands on her; and 19 And he set the porters at the when she was come to the enter- gates of the house of the LORD, ing of the horse gate by the king's that none which was unclean in house, they slew her there. any thing should enter in.

16 And Jehoiada made a cove- 20 And he took the captains nant between him, and between of hundreds, and the nobles, all the people, and between the and the governors of the people, king, that they should be the and all the people of the land, Lord's people.

and brought down the king from 17 Then all the people went to the house of the LORD: and they the house of Baal, and brake it came through the high gate into down, and brake his altars and his the king's house, and set the king images in pieces, and slew Mattan upon the throne of the kingdom. the priest of Baal before the altars. 21 And all the people of the

18 Also Jehoiada appointed the land rejoiced: and the city was offices of the house of the LORD quiet, after that they had slain by the hand of the priests the Athaliah with the sword.

LECTURE 699. Commemoration of national deliverance. The restoration of the seed royal of Judah, and the restoration of the true worship of Jehovah, were both effected at once by the courage, prudence, and faithfulness of Jehoiada, in proclaiming Joash king, and putting Athaliah to death. “And all the people of the land rejoiced.” Whether most weary of serving Athaliah an usurper, or of worshipping Baal a false god, they entered for the time heartily into the work of reformation, and were heartily glad at its success. For an event not unlike to this, in the history of our own nation, our church sets apart a day, and celebrates a special service, that it may ever be had in remembrance. And in the service appointed for that day, we are led to give thanks to God, not only for restoring the family of our kings, to us, and to their own just rights, but also for our recovering, at the same time, the public and free profession of God's true religion and worship. "It would be an argument of no small degeneracy in regard for our country, and in devotion towards God, if we were to shew ourselves disposed to be forgetful of benefits so great as these. Let us therefore celebrate the days appointed for such purposes in our churches when we can, and when we cannot in our churches, in our homes. And remembering, that but for God's great goodness, repeatedly manifested to this nation, we should have neither homes nor churches, let us in all our joy be most thankful unto Him, and give Him all the glory.

Joash reigneth well all the days of Jehoiada. 1 Joash was seven years old tion through Judah and Jerusawhen he began to reign, and he lem, to bring in to the LORD reigned forty years in Jerusa- the collection that Moses the lem. His mother's name also servant of God laid upon Israel was Zibiah of Beer-sheba. in the wilderness.

2 And Joash did that which 10 And all the princes and all was right in the sight of the the people rejoiced, and brought LORD all the days of Jehoiada in, and cast into the chest, until the priest.

they had made an end. 3 And Jehoiada took for him 11 Now it came to pass, that two wives ; and he begat sons at what time the chest was and daughters.

brought unto the king's office 4 And it came to pass after by the hand of the Levites, and this, that Joash was minded to when they saw that there was repair the house of the Lord. much money, the king's scribe 5 And he gathered together and the high priest's officer the priests and the Levites, and came and emptied the chest, said to them, Go out unto the and took it, and carried it to cities of Judah, and gather of his place again. Thus they did all Israel money to repair the day by day, and gathered mohouse of your God from year to ney in abundance. year, and see that ye hasten the 12 And the king and Jehoiada

Howbeit the Levites gave it to such as did the work hastened it not.

of the service of the house of 6 And the king called for Je- the LORD, and hired masons hoiada the chief, and said unto and carpenters to repair the him, Why hast thou not required house of the Lord, and also of the Levites to bring in out of such as wrought iron and brass Judah and out of Jerusalem the to mend the house of the LORD. collection, according to the com- 13 So the workmen wrought, mandment of Moses the servant and the work was perfected by of the Lord, and of the congre- them, and they set the house of gation of Israel, for the taber- God in his state, and strengthnacle of witness?

ened it. 7 For the sons of Athaliah, 14 And when they had finishthat wicked woman, had broken ed it, they brought the rest of up the house of God; and also the money before the king and all the dedicated things of the Jehoiada, whereof were made house of the Lord did they be- vessels for the house of the stow upon Baalim.

Lord, even vessels to minister, 8 And at the king's command- and to offer withal, and spoons, ment they made a chest, and and vessels of gold and silver. set it without at the gate of the And they offered burnt offerings house of the LORD.

in the house of the LORD con9 And they made a proclama- tinually all the days of Jehoiada.

LECTURE 700. The mutual influence of church and state. When we consider the youth of Joash at the beginning of his reign, and the means by which his life was saved, we cannot be surprised to find, that he was much under the influence of “Jehoiada the priest;” so much so, that he did that which was right in the sight of the Lord,” as long as Jehoiada lived, and no longer. This influence was used for a good purpose. It was exerted to keep Joash in the right faith; and through him to keep up throughout the nation devotion towards the true God. This is the due consequence of having the ministers of religion held in honour by the rulers of the state; not that they should seek their own aggrandizement, not that they should use their position of advantage to forward any selfish ends; but simply that through the greater weight given to their admonition and example, both rulers and people may be the more likely to do that which is right in the sight of the Lord. May this ever be the fruit of our having the ministers of Christ's true church upheld in their ministrations by the authority of the state ! May they ever use the enlarged influence which they thus possess, for the more effectual maintenance of Christ's true religion in all classes of the community!

We have evidence in this passage, that much as Joash was under the influence of Jehoiada for good, he acted with the authority which belonged to him as king, as the head of all orders in church and state, even calling Jehoiada himself to account, in a matter where the ministers of religion had been slack to fulfil their duty. It was Joash that “was minded to repair the house of the Lord.” He it was who gave orders to the priests and Levites, to go to all the cities of Judah, and to gather money for this holy purpose from year to year, and to see that they hastened the matter. And when they hastened it not, “ the king called for Jehoiada the chief, and said unto him, Why hast thou not required of the Levites to bring in out of Judah and out of Jerusalem the collection ?" And in consequence of this interference on the king's part, proper measures were straightway taken, and money was gathered in abundance, and the work was perfected. Herein we see on the other hand the advantages arising from having the rulers of the state in a position to controul the ministers of religion in matters of this kind. And it is for such ends as these, and in this sense, that we acknowledge the sovereign of our country to be the head under Christ of our church. We believe it to be according to the will of God, that there should be in each single nation only one independent and supreme power, in causes both ecclesiastical and civil. And we earnestly beseech God so to rule our sovereign's heart, that the power of the crown may ever be exerted in these realms to give weight to the institutions of the church.

The apostacy and end of Joash. 15 But Jehoiada waxed old, him, but slew his son. And when and was full of days when he he died, he said, The LORD look died; an hundred and thirty upon it, and require it. years old was he when he died. 23 And it came to pass at the

16 And they buried him in the end of the year, that the host of city of David among the kings, Syria came up against him: and because he had done good in Is- they came to Judah and Jerurael, both toward God, and to- salem, and destroyed all the ward his house.

princes of the people from among 17 Now after the death of Je- the people, and sent all the spoil hoiada came the princes of Ju- of them unto the king of Dadah, and made obeisance to the mascus. king. Then the king hearkened 24 For the army of the Syrians unto them.

came with a small company of 18 And they left the house of men, and the Lord delivered a the LORD God of their fathers, very great host into their hand, and served groves and idols: and because they had forsaken the wrath came upon Judah and Je- LORD God of their fathers. So rusalem for this their trespass. they executed judgment against 19 Yet he sent prophets to Joash. them, to bring them again unto 25 And when they were dethe LORD; and they testified parted from him, (for they left against them: but they would him in great diseases,) his own not give ear.

servants conspired against him 20 And the Spirit of God came for the blood of the sons of Jeupon Zechariah the son of Je- hoiada the priest, and slew him hoiada the priest, which stood on his bed, and he died: and above the people, and said unto they buried him in the city of them, Thus saith God, Why David, but they buried him not transgress ye the commandments in the sepulchres of the kings. of the Lord, that ye cannot 26 And these are they that conprosper? because ye have for- spired against him: Zabad the saken the Lord, he bath also son of Shimeath an Ammonitess,

and Jehozabad the son of Shim21 And they conspired against rith a Moabitess. him, and stoned him with stones 27 Now concerning his sons, and at the commandment of the king the greatness of the burdens laid in the court of the house of the upon him, and the repairing of LORD.

the house of God, behold, they 22 Thus Joash the king remem- are written in the story of the bered not the kindness which Je- book of the kings. And Amaziah hoiada his father had done to his son reigned in his stead.

LECTURE 701.

God's vengeance on apostacy. The burial of Jehoiada, “in the city of David among the kings,” was a remarkable instance of honour paid to one who was of the family of the priests, “because he had done good in Israel

forsaken you.

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