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blessings, as to pray for our creation, the formation of the sun or moon, or the communication of gravity to matter.” Remarks, &c.; pages 22 and 23. Now, not to take notice of the other false representations of the Berean doctrines which abound in Dr. Hamilton's works but to confine myself to the quotation just made, I observe, that out of the five sentences of which it consists, three, viz., the first, second, and fifth, state what is positively untrue; one, viz., the third, defines saving faith in a way which I do not think the Bereans themselves would approve of; and one, viz., the fourth, although expressing a sentiment of the Bereans, in the sense in which they themselves employ the words, does not so in the sense in which they are employed by Dr. H. More particularly. In the first place, the Bereans do not hold, that God for Christ's sake, loves every human creature, and has redeemed all by the death of his Son;"—on the contrary, they hold, that “God loves only his people or the elect, and that He has redeemed them only by the death of His Son.” In the second place, the Bereans do not hold, that “the sins of the whole world were all pardoned when Jesus died, and that every child of Adam succeeds by birth to an interest in Christ, and all the blessings of his salvation;" —on the contrary, they hold, that “ by the atonement of Christ Jesus, all the sins of the people of God were taken away, and that every one belonging to the number of God's people, in due time enters by faith into the enjoyment of his interest in Christ, and all the blessings of salvation.” In the third place, the Bereans do not hold, that “since all men were born with an interest in Christ, and the sins of the whole world were forgiven when Jesus died, it is as absurd to pray for mercy, pardon, an interest in Christ, and similar blessings, as to pray for our creation, the formation of the sun and moon, or the communication of gravity to matter”;—on the contrary, they hold,

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that “ since every one who believes, knows his interest in Christ, it is as absurd for every one who believes to pray for mercy,

&c. In the fourth place, I do not think that the Bereans would define saving faith as being abstractly, “the knowledge or belief of the truth, that Christ is the propitiation for sin, that he died for the ungodly,” &c.; but, on the contrary, they would define it as a principle which always has reference to ourselves, or, as the knowledge or belief that Christ is the propitiation for our sins, that is, the sins of us who believe, that he died for us who believe although by nature ungodly, and that he loves us, has redeemed and pardoned us, who believe." In the fifth place, “ Justification,” according to the Bereans, “is the knowledge or belief that we, not as mere human beings, which is evidently the sense in which Dr. Hamilton assumes them to hold the idea, but as believers “are redeemed and pardoned.” In one word, the Bereans, instead of giving into and sanctioning the Arminian errors which Dr. Hamilton would represent them as having adopted, contend for the fire points, in their Calvinistic sense, as fully and strenuously as the most decided supporters of the Decrees of the Synod of Dordt can do.

Poor Dr. Hamilton's mistake has arisen, from his confounding the sentiments of the Bereans, with those which have been espoused and propagated by Messrs. Irving and Campbell. But is blundering like this excusable in any man, especially in one pretending to be a learned divine, when we consider, that the views of the Bereans have been before the public, in the writings of Barclay, Brooksbanks, Nicol, &c., for more than half a century; and when it is well known, that the Bereans of the present day have in no material respect deviated from the sentiments of their founders ? That they have neither adopted nor sanctioned the views of Messrs. Irving and Campbell ? Surely wisdom and common honesty both dictate, that before any man attempt pub

licly to controvert the doctrines of others, he should at least make himself acquainted with what they are. То Dr. Hamilton I do not wish to impute any defect in the latter quality; and, therefore, I am reduced to the other alternative of concluding, that, in the particular case before us, he has not shewn himself to be overstocked with the former.

It will not do for the Dr. to attempt to defend himself by alleging that, although differently expressed, the sentiments of Mr. Barclay are at bottom the same with those of Mr. Campbell : for, to say nothing of this at present, the question here does not concern Dr. Hamilton's conclusions, but Dr. Hamilton's professed statement of facts.

May I hope that the Dr., as in duty bound, will take an early opportunity of publicly avowing his regret for having thus, through ignorance, or inadvertency, fallen into the misrepresentations of the Berean doctrine with which I have shewn him to be chargeable.

FINIS.

R. Riddick, Printer, Liverpool.

Works by the Author, to be procured from SIMPKiN and MARSHALL, London,

W. GRAPEL, Liverpool, and the other Booksellers.

1. REMARKS, by the Rev. David Thom, Minister of the Scotch Church, Rodney-street, Liverpool, on a series of charges recently preferred against him, before the Reverend the Presbytery of Glasgow, by certain individuals connected with the management of the said Church. With a copious Appendix.1825. ls. 6d.

2. MEMORIAL submitted by the Rev. David Thom, to the Presbytery of Glasgow, regarding the theological points of his case. Second edition.1825. 8d.

3. A LETTER to the Rev. RICHARD T. P. POPE, adverting to some important mistakes committed by him in his recent Controversy with the Rev. THOMAS MAGUIRE. By OBSERVER.-1827. Is. 6d.

4. THREE QUESTIONS PROPOSED AND ANSWERED, concerning the Life forfeited by Adam, the Resurrection of the Dead, and Eternal Punishment. -1828. 2s. 6d.

5. RECENT CORRESPONDENCE between the Presbytery of Glasgow, and the Rev. David Thom, occasioned by a second interference on their part with him.-1828. 8d.

6. The MIRACLES of the IRVING SCHOOL shewn to be unworthy of serious examination.—1832. ls.

The Author's work, entitled, THREE QUESTIONS PROPOSED AND ANSWERED, &c., being nearly out of print, it is intended soon to publish a second edition, altered, enlarged, and improved.

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