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confuses these two opposite frames of mind, and has, “one ran and filled a sponge ... and gave him to drink, saying, Let alone" (xv 36). The account of Matthew is the intelligible form, that of Mark is contradictory.

Thus in a dozen small details of words, which do not depend on any general tendency to amplify or condense, we see that Matthew has uniformly the more probable text, and Mark has some misunderstanding of that, or some anachronism of a later writer who was not personally aware of the facts. And in general, when comparing the versions, we find that Matthew has a more probable text than that of Mark. We do not wish here to use this evidence for constructive purposes ; it is only given to shew that verbal criticism cannot prove that Mark has the earlier text and that Matthew has modified it.

TABLES

TABLE I.—THE CLASSES OF DOCUMENTS WHICH

COMPOSE MATTHEW'S GOSPEL.

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xxi 17-20

22

xxi 28-27

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38-42. 46

xxi 28-32.

43-45.

xxii 1.16.

xxii 16-28

xxii 29

TABLE 1.- Continued.

Nucleus

Triple Sequence.

Double Sequence.

Groups out of Place.

Scattered Sequences.

xxii 84-40

E, xxiii 7-89.

xxii 30-32

41-45 xxiii 6 xxiv 1.10

16 19 21 29, 80 32-35

B, xxiv 17-18.

xxiv 20

22-25

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36

42.

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B, xxiv 40-41.

xxy 43-46

xxvi 5-13

22-23

XXVI 2-4.

14-21
24
26-27
33-34
36
89

XXVI 28-32

85 37-8 40-44 453, 46 48 50

45

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Out of Sequence and Sole.

xxiii 1.5.

xxiv 11.15.

xxiv 26-28.

xxiv 37-39.

43 to XXV 43.

xxvi 25.

xxvi 52-54.

47 49 51 55 57-58 (63-66)

67 to xxvii 2.

11.
17.

xxvii 3-10.

xxvii 19.

20.

xxvii 24-25.

xxvii 36.

xxvii 43.

22-23
26.
32-33
37-38
41-42
45.
50-51
54-55

57-60, 61 xxviii 1.

5.
8.

xxvii 52-53.

xxvii 62-66 xxviii 2-4,

xxviii 10.

11-15. 16-18. 20.

xxviii 19

TABLE II.—THE CLASSES OF DOCUMENTS WHICH

COMPOSE MARK'S GOSPEL.

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