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clerk who got through so much busi- “6. Not to trust in my own strength,
as Mr. Bickersteth, nor but in God; not to expect I shall never whose heart seemed so little in it.” This fail, but to strive to fail as little as I can. latter clause leads us to notice the
“7. To endeavour to do every action formation of his religious character,
because it is acceptable to God, -not berespecting which the memoir furnishes
cause it will please my master, gain me ample details, drawn from his private
reputation, gain me the love of friends,
raise my character, gratify my desires or journals. In a " review of life," writ
passions, or in short, on account of any. ten after his twenty-second birthday, thing but the favour of God, which I will after noticing some religious impres- strive to look to with a single eye, as the sions received in childhood, he says, only desirable thing." “In January, 1801, I came to London.
From this time, the tone of his piety Highly inflated with pride, I thought I
became much more deep and earnest; was coming to be independent and happy. and ere long, thoughts of entering In a great measure, I was careless about the ministry occupied his mind, and true religion. .. My religious duties imparted a new feature to his prayers, were cold, formal, and altogether lifeless, But he had yet another appointed without meaning, done from fear, and as sphere of duty to fill, before difficulmeritorious actions.... At Easter, 1803,
ties were removed, and the object of I received the sacrament, and made some his most ardent desires could be acgood resolutions, but as usual, I resolved
complished. to do far more than I did. I seemed now
While still settled in London, he to have got more just ideas of the duties of religion, though none at all of the way
became acquainted with Mr. Thomas by which I could be enabled to perform
Bignold, a young man of his own them.”
age, who had come up to see the The extracts from his diary, as
agency practice of Messrs. Bleasdale given in the memoir, are deeply in- ing an attorney at Norwich.
and Co.'s offices, previously to becom
Mr. teresting, as exhibiting the steps by Bickersteth was immediately introwhich he was led first to a knowledge duced to him. A lasting friendship of his own sinfulness, and then to a higher standard of conduct, until at
sprang up, from a similarity of tastes
and principles ; and at length a prolength the law, as a schoolmaster, led him to Christ.
posal was made by Mr. Bignold that
his friend should at some future time At the time of his being articled,
share his business at Norwich. In he writes :
the autumn of 1811, in the course of "I am entering a profession which is a conversation on the proposed partparticularly exposed to temptation, an1 I nership, Mr. Bignold found that Edresolve, in a better strength than my own, ward Bickersteth's mind was set on a even that of the promised assistance, to
still closer connexion. An attachment those who seek it, of my Heavenly Fa.
to Miss Bignold resulted in marriage, ther, “1. To trust for salvation in the alone
and the partnership in business was merits of my Saviour.
In the course of “ 2. To live as devoted to God, never two or three years, however, he quitted gratifying my own desires when inconsis. an incoine of some £800 a year, to tent with His revealed will.
enter the ministry, and take a promi“ 3. Therefore to observe all His ordi- nent part in the great cause of missions nances, and to let no temporal induce- to the heathen. ment, but charity, or great and evident The settlement of Mr. Bickersteth necessity, induce me to neglect them. at Norwich led to still more active
“4. To be diligent in reading His labours in the christian vineyard. "In word, and learning His will ; in prayer and praise.
London,” says the memoir, “he had " 5. Never do a dishonourable or
been one of a little band of Christians, dishonest thing, whether it be to gain a
united by close ties of mutual affecthousand pounds or a penny; whether it tion, and labouring together in many be to please my dearest friend, my supe
benevolent and religious societies. He rior, my equal, my inferior, or my great- was now to stand comparatively alone, est enemy.
in the midst of a very dead and cold city, and to originate and carry for- pause-
-commending to our readers . ward works of love amidst difficulties the study of the character of Edward and opposition." One of his first Bickersteth; a man whose literary efforts was the establishment of a attainments, though not brilliant, were large Sunday School. Not long after, respectable; a christian minister whose a Benevolent Society was formed, as faithful service and loving spirit must far as possible on the model of that endear his memory to the Church. in Spitalfields, of which he had been secretary. A flourishing Bible Society had been established some time be- ANGLICANISM CONSIDERED IN ITS Refore, and on his arrival this association
SULTS. By WillIAM DODSWORTH, received his warmest sympathies. “But
M.A. (Continued from p. 236.) why,” asked Mr. Bickersteth,“ should we not also have a Church Missionary
We have been too long detained Society?" The attempt was made, from our main point. We have already but Mr. Bickersteth met with discou- referred to that part of Mr. D.'s pamragement on almost every hand. phlet which relates to the Thirty-nine • Well,” he exclaimed in a party of Articles ; and we have observed that friends, where one and another were this, which ought to have been the vacillating, “a Church Missionary most forcible portion of it, is in fact Association there shall be in Norwich, the feeblest. And the reason is, that, if I stand alone on the Castle Hill to not merely in this pamphlet, but proclaim it, and my wife be secre- always, Mr. D.'s method of dealing tary.” "You shall not be alone,” with the Articles has been Jesuitical said a friend; and then others came and dishonest. He shews clearly, forward with offers of help. At length, that Anglicans have always dealt with four pulpits were obtained ; a meeting them as something that lay in their was held, and in one day £700 were way – which opposed them; - and raised for the society,
which, as a hateful and dreaded It was at Norwich, also, that Mr.
enemy, must be assailed with all the Bickersteth began his labours as an arts and stratagems of a cowardly and author, by publishing a pamphlet treacherous warfare. So it is. The entitled “A Help to the Study of the contest is about the Articles. Scriptures,” which was afterwards much about their meaning, as about much enlarged. The first occasion of the place and authority that belongs its being written was a Bible meeting
to them, In short, the real question held at Norwich. • Now, friend is, Whether “the Articles of the Bickersteth,” said J.J. Gurney,“ they Church of England (which have been have got new Bibles, thee must teil allowed and autherized heretofore, them how to read them.” A simple, and which our clergy generally have practical exhortation was accordingly subscribed unto) do contain the true given. “Now, friend,” added Mr. Doctrine of the Church of England Gurney, “thee must put that into a agreeable to God's Word”?
Or-to little book, that they may have it to
express the same thing somewhat difread.” The hint was considered, and ferently-Whether they be of any acted
upon, the result being Bicker- force and value for their avowed and steth's Scripture Help.
special purpose, – that is to say, " for Thus, with an important worldly the avoiding of Diversities of Opibusiness, the subject of this memoir nions, and for the establishing of Confound time to bestow on the interests sent touching true religion"? of others. Attention,” he says in Mr. Dodsworth, and many others one of his letters, “to the cause of of his school, (we wish it could be Christ, and our religious duties, does' said with truth, that it is only those of not distract, but it bears up and his lool) assume " that the Articles strengthens the mind to
with zeal were intended to be articles of comand patience through all the duties of prehension; and that on the whole life.'
they admit of a Catholic sense as much Here we must, for the present, as of a Protestant sense :" and
(though he is compelled to allow, adopted in the Articles of 1552—is " that some of the Articles do not content to leave that an open quesadmit of a Catholic sense ”)—he rea- tion, and decides nothing in regard sons continually upon the assumption to it) is quite another matter. They that this is the general character of might have spoken decidedly on points the Articles; and that, on the whole, which they do not touch : but, where the principles of Tract XC. may be they do speak, they speak decidedly : fairly, or at least without much im- they were drawn up by wise and propriety, applied to them.
honest men, who knew what they Now if this were only the notion of meant, and said what they meant: Mr. Dodsworth, cum suis, it might" and other sense they cannot yeeld, not be so needful to say much about then their words doe impart.' So it. But, with some modifications and said honest old Thomas Rogersin 1607: limitations, the notion prevails very and we say the same now. widely. We meet with it, or some- pose nothing new. We offer no inthing which in principle is not very terpretation of our own. But we say, different from it, in quarters where we that the statements and exposition of might have expected better things. the said Thomas Rogers do truly and
"Articles of comprehension ''! What faithfully set forth "The Faith, Docis the meaning of this phrase ? What trine, and Religion professed, and does it amount to ?
protected in the Realme of England, If the Articles were indeed intended and Dominions of the same." And to include, or comprehend, men, not the sense of the Articles which he merely of differing views upon some gives in a book “ Perused, and by the minor points--men whose differences lawfull authority of the Church of are rather verbal than real,- but men England, allowed to be publike," in of opposite and contradictory views, 1607, is the only sense in which they and that on vital points -- Is it not can be honestly and intelligently subevident, that they do not avail at all scribed now. For those who do not “ for the avoiding of Diversities of subscribe, and preach them too, in Opinions ” ?-or for the establishing that sense, we will only say, that the of Consent touching true Religion”? truly faithful ministers of the Church In fact, Is not this to assume that of England have a duty to discharge, they have, really and truly, no mean- which we cannot better express than ing at all ? and therefore, no force or in the words of the Prophet Isaiah : value whatsoever ?
· Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy If the truth be spoken in plain voice like a trumpet, and shew my terms, this is, in fact, what is assumed people their transgressions, and the by the Anglican or High Church house of Jacob their sins.” (Is. lviii. 1; party ; and indeed by all who do not
compare 2 Tim. iv. 1-5.)
And we adopt and maintain the true principles must request attention to the comof the Protestant Reformation. munications of our correspondent who
Wedenounce this notion-by whom- signs himself “ J. C. C. S.” in pp. 283, soever it is maintained ; and how- 284, and 323--327, of our last volume; soever it may be disguised. We for he has anticipated several of the affirm, on the contrary, and are fully remarks which we might else have prepared to maintain it against all made upon Mr. D.'s pamphlet: and opponents, That the Articles of the
we must not now enlarge. Church of England are definite and But we must go a step further. precise; that they mean what they Mr. D., and those of the school to say; and that there is but one sense which he belongs, evidently assume, in which they can be honestly sub- that the Articles of the Church of scribed. Whether there be important England have no meaning. truths which they do not attempt to look a little deeper into their real define or decide upon (as, for exam- principles, and examine closely what ple, the Third Article-setting aside is implied in their statements respectihe interpretation of “the going down ing private judgment and the authoof Christ into Hell,” which rity of the Church, the question must
be asked, What does all this amount Christ! Not Anti-Christ; or, Papal to ?
Take such a passage as the fol- Heresies, attempted to be introduced lowing, among others which are
into the parish of East Farleigh by much to the same purpose) :
the late Vicar, the Rev. H. W. Wil“In connection with this point another
BERFORCE, M.A. By the Rev. T. consideration presents a great difficulty to the Anglican.
Watson, M.A. Fcap. 8vo. p. 72. Compelled as he is to pronounce Rome wrong, whom can be J. H. Jackson. believe to be right? He must have
This Pamphlet has reached our some authority to rest upun ; it is an ele- hands at too late a period for us to ment in the position of the Anglican. do more than very shortly notice its He denies private judgment to be the
contents. The course of Mr. Wilberfoundation of his faith as earnestly as the Catholic does. If then he looks out of
force is well known, from his first himself for some authority to rest upon,
Tractarian proceedings at East Farwhat reason has he to believe that the leigh to his final perversion to Rome. doctors of Trent were wrong, and the re
Few, however, are prepared for the formers right. If he says the decisions boldness of statements by which, acof one party were more scriptural, more cording Mr. Watson, Mr. Wilberin accordance with the fathers, or with force proves how long and how disthe decisions of the first councils, what is honestly he was a Roman Catholic this but to appeal to his private judg- before he threw off the mask of a ment? How can he refuse to another Protestant clergyman. the right of forming the contrary opinion ? “ Your late pastor, Mr. Wilberforce, And of course if this be so, all autho- has, as you are aware, written a pamphlet, ritative foundation for faith is at an end. and caused it to be circulated throughout Christians may then believe in the cor
the parish. My first impression was to rectness of their own judgment, or in the take no notice of it whatever, as it apconclusions of their own reason, but they peared to me so full of error, mis-statedo not believe in the word of the Living ments, and groundless assertions, that it God, AS SUCH
carried on the very face of it, its own reWhat is all this but really assum
futation. Even the arguments, if such ing, that the Scripture itself has no
they may be called, which Mr. Wilber
force adduces to support his cause, are meaning ?—that God has given us a Revelation which reveals nothing till
not only weak in themselves, but still
more weakly defended. the Church is pleased to give us an inter
“ Several friends, however, on whose pretation ?
judgment I can rely, have strongly urged What is this, but mere Infidelity? a contrary course, and have advised me
The way in which he speaks of the not to allow such an attempt to pervert Protestant having nothing to rely the minds of the people entrusted to my upon but his private judgment,-pro- care, to pass by unnoticed, and the rather ceeds in fact, upon the blasphemous as he designates all teaching as fundaassumption that the Living God has mentally untrue, except the Popish docspoken to men in a language which trines, which, unhappily, he has, for some plain and honest men cannot under
years, been inculcating as a clergyman stand! And the truth is, that men
of the Church of England in the parish
of East Farleigh. fly to the authority of the Church, and seek refuge at last in the arms of in this statement, I quote his own words:
“ That I may do Mr. W. no injustice the Romish Apostacy, because “they
'Do not think that I have changed from do not believe in the Word of the
the things I used to preach to you in Living God, as such.”
church, or in private. They are all true, We must desist. But we hope that and most important.' some of the points to which we have “ Again, * These things I have always referred, and much more that is con- taught you, and they are all true; never tained in Mr. D.'s pamphlet, will be
think I have given them up, or give em taken up more fully than our time up yourselves. It would not matter that and space permit.
you should think I have been a long time in the wrong, but it would greatly matter if you gave up any of these things; for,
whoever contradicts any of them, contra- Sovereignty. 7. Absolution. 8. Exdicts the eternal truth of God although, treme Unction. 9. Transubstantiaperhaps, he may not know that he does." tion. 10. Uniformity of Interpretation.
Passing by this disgraceful instance 11. The Counsels of Perfection. of Romish duplicity, so utterly un- 12. Miracles. 13. The Roman Church looked for in a descendant of the hated by the World. All these points great and good William Wilberforce, have been repeatedly and perfectly Mr. Watson proceeds shortly to ex- dealt with by countless champions of amine, and simply, yet completely, to Protestant truth; yet Mr. Watson has destroy the several points relied upon rendered essential service, not only by Mr. Wilberforce in his mission of to his own parish and neighbourhood, further, and now openly, beguiling but also to the entire Church, by preand perverting his late parishioners to senting in so concise and clear a mantake the same fatal step that he him- ner the utterly false and untenable self has done. Mr. Watson therefore nature of Mr. Wilberforce's statements, attacks the following claims and dished up as they are with his new arguments adduced by Mr. Wilber- and wily glosses, and strengthened force in support of his Popish doc- by the example of his own perversion. trines,-1. The Antiquity of the Pa- We can sincerely recommend the pacy. 2. Infallibility. 3. Supremacy. wide circulation of this pamphlet, es4. Catholicity. 5. The Uniform Teach- pecially in places infected with Tracing of the Romish Church. 6. Its
tarian or open Romish heresy.
PRINCE ALBERT's Sp AT ST. MAR
fulness that some, we might say that Tin's Hall.
many, of its missionaries have been The Society for the Propagation of real and successful propagators of the the Gospel in Foreign Parts has been simple Gospel of Christ Jesus. His this month holding the celebration of Royal Highness Prince Albert's adits third jubilee. A long array of mirable speech at the opening of the bishops and clergymen preached si- meeting, was of so decidedly Chrismultaneously in various parts of Lon- tian and Protestant a character, and don; two full cathedral services were so suggestive of apt and practical performed, the one in St. Paul's and thoughts in this crisis of our Church's the other in Westminster Abbey. history, that we have resolved to reThese, with a crowded meeting in print it for the benefit of those among St. Martin's Hall, at which the illus- our readers who may not have met trious Prince Consort presided, formed with it, as well as thankfully to prethe proceedings of the jubilee. We serve in our columns the memorial of always feel deep regret at the doubt- so excellent an address. ful position this venerable Society occupies in the minds of our own sec- “ My lords, ladies, and gentlemen, we tion of the Church of England,
are assembled here to-day in order to position the more to be regretted, as
celebrate the third jubilee of the founit is commonly understood by us to
dation of the Society for the Propagation arise from the fear that the proceed
of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, incorpo
rated by Royal charter, and one of the ings of the Society are not in entire
chief sources of the spiritual aid which harmony with the object avowed in
the Established Church affords to our its title. While, however, we cannot extensive colonial dependencies. We but express hesitation as to the com
are not commemorating, however, an position and acts of the Society as a isolated fact, which may have been glowhole, it is a matter of great thank- rious or useful to the country; but we