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gone, whatever the senses may assert offers the Saviour's own appointed to the contrary,—and that what they symbols of both His body and His eat, is not bread, but Christ Himself blood, and directs the faithful parin His human and divine
person; that ticipator to eat and drink in rememChrist, of whom an apostle declared, brance of Him, " whom the heavens “though we have known Christ after have received ;” and while doing so, the flesh, yet now henceforth know to seek earnestly to have their souls we Him no more."
quickened in the spiritual life, by that The two sentences which accom- spiritual meat and drink, of which the pany the reception of the elements, bread and wine are earthly, but diare so decisive on the simply spiri- vinely appointed, emblems. tual and commemorative nature of It were well to stop here, and conthe sacrament, that we cannot but tent ourselves with venturing to picmarvel at the dishonesty of the Trac- ture what must be the satisfaction tarians, who have attempted to graft with which a convert from Rome to upon them the worst features of the
Protestant Christianity must receive carnal and sacrificial system of the statement of Divine truths, and Rome.
participate in ordinances, when stripFamiliar as are the words, we may ped of the errors and inventions of be pardoned for quoting them here, men, and unencumbered with the giving our own italics to shew the gaudy trappings and ceremonials with strong contrast which our Church which Rome has disguised the pure presents to the grossly sensual and Christianity of the Scriptures. unscri ral doctrine of Rome.
We turn, however, to reflect upon “The body of our Lord Jesus a painful contrast to the scene at the Christ, which was given for thee, pre- parish church of Arundel. serve thy body and soul unto ever- We are told that our late " Archlasting life.
deacon" Manning has celebrated his “Take and eat this in remembrance first mass, and has thus fully assumed that Christ died for thee, and feed on the office and performed the functions Him in thy heart by faith with thanks- of the Romish priesthood. giving.”
Our readers know well the perfectly “ The blood of our Lord Jesus unscriptural character of the office Christ, which was shed for thee, pre- itself, as also the purely idolatrous serve thy body and soul unto ever- nature of the functions it professes to lasting life.
discharge. In a former number we " Drink this in remembrance that briefly referred to the character of the Christ's blood was shed for thee, and ordination which the priests of Rome be thankful."
received, and quoted from the OrdiIt is obvious that the first para- nal, quite sufficient to shew that such graph means nothing more than a priests had no scriptural claim to be direct appeal to the communicant to considered ministers of Christ, since lift up his heart to that Saviour who the very charge they receive, upon was slain for his ransom, who bore the imposition of hands, separates his sins in His own body on the tree, them to the office and work of doing and who poured out His blood as a that which is directly contrary, both sacrifice for his sins. The latter to the letter and spirit of the New Testament declarations, of the cha- puerile superstitions and gross idolaracter and duties of the christian tries. ministry. Surely, a man that boldly In the preface to this explanatory claims to change bread and wine into key of the High Mass, we are told, the body and blood of Christ, and that “on reading Catholic Works, teaches his people to receive with and on conversing with Catholics, we their mouths, as really God, and not shall be struck to find, that on every as creatures, what are palpable to the point of controversy, the Catholic has senses of sight, touch, and smell, as reason, Scripture, and tradition, on bread and wine, cannot be regarded his side.” We shall give from the as the servant of Him who com- Canon of the Mass,-that
very Mass missioned His ministers to preach the which our poor perverted Archdeacon Gospel to every creature ; but who celebrated,
,--some few of the ceregave no commandment for their doing monies and words of administration, that which is repulsive to every feel- which we think that it would sorely ing of the mind as well as opposed to puzzle the Catholic to reconcile with the very circumstances of His own the reasoning faculties of man, or institution. We have been tempted, with the plain statements even of however, again to look at the details their Catholic Bible. With tradition, of the rite in which this poor pervert Christians have nothing to do, exManning was an actor, and this time cept in so far as its lessons go to we have consulted a little work strengthen and corroborate those of printed by a Roman Catholic publisher, scriptural revelation, and how far the called “The Stranger's Guide at traditions of Rome do this, let RoHigh Mass,” and which has con- manists themselves be judges. fessedly been printed with the view Let us now imagine Mr. Manning of instructing Protestants, who may emerging from the sacristry as be casually or otherwise present at High Mass, in the mysteries of that
“ The Celebrant, or officiating Priest, rite. We have ourselves been present
without the chasuble or upper vestment, * at such a misrepresentation of the entering the chapel, accompanied by two
acolytes bearing a vessel of holy water Lord's Supper, as Priest Manning has
and an asperges, or brush for sprinkling now himself performed; but with all
it, after a genuflection, commences the our knowledge of the various expla- service by intoning aloud the anthem, nations which Romanists offer for
' Asperges me,' or (if it be Easter) . Vidi every ceremonial, observance, dress
aquam,' which, after these two words, is of the priest, and other attendant de- immediately taken up and sung by the tails, we could never retire without choir, the congregation standing, whilst feeling shocked, that men calling the Priest, passing down the chapel, sprinthemselves ministers of Christ should kles them with holy (or blessed) water. so crucify Him afresh, and put Him Here the service pauses, while the to open shame. We could not but Priest retires into the sacristy to vest be deeply humiliated by the thought himself for the celebration of the Mass. that our fellow-men should be so fearfully deluded; while we
• Romanists pretend that every article of
dress of the priest, as well as the colour of the feignedly thankful that we ourselves
vestments, and every posture and act, have a should have been preserved from such particular meaning.
“ BEGINNING OF THE MASS.
“ Then the Epistle is chaunted by the “ The Celebrant returns to the altar Sub-deacon on the right of the altar ; it with the Deacon and Subdeacon, pre
differs, like the Gospel, every day. ceded by acolytes bearing lighted wax “At the chaunting of the Gospel, both candles and the thurible of incense; the Priest and congregation, standing, make congregation kneel down, and the choir the sign of the cross upon their foreheads, sing alternately,
mouths, and breasts. Lord have mercy on us,
“ Here the Preacher ascends the pulpit, Christ have mercy on us,
and previous to his sermon recites a while the Celebrant, with the Deacon prayer, and reads the Epistle and Gospel and Sub-deacon, at the foot of the altar, of the day in the vernacular tongue. sign themselves with the sign of the
“At the conclusion of the sermon, the cross, saying, and continuing responsively, Celebrant, with attendants, returns to the in a low voice,
altar, and intones aloud the Nicene • In the name of the Father, &c. Creed— Credo in unum Deum,' when it
“Then, bowing before the altar, and is taken up and sung by the choir ; the kissing it, he says :
Priest and congregation (standing) con“ We beseech thee, O Lord, by the tinue the same in secret, and, having merits of thy saints, whose relics are here, finished, resume their seats. and of all the saints, that thou wouldst " The Creed having been sung, the vouchsafe to forgive me all my sins. Celebrant and his attendants return to Amen.
the altar, and, turning towards the people, “ The Celebrant now, after blessing he chaunts aloud: the incense and fuming the altar by the The Lord be with you, &c. sign of the cross, with the following “The choir now sing some anthem, words :- Mayest thou be blessed by him hymn, or verse from scripture adapted to in whose honour thou shalt be burned,' the occasion, whilst (the congregation turns to the book on the right, and reads kneeling) the Celebrant commences the the • Introit,' or · Entrance to the Mass,' sacrifice, he waits there till the choir concludes the “ With the oblation of the Host.
At the conclusion of the 'Kyrie,' “ After this the Priest puts the wine the Celebrant, spreading his hands, in- and water into the chalice. tones aloud the Gloria in excelsis Deo.' • Then follows the Oblation of the These four words having been sung by Chalice. the Celebrant, he continues the • Gloria' “ After which the Priest bows before in a low voice to the end, and retires to the Altar. his seat, until this canticle, taken up by “ He then blesses the Bread and Wine. the choir after having been intoned by “Here he blesses the Incense. him, is concluded.
" He incenses the Bread and Wine. “ The singing of the 'Gloria' being “He next incenses the Altar. ended by the choir, the Celebrant and “ The Censer is then given to the Deaattendants return to the altar, and first kissing the same, and spreading his hands “ The Priest then washes his hands. towards the people kneeling, he chaunts “He then bows in the middle of the aloud :
“ Then turning towards the people, he R. And with thy spirit.
says : “ The Celebrant then passes to the “ Brethren, pray that my sacrifice and book and chaunts the Collect, or Collects, yours may be acceptable to God the for the day.
“R. May the Lord receive the sacri.
WHICH SHALL BE SHED FOR YOU, AND fice from thy hands, to the praise and FOR MANY, TO THE REMISSION OF SINS. glory of his own name, and to our benefit, “ As often as ye do these things, ye and that of all his holy church.
shall do them in remembrance of me. “SECRET. Sanctify, we beseech thee, Wherefore, O Lord, we, thy servants, O Lord our God, by the invocation of as also thy holy people, calling to mind thy holy name, the victim of this obla
the blessed passion of the same Christ thy tion ; and by it make us ourselves an Son our Lord, his resurrection from the eternal offering to thee.
dead, and admirable ascension into hea“ Here a little bell is rung to announce ven, offer unto thy most excellent Mato the faithful that the Priest has arrived jesty of thy gifts bestowed upon us, a pure at the Canon,' or most solemn part of Host, a holy Host, an unspotted Host, the Mass, the choir beginning the “Ter the holy bread of eternal life, and chalice Sanctus,' &c.
of everlasting salvation. “ Here the choir pause until after the “ Upon which vouchsafe to look, with elevation of the chalice, when the bell is
a propitious and serene countenance, and again rung, after which the choir con- to accept them, as thou wert graciously tinue the anthem.
pleased to accept the gifts of thy just ser“ The bell is now rung, the Priest pro- vant Abel, and the sacrifice of our Paceeds to the consecration of the Bread triarch 'Abraham, and that which thy and Wine, and, spreading his hands over high-priest Melchisedech offered to thee, the oblation, says in secret :
a holy sacrifice and unspotted victim. “We therefore beseech thee, O Lord, “We most humbly beseech thee, algraciously to accept this oblation of our mighty God, to command these things to servitude, as also of thy whole family; be carried by the hands of thy holy angels and to dispose our days in thy peace, to thy altar on high, in the sight of thy preserve us from eternal damnation, and divine Majesty, that as many as shall parrank us in the number of thine elect.
take of the most sacred body and blood Through Christ our Lord. Amen.
of thy Son at this altar, may be filled “ Which oblation do thou, O God, with every heavenly grace and blessing. vouchsafe in all respects to bless, approve, Through the same Christ our Lord. Amen. ratify, and accept; that it may be made “ Breaking the Host, in remembrance for us the body and blood of thy most be- of Christ's body being broken for us upon loved Son Jesus Christ our Lord.
the cross, he puts a particle thereof into “ Who the day before he suffered took
the Chalice, saying, bread into his holy and venerable hands, “ May this mixture and consecration and with his eyes lifted up towards heaven, of the body and blood of our Lord Jesus giving thanks to thee, Almighty God,
Christ, be to us that receive it effectual to his Father, he blessed it, brake it, and
eternal life. Amen. gave it to his disciples, saying, Take
“ Taking the second Ablution, he says: and eat ye all of this, For THIS IS MY
“May thy Body, O Lord, which I have
received, and thy Blood which I have “ In like manner after he had supped, drunk, cleave to my bowels ; and grant taking also this excellent chalice into his
that no stain of sin may remain in me, holy and venerable hands, giving thee
who have been fed with this pure and also thanks, he blessed, and gave it to his holy sacrament. Who livest,” &c. disciples, saying, Take and drink ye all
From another work we quote the of this, FOR THIS IS THE CHALICE OF MY
mode in which the priest receives and TAMENT,
the people partake of the Communion:
BLOOD OF THE NEW AND ETERNAL TES
" The priest swallows the wafer as the and its natural consequence of foul people do, without biting it, and drinks idolatry of the creatures of bread and the wine. Ablution, the cleansing or wine, besides being accompanied with washing of the chalice, then takes place, scenic and pantomimic art,—that the with the drinking of the water thus em
only effect of the present truth and ployed; prayers are offered, and the last beauty, is the greater condemnation Gospel is read, which is the first part of the accompanying error and deof the first chapter of St. John's Gospel.
parture from the simplicity of Christ's “The form of administering the sacra
holy institution. ment, which must be received fasting, is
Still more striking is this contrast invariable. The consecrated wafers are
shewn in the celebration of High placed by the priest in the chalice, or in
Mass by a Romish bishop; a short the paten, when he is about to distribute to the laity, each of whom kneels in the anatomy of which our readers may front of the sanctuary. The clerks, in the peruse with interest in that brief but name of the communicants, say the Con
admirable dissection of Popery, called fiteor, and the priest gives them absolu- Essays on Romanism,"* tion. A long towel is placed in front of 417. the sanctuary, which each communicant Here, however, we must stop; we takes in his hand, and places under his have suggested matter enough for chin; he then throws back his head a meditation, on the strong contrast little, opens his mouth, and protrudes his which has been presented to our own tongue; on doing which, the priest takes minds on the two respective incidents a wafer between his thumb and finger, of an exchange of the Mass for the and carefully places it on the tongue of Lord's Supper, and vice versa. Let the communicant.
us, who through God's mercy are “ A mind familiar with the New Testament, and aware of the simplicity of the preserved stedfast in the faith, be
more and more abounding in prayer, institutes of the Gospel, is not a little revolted by these various ceremonies."
for our own preservation from error,
and for the real spiritual conversion of We have merely given short ex- our Romanist fellow countrymen of tracts from the multiplied ceremonies
rank. Let us not forget also used by the priests, with a sample of the words which contain Rome's poi- of those who have either gone out
to pray for the rescue from apostacy sonous admixture of error. In the from us, or who yet may be tempted whole service for the celebration of to embrace a system which is the the mass, there is much which is
master-piece of Satan, the very mockstrikingly beautiful, and in perfect ery and counterfeit of genuine Chrisharmony with Scripture ; but it is so
tianity. altogether obscured by the dark stain
H. of the fatal error of transubstantiation,
* By a Layman. Seeleys, London.