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sprung, either directly or indirectly, Is the congruity or non-congruity from Christian minds. Christianity of a book with Christianity to be gives a new eye to intellect, a new decided by the subject of which it wing to fancy, a new pulse and treats ? No; truth is one whether it stimulus to thinking life.
comes down from the starry dome, What then is the duty of all up from the stratified earth, back good men in relation to literature ? from the revolutions of the past, or The reply is, To raise Christianity out from the abysses of the soul. to a predominant influence in litera- All truth speaks in one voice, though ture. This the Apostle did at in different tones, and for one end, Ephesus. Such was the effect of that voice is the voice of Godhis preaching that his hearers, who that end is the weal of man. Is had in their possession costly books it the mental characteristics of their -scrolls containing the mystic sym- authors ? We have books written bols and incantations of sorcery
and by every variety of mind. There astrology, by which they obtained is the metaphysical, penetrating into their livelihood, "brought" them unseen regions, and lifting from "together, and burned them before depths into which no vulture's eye all men.'
had pierced the golden elements of Here we have a specimen of what truth. There is next the logical, comcan and what ought to be done in bining these elements according to relation to literature. Our aim their rational relations, and bearing should be to make Christianity the them by argument to the judgment; presiding genius in all books. We there is the poetic, moulding all do not say to get all books filled into new forms and breathing into with its characteristic subjects; this all new life, dressing truth in Orient is not required, nor would it be beauty, dipping it in the splendours expedient; but to get all writers of the rainbow, and making it speak ruled by its spirit, to breathe its in the language of flowers and shine divine animus into all the products in the brightness of stars. All of the pen, as the sun's heat is in these characteristics of mind we every blade and flower and tree in find existing in authors, existing the landscape, giving a tinge of separately in every degree, and conloveliness and a glow
of life to all. jointly in every proportion. He who How and why are we to aim at it combines them all to the greatest are questions naturally suggested, extent is the true genius. If this which we will try briefly to answer. be correct, how great was the genius How, then, are we to aim at the of Jeremy Taylor of whom it was Christianization of literature ? There said, " This great prelate had the are three things which can be done : eloquence of an orator, the fancy of a
First,—Patronize only the lit- poet, the acuteness of a school-man, erature which Christianity sanctions. the profoundness of a philosopher This implies, of course, that there .. and the piety of a saint. He had is a possibility of ascertaining the devotion enough for a cloister, literature that Christianity would learning enough for a university, and sanction. How is this to be done? wit enough for a college of virtuosi!” Is it by the material of books ? Are we required by Christianity to We have volumes on all subjects : adopt books written by any particular history, science, language, philoso- talent to the exclusion of others ? phy, and poetry; books to enlighten, No; it requires every mind to stir to discipline, and to amuse.
up the gift that is in it, and to work in
its own way. If you cannot do one sition of the heart, than do the first thing in rearing the temple of truth, few pages of a book develop the do another; if you cannot bring the spirit of the writer. There is a parts into symmetrical adjustment, moral odour emitted from every provide the gold, polish the pillars, leaf, which the inner sense, unless ornament the ceiling, fit up with sadly perverted, can soon discover. divine furniture the holy of holies," Here, then, is the Christian's test do something, even if it be hewing of good literature. The book that of wood and drawing of water. hath “not the Spirit of Christ is
SECONDLY, Is it to be ascertained none of His.” What volumes are by the form in which the book is we called upon by this test to lay written—prose or poetry? No; aside and reprobate ? All trifling has not Christianity adopted both ?
books must go.
Occasional flashes If, then, we cannot discover the of wit and humour frequently light point either by its subjects, the up the argument, and give a charm mental characteristics of its authors, to the page and a zest to the reader; or its forms, how are we to find it but works in which there is nothing out? We answer emphatically, by but a studied attempt to excite and its spirit. There is a spirit in every to promote laughter, must be repudibook which can easily be detected. ated as incompatible with the digThe face of man does not more nity of our nature and the solemnity clearly express the general dispo- of our relations.
(To be continued.)
ROMAN CATHOLIC VERSIONS OF THE BIBLE.
BY THE REV. W. J. HEATON,
CONCLUDING PAPER. There are two parties in the Roman pletion of the five hundred copies, Catholic Church, one of whom calls which were published under the the Rhemish Notes sound and approbation of Dr. Troy alone, the orthodox, the other atrocious and attention of the “ British Critic,” damnable. In 1813, Macnamara, a and the “ Courier” was drawn to Cork bookseller, announced the pub- them, and great indignation was lication of the entire Douay Bible, expressed, under the patronage of a large Dr. Truy immediately issued a disnumber of prelates and clergy. claimer, affirming that he had never
Whilst proceeding with the work, approved of the work; and now which was delivered in parts at the having for the first time seen it and houses of two thousand five hundred considered the Notes,“ I not only,” subscribers, he failed, and a relative he said, “ do not sanction them, but of the printer engaged Mr. Coyne, solemnly declare that I utterly reject an eminent Dublin bookseller, to them generally, as harsh and irritatcomplete the five hundred copies ing in expression, some of them as given him as security. This was false and absurd in reasoning, and agreed to, on the understanding that many of them as uncharitable in the Rev. P. A. Walsh, who had sentiment.” been deputed by Dr. Troy, to revise Meantime, Macnamara, having and correct the publication, should returned to Cork, with the aid of continue his labours. On the com- the bishops that had already sanctioned his former part of the work, course, that voluntary criticisms and and some fresh ones, began to pub- expositions coming from all quarters lish the remainder, and to commence should receive sanction, and it is no a fresh edition for other subscribers. matter of surprise that Dr. Doyle In this edition the Text and Notes should say in 1825, before a Comof the Old Testament are mostly mittee of the House of Lords,
“ The Dr. Challoner's, the New has the Notes carry, in our Editions of the Rhemish Notes in all their original Bible, no weight, for we do not harshness, but some cancels were know the writers of many of them. prepared to be pasted over the parts If we find them clear enough in most strongly objected to by the explanation of doctrine, we leave 66 British Critic.” These cancels them there; but, whenever we find were given to subscribers, to be anything exceptionable, we put it used or not as they thought proper! out.” The more reasonable expectaThis was in 1818, and Dr. Troy's tion, however, that some Text, having name is again found amongst the sanction given it from head-quarters, patrons. It was certainly a most should be issued has never yet been extraordinary piece of audacity on satisfied, and this sketch must now the part of the publisher, if the be brought to a close by detailing names of nearly all the prelates and some recent efforts to supply the leading clergy of Ireland were given deficiency. as sanctioning a Work about which In 1825, Dr. Murray, Titular they were quite ignorant, and which Archbishop of Dublin, sanctioned was systematically distributed close the publication of an octavo Bible, to their residences.
which was prepared under his direcWe have now seen quite sufficient tion. In the Old Testament, Dr. to convince us that there is no ground Troy's Bible of 1816 was mainly for Catholics to speak of the “ followed, the New Testament being Bibles," brought out from time to time Dr. Challoner's. It was stereotyped, by Protestants, as if their own Douay and a re-issue came out in the year Version had not passed through a of Catholic Emancipation, 1829, number of alterations; and as little bearing an Approbation by twentyfor Protestants to speak of the four bishops as well as Dr. Murray, Douay Bible as the only Roman in which the following is found : Catholic Version. There is, however,
we, by our this very important distinction, that, authority, approve. And we declare whereas the different Protestant that th
same may be used with Bibles have culminated in our present great spiritual profit by the faithful, Authorised Version, which has held provided it be read with due reverits place in popular esteem for more ence and the proper dispositions.” than two centuries, and been the The name of the well-known Dr. basis of scores of translations, so Lingard is the next that comes that England has become, through before us, as a translator of the its means, a centre of Evangelical Four Gospels. We have met with light, all the English Roman one thoroughly independent producCatholic Bibles on the other hand, tion, that of Dr. Geddes, and now have been unauthorised, the Vulgate, another furnishes us with evidence a book for the very few, and a similar to that which it afforded. Translation itself, being regarded as Dr. Lingard's services, however, to the standard Text.
the Roman Hierarchy, especially in It was not to be expected, of the compilation of his History, put
6. This new
him on a different footing, and made manner, to depreciate the Divine it impossible for him to be treated Word, or to debar our people from with anything but respect. The its invaluable possession.” This is cold way
in which his contribution extracted from the Introduction to to a better understanding of the a pocket New Testament published Scriptures was received is neverthe- in Belfast in 1839, which was folless significant, and must have made lowed shortly afterwards by a pocket him feel that he was intruding on Bible. Dr. Denvir, Bishop of Down ground where he was not welcome. and Connor, gave it his approbation,
It was, doubtless, dissatisfaction and several editions of it have been with the existing translations that published. led him to undertake such a work, In 1846, a stereotyped Edition of and the bent of his criticism is the New Testament, from Dr. shown in general by his following Murray's Bible of 1825, was brought the Greek Text rather than the out by a bookseller in Tuam, which Vulgate. In several important was approved by Dr. McHale, Archpassages he favours the distinctively bishop of Tuam, and has been Protestant rendering, giving his generally called by his name. He reasons clearly in the Notes. Thus, says, in the Approbation, that his for example, the vexed word which chief aim in sending out the Book had commonly been translated "do is to neutralize the poison of counterpenance," is given by him as in our feit Protestant productions, and Version, “repent.” He, however, closes thus : avoids rather than courts contro- " Aware of the manifest dangers versy, and speaks of the dogmas of to faith and morals that are found his Church with modesty and good in corrupt Versions of the Bible. ... sense.
We have not ceased to deplore this There was no Approbation or even great evil, and to labour for its Dedication inserted, and his book correction. came into the world entirely on its
“John, Archbp. of Tuam, own merits. Received coldly there
“ St. Jarlath's, Tuam. fore by the Heads of the Church, “Feast of the Rosary of the Blessed it was not likely to have any consider
Virgin, 1846.” able circulation, and was soon quietly It is pleasant to be able to connect buried with meagre civilities. In the name of Father Mathew, the one of the Catholic reviews upon it, Apostle of Temperance, with the it is said, “The impression on the Bible-history of this period. In reader's mind, after having perused | 1847, an impression taken from the this Edition, must be that Christi- stereo-plates of the Bible sanctioned anity never' depended for its code by Dr. Murray in 1825, contained or evidences upon the compilation of a letter from him, in which he says, these documents (the Gospels!).” “I humbly, but most earnestly en
Side by side with the close of this treat all the members of the various quotation may be placed the follow- Total Abstinence Societies, who, I ing mild statement by the Rev. trust, by being members of Societies Daniel Curve. He says, “ Of all
which have produced order, peace the false, malevolent charges pre- and tranquillity, are prepared to ferred against our holy religion, read the Holy Scriptures with due there is none more opposed to truth, reverence and the proper disposito facts and to general practice, than tions,' thus to join wisdom to temthat of attempting, in the remotest perance.
In America, Bishop Kenrick is well we point to errors which need correcknown in connection with Roman tion, we acknowledge excellencies Catholic translation, and his work which we are free to imitate, thus may serve as a specimen of the tone diminishing the asperity of censure and style we should look for from by the tribute which we willingly such a country. He was Bishop of render to literary merit.” A notice Philadelphia, and in a general Intro- of the different MSS. and versions duction to the Four Gospels, which follows the Introduction, and there were published first, he says, “I is a separate Introduction to each have not laboured to give a contro- Epistle and Book, the whole being versial character to the Notes, admirably executed. although occasionally I may have It behoves us to rejoice in the referred to the doctrines connected circulation of the Catholic Scriptures with the passages in question. The in the English language thus, befrequent perusal of this portion of cause, upon the whole, as we have the Inspired Writings cannot be too seen in these papers, in spite of strongly recommended to the faith- a Romish leaven, the words of God ful.” There is not accordingly, Dr. have become intelligible to those Cotton being witness, a single un- who have too long listened to man's. charitable sentiment, nor
In the midst of idolatry, the Law expression towards those of another of Jehovah has been brought down Communion. Shortly afterwards, from the Mount, and the idolatry the remainder of the New Testament can no longer be a tolerated neceswas published, the translation being sity. Such ignorance as that of the executed on the same principles Italian priest who thought that as the former part, except that he Moses was one of the Christian adheres more closely to the Rhemish Fathers, or that of the Spanish Testament. In the Introduction he monk who knew so little of Samson, names and refutes the objections that he was made to believe that he which had been raised against his had killed a thousand Philistines former volume, and shows great with the jawbone of a Spanish friar, liberality of sentiment. His render- we are not likely to hear any more ing of the address of our Lord to of. Such an answer as that of St. His mother, “Woman, what hast Teresa, who said to a young lady thou to do with Me!” which had who had spoken of bringing a Bible offended many Catholics, he justifies, into the nunnery,
" We do not care saying that in a supernatural matter, neither for you nor for your
Bible : such as the performance of miracles, we are poor ignorant creatures that she had no right of control or inter- know nothing but to spin and to ference. The Rhemish Testament, obey.” Surely such an answer is though literal, had not been English, no longer possible! We may at all " What is to Me and to thee!” and events agree with Bernard, in the Dr. Kenrick was prepared to go opinion already quoted in reference much further than clearing an to the Rhemish Testament, that, by obscurity: “In adopting occasion- the fact of publishing the Bible in ally,” he says,
" the words and the Vernacular, wholesome doctrines phrases of the Protestant Versions, are affirmed, whatever the Notes I have followed the example of
may be, and however, here and ther, others who have from time to time the Text may be manipulated. And revised the Rhemish Translation. the great quarrel we all have with It is not to be regretted that, whilst the Church of Rome is not that, in