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“25. and the whole of mankind turned to corruption

“ 26. like seeds the corpses floated.

"27. I opened the window, and the light broke over my face,

“ 28. it passed, I sat down and wept, “ 29. over my face flowed my tears.

“ 30. I perceived the shore at the boundary of the sea,

“ 31. For twelve measures the land rose.

"32. To the country of Nizir went the ship ;

«33. the mountain of Nizir stopped the ship, to pass over it it was not able.

“ 34. The first day and the second day the mountain of Nizir the same

“35, the third day and the fourth day the mountain of Nizir the same

"36. the fifth and sixth the mountain of Nizir the same.

" 37. On the seventh day in the course

“48. at the bottom of them I placed reeds, pines and Simgar

“ 49. the gods collected at its savour, the gods collected at its good savour;

“50. the gods like flies over the sacri. fice gathered."

There is a column or two more describing the blessing pronounced on Hasisadra by the gods; the promise that there shall not be another flood, but if men are sinful they shall be destroyed by pestilence or by the increase of wild beasts and the removal of Hasisadra and his wife to dwell among the gods in a remote place at the mouth of the rivers.

Finally Izdubar is restored to
health by the process of bathing in
the water of these rivers, and he
returns to Erech, where he seems to
undertake great buildings, and among
the rest a temple to Ishtar. Then
follows again mourning for Hea-
bani, whose ghost, at the command
of Merodach, appears again above
the earth, but he refuses to tell the
secrets of the world below. The
whole series closes with a perfect
column of writing describing appa-
rently funeral rites, probably those
of Izdubar himself. Appended is
the note:
“The twelfth tablet of the legends of

Izdubar
Like the ancient copy written and made

clear."

of it

"38. I sent forth a dove and it left. The dove went and turned and

“ 39. a resting place it did not find, and it returned

• 40, I sent forth a swallow and it left. The swallow went and turned and

“41. a resting place it did not find and it returned

“42. I sent forth a raven and it left.

“ 43. the raven went, and the decrease of the water it saw and

“44. it did eat, it swam and wandered away and did not return.

“45. I sent the animals forth to the four winds I poured out a libation,

" 46. I built an altar on the peak of the mountain,

47. by sevens herbs I cut,

BY

NOTES ON RECENT SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY.

BY THE REV. W. H. DALLINGER, F.R.M.8. We now note a few facts in recent readily summarized. The one asscientific discovery and speculation sumes the gradual development of which have been omitted in former a species of animals to another of a articles from lack of space.

higher and more perfect grade; the At the Metropolitan Scientific moulding and modifying a primal Association, a discussion has been archetype for the express purpose opened by Mr. W. R. Birt on the of producing an almost infinite applicability of the theory of evolu variety of animal existences. The tion to the origin of man. He puts most powerful evidence on this side the facts with clearness and force is derivable from a comparison of on both sides. The primary ideas the skeleton of the ruminants, parof the contending theorists are | ticularly of the ox or the horse,

with the brain development of the In the "Nótes” for November of monkey and of man. Professor Cope, last year we referred to the discovery for instance, takes his departure for of a new metal by M. Lecoq, which comparison from an ancient planti- was named gallium. Its discoverer grade, animal—that is, an animal has been engaged in investigating which, like a bear, applies the sole its properties. The metal is most of the foot to the ground in walk- easily obtained by the action of a ing,—and he traces a variety of galvanic current on one of its sulchanges in the arrangements of the phates. If it be deposited on a bones of the leg, ankle and feet of plate of platinum and burnished, it the mammalia, culminating in the presents a whiter and more brilliant perfect ankle-joints of the rumi- surface than platinum. It decomnants, such as oxen, sheep, deer, poses water under the influence of etc. But in man there has been in hydrochloric acid; hydrogen being the same direction scarcely any os- disengaged. It is found in a great teological development, the struc

many zinc ores, and its discoverer ture of this part of his skeleton believes that it will be found in all being that of the most primitive the sulphites of zinc. An oxide of types. Yet, on the other hand, man gallium, and several salts have been has progressed : become developed prepared; and the former appears through the expansion of his brain. to be analogous to that of the metal

But it is asked, Does not the con- alumina. ception of a fundamental archetype It is well known that Britannia on which the skeletons of fishes,'rep- metal, pewter, and the “white metiles, birds and mammals may have tals" generally, may be instantly disbeen formed answer the require- tinguished from the hard metals, ments of the facts far better? It

“nickel silver"

german is not difficult to discover a unity silver,” by its want of resonance. It of design running through the whole has no "ring,” but gives a mere dull of these skeletons. Realise to the sound when stricken. Prof. Silliman mind as best we can the Great De- has just obtained a patent for impartsigner Who, before' a single fish ing resonant qualities to this group came into existence, saw the end of alloys. He submits the articles from the beginning, and planned for a short time to a temperature the vertebrate skeleton, adapting just below their melting point. A certain portions of it for, aqueous bath of oil or paraffin is employed progression, others for aërial pro- for this purpose; but great care has gression, others for arboreal pro- to be taken that the articles be not gression, and giving the most recent touched in this condition, since from animal in the order of time-man- their extreme softness they would the power of erect progression. It instantly yield. The result of this is contended that the passage from tempering is that on becoming cold the simplest fish-skeleton to the the articles are capable of giving a most complex mammal is very slow clear resonant ring :” and the indeed, and that the theory of a explanation is that the molecules of Designer able to produce contem- the alloy have, by the slow heating, poraneous forms of each class of

undergone a re-arrangement equal to vertebrates, apart from every other crystallization, which renders the consideration, may be advantage- metal more capable of producing a ously compared with the theory definite vibratory sound. of evolution.

such as

or

It is a curious fact that the Screw presence and measures the force of Propeller, so great a power in the an ordinary galvanic current, is unmaintenance and development of moved; and the delicate gold-leaf modern civilization, is fully repre- electrometer for indicating an electric sented in nature. Indeed it is current suffers no deflection, and a extremely probable that we may yet Leyden jar cannot be charged by it. learn something as to the "pitch” But it may be observed that none of the screw-a critical scientific

of these phenomena are absolutely question by the study of nature. new in static electricity. This lastThe seed of the ash is provided named form of electric force poswith a delicately-twisted screw, by sesses great tension, is not much which it rapidly revolves; and by developed by friction, but is greatly this means it is kept suspended in so by evaporation and inductionthe air for a very long time, and so as in thunder-storms. In common is sent far away from the parent with other forms of electricity, it is tree. It is nearly the same with the well conducted through metals; but seeds of the maple and the sycamore, the human body-even the dry although the screw is not so marked. human hand-and water are, also, But we may learn from these and good conductors. Then we have similar instances lessons in detail another form of the same force which may prove of the utmost originating in chemical action, genevalue. The benefits to be derived from

rated in our galvanic batteries. Not a minute study of nature are con- all metals are good conductors for stantly making themselves manifest this; and the human body is a very to the inventor and the mechanic. bad one, a dry skin being an actual

non-conductor. And, lastly, we have Mr. Edison, an American elec- what is known as Thermo-electricity, trician, has made an addition to our or electricity generated by heat. ! knowledge of the properties of the For this, water or the human body electric force. It was found seve- are absolute non-conductors, and ral years since that, when the con- even a thin metallic wire is but a tact of an electric current which

poor one; but it passes powerfully magnetized a large electro-magnet through a thick wire. was broken very near the poles of Now, it is suggested that a fourth the latter, the spark was greatly in- kind of electricity has been discreased in intensity, and a powerful covered by Mr. Edison-one that is snap like the report of a small analogous to Thermo-electricity. It pistol resulted; but if contact were passes very readily over large surbroken at a distance from the elec- faces requiring very little insulation, tro-magnet no such result ensued. for it will pass over an ordinary gasIt was further found that sparks pipe; but it has no effect whatever could be drawn from the iron electro- upon the human body, nor upon the magnet. It is the nature of these most delicate organic tests ever yet results that Mr. Edison has investi- employed. Every modification of gated, and he proves that the spark the electric force is, in effect, a new drawn from the core of the magnet power at the disposal of man's does not possess the ordinary pro- ingenuity; and one so marked in perties of ordinary electricity. The negative features as this may be of galvanometer, which indicates the great service to man.

HAYMAN BROS. AND LILLY, HATTON HOUSE, FARRINGDON ROAD, E.C.

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