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the superlative of lad is laddie. My son destined to distinction in another masters, mind your manners.
line—was looked up to by young “ If there's ae hole i' a' your coats,
McAllum as the patron of his I rede ye tent it :
earliest literary efforts. This he A chiel's amang ye takin' notes ; acknowledges in a grave but graceAn' faith ! he'll prent it.”
fully flowing poem, addressed “ To Such at least was the case with the Rev. William Atherton," in young Daniel McAllum. And so
which he mildly reproves the undue revolves the wheel of compensation exciting of his natural ambition : or retribution ; for a schoolmaster's
“ 'Twas he that fanned within my breast reputation is at the mercy of his
the flame scholars.
That only panted for an empty name. In the same Essay, McAllum
Would he had each aspiring thought
repressed, supplies some intimations of the
And taught my soul in lowliness to rest; habits and tendencies of his early Checked the bold flights my youthful boyhood :
fancy loved, “ It is said that, in my childhood, in
And tenderly my thirst of fame re
proved ! stead of patiently learning the names of
Then had I 'scaped the restless, fond my ivory letters, I was ever wishing to
desire, know how, and of what they were made,
Nor e'er essayed to touch the living and where the material came from. And
lyre.” very early I remember to have sat for hours upon a favourite tree inquiring how For some years he relieved his this world was created, and what was the steadier studies by what he terms reason that this man wore a robe, and the
“the ecstasies of thought," but byother was a beggar.”
and-by discovered that poetry was Home influences strongly stimu- not his special gift, nor Parnassus lated this precocious intellectual his congenial habitat. activity. His father's literary and Though always decorous and scientific tastes were very strong, even blameless in his conduct, and and his acquisitions far from incon- regular and reverential in observance siderable. Duncan McAllum's tele- of the outward duties of religion, it scope was long famous in Newcastle
was not till near the end of his proand North Shields. He made it not
fessional pupilage at Sunderland only a scientific, but also a spiritual that spiritual convictions gained the instrument; calling his friends and
mastery over his intellectual ardour his neighbours together, when he and ambition. He had reached the spent a starry night at home, to gaze turning-point in the history of a upon the glories of the firmament; human soul, described with such then turning the mighty tube into precision some four and twenty the silver trumpet of Gospel invi- centuries ago : “I thought on my tation. Some of his father's col
ways, and turned my feet unto Thy leagues, too, marked and ministered testimonies. I made haste, and to the mental avidity of the Super- | delayed not to keep Thy commandintendent's clever son. William ments,” and consistently added, “I Atherton, Philip Garrett, and James
am a companion of all them that Everett were not men to leave un- fear Thee, and of them that keep noticed the winsome, bookish, brood- Thy precepts.” He lost no time in ing little fellow, viliv listened with effecting an avowed and living union such wide-eyed eagerness to their with the Church of his parentage sermons and their table-talk. The į and training, by beginning to meet first-named-himself favoured with a in Class.
however, before he realised “joy from whatever I read, those passages and peace in believing," having
were selected which struck any chord of suffered meanwhile a perceptible
feeling in my soul that never had been
touched before. Not a few of my declension in earnestness.
acquaintance complained that there was On the expiry of his indentures at no talking to M, for he asked so many Sunderland, he went to the Univer
questions, and was as often in the comsity of Aberdeen. There he formed a
pany of children as of men." kind of Sunday morning Bible-class It is well-known that a fondness and prayer-meeting. One day a for the society of those younger member of the class manifested signs than himself was a very noticeable of deep distress, and as the young
peculiarity of John Wesley's youth. Leader, himself unconscious of the Daniel McAllum's medical skill, Spirit of Adoption, was praying his winning address and his high with the penitent, the latter obtained moral reputation, soon secured for a strong assurance of reconciliation him a degree of success which prowith God. This stirred up Daniel mised distinction in his profession. to greater earnestness in striving to He had no clannish jealousies to obtain " the witness in himself.” overcome, as he was a genuine This he at last received on ship
Scotchman. The expenses of his board, on his way from Aberdeen medical education had been a heavy to London, in pursuance of his drain on the resources of his parents, medical education. He had before and he was rightly anxious to make occasionally delivered religious ad them an adequate return for the dresses ; and many “prophecies self-denial of years. But the inward went before” of him, that he would call to the ministry was too imperaone day become a powerful preacher; | tive to be silenced even by such but as to stated occupancy of the considerations as these. His success pulpit, he had tarried till he should as a Local-preacher only strengthbe “endued with power from on ened his conviction and evoked the high.” But now he yielded to the corroborating judgment of others, constraining of the Spirit, seconded that he was, by the hand of the by the urgency of his London Head of the Church, “ separated friends, and began to preach. unto the Gospel of God." Therefore, Returning to Scotland to complete “ what things were gain to” him : his professional education and take social position, a profession to which his degree, in the University of he was enthusiastically devoted and Glasgow, he was received as a Local in the preparation for which he had preacher and a Class-leader.
expended nine of the most producHis religious fervour and his tive years of his life, the prospect church-activities did not hinder his of speedy competence and ultimate collegiate success or cloud his pro wealth-all these he “counted loss fessional prospects. Having gained
for Christ.” He offered himself as his M.D., he at once began practice a probationer for the Methodist as a physician, in Glasgow. In the ministry in 1817, being then twentyabove-mentioned Essay, he gives us three years of age, and was accepted an insight into his mental habitudes by the local Church-courts and by during his college-life :
the Conference. In that year "My youth and my collegiate years
Methodism was in so depressed a were distinguished by the same attention
condition, financially and otherwise, to the operations of nature, both in the that it was resolved to receive no buman heart and in the world ; and probationers for the Home Work,
but men of very exceptional promise. A decrease was reported of more than five thousand five hundred members in Great Britain and Ireland. Accordingly only four candidates were accepted for the Home Work, and of these a moiety were from and for Scotland, being two of the choicest Macs that ever reinforced the ranks of the Methodist ministry,-Peter McOwan and Dr. Daniel McAllum.
He was appointed to the Dunbar and Haddington Circuit, under the superintendence of his father, his residence being at Haddington. The state of mind in which he entered on his work was indicated by the text chosen for his farewell discourse at Glasgow : “Who is sufficient for these things ?” and by the first entry in his diary on arriving in his Circuit : "I feel like one who has just taken vows which can never be recalled.
As to the effect produced by his ministry in his first Circuit we need only quote the testimony of his immediate successor, the Rev. Joseph Beaumont, afterwards the celebrated Dr. Beaumont :
its characters. This plan, which he pursued during the three successive years of his continuance in Haddington, secured him large congregations. And it was in this part of his public labour that his power of description, and his extensive knowledge of persons and things, had an appropriate and useful scope. It was in this course of lectures that he most interested and engaged and the gay ; that he rebuked certain fashionable vices and errors ; awakened many a compunctious feeling in the guilty breast; made folly look contemptible, vice loathsome and virtue lovely, and excited, in the bosoms of many, emotions and resolves in favour of the religion of the heart, to which they had previously been strangers, and which, it is believed, have not yet subsided. Indeed, I have no hesitation in stating it as my opinion (and I write under consideration and with knowledge of this part of my subject) that, with perhaps one exception, Dr. McAllum's popularity in Haddington is without a parallel in the experience of any preacher now in our Connexion, in any place in Britain. And his intercourse in society corresponded with his emi. nence in the pulpit ; for by his distinguished urbanity and graceful elegance of manners, he had access to the first families in the county-town of East Lothian, and was actually on visiting terms in almost every house of name and respectability with which a minister of religion could consistently have fellowship. His company was courted in the best society in the place; his memory there cannot die wbilst the present generation lives.”
"“ Perhaps no minister in Haddington, of any denomination, in modern times, ever excited such general interest as Dr. McAllum, except that very eminent and holy man, the Rev. John Brown. Dr, McAllum's ministry was attended by many of the first families of the neighbourhood, and was listened to weekly by several distinguished members of the Established Church and of the Dissenting congregations in the town. For whatever scruples, conscientious or otherwise, were entertained as to the propriety of Presbyterians listening to any other ministry than that of their own order, they were in many instances superseded by the powerful attractions of the Doctor's ministry and character ; and persons thus situated generally agreed to wink at each other's deviation from ancient sentiment and usage, in the instance of so eminent a preacher. On Monday evenings it was his custom to lecture on the historical parts of the Old Testament, especially on
It is noteworthy that, whilst Methodism as a system has made comparatively little way in Scotland, Methodist preaching has exerted a powerful charm on the Scottish mind, when accompanied by intellectual cultivation and force. Of this Valentine Ward and Drs. Beaumont and McAllum are prominent examples, and other instances of still living ministers will recur to many of our readers. No wonder that the good townsfolk of Haddington were attracted and impressed by a young minister of three-and-twenty who combined the fidelity and earnestness of their
own celebrated Brown with the finished elegance of Blair.
Of his degree would carry weight; and the winning prestige of youth, with which God so benignly counterpoises its inexperience and immaturity, would form a potent element in the fascination of his eloquence. This sudden flush, one might say, spate of popularity, would have borne a weaker man away, but the habits of devout self-scrutiny and resolute self-discipline, which his simple diary reveals, kept him humble, watchful, singleminded and intent upon his work. That work
not light. He preached on an average six times a week, and the extent of the Circuit involved considerable walking. He writes on “ October 1st. God, Who hath kept and sustained me six weeks, is able and willing to sustain me for sixty years, should I live so long. Meanwhile, how is it with my bosom-foe ?
He seemed dead when I was most cast duwn and most anxious, but the old man’ is not dead. Help me, Lord, to look to Thee !"
humble me in the dust? ... 1. I have been too frequently at great men's tables. 2. Too seldom and for too short a time in my closet. 3. I have been tooidle. Last Sabbath I went in great confidence to the pulpit, having prepared a very laboured discourse ; but God left me, in a measure, to myself; and O, how confused and confusing was my discourse ! Let this teach me a profitable lesson. . A heavenly gale reached me this day.
“April 18th. Almost every Sunday since Feb. 20th I have been engaged in explaining our leading doctrines : the witness of the Spirit, the progress of grace, its harmony with works, and entire sancti. fication. Some · little offence has been taken.
May 16th. I have just returned from our District Meeting. What have I gained by going? 1. A veneration of the Body with which I am connected. Their sacrifices of their own interests are written in heaven. 2. An increasing opinion of their talents, and a diminished opinion of my own. 3. I have learned that if a man would be a worthy Methodist preacher, he must moderate his expectations of temporal recompense. 4. I have in a measure seen that I am only on the threshold of religion. . . . Heretofore I have laboured too exclusively from a sense of duty. God grant that I may do this henceforward more from a conviction of my privilege.'
Happy impression from a young minister's first District Meeting ! The following entry shows how little elated he was by his prodigious popu
little to him that his ministry should be ever
so much appreciated and applauded, if it were not also converting. And what he aimed at he to some extent realised. He records instances of conversion, with the exclamation “Non nobis, Domine!” It is evident
his journal that his suavity of manner, which so strengthened his influence, was not the spontaneous growth of an even temperament or an easy disposition, but was the result of resolute and religious selftraining and self-direction :
“Feb. 1st, 1818. I have discovered that there are some rudenesses in my conversation, such as a peremptory contradiction of what I apprehend to be untrue. Lord, save me from this, lest I disgrace my Christian profession. But what discovery can I make that does not, or should not,
“ July 11th. On looking back for a year I find occasion of sorrow and thankfulness. I. Of sorrow; I am far behind almost every Christian I meet with-so little good has been done by my means ; vanity, self, rudeness, jealousy, often distress me ;-inconsistency of conduct. II. Of thankfulness; that I am somewhat more consistent than heretofore ; converse more on the things of God with worldly people ; less the . prey of temptation; some good has been done among the hearers and members. I have written this year one hundred and four sermons.”
This is the man who accuses himself of idleness ! Two sermons a week were required, to meet the claims of the Haddington pulpit, for the first three years of his minis
try; and were produced, and that meant when he said 'Thy rod' doth of a quality which placed him next comfort me.' We wish to set out to “ John Brown of Haddington," anew for heaven. To-day I have in the foremost rank of preachers. been wonderfully strengthened to
We find that in his second year blow the Gospel trumpet.” of probation, he was allowed to Daniel McAllum was very far assist in the administration of the from being inflated or even satisfied Lord's Supper. After one of these with the brilliant commencement of solemnities, he prays, “ O, may I be his ministry. His eloquent successor saved from pride, trifling, affecta- says : tion and worldly-mindedness!” He
“ If the breath of popular applause enters on the year 1819 with the
could have satisfied, he might have been following strictures on his reading : satisfied ; but he sought to save them “Jan, 4th. I discover that I am too much
that heard him ; and of any results of given to idleness. Ten years ago (at
his labour which left them short of this fourteen !) my reading was very narrow,
important object, he made but little
account. Travailing in birth for his very trifling and very desultory. In twó or three years more, it was more various,
hearers, that Christ might be formed in but still desultory. After awhile it was
them, he had continual sorrow and heavi. more select, but still rapid and irregular.
ness of heart, when he found that this,
the main end of his ministry, was but During my curriculum, it was not suffi. ciently exclusive. This year and a half
partially accomplished. In an interview
I had with him in his last illness, during more steady, but still far from being sufficiently intense."
our conversation respecting Haddington,
he admitted there was prodigious excite. What was his course of theologi- ment, deep and wide impression, great cal reading at this time we have expectation and much lovely blossom. no means of ascertaining, except
'But,' he added, with much distressing
emotion, “there were no conversions; and that a letter of this period from his it almost broke my heart.' That is, they father, preserved through the utili- were so few compared with the widezation of its blank leaves for ser- spread and apparently deep-struck interest monizing, shows that the Christian
and rich promise created by his ministry,
that he felt as if his labours there had Library" formed part of it. But his
been all but a total failure. Doubtless, studies did not deaden his yearning however, he was of great use ; his labours for immediate and visible usefulness. were the means of much good, much
more than it was possible, or perhaps “ March 28th. Three have sought ad
proper, for him to know ; and certainly mission into the Society, and some are
far more than his modesty and selfbeginning to open their mouths in prayer. humiliation would have suffered him, had O my soul I wouldst thou not rather that
he known it, to acknowledge.” souls were benefited than that a multi. tude were pleased ? Wouldst thou not The immense popularity of Dr. sacrifice popularity to usefulness? Woe McAllum, in a town for ever conto that man who would not!
nected with the name of a great “ June 23rd. I have lived twenty-five preacher, was equally creditable to years in this evil world ; but 0, to how little purpose ! Nothing can be too the young minister and his following. severe for me ; but O in wrath remember It is not easy to conceive of pulpit
reputation more worthily won or The Conference of 1819, dispensed more Christianly worn. It was in in his case, on his application, with no degree acquired by ear-service, or the rule forbidding probationers to meretricious man-pleasing, either in marry.
His wife was an earnest style or subject. He did not amuse but
very delicate lady. He writes : or astonish” his congregations by “ I thank God, myself and my dear displays of pulpit pyrotechny. His partner are both proving what David diction was a without art, graceful;