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given thee from above.” (John xix. 11.) They were not taking His life from Him-He was laying it down Himself. It was the highest instance of the wrath of men praising God. And when they had, “through ignorance,” consummated His work, the remainder thereof was “restrained.” The sin and sinners accompanying the work of the Atonement formed no part of the Atonement. Sin was in the world : it had grown to be the normal state of man's moral life. God recognised this fact in every phase and every action of His government: every movement of it was in some sort an arousing of sin. In Christ as God manifest in flesh, God came into close and deliberate contact with it. In the presence of Infinite Purity and Love sin was by contrast made to look its very worst. That in such circumstances it should have persecuted and crucified the Embodiment of Infinite Purity and Love was only after its nature. It was equally after the nature of things that the Embodiment of Infinite Purity and Love, in suffering death for sin, should suffer it from sinners.
The only absolute requirement of the Atonement being that Christ should “shed His blood,” the condition of time and things when and under which the requirement was met enters not at all into the essence of the question. The case may be put thus : In “the fulness of time" Christ came on His great mission : the land of Judæa was, morally speaking, thoroughly bad : sin had developed into most repulsive proportions. This was, so to say, the material which the times supplied. God used this moral material-not in the sense of interfering with the will of men; they were not made sinners in order to do this deed: they did it, being sinners.
We may perhaps venture an illustration from a well-known chapter in English history. When Henry VIII. was on the throne, Europe was convulsed with the doctrines of the Reformation : the English mind was prepared to accept it, and God gave it to England through that selfwilled and imperious monarch. But neither was Henry any better for having given us the Reformation, nor was the Reformation less beneficial or glorious—less worthy of being accepted because it came through him. God uses the moral material of the times in accomplishing His purposes : it was on this principle we had Christ and the Atonement as we had.
The death of Christ was, in fact, God offering up His own Divine Son in sacrifice as a full satisfaction for the sin of the whole world, and human passions and human cunning were made subservient to the “ Power of God and the Wisdom of God.”
AUTHORS OF THE NEW HYMNS IN THE WESLEYAN
BY THE REV. E. J. ROBINSON.
The Reverend Reginald Heber, vance to keep me out of drinking father of the Bishop, originally an parties, and to give me the advaninhabitant of Marton, in Yorkshire, tage of reading to another person for a short time held the living of instead of to myself.” His father Malpas, in Cheshire, and was after- died at the advanced age of seventywards Rector of Hodnet, in Shrop- five, in the beginning of 1804, from shire, the latter living having come which period his wise and good with the estate into the possession brother Richard became to him as of the family by a marriage with an a second father. In November of heiress of the name of Vernon, the same year he was elected a The rector's first wife left him one Fellow of All Souls College. son, Richard, who became Member In 1805, with his friend Thornton, of Parliament for the University of he undertook a journey which exOxford. The second Mrs. Heber, tended through Denmark, Sweden, Mary, daughter of the Reverend Dri Norway, Russia, the Crimea, HunCuthbert Allanson, was the mother gary, Austria, Prussia, and other of three children, Reginald, Thomas parts of Germany. For this tour his Cuthbert, and Mary. The eldest, relatives gladly released him, fearReginald, was born at Malpas, on ing that his amiable disposition the 21st of April, 1783.
might be injuriously affected if he brief season he was instructed at were not removed for a season from the Whitchurch Grammar School. the admiration which his talents When thirteen years of age, he
had excited. He returned from the was placed under the care of Dr. Continent in September, 1806. Bristowe, a clergyman, who took In 1807, he entered into holy about twelve pupils, at Neasdon, orders, and was instituted by his bronear London. In November, 1800, ther to the family living of Hodnet. he was entered at Brasenose Col- He then immediately repaired to lege, Oxford, where he respected Oxford, and took his degree as Master with a dutiful compliance the judi- of Arts. In April, 1809, at the age cious arrangements of his parents of twenty-six, he married Amelia for his comfort, safety and pro- Shipley, daughter of a Dean, and gress during his college life. To granddaughter of a Bishop of St. John Thornton, Esq., with whom, Asaph, and no longer delayed to when his school-fellow for three of undertake the duties of his parisb. his years at Neasdon, he had con- He was Bampton Lecturer for tracted an intimate friendship, he 1815, appointed in 1817 to a stall wrote a month before going to col- in the St. Asaph Cathedral, and lege,—"I am to have a private elected to the Preachership of Lintutor, which I am very glad of. It coln's Inn in 1822. In January, is, I believe, principally a contri- 1823, when only thirty-nine years
* Author of Hymns 646, 692, 697, 747, 767, 906, and of the version of Mardley, Hymn 797.
of age, he was chosen to succeed stantial intellectual stores. Dr. Middleton in the Bishopric of no “brown study" that caught him, Calcutta. In February, of the but the lure of some definite object same year, the University of Oxford worthy of steady thought. To all presented him by diploma with his that was inconvenient in the habit degree as Doctor of Divinity. He he happily grew superior when he was consecrated on the 1st of June, left life's early stage. Only as a and on the 8th of that month, in help and a virtue he retained the St. Paul's Cathedral, before the power ;
when necesSociety for Promoting Christian sary, he could in a moment pass or Knowledge, he preached his last return, without any seeming effort, sermon in England. The valedic- from study to conversation, from tory address of the same Society sociality to research. was delivered to him on the 13th, Of a modest and retiring disby Dr. Kaye, Bishop of Bristol, at position, he was yet not deficient in a special meeting. On Monday the self-respect. He ever paid ready 16th, he sailed with his family for homage to moral and intellectual India. He reached Calcutta on excellence; but was not willing to the 10th of October, and on the be ruled by brute force. Life 18th was installed in the cathedral through, he showed a love of advenof that city. From the 15th of ture, the noblest courage, and great June in the following year, to the power of endurance. When a boy, 21st of October, 1825, he was he braved the bull in the field; engaged in an official visitation of when a man, he dared the tiger in the North and West of Hindustan, his lair. He was equally happy, and the island of Ceylon. He sailed rambling at home, contending with for Madras and the South of India, Russian snows, piloting his pinnace with the same object, February 2nd, on the Ganges, crossing the terrible 1826, and on the 3rd of April, jungle, climbing Himalayan slopes, when not quite forty-three years of or toiling beneath the Southern age, after being in the country only
Bashful as are all who with two years and a half, he died at reason respect themselves, he blushed Trichinopoly.
with the modesty of genius. No Let us more closely inspect the doubt he must learn by blundering; character of him whose career we but, reluctant to have his errors have given in outline. Reginald needlessly conspicuous, he would Heber, when a child, was ark- try, before he would exhibit, his able for thoughtfulness. In the
He endeavoured to keep midst of playfellows he would his youthful compositions secret. , become grave and silent, and appa- He gathered knowledge in all cirrently insensible to all that was cumstances, and from all sources. going on around. As a school-boy The unconscious mechanic was his he was sometimes more troubled teacher, as well as the bending or with wandering thoughts than with unbending philosopher; and he the lesson in hand. Hence his drew wisdom from the lips of the class-mates occasionally had the stammering peasant, scarcely less credit of surpassing him in the than from those of the voluble
When they were reaping the scholar. He remembered easily ; profit of school routine or "bodily
bodily | not everything; not numbers, names exercise,” his faculty of abstraction or faces; historical events and perenabled him to add to his sub- sonages completely, but not always
dates; the politics of the day came truly wonderful. Corrie, who exactly, but not perhaps the day of travelled with him through the the month; whatever in learning he Upper Provinces of India, testified valued, but little that he dis- that, “in his habitual tempe: and esteemed. His reputation was dear conduct, he never knew a person to him. He hastened and laboured who came so near perfection, and to improve opportunities, as he that, in this regard, to expect the once expressed himself,' quoting like of him seemed utterly hopeless. from an American newspaper, to Such was the natural amiability of "display his talents in the 'elo- Bishop Heber's character, that it quential line;" and he was not was often difficult to say whether he ashamed, once and again, with the acted from nature or grace.” With help of his friends to, “make a a conscientious respect for the propush”, as he phrased it, for a perty of others, especially that of coveted post of influence and the
poor, he was not too careful of honour. He spoke from the heart
His kindness of heart when in his Bampton Lectures he was excessive; and in the bestowused the words : “ Our cheek has ment of charity he was generous to burned, it may be, with that de- a fault. He often delicately adminlightful glow which is communicated istered unsolicited relief.
When by the world's approbation.” selfish and unjust persons chanced
Heber was from childhood heroi- to be his debtors, he patiently liscally self-controlled. When he felt tened to their excuses for non-paythe rising of anger, the pang of ment, and too readily cancelled their grief, the bitterness of disappoint-obligations; and he even extended ment, his face would become paler, his aid to individuals whom he had his eye would glisten with an invo- reason to suspect of ungrateful and luntary tear, the sigh would escape iniquitous conduct. his agitated breast; but his lips Young Heber's love of books and uttered the fewest possible expres
proneness to abstraction by no means sions of impatience, sorrow or des- disqualified him for cheerful and pondency. It was often remarked profitable intercourse. Some reby the servants in his father's house garded it as a pity that, when he that “Master Reginald never was opened his lips, he had a fixed and in a passion.” At school, where he downcast look; but that was because, was a pattern and check to the other unlike many young people, he talked boys, such was the sweetness of his thoughtfully. In the midst of a disposition that though he seldom
group of boys in the dull schoolshared in their ordinary sports, yet room, he could make a long winter he was admired and loved by them evening short by repeating, partly all. An eager competitor in study, invented, partly remembered, in he was never resentful or discon- earnest and measured tone, ballads tented when surpassed.
and wild stories. In advanced youth forward to put a charitable construc- and afterwards, with all his sweet tion upon questionable acts. In humility, he was the heart and spirit several instances where the recon- of the social circle,-without ever ciliation of persons at variance had being one of those unpleasant creaseemed impossible, he reaped the tures who study “how to shine in blessedness of the peacemaker. As society,” are at the trouble to get he advanced in life, his command themselves, up for a party, and are over his passions and feelings be- unhappy when they fail to command
attention. The charm of his conver- and carefully cherished his dying sation was that it was natural and counsels. When on the Continent, unpretending. Cheerful while diffi- he could not, without first obtaining dent, eloquent if not always fluent, by letter the express sanction of his he could with equal ease amuse the widowed mother, decide upon giving, vulgar and captivate the learned. as he wished, a new direction to his His presence drove gloom away, and travels. He wrote to her, “I would made the fireside or the sunshine seem not for the world that my amusebrighter; and the lengthy sea-pas
ments should cause anxiety to my sage was less wearisome when he was friends." To use words of his own a fellow-passenger. A great talker in his Bampton Lectures, he was he uttered no absurdities, and was not ever sensible of his obligations “to more communicative than attentive. those maxims and precedents of He drew his companions out, con- heroic excellence with which our Tersing on subjects suited to their childhood and our youth are chiefly age and position. Often, while im- conversant, those lessons from which, parting, he appeared to be seeking next to the Sacred Oracles theminstruction. He mortified no one by selves, we form our tempers and proving his superiority. He was a enlarge our understandings." As a man of innocent humour, frequently brother, he was open-hearted, conagreeably pungent in speech, in his fiding, helpful and devoted. When journals and many of his letters the Rev. Thomas Cuthbert Heber pleasantly facetious, and in some of died, hearing in the bereavement the his lighter poetry abundantly enter- voice of God, he testified with selftaining. He was witty without reproach, in a stanza omitted in the malice, and satirical without coarse- published collection from a hymn for
If he wounded any, he the fourth Sunday after Epiphany,equally felt the stroke.
We are He call'd me by a brother's bier, bound to say that he considered a As down I knelt to prayer, moderate participation in social But ah! though sorrow shed the tear, amusements better than harmless ;
Repentance was not there." but to card-playing, dancing and
His widow being his biographer, we masquerading he had a settled aver- are told no more of him as a suitor sion. He felt it a delight to feed than that the first present he made the pleasure of others. The grave
her was a Bible. To his worth as a clergyman gladdened with gay effu
husband she has erected monumental sions the evening circle.
testimony, in her publication of his In the private relations of life, Sermons, Hymns and Journals, Heber was loved and loving.
and especially in her Life of the friend, he was true and faithful. He Bishop. When absent from home, was a most dutiful son. Having hur
he valued a letter from her, he said, ried from those who,with outstretched
more than the finest scenery; and hands and eager voices, congratu- he did not realise all the bitterness lated him after his recitation of of his banishment from England " Palestine," he was found by his until he had left his family for his fondly impatient mother in his own visitation. A few weeks after quitroom upon his knees thanking Al- ting Calcutta, with the expectation mighty God that he had been en- of meeting Mrs. Heber at Bombay, abled to bring his parents so much
he addressed to her the touching happiness. He lamented with deep lines commencing : grief the decease of his aged father, “ If thou wert by my side, my love, etc.”