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mission to Logstown, 1748; Croghan's missions, 1750 and '51; Colonel Fry's treaty with the Indians at the same place, 1752; George Washington's mission to the French commandant at Le Bauf, 1753; the erecting of a Fort, at or near the junction of the Allegheny and Monongahela; its surrender to the French; the erection of Fort Du Quesne ; George Washington's Expedition; capitulation of Fort Necessity, in 1754; General Braddock's arrival, progress of his march, defeat, &c., 1755; Colonel John Armstrong's Expedition to Kittanning, and signal defeat of the Indians there, 1756; General John Forbes' Expedition, Grant's defeat, evacuation of Fort Du Quesne by the French, 1758; the erection of Fort Pitt, by General Stanwix, 1759; Colonel H. Bouquet's Expedition, engagement with, and defeat of the Indians at Bushy run, 1763; Bouquet's Expedition into the Northwestern Territory, now Ohio, to Tuscarawas, Muskingum, &c., 1764 ; Lord Dunmore's war, 1774; Harmar's Expedition, 1790; St. Clair's Expedition and defeat, 1791 ; Wayne's Expedition and treaty with the Indians, 1793, '95; battle of Tippecanoe, 1811 ; Mississinewa Expedition, 1812; siege of Fort Meigs, &c., 1812; Border war in the West, and capture of Blach Hawk, 1833.

THE APPENDIX will contain copious extracts from Weiser's, Croghan's, Washington's, and other Provincial Agent's Journals, Treaties, Conferences ; the correspondence between General Braddock and Governor Morris, and others; many important historical facts and thrilling incidents, that could not be noticed in the body of the work without too great digression from a Historical Narrative."

DANIEL W. KAUFFMAN, Publisher. Pittsburg, October, 1840.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

CHAPTER I.

Christopher Columbus, p. 17; Discovery and early settlement of the Country,
18; Colonies of North and South Virginia, 20; Maryland, 21 ; New York, 21 ;
Yew Jersey, 24 ; Pennsylvania and Penn, 25; French Settlements of Quebec,
27; Discoveries and Settlers on the Western Waters, 28; Notices of Indian
tribes and difficulties, 30; Washington appointed Colonel, 39; Arrival of
Braddock, 29.

CHAPTER II.

First or early settlements west of the Alleghenies, 40; On the head waters
of the Ohio, 42 ; In the several counties, 45; The trials and difficulties to
which tbey were incident, 50 ; Manners and Customs, 51.

CHAPTER III.
Washington's Mission to Fort Le Beuf, 62 ; Erection of a Fort at the junc-
tion of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers, 65 ; Arrival of the French from
Fort Venango, 65 ; Summons by the French to surrender, 66 ; Surrender of
the Fort by Ensign Ward, 66; Washington's Letters, 66; Notice of Half-
King, 71.

CHAPTER IV.
Washington's Expedition on the Monongahela, 73 ; The surprise and cap-
ture of the French detachment under Jumonville, 74; His Death, 74 ; Erection
of Fort Necessity, 75; Battle of the Greal Meadows, and surrender of the Fort,
75; Vote of thanks to Washington and the Army, by the Assembly of Virgi-
aia, 87; The erection of Fort Cumberland, 89: Measures to raise additional
troops, 89; Resignation of Colonel Washington, 90.

CHA. ER V.
The British Government determined to check the encroachments of the
French in America, 91; The arrival of General Braddock in Virginia, with
two regiments of regular troops, 91; Call upon Pennsylvania for money, 92 ;
Her resources in 1755, 92 ; Convention of Colonial Governors, and plan of the
campaign, 92 ; Expedition of General Braddock against Fort Du Quesne, 93 ;
The appointment of Washington as one of his Aids, 93 ; His difficulties in
obtaining supplies, 94 ; The Mission cf Franklin as Agent of the Assembly of
Pennsylvania, 95; His extraordinary services, 96; The movement of the
Army from Fort Cumberland to the Little Meadows, 98; A Council of War
called, and the plan adopted to advance with 1200 chosen men, 99; The am-
buscade of the French and Indians, 100; The Batile of the Monongahela, and
total defeat of the army, 101; The retreat under Washington, of the survivors,
105 ; The death and burial of General Braddock, 107; The panic of Colone)
Dunbar, and his destruction of the stores and artillery, and retreat over the
mountains, 107; A description of the battle-field, 113; The causes of Brad-
dock's defeat, 114; The burial of the relics of the slain, 112; Character of
General Braddock, by Grahame, 115.

CHAPTER VI.

Campaign of 1756, against Crown Point, Niagara, Fort Du Quesne, failed,
116; Frontiers of Pennsylvania exposed to the ravages of the Indians, 118;
Colonel Armstrong's Expedition against the Indians in 1756, 121 ; Their sig.
nal defeat, 125; Proceedings of the Philadelphia City Council, 129; The effect
of Armstrong's Expedition on the Indians, 131.

CHAPTER VII.
The despondency of the colonies in the beginning of 1758, 131 ; 'The change
in the British Ministry, and the appointment of William Pintas Prime Minis-
ter, 132 ; His character, energy and wisdom, in the defence of the colonies,
133; The Zeal of Pennsylvania to aid the minister, 133; The assembling of
50,000 men in America, 134; The plan of the campaign, 134; The arrival of
General Forbes, at Philadelphia, at ihe head of 1200 royal troops, to co-operate
with 6000 provincials, in an expedition against Fort Du Quesne, 135; The as.
sembling of the provincials at Bedford and Fort Cumberland, 136 ; The pro-
gress of General Forbes to Loyalhanna, 137; Major Grant's. unforlunate
attempt upon Fort Du Quesne, 138; The attack of the French upon Colonel
Bouquet, at Loyalhanna, and their defeat, 139; The evacuation of the fort, at
the approach of General Forbes, 140; The glorious termination of the cam-
paign, 141.

CHAPTER VIII.
The success of the English in 1769, 144; The death of Gen. Forbes, and the
appointment of Gen. Stanwix as commander-in-chief in the middle colonies,
145; The erection of Fort Pitt by Gen. Stanwix, and his conference with the
Indians, 146; Speech of the Wyandott chief, 145, The return of Gen. Stanwix
10 England, 146; The capture of Montreal, and the surrender of all Canada to
the English, and peace with France, 147; The first expedition of the English
troops to the Upper Lakes, 147; Their reception by the celebrated Pontiae,
148; The Indian stratagem, captare of Michilimackinac, and massacre of the

garrison, i 49 ; Pontiac's appearance with his warriors before Detroi:, 50; His
scheme to surprize the garrison divulged by an Indian woman, 151; "he battle
at the Bloody Bridge, 153; The schooner for the relief of Detroit attacked by
the Indians, 154; Their repulse, 155; Frontier Settlers massacred, 156 ; Many
take refuge in the interior, 158 ; Bouquet's Expedition against the Indians, 158 ;
Frontier forts in danger, 158; Bouquet's Engagement with the Indians at
Bashy Run, and their defeat, 159 ; Bouquet arrives at Fort Pitt, 163.

CHAPTER IX.
Indian barbarities at the commencement of the year 1764, 164; Colonel
Bradstreet's Expedition to the Upper Lakes, 165; Colonel Bouquet's second
expedition, 166. His advance to the Indian towns on the Muskingum, 171;
The submission of the savages, 173; The delivery of the captives to the
whites, 174; The final treaty of peace, 176.

CHAPTER X.
Lord Danmore's War of 1774, 178;. The causes that led to it, 130; Murder
of Logan's family, Bald Eagle, and others, 181 ; Commencement of hostilities,
181; Lewis' Expedition, 183 ; The battle at Point Pleasant, 184 ; Dunmore's
treaty, 188 ; Heroism of Cornstalk, character of Lewis, vote of thanks to Lord
Dunmore, 188; Remarks, 189.

CHAPTER XI.
The British intrigues with the Indians at the commencement of the Revolu.
rionary War, 191; The friendly mission of Cornstalk, Red Hawk, and Elli-
nipsico, to Point Pleasant, 192; Their detention and barbarous murder, 193 ;
McIntosh's campaigo, 195; Brodhead's campaign, 200; The persecution of the
Moravian Indians, and their forcible removal to Sandusky, 201; Williamson's
campaign, and wanton and unprovoked murder of the Christian Indians, who
had returned to their villages on the Muskingum, 202 ; Crawford's campaign,
209; His retreat, capture, and sufferings at the stake, 210; Dr. Knight's and
John Slover's escape, 213; Reflections on the campaign, and manner of con-
ducing the Indian war during the Revolution, 217.

CHAPTER XII.

Capture of Kaskaskia, and other British posts on the Mississippi, in 1778,
by Colonel George Rogers Clarke, 218; His surprize of Vincennes, and is
surrender by Governor Hamilton to the American commander, 220; The
founding of Louisville, 223; The daring exploits of Simon Keoton, his cap-
tivity, sofferings, and escape, 224; Colonel Daniel Boone's expedition to an
Indian town on Point creek, 225 ; His defence of Boonesboro' against 500 In-
dians poder Du Quesne, a British officer, 226.

CHAPTER XIII.
Colonel John Bowman's Expedition against the Ohio Indians, and its unfor-
tunate result, 231, The surprise and defeat of Major Rogers, the slaughter of
his men, and the miraculous escape of Captain Benham, 233; The combined
British and Indian expedition under Colonel Byrd, against Riddle's and Mar-
tin's forts, and the captivity of the garrisons and families under their protec-
rion, 235 ; Colonel Clarke's Expedition, and victory over the Indians at Pick,
awa, 236; Escape of Colonel Boone from the murderers of his brother, 237 ;
Captain Whitaker's successíul conflict with the Indians, 238 ; Col. Floyd's
defeat, 238; Singular encounter of Samuel, James and Robert McAfee, 238 ;
The appearance of a large Indian force before Bryani's fort, 245; Its failure
to capture it, 249; The fatal batile of the Blue Licks, 249; The third Expe-
dition of Col. Clarke, and the destruction of the Indian towns, 254.

CHAPTER XIV.
Population of Virginia and Kentucky increased, 257 ; Indian depredations,
258 ; Troops ordered to protect frontier settlements, 257; Settlements at Miami,
and present site of Cincinnati, 258; Fort Washington built, 258; General Har-
mar arrives there, 259; Indians commit renewed depredations, 259; Settlers
roused to avenge themselves upon the Indians, 260; Harmar's expedition against
the Indians, 260 ; Defeat of his army, 262 ; Remarks, 262; Effects of Harmar's
expedition, 263; General Charles Scott's expedition, 203 ; General Wilkinson's
expedition, 264; Adventures of Johonnet, 265.

CHAPTER XV.
St. Clair appointed Governor of the Noth Western Territory, 271 ; And is
also appointed Commander-in-chief, 271; Army assembled at Fort Washington,
272; The army marches towards Indian towns, 272; Fort Hamilton and Fort
Jefferson erected; Engagement with the Indians, 273; St. Clair's defeat, 274 ;
Return of the army to Fort Washington, 276 ; St. Clair censured, but acquitied,
276; An account of General St. Clair, 281 ; General Scott's mounted expedition
to the battle ground, 283; Battle with the Indians and their defeat with 200
killed, 283 ; Recovery of artillery and arms lost at St. Clair's defeat, 283; Bu-
rial of the bones of the slain, 283.

CHAPTER XVI.
Another campaign against the Indians detei mined upon, 28-4; An army raised
and placed under the command of General Anthony Wayne, 285; A notice of his
services and qualifications, 286; He repairs to Pittsburgh, and takes the com-
mannd, 287; The great exertions of the General in drilling his men, teaching
them military tactics, and inspiring them with self-confidence, 288; His encamp-
ment at Legionville, twenty-five miles below Pittsburgh, in the fall of 1792,
288; His arrival at Fort Washington in the spring of 1793 ; 289; Efforts made
to induce the Indians to make peace, 289; General Lincoln, Colonel Pickering,
and Beverly Randolph appointed commissioners to treat with the Indians at San-
dusky, 290 ; Failure of the commission, 291; President Washington, in person,
visits the Indians in Western New York, 290; Colonel Hardin and Major True-
man sent by General Wilkinson on missions to the Indian tribes, and both mur-
dered, 291; The Kentucky volunteers join General Wayne, but too late for offen-

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