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dnlge in implacable resentment, it is presumption to expect any other than th;it we shall perish in our sins, ver. 14, 15.
Lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. The last petition respected the bestowment of the greatest good 5 this, deliverance from the worst of evils. Christ teaches us to suspect ourselves. To be delivered from evil, we must not only avoid running into temptation, but pray that God in his providence may not lead us into it. Though temptation and sin be not in themselves necessarily connected, yet there is almost a moral certainty of their being so in our case. Christ indeed went into the field of contest, and came out unhurt; but this is more than can be said with certainty of any of his followers. They have indeed been preserved from actual compliance with many evils; but the temptation may nevertheless have left such impressions upon their imaginations and desires, as to be a source of guilt and shame for years to come. He that carries about him inflammable materials will do well to keep at the greatest possible distance from1 fire. Many a fair character, both in the world and in the church, if led into temptation, would be soon stripped of his glory. What then do we mean by courting applauses, by forming carnal connexions, by plunging into unnecessary cares, or by coveting lucrative situations? Much of what men call the leadings of Providence, is in fact God's leading them into temptation, for the detecting of their true character. Lot might no doubt have pleaded, that Providence' led him to discover a rich and well-watered plain, and he only fallowed its openings. Gehnzi had a fine opportunity afforded him, and he only embraced it. Moses however had a much greater opening than either of them; but he declined it. The truth is Providence is no rule of duty, independent of scripture. If the scriptures warrant a measure, and Providence open the way, we may safely w.ilk in it; but woe to him that catcheth every opportunity that offers, to aggrandize himself. Many a man would have killed Saul in the cave of Adullam, and have pleaded, as David's servants did, that the Loid had delivered his enemy into his hand: but so did not David, because of the fear of God.—I dhly add, There is no necess.iry connexion between going into temptation and coming out of it. Both Judas and Peter went in: but only Vor,. VIII. 29
one of them returned; and those who go in on a presumption of coming out again by repentance, will probably be fatally mistaken.
The concluding doxology, though omitted by Luke, and thought by some not to have been originally included by Matthew, appears to agree with the foregoing petitions, and to furnish encouragement to hope for an answer.
ON FASTING, AND OTHER DUTIES.
Our Lord's discourse is not designed to amuse his disciples with curious disquisitions, but to direct them as to their daily walk; partly in their approaches to God, and partly in their conversation with the world.
Vcr. lb\ Moreover, when ye fast, Sec. Fasting is supposed to , be the ordinary practice of the godly. Christ does not make light of it, but merely cautions them against its abuses. There has doubtless been much formality and hypocrisy in some who have attended to it: but it does not follow that the thing itself should be neglected. It is an appendageto prayer, and designed to aid its importunity. It is humbling, and in a manner chastising ourselves before God. The spirit of it is expressed in the following passages—SodoGod to me,and more also, if I taste bread,or ought eke till the sun be down.—Surely I will not comeinlo the tabernacle of my house, nor go up into my bed; I will not give sleep to mine eyes, nor slumber to mine eyelids, until I find out a place for the Lord, an habitation-for the mighty God of Jacob. No mention is made of the time, or how often the duty should be attended to. It seems to be proper, on various occasions, especially when, as the scripture phrase is, we set ourselves to seek the Lord. It is only a mean however: if rested in as an end, it will be an abomination in the sight of God. In the direction of our Lord concerning it, respect is had to the principle of things rather than to the things themselves. A sad countenance, if it be expressive of a sad heart, and in our secret approaches to God, has nothing in it improper. The evil consists in counterfeit sadness, and ostentatious grief. Whatever be your concern of mind, make no show of it before men, but rather appear, when in company, as at other times. Let all be between thyself and thy Father, who seelh in secret.
Ver. 19, 20. Lay not up for yourselves treasures, &c. The Lord here proceeds to a variety of counsels, and all upon things in common life. The inhabitants of this busy world are taken up in accumulating something which may be called their own, and in setting their hearts upon it rathes than upon God. So common is this practice, that, provided they do not injure one another, it ensures commendation rather than reproach. Men will praise thee when thou doest well to thyself. Hence we are in greater danger of this sin than that of most others. In opposition to this, we are directed to lay up treasures in heaven. Not that the heavenly inheritance is the reward of our doings: but beleiving in Christ, and setting our affections on things above, where Christ sitteth at the right hand of God, every thing we do in his name, whether it be to the poor, or any others, for his sake, turns to our account. Heavenly enjoyment accumulates, as wc in this way make much of it. It is thus, that in giving alms, we provide ourselves bogs which wax not old, a treasure in the heavens which faileth not. Men commonly choose a safe place to lay up their treasure. It is said, that many millions, during the late depredations on the continent, have been placed in the English funds; and no wonder. But still there is nothing secure in this world. If w% would place our treasure in a bank where no marauder cometh, it must be hid with Christ in God.
From this passage, some have seriously concluded, that it is forbidden us in in any ca»e to add to our property. To be couiistent, however, they should not stop here, but go on to sell what they have and give it to the poor; for the one is no less expressly required than the other. But this were to overturn all distinctions of rich and poor, and all possession of property, which is contrary to the whole current of scripture. To lay up treasures upon earth, is to trust in them, or make them our chief good, instead of using them as a mean of glorifying God, and doing good in our generation. This is evident from the reason given against it, that where our treasure is, there will our heart be also. The Lord prospered David ; yet David's treasures were not in this world. On the contrary, he was distinguished from men of this World, who had their portion in this life; declaring, As for me, J wilt behold thy face in righteousness: I shall be satisfied wlwn I awake in thy likeness. If, however our treasure be in heaven, we shall not be eager to lay up worldly wealth ; but rather to lay out that which God intrusts in our hands for promoting the good of his cause, and the well-being of mankind.
Vex. 22—24. The light of the body is the eye, &c. Our Lord here seems to illustrate and enforce the principle on which he had all along proceeded; namely, the importance of pure design, or right motive in every thing we do. This, to the soul, is that to which a clear sight of the eye is to the bpdy. A single eye has bat one object, and this is God.* It is opposed to an evil eye. The one is expressive of that spirituality of mind, which, as the Apostle says, approves the excellent, Phil. i. 10. The other is a mind blinded by the love of the world,or other corrupt affections, by which the judgment, which should be the guide of the sou], becomes dark, and leads it into evil. Thus the gospel is rejected, and some false doctrine received instead of it; and thus religion, by which men bopp to find their way out of their labyrinths, serves only to bewilder them moje and more, till at length they plunge into perdition. To show the importance of a single eye, it is added, No man can serve two masters, &c. He that has his .eye partly on God, and partly op mammon, wishing to grasp both
* Dr. Campbell excludes the idea of single, rendering the word " sound," as opposed to " distempered:" but the context clearly favours the common translation.
worlds, will deceive his soul. He may lose both; or if not, he will certainly lose the kingdom of God. Our minds must be supremely set on him, and the world must be sought only in subserviency to him. Two masters we cannot serve.
Ver. 25. Therefore I say unto you, take no thought for your life, fcc. This affectionate dissuasive from worldly anxiety, is supposed to be the natural consequence of what had been spoken. It is as though he had said, Seeing you cannot serve two masters, serve the Lord ; and as you must not look two ways,, let your eye be single, keeping one great end in view, and treating everything else as a secondary or subordinate object. The command, Take no thought, may seem to be inconsistent with that diligence in business which the scriptures commend, and which is necessary to the providing of things honest in the sight of God and man. Certain it is, that this cannot be done without thought: but the word here used, is expressive of anxious solicitude. It does not mean every care, but the care which groweth of distrust. It becomes us, after using all lawful means, to be anxiously careful for nothing ; but in every thing, by prayer and supplication, with thanksgiving, to let our requests be made known unto God.
Ver. 26—34. To enforce the most entire confidence in our heavenly Father, we are reminded that, having done the greater, he will do the less: (he has given us our lives, and our bodies; and the life is more than meat, and the body more than raiment :) that he provides for the fowls of the air, which, without anxiety, receive their food at his hand : and that all our fretfulness is una^ vailing ; for howevei we may think to raise ourselves by it, we can accomplish nothing beyond the will of God, any more than we can add to our stature. And as to dress, God clothes the lilies, without any solicitude on their part, so as to oause them to surpass us all in finery. To be anxious concerning what we shall eat, what we 6hall drink, and wherewithal we shall be clothed, is heathenism, and more suited to men who live without God in the world, than to the children of the Most High. All such anxiety and distrust must proceed on the principle, that God either does not know our wants, or that he careth not for us. Let it suffice us therefore to be told, that our heavenly Father knoweth that Wf