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guage of a fluent speaker; nor should he hence infer, that the system is incomplete, or the art unattainable, for with the same propriety might the young reader condemn and abandon the use of the common alphabet, (because he cannot at once read elegantly,) the inusi. cian his notes, or the young mathematician his Elements of Euclid. Let him therefore persevere in practice, and he will soon attain the object of pursuit.

To turn this necessary practice to the best possible account, the learner who is desirous to improve in useful knowledge, should record in a common place book from day to day, such facts and items of information as may be considered immediately interesting or worthy of future perusal,—these notes should be read while the subject is familiar. By this course, the writing and read. ing of short-hand are rendered in a few days easy, useful and amusing; and the art cannot fail to become a potent Jabour and time saving engine, not only for the actual accumulation and preservation of knowledge, but for the cultivation and expansion of the inind. For by judicious exercise, this faculty can be trained to receive more, and retain longer, whatever may be worthy of its atten. tion.

This improvement, however, does not depend on the substitution of one faculty for another, but on their mutual co-operation, as auxiliary, each to the other. For though we are able by short-hand, to preserve a literal copy of any particular subject, for our future gratification and instruction, and thereby increase our stock of knowledge; yet, if memory be left to languish in sickly inactivity, and thus gradually lose its energies, and be. come epervated for the want of proper exercise, the loss is equal to the gain.

The memory, then, whilst it should not be overburdened with unnecessary verbiage, should never be released from that habitual exertion on which its own preservation and usefulness depend. The great secret of preserving and improving the memory, consists in giving it a sufficient quantity of the right kind of aliment, affording due time for its digestion, and no more relaxation than is absolutely necessary to its health and vigour.

The person who can write rapidly, does not as a consequence substitute writing for memory, but employs it as an assistant; and every person when committing words to paper for future instruction, should endeavour to fix in memory at least the leading features of the sub. ject, leaving to short-hand, only that which memory cannot retain, and referring to notes, for details which mental association cannot recall; or of which, reminiscence presents but a meager skeleton.

When the memory is thus properly exercised, it cannot fail to be improved ; and the mind being released from the unnecessary incumbrance of words, will find more time to grow and expand, by reflecting, or comparing and analyzing the ideas which words may have conveyed; for the memory should be rather the reposi. tory of ideas than of words, which are the mere vehicles. of thought, and always at hand.

Although the preceding system is in itself complete, so far as intended for correspondence and general use, yet for the gratification of those who may wish to make other abridgments, and particularly those of the learned professions, who may think proper to engraft upon the established system, certain technical or other abbreviations adapted to their own respective professions, the following hints are superadded.

The lawyer or judge may, with much propriety, even if writing short hand, substitute in place of certain words which are known to occur very frequently, the initial common hand letter as P. for plaintiff, D. for defendant, W. for witness, C. for court, T. for testimony, V. for verdict, J. for judgment, &c.

The physician may, with like propriety, use P. for patient, pulse, or perspiration, F. for fever, I, for inflammation, R. for respiration, &c.

The clergyman may find it convenient to use H. for heart, or heaven, S. for sinner or salvation, R. for redemption or resurrection, J. for judgment, C. for conscience, condemnation, &c.

Young gentlemen who attend lectures on cheniistry, anatomy, or other subjects, may save much labour and time, by using the initials of certain technical terms, which occur frequently in the course of their study.

RECOMMENDATIONS. From the Secretary of the State of New York. "Mr. GOULD,

Albany, Jan. 14, 1823. Dear Sir---Having examined the system of Short Hand, which you are about to publish, I am satisfied that it possesses merits, which ought to recommend it to the attention of the public. The improvements which you have made, in relation to the facility of writing and legibility of the hand, are obvious; and your design of introducing it into schools, appears to be peculiarly happy, and well calculated to bring into public estimation an accomplishment, which cannot fail of being admired, when its unbounded utility is compared with the trifling time and means necessary to its acquisition.

“The plan of exhibiting your theory upon a card, at a single view, to a whole school, (' and thus reducing the erpense of furnishing schools, from dollars to cents,') is so admirably adapted to economy, and the general extension of the system throughout our country, that it must meet the approbation of every lover of science, and receive the patronage of the community, ever alive to the prosperity and happiness of the rising generation ; and I shall most cheerfully recommend it to the notice of our legislature, now in session, and to the public in general.

"I am yours, with respect and esteem,

« J. V. N. YATES." Secretary of State, and acting Superintendent of Common Schools, in New York.

From one of the Judges of the Supreme Court of New York.

« TO THE PUBLIC. “I certify with great pleasure, that Mr. M.T.C. Gould is a gentleman of excellent reputation and of highly respectable attainments : of his professional skill, from what I know, and have heard from competent judges, I have no hesitation to say, that he stands deservedly high.

«W. W. VAN NESS," * Albany, 4th of April, 1821."

Judge of the Supreme Court, State of New York. “ We the subscribers, most heartily unite with the honourable W. W. Van Ness, in recommending to public patronage, Mr. M. T.C. Gould, with whom we have been for many year acquainted.

“ SQUIRE MANRO,
« JAMES O. WATTLES, Judges.
“TRUMAN ADAMS, Clerk.
" H. L. GRANGER, Sheriff
V. BIRDSEYE." D. Attorney.

From the Clerk of the Assembly of the State of New York. "Mr. M. T. C. GOULD,

Albany, March 15, 1821. " Sir --As you have terminated your course of six lessons in short hand writing, which I desired you to instruct me, and having justly deserved my decided approbation for the skill and ability with which I know you teach that science, I take this opportunity to put you in possession of my sincere recommendation.

“Of the utility, importance, and great value of short hand writing, no one can doubt, who understands it. I confess I am astonished to find so little time, so little labour, and above all, so little money, necessary to the acquisition of a knowledge of this delightful and convenient art. Did all classes of men reflect upon and consider the subject, I doubt not they would soon become masters of it. I hope you will continue your instructions. I hope you will explain your system, particularly its simplicity, to our public teachers and their pupils, and I believe you will be liberally patronized. I sincerely wish you success.

“I remain your humble servant,

"AARON CLARK." (And two hundred others.)

From the State of New Jersey. " Whave been personally acquainted with Mr. Gould, for some years; and I have no hesitation in recommending him, as a Stenographer, eminently qualified for his profession, and a person worthy of confidence and encouragement.

«Rev. JOHN DE WITT, New Brunswick, Sept. 16, 1923."

Professor in Theological Seminary. “ As a Stenographer, Mr. Gould stands at the head of his profession in this country; of this I am satisfied, both from the publications which I have seen concerning him, and the recommendations in his possession, and I most cheerfully recommend him, to those who may be desirous to acquire a knowledge of short hand. * Elizabeth Town, Aug. 28, 1894.

“Rev. JOHN M'DOWELL." "I cheerfully concur in the above recommendation, as well from the general reputation

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RECOMMENDATIONS. of Mr. Gould from a knowledge of his system, having seen it taught in the seminary un der my care. " Elizabe own, Aug. 28, 1924.

"Rev. JOHN C. RUDD.” From the New York Patriot. * M. T. C. ld, of this city, has just published the fourth edition of his Analytic Guide and Authentic to the art of Short Hand Writing.' This system of Stenography is recommended in the most flattering terms by the Secretary of this state, by the late Clerk of the Assembly, by the Professors of several colleges in this and other states; and resolutions recommending it have been passed by the studeuts of Yale College. The work just published, is designed for the instruction of those who live at a distance from a teacher, and seems to be well adapted to the purpose. The elegant art of Stenography ought to form a part of the common school education ; for it will be a pleasure and a benefit to those who may acquire it."

From the United States Literary Gazette, No.10. In a review of Mr. Gould's Short Hand, the editors of the Gazette say: “ The little book before us is very well executed, and is the best we have seen. We learn from the advertisement, that'the same theory has been published upon a card, in a letter so large as to be legible to a whole school at once, thus materially abridging the labour of teaching, and reducing the expense of systems from dollars to cents. All this is very well, and we hope the public will reward Mr. Gould for labours, from which they may derive much benefit. We are decidedly of the opinion, that Short Hand should be introduced into our Colleges and Academies, and be considered essential in a liberal education."

From Yale College-First Class. « We the subscribers, members of Yale College, most cheerfully unite with the young gentlemen of other colleges, in expressing our entire approbation of Mr. Gould's System of Stenography, which he has lately taught in this institution. He is certainly entitled to much credit for the improvements which he has made upon this invaluable Art: and we have no reason to doubt, that his excellent system will soon become a standard for Short Hand, in the United States.

“Our progress in the art fully warrants us in recommending him to public patronage, and This system to general use. "Fale College, Aug. 1, 1823."

(Signed by 80 of the Students.) From Yale College-Second Class. RESOLUTIONS passed by Mr. Gould's second class at Yale College, consisting of about one

hundred young gentlemen, attached to the Medical and Academical departments of this Institution, Dec. 5, 1823.

Resolved. That the thanks of this class be presented to Mr. Gould, for the able and interest ing manner in which he has communicated to us a knowledge of his admirable system of Short Hand, which must be admired by all who know its merits.

Resolved, That we most cordially concur in the opinion expressed at many other Colleges, and particularly by a class of 80 young gentlemen, who attended Mr. Gould's instructions in

this Institution, in July last, viz: that our progress fully warrants us in recommending the by Author and System to public patronage."

(Signed by about one hundred.)

From Union, Williams, and Hamilton Colleges. “ Having attended Mr. Gould's instruction in Short Hand writing, we fully concur with others in opinion, that his experience in this art has placed bim at the head of his profession, and that his system of writing, and method of teaching, richly entitle him to public patronage. Our progress in the art has fully answered our expectations, and is a sufficient testimonial in favour of the system here recommended.' (Signed by more than one hundred.)

« I have attended to Mr. Gould's method of teaching Short Hand, and most cheerfully recommend it and him to the encouragement of every one.

gement of every one. «JÓEL B, NOTT, Union College, Schenectady, July 16, 1822."

Professor of Chemistry, &c.

From Union College. « The undersigned states with pleasure, that he has examined the principles of Stenography as taught by Mr. M.T.C. Gould, and has witnessed the success with which the young gentlemen in college have attended to the acquisition of this art, under his instruction. The system is remarkably simple; the art is acquired with great facility, and is worthy of the atterr tion and patronage of all literary men.

“ANDREW YATES, "Union College, July 16, 1822."

Professor of Morul Philosophy, &c.

THE AMERICAN

STENOGRAPHIC ACADEMY,

BY M. T. C. GOULD,

No. 6, North Eighth Street, Philadelphia.

At the above establishment, ladies and gentlemen may acquire, by a few practical lessons, a complete knowledge of the art of short writing, for the following prices, viz.

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Mr. Gould having visited the principal cities, colleges, and legislative bodies in the United States, as teacher and reporter, has acquired a name, which supersedes, in part, the necessity of testimonials, as to character or qualifications; still, as some may be ignorant of these facts, it is thought proper to add the following, with a respectful reference to his numerous volumes of sermons, trials, legislative debates, &c. and to i paralleled sale of six successive editions of this work, and an extensive demand for the seventh.

RECOMMENDATION. TO THE PUBLIC.

Washington City, July 1825.

M. T.C. Gould, Esq. has been, for several years, a distinguished Stenographer in the State of New York, and particularly in the convention of 1821. From our knowledge of his professional skill, and his character as a gentleman, we cordially unite in recommending him to the favourable notice of the American public. He is the author of a System of Stenography, and a teacher of the art in many of the Colleges of the United States-his book is highly approved by gentlemen of literary distinction, and from its adoption in Colleges and Academies, we have no doubt that it possesses superior merit-and that it

justly deserves the character which it has received-“the best system
extant."
John W. Taylor, speaker.

Elisha Litchfield,
Joel Frost,

Egbert Ten Eyck, Parmenio Adams,
Ela Collins,
Justin Dwinnel,

Robert S. Rose,
Jacob Tyson,

Henry C. Martindale, Rowland Day,
Hector Craig,
John Herkimer,

James Strong,
(saac Williams, Peter Sharpe,

William Woods, Ste. Van Rensselaer. James L. Hogeboom, Dudley Marvin. John Richards, John W. Cady, The above recommendation From the New-York Representatives, in the 18th Congress of the U. S. is one only, from hundreds of similar import.

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