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any high Mountain (a) from whence such a Signal might (a) Eman. 34.

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nies which were in Pračtice among most Nations before

they undertook a War. I have called my mighty ones for mine
anger, those who have Strength to execute my Anger,
even those that rejoyce in my $o. that is, in me, in
doing my Will, and Pleasure ; or perhaps it may be ren-
ger'd agreeably with the Original, that rejoice in the lift-
ing up of my [Standard] and run with Ambition into so
honourable (b) a Service, to
Ver. 4. The noise of a multitude in the mountains, like as

of a great people: a tumultuous noise of the kingdoms of nations

gathered

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4.

(b) Forerius.

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sudden, as if surpriz'd with the confus’d Noise of eager Volunteers flocking about the Standard of the Lord ; that Ode of Horace is one of his best, the Colours are very lively, and the Design bold, but natural ; yet I believe a true Judge of Poetry will find something which surpasses it in the bright Descriptions of this lofty Chapter, tho’ he read them under the Disadvantage of a Translation, which gives exactly the Sense of the Words rather than discovers the Beauties, which I mention only to tempt those to read the Scripture who may despise it for the Lowness of its Stile. Ver. 5. They come from a far country, from the end of heaven, even the Lord and the weapons of his indignation, to destroy the whole land...] From a far country.]. Babylon is 225

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some of their Auxiliaries might come from more distant Countries. From the end of heaven.] He speaks in the Phrase of the Vulgar, who think the Heaven Semicircular, like a drawn Bow, and that it esds where their Sight is bounded, and perhaps it might be the Language of the Learned among them also, for Philosophy never made any great Figure among the jews. By the whole land, he. means all the Province of Babylon, which had subdu'd a great part of the then known World.

Ver. 6. Howl#: for the day of the Lord is at hand : it

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lib. 3.

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minaries were to withdraw their comfortable Light, and not. in is 32.

leave the Sons of Men in the melancholy State of Darkness, which gives a noble Idea of calamitous Times: This is all the Eastern Nations, the Greeks, Latins and Arabians, even at this Day, mean by such lofty Expressions; and

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Optic Nerves are weaken'd and oppress'd for want of Spirits; on the contrary, when by Joy the Soul is enlarg’d, and the Animal Spirits are convey’d in greater Plenty to the Organs of Seeing, the Sun and Light appear greater and lighter than before. Ver, 12. I mill make a man more precious then fine gold; even a man then the golden wedge of Ophir..] More precious then fine gold.] This is said to denote the small Number which should escape the Sword of the Conquerors, or that the eager Soldiers, flush'd with Vićtory, shall give Quarter to no Man, though he would purchase his Life with Gold. Ophir, says Orsin, seems to be the Country call’d India extra Gangem, in qua estaurea Chersonesus; but (a) Bochart, I think, plainly proves that it was a part of Arabia near the Sabaeans, of whose Gold we meet so frequent mention in Scripture. Ver, 13. Therefore I will shake the heavens, and the earth fhall remove out of her place in the wrath of the Lord of hosts, and in the day of his fierce anger...] Therefore.] That is, because of their Sins, their Pride and Cruelty mention'd v. 1 I. or it may be render'd For. (b) To aggravate their Calamity the Prophet tells them while their Enemies are rioting in their Slaughter, God also shall give them Signs of his Displeasure, by shaking the Heavens with Thunder, or the Earth with unusual Commotions, Ver. 14, 15. And it shall be as the chased roe, and as a sheep that no man taketh up : they shall every man turn to his own people, and flee every one into his own land. Every one that is found shall be thrust, through; and every one that is joymed unto them shall fall by the sword.] The Inhabitants of Babylon shall run scar'd from place to place, yet find no Security. By the Roe he describes their Fearfulness, and by the Sheep their wandring. They shall turn, every man; that is, they which came as Auxiliaries, or were hird by the Babylonians to assist them in their Wars, shall endeavour to recover their native Country, for every Babylonian' and every Stranger too that is found in the City shall be cut off by the Persians; what we render join'd, jonathan in his Paraphrase expounds recipiens se in munitiones, all that stand in Defence of the City. - . -- ", "

Chapter
XIII.

(4) Phaleg.
c. 27. '

(b) Forerius.

*: - - : . . . . i* o -- Ver.

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