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out their Complaints, and give a melancholy, account to one another of their Grievances, and the deplorable Circumstances of their Country, which I take to be the meaning of Ululabit Moab ad Moab. Kirharesheth was a City so strong, that the united Forces of three Kingdoms could not take it: In the strength of this Fortress was all their Confidence placed ; therefore shall they mourn when they see it dismantled. But Forerius is pofitive that Ashishim never signifies Foundations in Scripture, and takes it to signify Men of Courage, valiant Men, according to which sense of the word, the whole Verse will run thus, Therefore the AMoabites shall make their melancholy Complaints to one another, they shall mourn for those who defended themselves so bravely in Kirharesheth,’till every Man of them were cut off.
Ver. 8. For the fields of Heshbon languish, and the vine of Sibmah, the lords of the heathen have iron down the principal plants thereof, they are come even unto jazer, they wandred through the wilderness, her branches are stretched out, they are gone over the sea.] The Verbs which our Translators have render'd in the Present Tense, should be express'd by the Future; for the Fields of Heshbon shall languish, and the Vines of Sibmah bemoan their untimely destrućtion; The Obscurity of the latter part of the Verse proceeds from the uncertainty of applying the Relative Article, whether to the Lords of the Heathen, the Inhabitants of Moab, or the choice Vines of Sibmah. I incline to think it is to be referr'd to the Vines of Sibmah, and take the meaning to be this, The Lords of the Heathen, that is, the Assyrians shall break down the principal Branches of the Vines of Sibmah, which is worthy of Lamentation ; for the Branches of the Vines of Sib. mah were very flourishing, reaching for many Miles, even to jazer in the Confines of Moab, they wander'd as far as the Wilderness, they pass'd over to the Dead Sea. The same which we meet in the Book of the Psalms, of
the Sea, and her Boughs unto the River.
dinary Danger or Calamity, referring their common Ne
cessities to the care of inferior Deities. Wer. * - * * - - -
Ver. 13. This is the word that the Lord hath spoken con- Chapter terming Moab since that time.J. Meaz, that is, Ex tune, as XVI. the Wulgat renders it somewhat barbarously, Il y a deja ovolong tems, as the Port Royal Translation has it, This is the word which the Lord hath spoken concerning Moab long ago, either when Balakhir’d Balaam to curse Israel, Tirinus. or when their Devastation was foretold by Amos, in the Numb.22.56. " Time of Uzziah; as if the Prophet had told his Coun- Amos 1.1. try-men, Let not this Denunciation of Judgment on the Moller. Moabites seem incredible to you, for God has reveal’d it before, and I only repeat it with a precise determination of the Time.
Ver. 14. But now the Lord hath spoken, saying, Within three years, as the years of an hireling, and the glory of Moab Jhall be contemned, with all that great multitude, and the remnant shall be very small and feeble.] Some would have these three Years to commence at the “Destrućtion of jerusalem by Nebuchodonosor; others at the first Year of Hezekiah, supposing this Prophecy to bear the same ... date with the preceding one against the Philisines, and 2 King 18.9 ° that Salmanazar, in the fourth of Hezekiah, when he came to besiege Samaria, took the Land of the Moabites in his way. But this agrees not with the direétions here given to the Moabites, to entertain the jews when they should fly to their Land for shelter, which they had no occasion to do, during the first four Years of that Reign. Others therefore suppose this Prophecy deliver'd 4to Hezekia, when Salmanazar sat down before Samaria, which having taken in three Years time, he then fell on the Moabites, as they suppose; which seems to take off the former Objećtion, because then many of the Ten Tribes might seek shelter among the Moabites; But the Prophet. certainly speaks of the Inhabitants of judea, who had not as yet been disper'd. Others go lower yet, and make them commence at the Siege of jerusalem by Sennacherib, three Years after which they suppose he invaded Moab, but being soon after the overthrow of his Army kill'd by his Sons, the Calculation of these three Years cannot begin at that Time. In this Variety of Opinions, says Gataker, I crave leave to deliver my Conjećture, and supi. this Judgment denounced against Moab, to have een executed neither by Nebuchadnezzar, nor Salmama
- - zor,
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Chapter zar, nor Sennacherib, but by his Son Esarhaddon; who,
Parts, and invade some of the neighbouring States, and that of Moab in particular, expe&ting some opportunity to be dealing with judea, in revenge of his Father's Quarrel; which, tho' warn’d by his Defeat, he durst not
attempt during the “Reign of Hezekiah, yet in his Suc
remiah long after seconded, to have been executed by
Nebuchadnezzar; but as the Lord useth sometimes to give Assurances of the Complement of some Prophecies of longer date by some other Predićtion of a nearer Term, in like manner he here seems to me to have done: For having in the foregoing Prophecy threatned the utter
, Ruin of the Moabites, which was many Years after to be ef
feaed, he here, to give the stronger Assurance of the
- when this Devastation (for I think the Prophet does not