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..Grotius refers to the Destrućtion of the Cities of the Ten Tribes, and renders Mebucha Lathonai materia fetu clamandi ad deum ; as if she had said, I have sufficient Reason to grieve, for it is a day of trouble and of treading down to my Brethren of Israel, and therefore I have Reason-to bewail their Misfortunes, and cry unto God for them ; but the treading down of the Cities of judea by Sennacherib may justify this Sorrow full as well, and there is nothing which hinders from interpreting it of that Time of trouble and treading down but the Expression Mekarkar kär, breaking down the wall, which probably Sennacherib's Forces might do in one part or other, and put the Inhabitants to a great Consternation, tho' we read nothing of it in the short Journal of that Siege. *
Ver. 6. And Elam bare the quiver mith chariots of men and horsemen, and Kir uncovered the shield..] The Prophet describes the Persons who should be employ'd in this Expedition against jerusalem, first Elam, or the Persians, at that Time subjećt to the Assyrian Monarch, a People very dextrous in shooting with Bows and Arrows, and Kir, who uncover'd or shall uncover the Shield; thus (a) some render the Words, making Kir a proper Name of a City in
Media, at this Time under the Dominion of the Kings of
taking Kir as it signifies a Wall (b) think the Prophet (b) Foreria.
the Inhabitants are cover'd from Danger, and this (c) I (c) Gatafer.
take to be the genuine meaning of this Word, it being, Y 2 . (as
A Commentary on the
chapter (as the Sequel concerning Shebnah shews) intended for the
(4) Cantit. 4. 4.
we find in the Time of Rehoboam that the Shields of State which his Soldiers wore when they attended the King to
, Ver. 11. Te made also a ditch between the two walls, for the water of the old pool; but ye have not looked unto the maker thereof, neither had respett unto him that fashioned it long ago.] jerusalem was very ill furnish'd with Water, having none but what came from a small Brook and a Fish-Pond without the City; therefore he tells them they should make Receptacles for Water between the two
Walls of the City; all which Hezekiah did, 3. 32. 4.- :
with their negleå of God, on whom they ought chiefly
suality of others, who at a time when they ought to : have been at their Prayers, to beg of God to divert this
Storm, abandon'd themselves to all manner of Licenti
they look'd to the House of their Armour, and to their Fortifications, and trusted to them against their Enemies, but these trusted neither in God, nor in their Armory; or Fortifications; but look'd, for nothing but
in all probability cut off by the Enemy, or starv'd in the
Chapter this or the following Verses. It (a) seems to have been XXII. deliver'd by God to the Prophet, and by the Prophet So made known to the People at the same time with the “)*. former what his Carriage was, whereby he procur'd
* to himself this heavy Doom is not certain, any more than the Place he was possess'd of, or the time of his being turn'd out of it. St. Jerom thinks he was High-Prieff,
- others High-Treasurer, Nal habbaith being to be render'd either Over the House or Over the Temple ; Montanus, that he enjoy'd both Places at the same time; and Samétius, that he was turn'd out of the Place of High-Priest, or Chief Intendant of the Temple, which he had obtain’d in the Reign of Ahaz, and remov’d to that of Chief Secretary, for which he was better qualify'd : Certain it is he was not High-Priest, because about this time we find
Reign; in consequence of which he was Nal habbaith, or