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on a Hill is always visible. The Law must signify
the Gospel, c. 2. 3. A City, the World, 'm that Day,
I don't know how many Thousands Years afterward,
as it is all along falsly apply'd by Mr. Whiffon, in his
Collečtion of Scripture Prophecies. But there would
be no end, if I should descend to Particulars, and
shew how the generality of Commentators overlook
the genuin signification of single Words, and make
them like so many Puppets just speak as they please:
And this will appear as well by a few Instances out
of a great number I have gather'd, with reference
not to single Words, but whole Sentences.
Thus when the Prophet speaks very figuratively
of the jews uniting together, and revenging the
Injuries they suffer'd from the Philistines, Moabites

and Amorites, the inveterate Enemies of their Na- c. 11. 14.

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I doubt whether the Authority of the Fathers will bear one out in such a case. Thus again, when the Prophet describes the condition to which the jews should be reduc’d, a little before their Captivity; among other things he tells them, they should have the misfortune to be govern’d by weak Princes, Boys in Understanding and Women in Heart. The interpretation of Sasbout is very diverting, the Wises of the Scribes and Pharisees shall hen-peck their uxorious Husbands, and cons']uently govern the rest of the

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jews; according to that saying of Cato, Women go-
vern us, we the Senate, the Senate Rome, and Rome
the World.
In the next he speaks of the great Slaughter
which should be made of them by the Chaldean
Forces; and to give them a clear Idea of it, he tells
them that Seven momen shall lay hold of one man; that
is, the Number of Men shall be so few, that they
shall bear no proportion to the Number of Women;
and yet ’tis strange to see what Work the Antients
make with this plain Text: Seven Women (says one)
that is, the Seven Gifts of the Holy Ghost shall lay
hold of Christ. Seven Women (says another) that
is, the whole Synagogue living by their own Bread;

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fire to be delivered from the Scandal of Sterility. They shall behold the Land that is very far off; that is, as if he had said, the Blessed from the Empyreal Heaven, shall behold the Earth at a vast distance, like a Point, and Men creeping upon the Minute Globe like Ants. Whereas nothing can be plainer than that the Prophet is speaking there of the jews coop'd in jerusalem by Sennacherib, who upon the defeat of his Army should be at liberty to travel from one end of their Land to the other, without any danger of Surprize. ... Thus in a thousand places, some of which I have taken notice of in the following Notes, the generality of Commentators are very wide from the Prophet’s Meaning; and no wonder, since they took little notice of his Words, and seem to have made it their Business to make them agree with the Notions swimming in their own Fancies, rather than to discover the true De

sign and Intent of the Sacred Writer. Another Cause of their mistaking the Prophet's Meaning, I take to be their taking little notice of - the

the Connexion, or rather intirely laying it aside,
interpreting one Verse of the jers, and the next of
the Christians, making the Prophet speak here of
his own times, and there of an imaginary Period at
the end of the World; leaping from Subjećt to Sub-
jećt, a Typo ad Antitypum; as if the Verses were in-
dependent one of another, like the Fables of Æsop,
and the Prophet only glanc’d in a few Words at
some future Event, and then was by the Spirit, as
it were, hurry'd away to another Subjećt. Whereas
I never yet read any Author more careful in con-
netting the several Parts of his Discourses together;
and his Transitions from one Subjećt to another are
so very obvious, that a Man must wink very hard
to overlook them. I shall give one Instance of this
Neglect of the Connexion, and which shall be from
these Words of the Propher, Nevertheles; the dim- c. 9, 1.
mes shall not be such as was in her vexation, when at the
first he lightly afflićfed the land of Zebulum, and the land
of Nephthali, and afterward did more grievously affliá
her by the way %. the Sea, beyond jordan, in Galilee of
the Nations, the People that walk’d in darkness have
feen a great light; they that dwell in the land of the sha-
dow of death, upon them hath the light shin'd. In the
foregoing Chapter the Prophet has been foretelling
that the jews should be driven from their Habita-
tions, be forc’d to fly from place to place half starv'd
with Hunger, in the height of their Misery, cur-
sing both God and their King, who could not pro-
teå them from their Enemy; looking to Heaven for
Comfort, but behold darkness; not one glimpse of
Consolation thence; and to the Earth, and behold
trouble and darkness, and dimmes of anguish ; Menaf
Tzuka, such darkness as uses to be in places of close
Confinement, in Prisons and Dungeons. Now every
one who has any knowledge of the Hebrew Lan- -
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uage knows, that by Darkness and Dimness is to É. understood Misery, Afflićtion and Trouble; and such the Inhabitants of judea had enough of, when Sennacherib came against them with an Army of two hundred thousand Men, and took most of the Cities and plunder'd the open Towns. Nevertheless (says the Prophet) the dinness, that is, the Affli&tion of the jews upon this Invasion shall not be so great as the Afflićtion of the Kingdom of the Ten Tribes, when Tiglath Pilezer first lightly afflićted the Land of Nephthali and Zabulon; and Salmanasar afterward more grievously afflićfed her, carrying all her Inhabitants into Captivity: For the People that walk’d in Darkness, that is, the afflicted jews shallsee a great light, that is, be delivered out of the hands of the Assyrian, and not be carry’d into Captivity, like their Brethren of the Ten Tribes. This is the plain Meaning of the Prophet, and now let us see what turn they give the Words,who take no notice of the Connexion. Christ shall at first lightly spoil or make a Prey, and snatch out of the Jaws of Satan, Idolatry and Hell, the Land of Zabulon and Nephthali ; for there Christ first preach'd, and thence he gather'd most of his Apoitles. And afterwards he made a greater Prey of them, especially in , Galilee of the Gentiles daily preaching there, and doing a great many Miracles, and gaining a great many Proselytes. But what is become of Ki lo munaph, which connects this with the former Verse: This is decently dropp'd by the Vulgat, or rather wrongly translated and joyn'd to the last Verse; and the Commentators, as if there were no such Words, in the Original, begin this Chapter, At first he lightly. Forerius, conscious that as the Words now #, they cannot be thus insterpreted without manifest violence, accuses the

- jews jews of corrupting the Hebrew Text, changing Bemeth in Tempore into Caneth 5 and insists upon the Authority of the Vulgat. The LXX will give us no light here, and one would think by their Version of this place tax, rfs, velociter bibe, either that they had not the same Copy before them, or that we have not their Translation. The Chaldee Paraphraft seems to have read it something differently from our present Copies; but plainly gives it for the Sense I have put on the Words, that he speaks of the first and second Captivity of the Israelites : but let us see the Interpretation of Forerius. . . At first, that is, formerly the Inhabitants of 24bulon and Nephthali were vile, of no reputation; but in after-ages they shall be honour’d with the Presence and Miracles of our Saviour, especially, The Way which leads to the Sea of Galilee, call’d by the Vulgar, the Country beyond jordan, or Galilee of the Gentiles. But why this straining of the Text 2 What can justify this putting the Words of Scripture to the rack, and making them speak what they mean

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and others wrongly translated, and no regard had to the Sacred Text 2 For this reason, because upon our Saviour's leaving Nazareth, a Town in the higher Galilee in the Tribe of Żabulon, and going to Capernaum in lower Galilee in the Tribe of Nephthali, which was call'd Galilee of the Gentiles, as being partly inhabited by Egyptians, Arabians and Phenicians, the Evangelist has this Expression, That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Prophet Isaias, The land of Zabulon and the land of Nephthali, the people that sat in darkness have seen a great light. Now if any one will give himself the trouble to read the Place referred to in Isaiah, I think at first View he will find that by Light in the Prophet, and too

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Strabo, -l. 16.

. 523. Mat. 4- 14.

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