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vod appears to. Mofes

, in a Burning Bush.. Exodus 3. v.2.

מַשָׂאוֹ : 20 וְלֹא־־יָבִאוּ לִרְאוֹת כְּבַלַע אֶת־־הָקִדֶשׁ


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קדר 24 וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָה אֶל-משֶׁה לַאמְר: 22 נָשׂא אֶת־רָאשׁ בְּנֵי גֵרְשׁוֹן גַם־הֶם לְבֵית אֲבֹתָם לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתָם: ו 23 מִבֶּן שְׁלשִׁים שָׁנָה וָמַעְלָה עָד בֶּן־חֲמִשִּׁים שָׁנָה תִּפְקְר

אוֹתָם כָּל־הַבָּא לִצְבָא צָבָא לַעֲבֹד עֲבֹדָה בְּאֹהֶל מוֹעֶד: 24 זאת עֲבֹדַת מִשְׁפְּחֹת הַגַּרְשְׁבִּי לַעֲבֹד וּלְמַשָׂא :

וְנָשְׂאוּ אֶת־יְרִיעַת הַמִּשְׁכָּן וְאֶת־אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד מִכְסֵהוּ וּמִכְסֵה הַתַּחַשׁ אֲשֶׁר־עָלִין מִלְמָעְלָה וְאֶת־מָלַךְ פְּתַח אֹהֶל מוֹעֶד : 26 וְאֵת קַלְעֵי הֶחָצֵר וְאֶת־מָסַךְ פֶתַחי שַׁעַר הֶחָצֵר אֲשֶׁר עַל־הַמִּשְׁכָּן וְעַל־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ סָבִיב וְאֵת מִיתְרֵיהֶם וְאֶת־כָּל־כְּלֵי עַבְדָתָם וְאֵת כָּל־אֲשֶׁר יַעֲשֶׂה לָהֶם וְעָבָדוּ: 27 עַל־פִּי אַהֲרן וּבָנָיו תִּהְיֶה כָּל-עֲבֹדַת בְּנֵי הַבְּרִשְׁבִּי לְכָל־מַשָׂאָם וּלְכָל עֶבְדָרָם וּפְקַדְתֶּם עֲלֵהֶם בְּמִשְׁמֶרֶת אֵת כָּל־מַשָׂאָס: 28 זאת עֲבֹדַת מִשְׁפְּחֹת בְּנֵי הַבְּרִשְׁנֵי בְּאֹהֶל מוֹעֵד וּמִשְׁמַרְתָּם בְּיַד אִיתָמָר בֶּן־אַהְרן הַכֹּהֵן :

ס 29 בְּנֵי מְרָרִי, לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתָם לְבֵית־ אֲבֹתָם תִּפְקֹד אֹתָם: 30 מִבֶּן שְׁלשִׁים שָׁנָה וָמַעְלָה וְעַד בֶּן־חֲמִשִׁים שָׁנָה תִּפְקְדֵם כָּל־הַבָּא לַצְבָא לַעֲבֹד

אֶת־עֲבֹדַת אֹהֶל מועד: וְאת מִשְׁמֶרֶת מִשאָם ה לְכָל־־עַבְדָתָם בְּאֹהֶל מוֹר קַרְשֵׁי הַמִּשְׁכָּן וּבְרִיחָיו

וְעַמוּדָיו וַאֲדָנָיו : 33 וְעַמוּדֵי הֶחָצֵר סָבִיב וְאֵדְנֵיהֶם וִיתֵרֹתָם וּמֶיתְרֵיהֶם לְכָל־כְּלֵיהֶם וּלְכָל עֲבָדָתָם וּבְשֶׁמֶת תִּפְקְדוּ אֶת־כְּלֵי מִשְׁמֶרֶת מַשָׂאָם: 33 זאת עֲבֹדַת מִשְׁפְּחֹת בְּנֵי מְרָרִי לְכָל־בְעֶבְדָתָם בְּאֹהֶל מוֹעֵד בְּיַד אִיתָמָר בֶּן־־אַהֲרֹן הַכֹּהֵן :

34 וַיִּפְקד משֶׁה וְאַחֲרָן וּנְשִׂיאֵי הָעֵדָה אֶת־־בְּנֵי הַקְהָתִי לְמִשְׁפְּחֹתָם וּלְבֵית


covering of badger's skins *, and 14 And they shall put upon it shall spread over it a cloth wholly all the vessels thereof, wherewith of blue, and shall put in the staves they minister about it, even the thereof.

censers, the flesh-hooks, and the 7 And upon the table of shew- shovels, and the basons, all the bread they shall spread a cloth of vessels of the altar; and they blue, and put thereon the dishes, shall spread upon it a covering of and the spoons, and the bowls, and badger's skins, and put to the covers to cover withal : § and the staves of it. continual bread shall be thereon. 15 And when Aaron and his

8 And they shall spread upon sons have made an end of covering them a cloth of scarlet, and cover the sanctuary, and all the vessels the same with a covering of bad- of the sanctuary, as the camp is ger's skins, and shall put in the to set forward : after that the staves thereof.

sons of Kohath shall come to 9 And they shall take a cloth bear it: but they shall not touch of blue, and cover the candlestick any holy thing, lest they die. Il of the light, and his lamps, and These things are the burden of the his tongs, and his snuff dishes, sons of Kohath, in the tabernacle and all the oil vessels thereof, of the congregation. wherewith they minister unto it. 16 | And to the office of Eleazar

10 And they shall put it and all - the son of Aaron the priest, perthe vessels thereof within a cover- taineth the oil for the light, and ing of badger's skins, and shall the sweet incense, and the daily put it upon a bar.

meat-offering, and the anointing 11 And upon the golden altar oil, 1 and the oversight of all the they shall spread a cloth of blue, tabernacle, and of all that therein and cover it with a covering of is, in the sanctuary, and in the badger's skins, and shall put to. vessels thereof. the staves thereof..

17 | And the LORD spake unto 12 And they shall take all the Moses, and unto Aaron, saying, instruments of ministry wherewith 18 Cut ye not off the tribe of they minister in the sanctuary,

the families of the Kohathites, and put them in a cloth of blue, from among the Levites. . and cover them with a covering 19 But thus do unto them, that of badger's skins, and shall put they may live and not die, when them on a bar.

they approach unto the most holy 13 And they shall take away things : Aaron and his sons shall go the ashes from the altar, and in, and appoint them every one to spread a purple cloth thereon : his service, and to his burden.

Ver, 6, 8, 10, 11, 12., Badger's skins are all singular--in Hebrew badger's skin. $ Vide the observations on Exodus, chap. xxv. ver. 29.

As it may be questioned, what was done with the fire on the altar which came down from heaven? Jarchi answers, that it was preserved on the altar during the march; and was kept from burning the garments by means of a copper vessel, with which it was covered.

# This seems to me to be rather a toleration than a perpetual order, on account of there being no priests at that time but Aaron and his two sons; for, his grand-children were not installed in the priesthood till the fortieth year, that Phineas and all his generation were preferred to the priesthood, (vide chap. xxv. ver. 13,) which occasioned a great addition in the number of priests. Add to this, all Eleazar's and Ithamar's sons born in these forty years ; and this was the cause of the toleration having ceased : as we sec in Deuteronomy, chap. xxxi, ver. 9, that Scripture styled the priests those that bore the ark of the covenant of the Lord.

Hence we may perceive the sacredness of these things; as no one was thought worthy of having those intrusted to them, save Eleazar. But according to the opinion of Nachmanides, Eleazar did not carry them, (because that he observes, from verse 4, was the business of the sons of Kobath,) but only to take care of their safety.





תְּכֵלֶת וְכֶפְוּ

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עָלָיו כְּסוּי עוֹר תַּחַשׁ וּפָרָשָׁוּ בֶגֶד־כְּלֵיל תְּכֵלֶת מִלְמָעְלָה וְשָׂמוּ בַּדִּין: 7 וְעַל שֶׁלְחַן הַפָּנִים יִפְרְשׂוּ בֶּגֶד תְּכֵלֶת וְנָתְנוּ עָלָיו אֶת־הַקְעָרֹת וְאֶת־הַכַּפַּת וְאֶת־־הַמְנַקִית וְאֵת קְשׂוֹת הַנָּסֶךְ וְלֶחֶם הַתָּמִיד עָלָיו יִהְיֶה: 8 וּפָרְשָׂר עֲלֵיהֶם בְּגֶד תּוֹלַעַת שָׁנִי וְכַפְוּ אֹתוֹ בְּמִכְסֵה עוֹר תָּחַשׁ וְשָׂמוּ אֶת־בַּדִּין : 9 וְלָקְחִוּי בֶּגֶד תְּכֵלֶת וְכַסוּ אֶת־ מְאֹרַת הַמָּאוֹר וְאֶת־־נֵרֹתֶיהָ וְאֶת־מַלְקָחֶיהָ וְאֶת־ מַחְתּתִּיהָ וְאֵת כָּל־כְּלֵי שִׁמְנָה אֲשֶׁר יְשָׁרְתוּ־לָךְ בָּהֶם : 10 וְנָתְנוּ אֹתָהּ וְאֶת־כָּל־כֵּלֶיהָ אֶל־מִכְסֵה עוֹר תָּחַשׁ וְנָתְנוּ עַל־־הַמְוֹט: 11 וְעַל מִזְבַּח הַזָהָב יִפְרְשׂוּ בֶּגֶד

וְכָפְוּ אֹתוֹ בְּמִכְסֵה עוֹר תָּחַשׁ וְשָׂמוּ אֶת־בַּדָּיו: 12 וְלָקַח אֶת־כָּל־כְּלֵי חַשְׁרַת אֲשֶׁר יְשָׁרְתוּ־בָם בַּקְרֶשׁ נָתְנוּ אֶל־בֶּגֶד תְּכֵלֶת וְכַפְוּ אוֹתָם בְּמִכְסֵה עוֹר תָּחַשׁ וְנָתְנוּ עַל־הַמְוֹט : 13 וְדִשְׁנוּ אֶת־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ וּפָרְשׂוּ עָלָיו בֶּגֶד אַרְגָּמָן: 14 וְנָתְנוּ עָלָיו אֶת־כָּל־כֵּלָיו אֲשֶׁר יְשָׁרְתוּ עליו בָּהֶם אֶת־הַמַחְתֵּת אֶת־הַמִּזְלָבֹת וְאֶת־־הַיָּעים וְאֶת־הַמִּזְרָקת כָּל כְּלֵי הַמִּזְבֵּחַ וּפָרְשׂוּ עָלָיו כְּסָוי עור תַּחַשׁ וְשָׂמוּ בַדָּיו: 15 וְכִלָּה אַהֲרֹן וּבָנָיו לְכַחֵת אֶת־־ הַקְדֶש וְאֶת־כָּל־כְּלֵי הַקְדֶשׁ בַּנְסְעַ הַמַּחֲנֶה וְאַחֲרֵי־כֵן יְבָאוּ בְנֵי־קְהָת לָשֵׂאת וְלֹא־יִגְעוּ אֶל־הַקְדֶשׁ וָמֵתוּ אֵלֶה מַשָׂא בְנֵי־קְהָת בְּאֹהֶל מוֹעֶד: 16 וּפְקְבַּת אֶלְעָזָרָי בֶּן־־ אַהֲרֹן הַכֹּהֵן שֶׁמֶן הַמָּאוֹר וּקְטְרֶת הַפַּמִּים וּמִנְחַת הַתָּמִיד וְשֶׁמֶן הַמִּשְׁחָה פְקְבַּת כָּל־הַמִּשְׁכָּן וְכָל־אֲשֶׁר־

בּוֹ בְּקְדֶשׁ וּבְכֵלֶוּ : מפטיר 17 וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָה אֶל־־מֹשֶׁה וְאֶל־־אַהֲרֹן לֵאמֹר

18 אַל־-־תַּכְרִיתוּ אֶת־־־שֶׁבֶט מִשְׁפְּחֹת הַקְהָתִי מִתּוֹךְ הַלְוִים : 19 וְאתי עֲשׂוּ לָהֶם וְהָיוּ וְלֹא יָמָתוּ בְּגִשְׁתָּם אֶת־קָדֶשׁ הַקְדָשִׁים אַחֲרָן וּבָנָיו יָבֹאוּ וְשָׂמוּ אוֹתָם אִישׁ אִישׁ עַל־־עַבְדָתוֹ וְאֶל־־

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the Levites, which Moses and thou take 'them: the shekel is Aaron numbered at the command- twenty gerahs. ment of the LORD, throughout

48 And thou shalt give the their families, all the males from money, wherewith the odd numa month old and upward, were ber of them is to be redeemed, twenty and two thousand.

unto Aaron and to his sons, 40 | And the LORD said unto 49 And Moses took the redempMoses, Number all the first-born tion-money of them that were of the males of the children of over and above them that were Israel, from a month old and redeemed by the Levites. upward, and take the number of 50 Of the first-born of the chiltheir names.

dren of Israel took he the money; 41 And thou shalt take the a thousand three hundred and Levites for me (I am the LORD) threescore and five shekels, after instead of all the first-born among

the shekel of the sanctuary. the children of Israel; and the

51 And Moses gave the money cattle of the Levites, instead of of them that were redeemed, unto all the firstlings among the cattle Aaron and to his sons, according of the children of Israel.

to the word of the LORD, as the 42 And Moses numbered as the LORD commanded Moses. LORD commanded him, all the first-born among the children of

CHAP. IV. Israel.

1 The Levite's services, 17 and 43 And all the first-born males

office. ,

ND that were numbered of them, were and unto Aaron, saying, twenty and two thousand and two 2 Take the sum of the sons of hundred and threescere and thir- Kohath from among the sons of teen.

Levi, * after their families, by the 44 And the LORD spake unto house of their fathers. Moses, saying,

3 From thirty years old and 45 Take the Levites instead of upward, even until fifty years old, all the first-born among the chil- all that enter into the host, to do dren of Israel, and the cattle of the work in the tabernacle of the the Levites instead of their cattle, congregation.. and the Levites shall be mine: I This shall be the service of am the LORD,

the sons of Kohath in the taber46 And for those that are to be nacle of the congregation, ubout redeemed of the two hundred and the most holy things. threescore and thirteen, of the 5 And when the camp setteth first-born of the children of Israel, forward, Aaron shall come and which are more than the Levites : his sons, and they shall take down

47 Thou shalt even take five the covering vail, and cover the shekels a-piece by the poll, after ark of testimony with it: the shekel of the sanctuary shalt 6 And shall put thereon the

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hundred." This, as he farther observes verifies the Hebrew Proverb 13506 210773b29u. The righteous being good, is also beneficial to his neighbour.

* This is meant that he should take the sum of those that were able to bear burdens, and which was, as mentioned in the following verse, from thirty yours old and upward, even until fifty years old, because, as Jarchi observes, before thirty a man does not arrive at his full strength; and after fifty, iî begins to decline.

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