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In eofdem usus legavit.
Dum id fibi negotii unicè dedit, Deo ut placeret

Severam interim Chriftianæ Religionis,

Ad quam se composuit, disciplinam,
Suaviffima morum facilitate ita temperavit,

Ut hominibus perraro displiceret:
In illo enim, fi in alio quopiam mortalium,

Forma ipfa Honesti mirè elucebat,
Et amorem omnium facilè excitabat.

Cum Naturæ fatis & Gloriæ,
Bonis omnibus & Ecclefiæ,

Parum diu vixiffet,

Fatali Asthmate correptus
Kensingtoniæ animam Deo reddidit;
Vitæ jam actæ recordatione lætus,

Et futuræ fpe plenus.
Dum Chriftianum Sacrificium rite celebrabitur,

Apud Sanctæ Cænæ participes,

Nelsoni vigebit memoria.
Dum solennia recurrent Fefta & Jejunia,
Nelsoni Fastos jugiter revolvent Pii:
Illum habebunt inter Hymnos & Preces,
Illum inter sacra gaudia & suspiria

Comitem pariter & adjutorem.
Vivit adhuc, & in omne ævum vivet,
Vir pius, fimplex, candidus, urbanus :
Adhuc in Scriptis poft mortem editis,

Et nunquam morituris,
Cum nobilibus & locupletibus miscet colloquia ;

Adhuc eos sermonibus
Multa pietate & eruditione refertis

Delectare pergit & inftruere.
Ob. 16. Jan. A'. Dom. 1714.

ÄEtat. fux 59.

PREFACE.

may expect

Think myself so far obliged, by that Re

Spect that is usually paid to the candid and charitable Reader, as to acquaint him, before he engages, with what be from the following Treatise : The Design whereof is an Attempt to rescue the Festivals and Fasts of the Church of England, not only from the Prejudices of those who bave not yet reconciled themselves to Her Conftitution ; but chiefly from the Contempt and Neglect of such as profess themselves Her obedient Members, who own Her Authority in indifferent Things, and who, upon all Oce cafions, praise and extol the Piety and Usefulness of such Institutions. And farther, bumbly to offer such Aid and Assistance to well-disposed Minds, that they may be enabled to improve all these holy Seasons, to the Advantage of their Immortal Souls, and to Heb: 4.9: the securing that Eternal Rest that remains to the People of God.

In order to this Purpose, I have, in the Preliminary Instructions, endeavcured to clear the Observations of the Festivals and Fasts from those Objections they were most exposed to; and have made it my Business to set them in such a Light, as may beft discover their Beauty and Excellency. And indeed, except we will acknowledge fome Power in the Church, to determine the Modes and Circumstances of Publick Worship, and to oblige us in indifferent Matters, it is impossible there Jould be any settled Frame of Things in any Cbristian Society in the World. The Rule that is laid down by St. Paul, for the Conduct of all Christian

Churches, is, that all Things be done de1 Cor. 14.cently and in order; which, as it supposes

à Power in our Governors to determine thefe decent Things, and to prescribe the necessary Order, and is moreover a Measure for them to proceed by in establishing their Injunctions ; so it must necessarily imply an Obligation in us that are governed to subinit to such Determinations, and to obey such Regulations; not from any binding Power in the Nature of those Things that are enjoined, but by virtue of that Obedience we

40.

owe

17:

owe to lawful Authority, which is so plainly and positively inforced upon us in the holy Scriptures. For those Things that the Laws of God have not made necessary Duties by being commanded, or Transgreslions by being forbidden, are indifferent in their own Nature, and may be determined either Way by lawful Authority; and those that are Subjects ought to yield Obedience to fuch. Determinations, because they are commanded"to obey those that have the Rule over them, Heb. 15. and to submit themselves.

Thus it is the Duty of all Christians, to humble themselves before God with Fasting and Prayer : Frequently to admire and adore the infinite Wisdom and Goodness of God in the Mysteries of our Redemption : Thankfully to acknowledge those: Advantages we bave received from the Labours of the Apostles, who by miraculous Gifts aud Graces were fitted to convert the World. But as to the certain Seasons when these Duties cre publickly to be performed, and as to the Way and Manner of discharging them, that must be left to the Determinations of our lawful Governors ; for what we are obliged to perform at Some Times, cannot

be

Ricaut's

the Greek Church, p. 15.

be less a Duty when lawful Authority enjoins

a certain Time for the performing it. And Conf.Boh. if we consider that the Foreign Churches Artic. 17. have preserved in their communion feve34. Hel?" ra! Festivals, and that the Remains of vet. c. 24. Christianity, which fill fubfift in the Greek

Church, are very much owing to the folemn
State of Observation of their Feasts and Fasts, there

is not the least Reason we should refuse Obe-
dience to such Institutions as are owned by
the Protestant Churches abroad, and have
bad so good an Effect in a Church otherways
over-run with Ignorance under the Oppres-
fion of Infidels.

As for those who profess these Principles,
they ought to attend to the true Consequen-
ces of them, which would oblige them to pay
such Regard to Days set apart by the Church
for Holy Uses, as to frequent the Publick
Assemblies, and to join in all the Aets of
Publick Worship, and to make them ser-
viceable to those Ends for which they were
instituted. It is highly probable, from All
Sundays in the Year being placed at the
Head of the Festivals, that it was the
Intention of those that compiled the Liturgy,
that they mould all be observed after the

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