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THE

BRITISH CRITIC,

FOR

JULY, AUGUST, SEPTEMBER, OCTOBER,

NOVEMBER, AND DECEMBER.

MDCCCVI.

Xρή Μουσών θεράπουλα και άγγελον, " τι περισσω

Eιδείη σοφίης, μή φθονερόν τελθειν
'Αλλά τα μεν μάσθαι, τα δε δεικνύται.

THOGNIS.

VOLUME XXVIII.

London:

PRINTED FOR F. C. AND J. RIVINGTON,

NO. 62, ST. PAUL'S CHURCH-YARD.

1807.

Printed by Law and Gilbert, St. Jolur's Square, Clerkonsoll.

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R

EVIEWS, properly so called ", are a very mo

dern invention, in which the French took the lead, and were followed first by the English t. It was some time, in England at least, before the plan of these Journals was settled. One of the earliest was in the form of Letters, no inconvenient vehicle for such information, But in 1708 an attempt was made

The “ Bibliotheca” of Photius has been considered as an ancient Review ; and so it is, in some respects. But it was not a journal, nor a record of what was passing in the literary world. The design was different, though the result was somewhat similar.

+ The " Journal des Sçavans,” by Hedouille de Sallo, is confidered as the first Review, and began in January, 1665-6, The first English Review was entitled, “ Weekly Memorials for the Ingenious ; or an Account of Books lately set forth in several languages. With other Accounts relating to Arts and Sciences.” 410. 1683. Struvius, unless he has been corrected in a later edition, mentions as the first, “ The History of the Works of the Learned," 1699. (Hiftor. Liter. Ed, 1729). But there were others before that, besides the Weekly Meinorials : namely," The Works of the Learned," published monthly by La Crofe, in 1691 ; and “ Miscellaneous Letters, giving an Account of the Works of the Learned, both at home and abroad,” 4to. Pegun in Oétober, 1694, and published weekly. The latter is anonymous. « Memoirs for the Ingenious,” published monthly by La Crose, from January 1693, is a Philosophical Magazine. The curious - Notitia Éphemeridum," by J. Joach. Schwabius, prefixed to Morhoff's Polyhistor, mentions all these works, but not being chronological, does not readily mark their succession.

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