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ons and evils, no less than if every one of them had been expressed in the foresaid Confessions : and that we are obliged to detest and abhor them, amongst other particular heads of papistry abjured therein. And therefore from the knowledge and conscience of our duty to God, to our king and country, without any worldly respect or inducement, fo far as human infirmity will suffer, wishing a further measure of the grace of God for this effect; We promise and swear by the GREAT NAME OF THE LORD OUR GOD, to continue in the profession and obedience of the foresaid religion ; and that we fhall defend the fame, and resist all these contrary errors and corruptions, according to our vocation, and to the uttermost of that power that God hath put in our hands, all the days of our life.

And in like manner, with the same heart we declare before God and men, that we have no intention nor desire to attempt any thing that may turn to the dishonour of God, or to the diminution of the king's greatness and authority : but, on the contrary, we promise and swear, That we shall, to the uttermost of our power, with our means and lives, stand to the defence of our dread sovereign the king's majesty his person and authority, in the defence and prefervation of the foresaid true religion, liberties and laws of the kingdom; as also, to the mutual defence and assistance every one of us of another, in the fame cause of maintaining the true religion and his majesty's authority, with our best counsel, our bodies, means and whole power, against all sorts of persoas whatsoever; so that whatsoever fhall be done to the least of us for that cause, shall be taken as done to us all in general, and to every one of us in particular. And that we shall neither directly oor indirectly fuffer ourselves to be divided or withdrawn, by whatsoever fuggestion, combination, allurement or terror, from this blessed and loyal conjunction : por shall cast in any let or impediment that may stay or hinder any such resolution as by common consent Mall be found to conduce for so good ends; but on the contrary, thall by all lawful means labour to further and promote the fame: and it any such dangerous and divilive motion be made to us by word or writ, we, and every one of us shall either suppress it, or, if need be, Mall incontinent, make the same known, that it may be timeously obviated. Neither do we fear the foul aspersions of rebellion, combination, or what elle our adversaries, from their craft and malice, would put upon us : feeing what we do is so well warranted, aad ariseth from an unfeigned desire to maintain the true worship of God, the majesty of our king, and the peace of the kingdom, for the common happiness of ourselves and our pofterity.

And because we cannot look for a blessing from God upon our proceedings, except with our profession and subscription we join such a life and conversation as beseemneth christians who have renewed their covenant with God: we therefore faithfully promise for ourselves, our followers, and all others under us, both in publick, and in our particular families and personal carriage, to endeavour to keep ourselves within the bounds of Christian liberty; and to be good examples to others of all godliness, f. berness, and righteousness, and of every duty we owe to God and man.

And, that this our union and conjunction may be observed without violation,

We call the LIVING GOD THB SEARCHER OF OUR Hearts to witness, who kpoweth this to be our sincere desire and unfeigned resolution as we hall answer to JESUS CHRIST in the great day, and under the pain of God's everlasting wrath, and of cofamy and loss of all honour and respect in chis world: molt hambly befceching the LORD to strengthen us by his HOLY SPIRIT for this end, and to bless our desires and proceedings with a happy fuccels; that religion and righteousness may Aourish in the land to the glory of GOD, the honour of our king, and peace and comfort of us all. 10 witness whereof, we have subscribed with our hands all the premisles.

HE article of this covenant, which was at the first fubscription re

now determided ; and thereby the five articles of Perth, the goveroment of the kirk by bishops, and the civil places and power of kirkmen, upon the reasons and grounds contained in the Acts of the General Assembly, declared to be unlawful within this kirk; we subscribe according to the determination foresaid,









pour and Happiness of the King, and the Peace and Safety of the Three KINGDOMS of Scotland, England, and Ireland.

Taken and Subscribed feveral Times by King CHARLES II. and by all

Ranks in the laid three Kingdoms.

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A. Ad of the General Assembly 1643, and an Act of Parliament 1644,

Ratifying and approving the laid League and Coveoant.

Jer. 1.5. Come let us join ourselves to tbe Lord m a perpetual covenant,

that shall not be forgotten. Prov. xxv. 5. Take away she wicked from before the King, and his throne

Shall be cftablished in righteousness. 2 Chron, xv. 15, And all fudab rejoiced at the oathi for obey bad frwarn with all their heart.

Though it be but a man's covenant, yet if it be confirmed by an oarb, no man dijannuletb, nor adderb thereto.

Gal. ii. 15.

Printed in the Year M.DCCLV.

Affembly at Edinburgh, August 17, 1643, Seff. 14.

The General Assembly's approbation of the Solemn League

and Covenant.


HE assembly having recommended unto a committee, appointed

measure upon

of estates, and the commissioners of the honourable houses of the parliament of England, for bringing the kiogdoms to a more near conjunction and union, received from the aforesaid commitees the covenant aftermentioned, as the result of their confultations : and have taken the fame, as a matter of fo public concernment and of so deep importance doth see quire, unto their gravest consideration, did with all their hearts, and with the beginnings of the feelings of that joy, which they did find in so great

the renovation of the National Covenant of this kirk and kingdom, All with one voice approve and embrace the same, as the most powerful mean, by the bleffing of GOD, for settling and preserving the true protestant religion, with perfect peace in his majesty's dominions, and propagating the fame to other nations, and for establishing his majesty's Throne to all ages and generations. And therefore, with their beħ af fections, recommend the same to the bonourable convention of estates, that, being examined and approved by them, it may be sent with all diligence to the kingdom of England, that, being received and approven there, the same may be, with public humiliation, and all religious and answerable solemnity, sworn and subscribed by all true profeffors of the reformed reJigion, and all his majesty's good lubjects in both kingdoms.

A. Johnstoun. Charles I. Parl. 3d. Seff. 1. A& 5. A& anent the Ratification of the calling of the Covention,

Ratification of the League and Covenant, Articles of Treaty betwixt the Kingdoms of Scotland and England, and remanent Acts of the Convention of Estates and Committee thereof.


At Edinburgh, July 15, 1644.
HE efates of parliament presently conveened by vertue of the last

act of the last parliament holded by his majesty, and the three eftates, in anno 1641, considering, that the Lords of his majesty's privyo council, and commissioners for conserving the articles of the treaty, hava ing according to their interests and trust committed to them by his majelty and estates of parliament, used all means, by supplications, remonittances, and fending of commiffoners, for securing the peace of this kingdom, and removing the unhappy distractions betwixt his majesty and his Tubjeéts in England, in such a way as might serve most for his majefty's honour, and good of both kingdoms; and their humble and duriful endeavours for fo good eads having proven ineffectual, and their offer of mediation and intercession being refused by his majesty: and thereby finding the weight and difficulty of affairs, and the charge lying on them, to be greater than they could bear ; did therefore, in the month of May 1643, meet together with the commiffiuners for the common burdens, that by joint-advice some refolution might be taken therein ; and in respect of the danger imminent to the true Protestant religion, his majef ty's honour, and peace of these kingdoms, by the multitude of papists and their adherents in arms in England and Ireland, and of many other publick and important affairs, which could not admit delay, and did require the advice of the representative body of the kingdom ; appointed and caused indi&t a meeting of the convention of estates his majesty having formerly refused their humble desires for a parliament) to be on the 22d of June following; which diet being frequently kept by the nos blemen commissioners of shires and burghs, and they finding these dage gers against this kirk and state fill increasing, resolved, after serious de. liberation and advice of the general assembly, and joint-concurrence of the commiffioners authorized by the parliament of England, that one of the chiefelt remedies, for preventing of these and the like daogers, for preservation of religion, and both kingdoms from ruin and destruction, and for procuring of peace, That both kingdoms should, for these ends, enter into covenant ; which was accordingly drawn up, and chearfully embraced, and allowed. And at last, a treaty was agreed unio by both kingdoms, concerning the faid covenant, and affistance craved from this kingdom by the kingdom of England, in pursuance of the cads expressed

therein :--And the ellates being fill defirous to use all

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