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from a column of fire 1000 feet high, and spouts was burning, and trees were falling; the rending of the forth a torrent of lava, several miles in breadth, that rocks, the detonation of gases, clouds of steam from burns up forests and jungles in its winding way, and boiling water, and scintillations from burning leaves drinks dry the swamps and streams to an extent of 'filled the atmosphere; and the red glare above resemnearly seventy miles.
bled a firmament on fire. During the night, we were The last eruption commenced in August 1855, and nearly surrounded by the advancing lava, and when was still in full blast about the same time last year. we decamped in the morning, we left our sheltering It is described in letters by Mr F. A. Weld to Sir tree in flames.' Charles Lyell, and the Rev. Titus Coan to the British Mr Weld's journey to the top of the mountain was Consul-general for the Sandwich Islands, both read broken by a visit to the crater of Kilauea, much lower at the Geological Society last December.
down, the lava-torrent from which, a few years ago, On the 11th of August 1855, a small point of light burst into the sea at more than thirty miles' distance, was observed on the summit of Mauna Loa. This is forming several islands, and heating the waters, and one of the three volcanic mountains of the island of killing the fish, in an area of many miles. The Hawaii, in the Sandwich group. It appears, like the crater of Kilauea is seven miles in circumference, and others, smooth and rounded when viewed from a about 1500 feet deep. * The cliffs forming its outer lip distance, standing almost in the centre of the island, form a nearly perpendicular wall of yellowish clay and and rising from the sea-coast through every diversity dark basalt rock. The bottom of the crater is conof country in a gradual ascent of about forty miles. stantly changing; and frequently it holds in the lower The little point of light was seen from Hilo, a town in hollow a lake of molten lava à mile long, and half Byron's Bay, and won the eye from the beautiful a mile broad. On the present occasion, it was a plain, expanse between, with its picturesque ravines filled more or less broken, of lead-coloured lava, dotted with with banana, bread-fruit, and candlenut trees, and cut- small mounds and craters, giving forth clouds of smoke, ting through grassy slopes dotted here and there with and, as night approached, kindling up here and there small coffee and sugar plantations, till the region of into fires. comparative fertility met the dark forests that clothed The ascent from hence to the summit was the middle of the mountain. The star on the summit through woods, over old lava-streams, by the mouths grew more and more brilliant as the people gazed ; of large caverns, and heaps of stones to mark where then it rose and expanded by degrees, filling the whole travellers had perished. They lay down for the night heavens with its ominous glare. The eruption, however, on some half-vitrified ashes; being at such an elevation was not distinguished by any remarkable projection of that the next morning when they tried to make some burning substances into the air, but by a vast and steady tea, the water, although it boiled readily, did not discharge of lava, the fiery floods of which burst from attain heat enough. That day the view of the opposite the summit, and rushed down the side with appalling mountain of Mauna Kea was remarkably fine. The fury. The main torrent first directed itself into the old conical craters on its summit covered with newly valley between Mauna Loa and one of its sisters, Mauna fallen snow, its huge outline shadowy and dim, the Kea, and then, taking an easterly direction, flowed clouds of smoke that rose round its base from the over forests, jungles, swamps, and streams, towards valley down which the present flood of lava flowing, Hilo, widening, as it advanced, from a breadth of three the wild dreariness of the foreground, and the tropical miles to five or six, and the depth varying from ten sky above, formed a scene almost indescribably grand to several hundred feet. “Our first good view,' says and wonderful.' On arriving at the lava of the present Mr Weld, of the eruption was at night, from the eruption, they were able to trace its devastating course deck of a ship in the harbour, as trees obstructed below. It had been partially cooled on the surface, so the view from the shore. The distant craters were as to admit of their walking on it, though with some scarcely visible, but the burning forests above Hilo difficulty and danger, as the flood of liquid fire still shewed the front of the advancing lava, lighting up continued to roll under the crust. Of this flood, Mr the night with a mighty glare, with sometimes a Weld obtained a view through a broken part of the surcolumn of red light shooting up, occasioned probably face. "The huge arch and roof of the cavern glowed by an explosion of the half-cooled upper crust of lava, red-hot, and, as with some difficulty I obtained a point or by dried trees falling into the devouring element.' directly overhanging it, the glare was perfectly scorchThe rapidity of the ponderous fluid, however, must not be ing. The lava, at almost a white heat, flowed slowly judged by that of water. Although it rushed down the down at the rate of about three or four miles an hour. steep of the mountain with incalculable speed, it is not I dropped a fragment of rock into it, which it carried mentioned that in the more level country it made much floating on. There was something very impressive in greater progress than a mile in the week; but still, its steady, smooth onward course.' day after day, it filled the air with smoke, darkening The eruption came from two craters, one a mile the entire horizon, and converting into a desert vast lower than the other. In the lower, the upper crust tracts till then waving with fruits, and adorned with of the lava had cooled, and the discharge was subterall the glory of tropical verdure.
ranean; although the smoke, darkness, and sulphureous Both Mr Weld and Mr Coan visited the scene of stench continued to make it an object of awe. The the outbreak, the latter giving also an account of the upper crater still sent up those volumes of red smoke appearance of the lava-stream at its terminus, not and partially ignited gases which at night appeared more than fifteen miles from Hilo. To gain this point a lofty column of flame. Having commenced their through the jungle, and over the bed of a river, while returnthe rain poured down in torrents, was a work of diffi- "Our sleeping-place was about 500 feet below the culty; but on the evening of the second day, he came level of the craters: the night was fine with us ; but, suddenly upon the burning lava, consuming the thicket whilst above us the craters rolled up dark columns before him for a breadth of several miles, and gleaming of smoke, below, over Hilo and Kilauea, raged a with innumerable fires. The party halted under a tree magnificent thunder-storm. The level of the top of within a few feet of the lava-stream, the heat of which the clouds was somewhat below us, and along it they made use of to boil their tea, and keep them warm played flashes of the most vivid lightning, whilst the
through the long and stormy, but intensely interesting thunder-peals seemed to roll up from the valley below. night. The pyrotechnical scene was indescribable: Later in the night it rained, and in the morning, standing under our tree, we could survey an area of some fifteen square miles, over which countless fires
* On the island of Maui, there is the crater of an extinct were gleaming with extreme brilliancy. The jungle volcano, said to be twenty-four miles in circumference.
though in the tropics, the exterior of the fur-rug in twenty miles along the coast, and thousands of marine which I slept was white with hoar-frost.'
animals were killed.' In Mr Coan's journey to the summit, he walked along Such is Mauna Kea when the fit is on her! the lava-stream for some distance, where it appeared to be five or six miles broad; then observing a narrower place, he crossed to its opposite bank. . At this point
PASSING THROUGH BALTIMORE the whole surface of the lava was solidified, while the
AND NEW YORK.* molten flood moved on below like water under ice in
June 1, 1857. a river. The superficial crust of the lava was crack- BALTIMORE is a place of little interest to a stranger; ling with heat and emitting mineral gases at innu- it is, however, the first slave-town I have been in. merable points. Along the margin, numerous trees Being on the borders of the free states, it is only half lay crushed, half-charred, and smouldering upon the a slave-state, the slaves enjoying comparative freedom. hardened lava.'
There I saw for the first time a black man walking That night, they slept on the cooled lava, above the with a white woman. It is against the law in all line of vegetation. The next day, 'upward and upward slave-states, and almost never seen in the free. They we urged our weary way upon the heated roof of the may not marry either. lava, passing, as we ascended, opening after opening, I found an agreeable companion in a Frenchman, a through which we looked upon the igneous river as it | bookseller from Mobile; he walked with me about the rushed down its vitrified duct at the rate of forty town, and told me many things of interest. miles an hour. The lava-current at this high point that the blacks are better off in the slave than in the on the mount was fearful, the heat incandescent, and free states, and I believe it. They always get two or the dynamic force wonderful. The fire-duct was laid three weeks' holidays in the year, and often go travelfrom 25 to 100 feet deep down the sides of the mount; ling through the free states, with a pass-ticket from and the occasional openings through the arches or their masters. I met several myself. Many of them superincumbent strata were from 1 to 40 fathoms in in towns become wealthy, and refuse to purchase diameter. Into these orifices we cast large stones, themselves, preferring to remain slaves! The southwhich, as soon as they struck the surface of the erner told me that, two years ago, a black man came hurrying flood, passed down the stream in an indistinct and set up a barber's shop in Mobile, and became very and instantaneous blaze. Through openings in the popular. . After a while, it oozed out that he lived mountain we could also see subterranean cataracts of with a white wife; he was immediately taken up, sent molten rock leaping precipices of 25 or 50 feet. The to the penitentiary for five years, and his wife ordered whole scene was awful, defying description. Struggling to quit the state. Black men (free) are allowed to upwards amidst hills, cones, ridges, pits, and ravines of travel through any state, but not to settle in them, in jagged and smoking lava, we came at 1 P. M. to the the south, at anyrate. terminal or summit crater, and, mounting to the highest At nine o'clock this morning, 'I took the cars for crest of its banks, we looked down as into the very Washington.' The scenery is very similar to that ori throat of hell.' This, according to Mr Coan, is the the New York line, only with this exception, that summit of the mountain, while Mr Weld places the from every rock there did not issue the information, highest crater 1500 feet below the summit. The in staring white letters, that ‘Phalon's Paphian Liquid former indeed met with nothing at all like what is is the best Cosmetic.' Thus nature becomes subservient commonly called a crater. The plateau of the moun- to art, and vice versa. How the sylphs must hate the tain was rent with yawning fissures, bordered with noxious fluid; but there are no fairies here--elves, masses of scoriæ, lava, &c., ' piled in the form of elon- goblins, sprites hold no moonlight revels here. Barnum gated cones, rent longitudinally, while the inner walls would have caged and shewn them in pantaloons and were hung with burning stalactites, and festooned
tights! with a capillary or filamentous lava, called Pele's hair, Over Thomas's' Viaduct, and past the immortal and much resembling the hair of a human being.' man's monument; some fifty people fishing in the The burning lava is not seen at this point-it goes off river below, catching enormous jack-sharps ; and then by a subterranean chamber: 'but the fearful rusli of on through the woods again, the banks covered with white smoke and gases from these fissures on the beautiful blue lupines, and the magnolias glittering summit fills one with awe, and the spectator must use like snow-flakes on the trees. his utmost care lest the fierce whirlwinds which gyrate Arrived in Washington, the chief city of this great and sweep over these heated regions throw him over, country; we drive, the southern and myself, to or strangle him with sulphureous gases.' It is not Kirkwood's Hotel. Hotels are a great institootion; wonderful that the natives consider the hair, hung in everything in America is an institootion '-mintso extraordinary a situation, to belong to the goddess juleps, corn-cakes, and steam-boats: this is another. Pelé. It is ' reddish, brownish, or of golden hue'-in If you go into a shop and ask: 'Have you any fact, auburn; and the beautiful but awful being it so-and-s0 ?'—they reply: 'We hain't got anything adorned lost the fragments in her wild gambols as she else;' meaning to inform you that their chief business rioted in her volcano-bath during the night, splashing is in that article, that it receives their particular the liquid fire to the heavens, and flinging its fitful attention; and perhaps, after all, they havn't got it. glare over the sea.
As soon as we reached our hotel, we saw that there We may add, that the immense crater of Kilauea was a great crowd, and were told that there was an was in full work in 1840, when the flood of lava election of councilmen going on. A lot of 'roughs' • forced itself under its mural sides at the depth of 1000 from Baltimore were said to be getting up a disturbfeet, pursuing its way towards the sea in subterranean ance. The polling-booth was right opposite us, and galleries, until the fiery flood broke ground, and there seemed to be a great deal of excitement. I had tolled down in a burning deluge, from one to four stepped into the bar, to write my name and secure a miles wide, sweeping away forest and hamlet, and roon, when bang-bang-bang went some firearms. filling the heavens with its murky clouds and its I thought it was rejoicing, but saw a fellow cutting up lurid glare. In three days it reached the sea, having the street, and another after him with a six-shooter, as travelled thirty miles; and for two weeks it plunged they call them, which he fired slap at his back, without in a vast fiery cataract, a mile wide, over a precipice some fifty feet high. The commotion, the detonations,
# What follows is really, as it appears, an extract from the the rolling and gyrating clouds of ascending vapour carelessly written memoranda of a young sojourner in the United were awfully sublime. The ocean was heated for States.
stopping him, however. The amusement—excitement Washinton without importing them. Tell you what rather—now became general. About twenty shots I'd do-I'd shoot every one of them, as soon as he were fired, and Mr Kirkwood closed the bar of the shewed a weepn,' &c. These seemed to be the general hotel by putting the shutters to.
sentiments of the respectable portion of the community Presently the Baltimores cleared off-about a dozen present, and were received with applause. The capruffians, as villainous a looking set as I ever saw. tain, for such he was, volunteered to do for one man if Nobody was hurt, and I began to doubt whether the others would do the like. All professed their willingpistols were loaded with ball. An American remarked ness to serve the cause of peace and justice.- No. 1 to me that the practice was very bad. I thought he then continued his statement thus: “The worst of it is, meant the practice of using revolvers, and said Shame that they havn't shot one Baltimore feller. But there's ful!' He turned round, stared, and then added: 'I an officer of the Land office dead !'-No. 2: 'Ah, guess, if I shoot at a man, I hit him ! I don't run when that's a pity.'-No. 5 (evidently a hanger-on of state): I shoot.' No,' said another, you shoot, and then run.' Never mind; some one else will get that: they'll fill (General laugh.) Distant shots were heard about town. up the appointment to-morrow.'-No. 1: “There was The city was in an uproar. Report came in that the a little girl shot, down an avenue, by mistake. She mayor had asked the president for a guard of marines. was dying.'- Chorus : 'Ah, that's the worst of these
I drove away to see the Capitol. It is a fine white rows, they always shoot the wrong people.'--Citizen marble building, commandingly situated on the top of No. 6, rather a sententious, prosy old fellow, perceivthe hill, surrounded with pretty parks and gardens, ing that I was a stranger, drew me aside and began: which they are enlarging and improving. The centre This is a bad time to be here. We never have any hall is circular, very dirty, and with a roof that leaks fights here mostly, except at the general elections; but badly; the walls hunground with fine paintings: these Baltimore fellows will come down here. This Landing of Columbus, 1492'-a very fine painting is a free country, you know, and every man goes (it is difficult to believe that this country was discovered where he likes—that is, he is at liberty to do as he only about 400 years ago, or so); 'Embarkation of pleases, that is a Yes, at the Baltimore election Pilgrims from Delfthaven, 1620'-also very fine ; small | there were 160 killed—that is, shot each other—died, portrait of Daniel Webster-rough-looking old boy; you know. Now, there was that young man in the * Surrender of Lord Cornwallis ; ' Franklin trying to Land-office-I knew him quite well—that is, I was persuade Louis XVI. to acknowledge the Independacquainted with his appearance. I was aware he was ence of the United States,' by Healy-a magnificent a most respectable character-no one more so, as far as picture; "Baptism of Pocahontas, an Indian Girl'— I know; at least, I may say he was as respectable as very beautiful ; 'Discovery of the Mississippi River by any one almost. Well, he was shot-fired at, wownded De Soto'-the finest of all. Nothing else worth seeing. in the stomach, abdomen-just here, you know and Everything dingy and dirty. As we drove out, we death came on, happened, occurred, supervened. Well, passed the marines—fine soldierlike fellows in light perhaps, he was only looking on; but I daresay he was blue. Just then ran past those aforesaid ruffians, one of the leaders. But it's all over now-that is, dragging a small brass cannon by a long rope, yelling, finished, quite quiet again-put down, you know, and calling them to come and take it. I remarked the quelled—that is a' Just then a buggy drove up, hair of the fourteen presidents to be gray, with the with a white-headed old man in it, wounded in the exception of that of James Munroe and General Pierce arm, not seriously, however, but covered with blood. --the latter lank, black, scoundrelly looking stuff. All He was looking out of his window when shot. His sorts of curiosities are kept here: a Chinaman's tail name was Colonel Williams, I believe. cut off by a Yankee mate, who caught him shouting! I go up to my room and open the window. The no other reason being assigned for presenting it to the heavens are one sheet of fire ; sullen soughs of wind National Gallery ; calf with two heads ; Feejee idols through the trees announce a storm; one mighty peal (anything but handsome), and other lusus nature of thunder, and then the battle of the elements begins. A splendid collection of shells, finer than that in the Rain it is not to be called. Cataracts roaring, and British Museum, but in sad disorder. Looking out of lightning flashing, it seems as if the wrath of Heaven one of the windows, saw a young man carried past was aroused at this bloody scene. Half an hour, and wounded. Did not feel much inclined for, but went all is still; faint gleams of lightning are dying in the home to dinner. As I was standing on the steps of west ; but these demons are at work again, shouting the hotel, a man passed by, whom Mr Kirkwood and yelling, and piling up a great bonfire right in the addressed in the following manner : Charlie, any middle of the street, opposite my window. Old tables, shootin' up your way?' 'I guess bo; regalar fraction!' boxes, chests of drawers, are pressed into the service. A little crowd gathered to hear his account of the fight, A circular war-dance, a song with revolver accompaniof which you shall have as much as I can remember. ment, finishes the proceeding; and all is still, with
No. 1 logr. : “They got a small cannon, and took now and then an occasional shot or yell. It is impospossession of the market, loading it with scraps of sible to say whether these shots are blank or not, but iron and bits of glass. They then turned it towards I suspect the real fighting is over for to-day. I enclose the precinct (polling - booth), and kept away the a newspaper account of the shooting, lest you should voters. Wall, there was plenty of shootin', and then think I am Arrowsmithing. Now for an hour or two of the marines came up, headed by Captain Tyler, a sleep. Adieu! young man. So one fellow sliot a marine through the wrist, and he fell. Then the marines fired and charged bayonets.'— No. 2: “How many fell ? —No. 1 (laugh- | OUR LIGHT CONTRIBUTOR UPON ing): 'I fancy I was round the corner pretty quick whenever I heard the “Make ready, purrr-sent.” But
DEODORISATION. they said five or six were down. One chap_fell dead I HAVE lately been staying with a friend who is what just beside me, at least he was going when I came off: he calls a practical chemist. He has, indeed, none of They captured the gun.'—No. 3: 'How many killed, those large globular bottles in his window-the red, did you say ?'-No. 1: 'Oh, six killed,, I believe.' white, and blue which are the insignia of the pharma-No. 3: Thank God.'- Omnes : 'Amen!'
Citizen No. 3 is then heard in favour of peace and ceutical craft—because he is a clergyman, and his order. I must just give you a specimen as follows: bishop, very properly, would not permit such an illum
What a set of gaw-dem rascals these Baltimore fellers ination. He is also obliged to confine the public offer is; 'sif we hadn't enough of gaw-dem blackguards in of his soothing mixtures to that one day of the week
whereon his pulpit opens; and if he were detected The main pipe,' pursued the P. C., in a sort of in issuing quietness' at any other time, he would be high-pitched lecture-room voice, you will presently punished. But he is not the less a practical chemist perceive to be rather more than six feet long, with a for all that.
diameter of — Bless my soul, what's this ?' cried He knows what to avoid a great deal better than he, coming down suddenly to the tone of ordinary what to eat and to drink, for upon these two latter astonishment. "What are you doing here, fellow ?? points he is a second Dr Hassell, and describes all addressing himself to a very tall young man, who was food to be noxious that is not downright deadly. vainly endeavouring to conceal himself upon an Breakfast, according to him, undermines the constitu- extremely limited space. “Robbers ! thieves! Who tion, dinner shakes it to its foundations, and supper, are you?' with pickles, brings it down with a run. What is * Please, sir, I'm only Mary's cousin; but she one man's meat is another man's poison, says the thought you might not like to see me in the kitchen, proverb; but with my friend the P. C., his meat and so put me into this here coal-hole, out of the and his poison are one and the same thing. When way.' I took my bitter beer--which, by the by, was his The main pipe,' quoth I oratorically, as we went and which I, of course, imbibed very willingly as up stairs together after this, 'is, as you have just often as I could get it, he was wont to say that perceived, rather more than six feet long, with a I reminded him for once of Socrates in the act diameter depending upon the amount of cold meat and of partaking of the hemlock, with the difference vegetables bestowed on him by the cook;' and that that it was my ignorance, but the philosopher's intre was the first remark which I remember to have ever pidity, which made us both so careless of the result. made to my friend the practical chemist which he was He used to name that amber liquid in its tapering neither able nor willing to controvert. glass with beaded bubbles winking at its brim,' by There was nothing more said about domestic some Latin name, as if in exorcism, and to ascribe to drainage from that period; but my scientific friend it 'a volatile odorous principle, a greenish fixed oil, has since taken up the public health, with all his old a free organic acid, uncrystallised sugar, colouring enthusiasm, instead, and thrown himself, so to speak, matter and gum;' but a rose by any other name into the local sewage of his town. It is needless to would smell as sweet, said I, and I called it ‘Bass,' state that he has attempted to drag me in with him and drank it all the same; else if I had been less like also, and indeed not without success. I agreed to Sancho Panza, he would have played the very Dr accompany him in a visit to the works which have Pedro with me. His own house, which is much too been established for deodorising the sewage of Jennygood a one for such a purpose, he makes the theatre ville-containing 65,000 inhabitants—including all of all sorts of scientific experiments. Ventilation is the refuse from its manufactories, and for converting there so perfected, that it seems to me the wind the same into dry and solid manure. A private bloweth pretty much where it listeth, and drainage company has undertaken this business; but if that is in full flow. Above the drawing-room fireplace, were not the case, fair Jennyville would be now just where one leans one's elbows upon the mantel-compelled by act of parliament to do this dirty work piece to enjoy one's self in the glass, and just where herself. Our path lay beside the river and canal, the unprotected small of one's back occurs when which I have always considered to be the very foulest we stand with our coat-tails over our arms and our in all England, and most certainly there was great rear to the fire, there comes breeze enough, through a improvement there. To say that they were clear and great iron mouth, to turn a mill. The principle of sparkling, would be an absurd compliment to waters the thing, my dear sir,' he has said about a hundred upon which the sun but rarely shines, and over which times, 'is as follows . ..' and then he is the ency- the smoke-clouds hang like a perpetual pall; but I clopædia vice the pharmacopæia, resigned for a little declare they were positively pellucid to what they had while. I think he wishes to persuade me that the air been wont to be; while the fishes—of which I had comes somehow through the fire, and so enters the never before seen more than one solitary poisoned room both fresh and warm; but if that is the case, tadpole floating bottom upwards-crossed and recrossed why does it feel cold, and why do I get sore throat, or one another in the wholesome depths like lightning; else lumbago, according as I present myself to the and the cattle on the banks, which had been used to orifice frontways or the reverse? Sometimes a current prefer any turbid puddle to these their native streams, of air would set in while we were at dinner-escaped were drinking for drinking's sake like lords or alderfrom some north-pole contrivances of his down stairs men. It had been my former custom when passing
-fit to carry our legs away, and then he would try to along this way to hold my nose; but there was no convince me it was all right, by reference to his ther- occasion for this now, and I confined myself to holding mometer; as if an instrument of that kind would ever my tongue and listening to the practical chemist. persuade me out of a goosey sensation in the calves, The ordinary quantity of sewage,' said he, with the and of a stagnation in my feet. But his strongest lecture-room voice again, that is collected, pumped, point, perhaps, is, or was, home-drainage. At one and deodorised per diem in these works, is about time, the great attraction he used to promise me, if I three millions of gallons, or thirteen thousand five would only come and see him, was the perfection of hundred tons; and the dry solid manure extracted is his system of arterial domestic sewage : he said that about eleven tons daily, being at the rate of about one it was positively beautiful; and, indeed, he was solid ton to every twelve hundred tons, or to two always pulling up the floors of his back kitchen and hundred and twenty-four thousand gallons of common scullery, like some conscience-stricken Maria Mann- liquid manure.' ing, to investigate it. I would not mind going down Presently, we were inside the great gates, and into the coal-hole, would I? That's right; and I heard them locked behind us. We entered a mighty should be rewarded for it, that I might depend upon; room, beautifully clean, wherein two spotless engines the system was quite unique, and the principle was as were panting and toiling like mad, and two more follows ... It was very cold work standing in the very oily-looking ones, doing nothing, were regarding kitchen, on account of the proximity of the north-pole them with aristocratic contempt. These former apparatus; and I really thought that the pretty wait- were pumping up at one and the same time the ing-maid would never have brought a light; neither town sewage, and a mixture of lime and water—the she nor the cook could anyhow get the candle to burn; great deodoriser-into one common pipe. From that and if it kindled, it was at once put out again. At last moment, there ceases to be any odour from the surface, we got our dip, and went down into the coal-cellar. I and surprisingly little even from the deposit itself.
Another engine, elsewhere, was employed in turning head; and he writes, apart from the consideration of sundry agitators-who must have had as dirty a job humanity, and of the moral consequences of so great on their hands as any of their political brethren- a saving of human life, I feel sure that the gain to which mingled still more completely this agreeable the inhabitants of Jennyville, if the present conditions compound, that flowed afterwards into an enormous can be maintained- of which there appears to be no open tank with sloping sides, in an apartment resem- reasonable doubt--should not be estimated at less than bling a large swimming-room. The liquid was not of L.20,000 per annum;' which, I think, for my part, is a pleasant hue just then-although, from the various pretty well for deodorisation. dyes in use at the Jennyville factories, it assumes, in turn, half the colours in the rainbow-but there was no perceptible smell whatever. These innumerable
HAUNTING SPIRITS. gallons of abomination, then, had been already rendered
It was an olden fancy, born innocuous. Iron gratings, on the way between the
Of some delirium of the brain, works and the town, arrest the progress of all heavy That parted spirits stray forlorn substances, so that the engines may not be injured (in
Back to our earth again. flood-time, after heavy rains, there is, for the same O fiction false L-O idle creed ! reason, an escape-pipe, through which the surplus Theirs is the rest, and ours the need. sewage can be carried off), and the contents of this tank are liquid, except at the bottom; there, there is a They walk in glory, God their guide ; sort of endless screw, which worms away the thick
We haunt them, but they dream it not : deposit into channels which are provided for it below. Around their path our footsteps glide These, again, communicate with a quantity of double
Whose fall they have forgot. wire cylinders, the inner ones of which, revolving at a
The arch that spans their heavenly spheres speed of nearly 1200 revolutions a minute, expel, by
Is but the rainbow from our tears. the centrifugal force, the water from this wet, pulpy
Thou who didst leave me in my youth, sewage, through sides of perforated zinc; out of these, the thick, rich mud is presently scooped, moulded into
They say thou comest back to me, bricks, and set to dry. Each weighs about half as much
A phantom shape of love and truth
The gifted eye may see: as the common brick, and is sold to the farmer for
But well I deem this is not so, manure, at twenty-five shillings a ton. Its appearance much resembles that of mortar, without any stronger
Where thou hast gone, 'tis mine to go. smell; and it has a quantity of hair about it from the
If mortals do in sooth behold wool-factories—which is said to be particularly fertil
Such vision in my lonely land ising.* So much, then, for the manufactured sewage,
Whose desolation is untold, the part of the business which, it is to be hoped, will in
It must be that I stand time defray the expenses of the rest. The manure is
With mine own spirit face to face, found to be itself of great value, and to be of service
That quits this form to fill thy place. beyond a single crop, but to be much improved by a slight mixture with something of a more exciting So, parted from my grosser self, character, such as guano.
'Tis easier to mount up to thee But there remains still a little to be said upon a
O'er pine-topped crag, or rock-hewn shell, subject of much greater importance than mere money
Or stretch of the blank sea; gain-namely, upon the enormous advantage which And, soaring far from earth and night, these works have conferred upon the public health of To follow to thy land of light! Jennyville. A chamber adjoining the swimming-room before mentioned, receives in a second reservoir, And if I falter by the way through more perforated zinc, the filterings of the
To kiss the dust where thou hast been; first tank; there is no screw required here, as the Or if I weep—as well I maydeposit is of course so much less solid; but every two
Still dost thou walk serene, or three months the place is emptied and scooped out Thy spirit-eyes, that look not back, by hand. From the upper part of this second tank, Fixed, mute, upon God's shining track. the sewage of Jennyville flows down, colourless, wholesome, deodorised, into the river beneath. I was
In yonder fields His hand hath sown so interested and so pleased, that I permitted my
The beautiful doth stir thee still; practical chemist to give me a little to drink out of
Undreamed by thee, unfelt, unknown a great glass which is placed for that purpose by the
My quenchless human will: side of this eternal spring, and it really was not so
Still wilt thou smile--and, smiling, pass, bad; a slight flavour of tar in it, I don't know from
Nor trace my shadow on the grass. what cause, was all that I was able to detect. Our
It may be that the soul of love toast—and water-was 'the Health of Jennyville.'
Shall smite thee with a tender sense The consequences of that draught being so palatable
Of one who in thy light doth move, are at present-as the P. C. would say—'the following,'
Who may not yet go hence; the proofs of which are exhibited in the returns of
And shew thee, mid thine uncrushed flowers, the Registrar-general. There have been 95 deaths
Light footprints such as once were ours. per quarter in the town less than the average of the corresponding quarters in the two years previous to
So may I haunt thee-aye ! till death the establishment of the works, or 380 lives per
Crowns all: the spirit flies before. annum saved. A distinguished sanitary authority The grave but claims the conquered breath; has estimated the lost labour, cost of sickness, and
Earth's empire is no more : funerals, &c., &c., consequent upon that sacrifice of The soul of truth, unbarred by clay, life, as not less in money-value than sixty pounds a Leaps to the everlasting day!
E. L. H. There is, we ought perbaps to say, a recent mechanical invention adopted by this company, which will supersede entirely Printed and Published by W. and R. CHAMBERS, 47 Paterthe application of the centrifugal force; but our light contributor noster Row, Loxpox, and 339 High Street, EDINBURGH. Also is of opinion that he should only distract himself and confuse his sold by WILLIAM ROBERTSON, 23 Upper Sackville Street, DUPLIN, readers by attempting to explain its principle.
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