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Science and rt s.


No. 195.


PRICE 11d.

commentators on papers, are a hearty kind of people, THE DUBLIN MEETING.

indulging much in beard and moustache, frank and It is a glowing day towards the close of August. We loud of speech, roughly jocular, but good-humoured are in one of the quadrangles of an ancient university, in discussion, and remarkable for never agreeing with which is shewing an unusual bustle for the season. one another about anything. A very strange science Wheeled vehicles are driving out and in ; ladies and verily is theirs, for, while they are all the best friends gentlemen are moving about; things in general wear in the world, it is evident that no one ever quite a holiday aspect. Yet there is something of thinking believes what another says, and that each man has to concerned also, for many of the gentlemen, as they make up a system for himself. Section D is usually move along, are perusing printed papers. It is the attended by a gentle innocent sort of men-rural British Association for the Advancement of Science, clergymen of antique cut, young professors from new met in Trinity College, Dublin. Here are scientific colleges, country gentlemen who take an interest in and literary men from England, from the continent, the wire-worm, along with a few anomalous enthufrom America, assembled together in social congress, siasts from London ; each deeply interested in somewith a much larger number of the like sort of men thing he has brought in a bottle, or which has been belonging to Ireland, to read papers and hold dis- delineated in a large coloured drawing by one of his cussions, and to indulge in the pleasure of seeing each daughters, now hung on the walls. A dry generation other in the body. They meet under the temporary on the whole is section D. In section E, you are apt presidency of the Rev. Humphrey Lloyd, and with the to meet weather-beaten arctic voyagers, or desiccated friendly countenance of the Queen's vicegerent, the eastern travellers, or odd, old-fashioned schoolmasters, Earl of Carlisle. The halls of a beautiful new building with peculiar views as to the situation of the ancient belonging to the College, are devoted to the seven or Ecbatana and the route of the Ten Thousand Greeks ; eight sections into which the Association is divided; rather desperate, too, most of them, in controversy. and there will the sections meet accordingly each Here also do the ladies much congregate, particularly forenoon for a week to come. There is a lively fore- when there is anything to be said about countries consciousness of the pleasant excitements of the week where missionaries are at work. In section F, you on almost every face one meets.

find the platform planted with political economists This said British Association must not be supposed and actuaries, gentlemen deep in crime and sewageto be one thing. It is many things put together. water, promoters of philanthropic schemes for putting Going into the house of meeting, we see placards direct- everybody under the care of somebody; not much ing us to Section A, Astronomy and General Physics ; believers in one another neither. They have usually Section B, Chemistry ; Section C, Geology; Section a good audience, including a fair proportion of ladies, D, Natural History ; Section E, Geography and Eth- for they have the merit of never going beyond anynography; Section F, Statistics ; and Section G, body's depth but their own. A good deal of wrangling Mechanics; and we soon find how peculiar is each of amongst them occasionally, for, facts being the only these establishments. In Section A, you see a handful thing they deal in, it follows that there is room for of hard-headed geometrical sort of men, entirely every imaginable conclusion. The men of section G absorbed in co-ordinates and co-efficients, and who are wholly engineers and machinists—it is not neces'fit audience find, though few. They might be sary to say any more about them. It is of some plotting treason ; for nobody ever heeds or hears a word importance to remark that, apart from mere idle of anything they do. Now and then, a couple of ladies hangers-on, few men are ever seen in a section differmay be seen in the benches in front, hypocritically ent from that which they usually haunt. Most people looking as if they understood the problems sketched seem to marry their section at the beginning, and keep on the black boards; we shall charitably suppose faithful to it. them to be the wives or daughters of the hard-headed During six days, for four hours each day, are papers gentlemen on the platform. Section B is also a mys- read and discussed in these several sections ; often on terious little-heard-of section, of small audience, and small matters and narrow questions, yet in general few ladies. The smallest rooms are always assigned to worthy both in subject and treatment, ahd really calthese two sciences. Section C, on the other hand, has culated to promote the several sciences concerned. It always a large room, its science being at once intelli- is true, nevertheless, to a certain extent, that the Assogible and controversial — ergo, attractive for the ciation does not farnish a good opportunity for the multitude. Two-thirds of the audience are ladies. bringing forward of papers of an elaborate nature. The leading men on the platform, the readers and There is too much hurry and bustle to allow of the

required attention being given. A brief exposition of African travels. Being a long narrow room, it was a subject, the more oral the better, and with illustra- remarkably ill adapted for the two lectures wbich were tions hung on the wall, is what suits the occasion best. given in it; but this was an evil which there seemed Let it not be supposed, however, that on this account to be no remedying, and we all felt that some disapthe Association is a scene of trivialities. Even if we pointment might be put up with, where there was so were to discount the proceedings of the sections alto- much enjoyment. At all these conversaziones and gether, we must remember there is a serious scien- lectures, there was a liberal provision of tea, coffee, tific work done by committees throughout the course and ices. There was not on this occasion a President's of the year, and which, being reported to the general Dinner ; but the want was more than supplied by committee, takes its fitting place in the annual volume. the liberality of the lord-lieutenant, who on Tuesday There is certainly something interesting in the idea evening entertained a hundred and forty select memof so many little parliaments of the ingenious and bers, chiefly strangers, at dinner in Dublin Castle, thoughtful of the land sitting all at once under one and afterwards received the whole remainder of the roof, in deliberation on their several groups of subjects, Association-nineteen hundred ladies and gentlemen. trying to inform and to obtain information, and doing Dublin Castle! name associated with so many sad what in them lies to promote the apprehension of and strange affairs in our history-whence Elizabeth's nature's truths by a community liable to be so much officers went forth to meet the rebel O'Neills, whither benefited by knowledge.

the notices came of universal rebellion and massacre, Such as it is, the Association furnishes the most making lords-justices look pale in their council-room delightful occupation for a week that any person of .-where James took his last leave of state and power intelligent mind could anywhere obtain. As a mere in the dominions no longer to be called his—the forholiday, it is unsurpassed. One rises in the morning tress which poor Emmett dreamed he could take, and with a pleasant curiosity about the proceedings of the so lost his young life. This centre of a rule so long day-to gratify which he must instantly walk to the hated as alien and antagonistic, is now only the scene Reception Room, where programmes are gratuitously of those pleasant vice-regal pageants which soothe the distributed to all who list. Provided thus, and having spirit of Ireland as the sole memorial of her former also purchased the newspaper of the day, he hies home individuality. It may be described as a set of stateto breakfast. Or perhaps he attends one of the apartments, associated with one or two ancient Norman numberless morning-parties given by the gentlemen towers, and surrounded by high walls. There were, of the place, and there enjoys an hour of hurried but nevertheless, a few things to remind us of what English agreeable conversation among men whose acquaintance government has till recent times been in Ireland. It he is pleased to form. At ten, if he is an office-holder, was almost startling to drive up to a banquet-hall it is time for him to go to the committee-room of his amidst lines of troops ; to ascend a staircase furnished section, and assist in making needful arrangements. like an armoury; and to be ushered into a drawingAt the least, he is required at eleven to attend the room through sentries and military bands playing meeting of the section. For several hours we shall martial music. These, however, were but shadows of suppose him enchained by the papers and discussions. the past. When we looked to the things of the present, About three, he is tolerably saturated with knowledge, all was peace, hope, and happiness. There were the and desires the relief of a pâté or a jelly, which the men whose destiny and whose duty it is to try to make neighbouring confectioner affords. An hour of lounging, this world a scene of improved joy to all their fellowor making calls, or seeing the sights of the place, beings. Here was high rank and official dignity coming makes it time for him to dress for the evening. He gracefully forward to render these men an homage from dines at a table d'hôte, with forty or fifty savans of all which itself derived fresh lustre. It was fortunate nations, some of them men of the widest reputation. that on this occasion the representative of Majesty in At half past eight, there is an evening meeting of some Ireland should himself be a man of literary and sort, either a simple conversazione, or a lecture given by statesmanlike gifts, about whose ability to appreciate some eminent man on an interesting popular subject. the character of his guests there could be no manner So he is carried on to bedtime. So entirely is he thus of doubt. It appeared as if, during the short interval engrossed, that, instead of there being time for ennui, before dinner, the amiable viceroy had come into perone scarcely can snatch a moment to read newspapers sonal converse with nearly the whole of the company. or write a letter home. Thus it goes on day after day, The scene in the banquet-hall was most magnificent till towards the close one rather wishes to be done and beautiful—a superbly decorated room, containing with it and at rest.

a horseshoe table, adorned with piles of flowers, At the Dublin meeting last month, where there were statuettes, and towering silver candlesticks. Not a upwards of two thousand members, the liberal institu- single dish of meat or decanter of wine ever appeared tions of a large capital city insured that the evenings upon it: these requisites came before the guests by should be spent as agreeably as the mornings. There a silent unobtrusive process, which it required some was first, on Wednesday, the general meeting in the effort to analyse and understand. The company, after Rotunda, to hear the president read his address. Then, all, was the most interesting part of the entertainment. on Thursday, there was a conversazione in the halls of I will take it upon me to say that nine-tenths of the the Royal Dublin Society, amidst beautiful objects of men present had been elevated to the social level at natural history, curious mechanical apparatus, and which they were now arrived, solely by their intelwalls all eloquent with illustrations of science. In the lectual and moral gifts. In the case of some whose same place, on Friday evening, Professor William origin was known, the contrast between the natal Thomson of Glasgow, a young mathematician of circumstances and the present position was calculated distinguished attainments, gave an exposition of the to raise some most gratifying reflections. There was Atlantic Telegraph Cable, illustrating the subject with Whately, the amiable though eccentric prelate—there diagrams, apparatus, and experiments. The Royal was Whewell, with his wonderful head that seems to Irish Academy—the chịef scientific society in Ireland know everything—there was the accomplished Rogers -gave a conversazione on Saturday, using for this of Boston, a man who has subdued wildernesses to purpose not only their own spacious museum rooms, science in his own country, and now come to be the but also the adjacent halls of the mayoral establish- instructor of another — there was Bianconi of the ment, connected across a garden by canvas-covered cars,' a singular genius in useful enterprise, and one passages. On Monday evening, there was another whose name will be historical in Ireland-there were assemblage in the Museum of the Royal Dublin the Abbé Moigno of Paris, Professor Faye of ChrisSociety, to hear Dr Livingstone give an account of his tiania, Schlagentweit the Oriental traveller, D'Abbadie the last explorer of the Nile--all men of high attain the Ireland of the present day. The people are now, ments and remarkable history. One gratifying feature to all outward appearance, an industrious, well-clothed of the evening was the sight of a group of the clergy people, like their neighbours. Their towns wear an of the unestablished church-men of profound learn- air of commercial activity; their fields exhibit an ing and esteemed character—most fit in all respects to immensely advanced culture. The language of combe here, but who we know would a few years ago have plaint has died down. Instead of that constant referbeen admitted to no such place. In such little facts ence to something wanting on the part of England one reads the coming of an improved social spirit in towards Ireland, which was formerly so conspicuous, a country heretofore singular for its divisions. The one hears men congratulating themselves on the proscheerful urbanity of the host was conspicuous through perity arising from its only true source, a self-relying the whole evening, but particularly shone out at the spirit. It was particularly gratifying to visit the last, when he rose and expressed his gratification that model national schools, and learn how triumphant this hall, which had heretofore been wont to receive a non-sectarian system of education has been over all the great, the brave, and the fair, should have been its difficulties. It is now giving instruction to six destined, under his presidency, to entertain a company hundred thousand scholars — a tenth of the whole distinguished by qualities more admirable still, the community-while eighty thousand more are educated cultivators of the bright fields of learning and science. by a Protestant society. It will sound strange to

About all such things as the British Association, English ears, but there is ample reason to believe that there is necessarily a considerable amount of formal cere- there is now less crime in Ireland than on the other mony and speech-making—all very right and proper, side of the Channel. Mercantile morality has of late but sometimes a little tiresome. It is perhaps from exhibited fewer blots. May we not, in part, ascribe a sense of the need of some relief from such dull and this good result to the operation of the superior stately work, that there has arisen, in connection with schooling which the Irish people have had during the the Association, a secret society of the most outrage- last twenty-four years ? ously buffo character, which holds one meeting during the week under the name of the Red Lions. A new

THE BENEFICENCE OF PAIN? inember of the Association, who hitherto has never dreamed of it as anything but a fraternity of calm- The fidelity with which a favourite opinion may be blooded philosophers, is taken to the large back-room maintained, or a favourite pursuit followed, quite of some hotel, and there ushered into a society who | irrespective of its importance, or of the disparaging proceed to dine together fare more substantial than estimate of others, ha been too frequently illuselegant; after which there breaks out a tempest of trated for a fresh example to occasion much surprise. drollery, in the form of enigmatical speeches and merry Numerous instances will readily occur to every reader's songs, such as makes his senses reel. The president recollection of the zeal displayed by even men of is Lion-in-chief; all the company regard themselves as acknowledged abilities in urging views that to their brother-lions, and whenever a toast has been drunk, contemporaries or successors appeared whimsical or the whole company fall a roaring and growling in erroneous. Newton believed his theological speculathe manner of the feline compartment of a menagerie. tions were of superior importance to the sublimest of There is nothing more in the whole matter than this; his discoveries. Frederick the Great held the proyet it is surprising through what a variety of quaint duction of a certain number of insipid verses more metaphor and joke the Red Lion idea can be carried in satisfactory indications of genius than the ablest meathe course of an evening among men, nearly all of sure of diplomacy, or the glory of a hard-won battle. whom are possessed of lively and versatile talents. Goethe imagined that he had a better chance of future There are of course a few who greatly outshine the remembrance through his theory of colours, than rest in the power of turning out this idea in new and from Faust or Wilheim Meister. Political hobby-riders comic shapes ; such become presidents and croupiers. seem at all times to have abounded; and that the But the serviceableness of even those whose part, like order is still in full vigour, fashionable clubs and potBottom's, is nothing but roaring, is not to be despised. house parlours alike bear witness. In letters, we not It is perhaps the greatest fun of all to see a quiet unfrequently encounter a writer whose sole aim is to member of section F brought into such a scene, and exalt an age or a character that mankind have hitherto gradually wakening to a sense of its pleasant absurdity been unanimous in regarding as base or cowardly. -beginning towards the end actually to make jokes Hobby-riding, contrary to what we might perhaps at himself, and even perhaps to sing a song! The origin first sight expect, prevails extensively among the cultiof all this is said to have been the accidental grouping vators of science. The vastness and diversity of the of a set of men round the late Edward Forbes in a study, the facility with which individual facts may be hotel styled the Red Lion, when the Association collected, and the natural bias of each observer towards met at Birmingham in 1839. They found them- independent generalisation, are among the causes that selves so happy there, that they resolved to keep contribute to this result. Geology has often been together as much as possible in subsequent meetings, taken advantage of as a favourite field for developing thus forming a kind of club, though one of very the crotchets of such timid observers as were alarmed loose texture, and adopting a name from their first at its progress. In astronomy, we need not seek a place of meeting. While Edward Forbes lived, the better example than that afforded by the recent fraternity had the benefit of his singular powers of controversy concerning the moon's rotation. pleasantry. He never failed at each meeting to bring From the great degree in which a certain theory from his pocket a set of droll verses turning upon possesses the characteristics of its class,* we should some reigning scientific idea of the day, and which have hesitated to notice it, had the author not was sure to throw the whole party into convulsions of informed his readers that the sole exception to its merriment. Alas, how much of innocent comicality, favourable reception, when first announced, appeared as well as graver talent and accomplishment, has in the pages of this Journal.We are, in consebeen interred with the amiable, inimitable Edward quence, induced to inquire whether, during the interForbes !

vening ten years, such fresh light may have been Jocose hæc, as Logan of Restalrig said in his treasonous letters. Let us, before concluding this * An Essay on the Beneficent Distribution of the Sense of Pain. very superficial glance at the Dublin meeting, advert By G. A. Rowell

, Honorary Member of the Ashmolean Society, &c.

Oxford. 1857. in a few words to a serious matter--the great improve

+ Vide New Series of Chambers's Edinburgh Journal, vol. riii. ment which our visit has shewn to us as distinguishing (1847).

thrown upon the subject as ought to affect our former of life is viewed and arranged. He informs us, that verdict. We trust that we hardly need to express our appalled with the amount of destruction incessantly perfect readiness should such be the case to retract any occurring in the different departments of animated depreciatory criticism. To determine this matter with nature, he was forced to assume that the process was due impartiality, we shall consider our author's views painless; hence his sensitiveness is never uncomfortin greater detail than before ; and hope in doing so to ably agitated upon seeing a horse flogged, a hare shot, preserve that becoming air of judicial gravity which or an ox felled. This agreeable theory is supported some of his illustrations are occasionally calculated to by several plausible illustrations, one of which is as upset.

follows: ‘Frogs appear to have but little sense of Mr Rowell contends for the existence of a special pain, and it is in accordance with the merciful designs sense of pain, just as there is a special sense of sight of Providence that this should be the case; for of all or hearing, which, instead of being an infliction, is deaths, that of the frog, when swallowed by a snake, one of the most important senses we possess.' He seems the most horrible, if these creatures are suscepfurther asserts that man is above all other beings tible of pain. This insensibility is assumed from the most largely endowed with this sense; the lower fact that their cries cease after capture by their foranimals having it in a less degree, and that only in its midable foes; but surely the state of intense terror protective character: indeed, many of them do not into which they must be thrown, affords a natural and possess it at all. The higher susceptibility of man is simple explanation of this silence. The following view ascribed to his peculiar liability to injury from those regarding the fate and sufferings of pigs is too original various destructive agents which his superior intelli- to be omitted. 'Pigs,' says Mr Rowell, 'make a sad gence has enabled him to discover. Without such outcry when being killed; but I believe it is caused by protection as a sense of pain affords, our author fear, and the uncomfortable way in which they are held, assures us that our life would be constantly endan- rather than by pain.' A little further on, we are gered. There are undoubtedly certain conditions of assured that, 'if stuck skilfully, without taking hold life during which such an apprehension may with of them, there is no more noise than a mere grunt or justice be entertained, but men are not all either squeak, about the same as there would be if the pig children or fools. On this reasoning, we presume we had a slight blow with the end of a stick.' Horses should be always pulling out our teeth, getting rid that have been seen to eat heartily after severe of our eyes, amputating our limbs—all considerations accidents, rabbits and hares that exhibited after of utility in these organs being insufficient to insure being shot no more remarkable sign of pain than their safety. Moreover, continues Mr Rowell, since running away at their greatest speed, are not to us very nature has not provided man with any covering, he striking proofs of what Mr Rowell wishes to establish. would inevitably perish from exposure in cold, or Nor is our faith in his opinions much fortified by from heat in warm climates, unless the sense of pain introducing in their support that instinct whereby forced him to the use of clothing. We certainly certain animals are led to destroy such of their number agree with our author in thinking that 'no instrument as are disabled from illness or old age. This instinct, would suffice for this purpose,' and believe that even he argues, would not exist, as contrary to the benethe thermometer would be comparatively useless.' ficent arrangement of things, unless its fulfilment

Mr Rowell urges that pain is beneficial as were a perfectly painless process; indeed, regarding it indication of disease. It is by no means a sure from any point of view, our author holds it a merciful indication, however, as might be proved in a variety provision for alleviating by a speedy death the wretched of ways. Let us take an example from the familiar condition of animals unable to assist themselves. This instance of hysterical pain. Patients thus affected may reasoning strikes us as marvellously similar to that for many years complain of excessive pain, which pursued by those African tribes who habitually destroy is in truth nothing more than disordered sensation their infirm or imbecile relatives. in the part, and unattended with the slightest vestige The comprehensive adaptation of his theory which of disease. Again, considerable pain may be present Mr Rowell attempts, leads him occasionally to suggest without its directly indicating the seat of disease; opinions regarding animals that give a humour to his thus, in spinal affections, patients invariably refer essay, not the less appreciable from its complete to some other part, while in inflammation of certain unconsciousness. Besides including such animals as joints, the surgeon's attention is not drawn to the one shrimps, oysters, prawns, whose utility, apart from affected, but to its neighbour. When Mr Rowell any special beneficence they represent, admits of declares that the sensibility of certain internal struc- demonstration, he claims a special function for a class tures is less acute than that of the skin, he is quite of animals that have never before been held elegant or correct; but he errs in overlooking the important useful. What purpose does the reader suppose bugs difference which exists between the slender capacity were created for? Mr Rowell assures us that a bug for sensation of an organ in health, and its extreme contributes more to the general health of the comsensitiveness in disease. No pain is more intense munity than all the sanitary measures ever devised by than that attending inflammatory action in the eye, parliamentary wisdom. And how? Just because an and other deep-seated textures. Indeed, according to apprehension of the presence of the insect causes so excellent a pathological authority as Dr Alison, the thousands of bedsteads to be taken down, that would pain of certain internal diseases is of itself frequently otherwise-repudiate the ungenerous insinuation, all fatal. Further proof of the correctness of our pro- good housewives !—be allowed to harbour dust the position is afforded in the fact that, in the severest whole year round. We are also told to regard the surgical operations, the mortality, which, previous to presence of fleas on dogs in a similar light, since dogs the introduction of chloroform, was as high as one in would otherwise be sure to neglect the scratching and two, is now reduced to one in four.

biting necessary for their soundness of health. There We shall next consider Mr Rowell's view of pain in is a little animal even more offensive than a flea which the lower animals, among whom, it will be borne in obtains honourable mention on like grounds. We mind, the sense, according to him, is only partially must give one more illustration of the importance developed ; and here we must notice an ingenious of parasites, and we shall take it from the occupant peculiarity in his reasoning, very favourable to an of another element. We believe that the following evasion of troublesome facts. He has & special test, allusion to a whale represents the mighty animal in as well as a special sense, the application of both a position that will be novel to the most imaginative being almost universal. The special test is that of reader. The whale is introduced to us at 'its toilet, beneficence ; through it every fact in the economy scraping itself clean against the edge of a rock or


iceberg,' to get rid of its tiny attendants. Mr Rowell to reflect that, failing that, which I can't believe does not scruple to insinuate that the monster, if she will, there are lesser heavens that may suffice let alone, would remain shamefully indifferent to those for the modest felicity of Mrs Waller's recovered sanitary measures so much talked of above water. daughter-of Anthony Waller of Cavendish Square's We are not to suppose, however, that our author's assured heiress.' opinions all at once attained to their present stability ; A few grains of common sense would be an for he acknowledges to have been, at the commence- improvement to that heap of chaff, Mr Webbe.' ment of his inquiries, occasionally puzzled to explain That which you are pleased to call chaff is commonthe benevolent purpose which the creation of certain sense, my dear fellow, if somewhat chaffingly exanimals was intended to serve. The use of venomous pressed. A more acceptable variety of the article to serpents was for a long time very perplexing; but your taste may, however, be set forth in the printed at length it occurred to him that their function might handbill to which I was calling your attention when be to arrest the increase of the larger carnivora (a that boot-making buzzard broke in upon us. Mrs view unsupported, so far as we know, by naturalists), Waller, you must understand, would persist, spite of and since, of course, the victims encountered their fate all evidence to the contrary, in believing that her without pain, the view was accepted.

child might have been stolen, abducted, instead of Our readers will have gathered by this time that we drowned, and this was one of the advertisements find no reason to modify our former estimate of Mr issued to humour her fancy. I found it, by mere Rowell's theory, and are rather inclined to class the chance, the other day, amongst some old papers. It latter among the hobbies. Although he protests against offers, you observe, five hundred pounds' reward for any such inference, we believe the result of its adop- the recovery of the child, and contains a description tion would be to increase the already too great amount of the little Lucy's person, and the dress and ornaof cruelty in the world, make hackney-coachmen more ments she wore on the day of her disappearance.' hard-hearted, encourage wicked boys given to plunder “This is indeed a valuable document,' I exclaimed, nests, and generally justify other unmanly pursuits. after glancing over the handbill; not on account of As for the proof that animals feel pain, we advise its description of the child's person—"fair complexion, Mr Rowell to look out for that himself. Let him blue eyes, light hair”—which would apply to thouonly tread on the cat's tail, and inquire whether the sands of children, but for the list of articles worn by startling scream with which she bursts away is in the little girl, and which, as you suggest, may have commendation of his pleasantry ; let him watch the been preserved by Louise Féron for an ulterior, if now proceedings of a dog whose leg has been hurt by a abandoned purpose. “A necklace compos of five missile,' and try to ascertain whether the wild yells rows of seed-pearls; attached thereto a gold Maltese of the creature as he limps off are expressive of self- cross, set with pearls, and having the letter L gratulation. It is not impossible that the lower we engraved on the back. Two sleeve-loops of seeddescend in the scale of animal organism, the less sen- pearls ; pale-blue silk frock-morocco shoes of the sitiveness we may find either to pain or pleasure; but same colour"- Ha! here also the indelible mark wherever we meet with a nervous system like our own, you have spoken of is alluded to-not described : “The we are bound, by all the analogies of life, to ascribe child has a natural mark difficult to discover if sought to it the same uses. As to the religious part of the for, which will always be decisive of her identity, and question, there are, of course, difficulties, but none may at any moment bring about the detection and that are insuperable to humility. We prefer viewing punishment of the person or persons who, after this the operations of divine beneficence, as they are notice, shall conceal or assist in concealing and withactually represented, rather than through such vague holding the child from her parents.”: theories as Mr Rowell's.

* You informed me, Captain Webbe,' I remarked, that Louise Féron had charge of Mrs Waller's child

for several months: she must, therefore, one would KIRKE WEBBE,

suppose, be cognizant of this mysterious mark—a THE PRIVATE ER CAPTAIN.

knowledge which, it occurs to me, would do away with any motive she would otherwise have had to

preserve proofs of the child's identity-especially "MONSIEUR SICARD is an original,' I remarked, as the proofs which, traced to her possession, would fatally sounds of struggle and expostulation died away in the compromise lierself.' distance; "but he appears to be thoroughly in earnest. "One would, as you say,' replied Webbe, 'suppose If, moreover, he speaks sooth, your model maiden that Louise Féron must be cognizant of the said would seem to be little better than a capricious flirt.' indelible mark; and yet, I am confident, from the

* Jacques Sicard is certainly in most profound covert inquiries she, to my knowledge, set on foot earnest,' said Webbe; 'but being in both love and relative thereto, previous to her safer course of action liquor, can scarcely be expected to speak sooth, as you being finally resolved upon, that she is as ignorant phrase it. Supposing, however, that he has by acci. in the matter as you or I. I repeat that I am morally dent told the exact truth, it just amounts to this certain some, at least, of the articles enumerated in --that, coerced by Madame de Bonneville, of whom, the handbill have been preserved, and may be obtained as I have informed you, she stands in extreme awe, possession of by Clémence, with the connivance of Clémence has been civil to the enamoured bootmaker.' Fanchette-a purchasable connivance, as I have before

"And that you have filled her young head with intimated, provided always that no harm shall possibly dreams of riches and grandeur, with visions of accrue therefrom to her darling Clémence.' châteaux en Espagne, that have no better foundation •What harm could therefrom possibly accrue to her than vague surmise, the evanishing whereof may, darling Clémence ?' nevertheless, darken her future life.'

“Ruinous harm-harm without remedy would befall *If you go on in that spooney, sentimental fashion, Clémence, should you refuse to carry out the honourLinwood, I shall begin to think Sicard must have able understanding, by means of which can alone be bitten you unawares. I have suggested no dream to accomplished the great object we have both in view. Clémence that may not be realised, including the And now, young man,' continued Webbe, with assumed sublime one of becoming in the fulness of time Mrs sternness, ' let us, once for all, thoroughly comprehend William Linwood-a magnificent possibility, which, by each other. We are on the immediate threshold of an the by, I have never more than incidentally glanced at, undertaking for the success of which I have ventured when conversing with her. It is, besides, consoling | much, and resolutely. One false step now would be



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