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fatal, irremediable. We must walk, therefore, warily, company for the remainder of the evening,' he added, as as well as boldly; with a clear perception of the course he buttoned up his coat and put on his hat and gloves. to be taken, and whither that course will lead. IDelisle, the ship-broker, is anxious to introduce his have apprised you that Clémence is under the absolute friend Captain Renaudin to one Mr Tyler, an American domination of her supposed mother: I mean, that gentleman and shipowner, who is desirous of ascertainLucy Hamblin has been drilled, disciplined, into ing the course a richly laden bark, hailing from New habitual fear of Louise Féron; and nothing, be sure Orleans, should steer in order to safely reach one of the of it, but a sentiment stronger than that habitual French northern ports-Havre de Grace, if possible; fear will enable her, when the decisive moment and it is said Delisle's opinion, which I freely endorse, comes, to do that which will give Louise Féron that Captain Renaudin can insure the arrival of Mr mortal offence. Clémence, you must be aware, cannot Tyler's ship at her destination with greater certainty remain in St Malo after placing in your hands the than any other man he is acquainted with.' proofs of her supposed mother's crime, and of your Monsieur Delisle is, then, one of the few persons father's innocence. If she did remain here, what do in St Malo who knows you as Captain Renaudin, of you suppose would follow the discovery of the poor L'Espiègle.' girl's treachery, as Louise Féron would call it ? “Yes. L'Espiègle has never been at St Malo, and Simply the immediate disappearance of the so-called Captain Renaudin only once before; when he came mother and daughter; and of what value, let me ask, on a business visit to Monsieur Delisle, and chanced to would your dearly obtained proofs then be? It would, run against, and find his disguise pierced through by of course, be said that your father had placed them the spitfire eyes of that Jezebel, Louise Féron. Goodin your hands; and a very silly, transparent trick night. I shall see you early in the morning.' on his part the wise world would pronounce it to be. So saying, the privateer captain left me to the Yes, Clémence--no relative of yours, remember- society of my own thoughts. I might have had must flee with you ; but no assurance, however solemn, pleasanter company. Whatever else appeared doubtthat she would be welcomed with joy by a parent ful, it was abundantly manifest that I was a mere she has never seen—whom she does not remember, puppet in the hands of a reckless, unprincipled man, I mean, to have ever seen—will induce her to take who, avowedly for his own interested purposes, had that decisive, compromising step: of that be per- led me into dark and tangled paths whence there fectly assured. The prospect before her would be might be no issue, save through the portals of disgrace, too vague, too undefined, too shadowy. It would, of ruin, of death quite possibly! His insistance that however, be quite another affair to elope with a I must, and forthwith, marry Lucy Hamblin—if Lucy betrothed lover, or as she, I have little doubt, will Hamblin, Mademoiselle Clémence proved to be-at peremptorily insist, with a husband, and the ceremony once perplexed and irritated me. What could be his can be quite as easily managed here as in Jersey, motive for persisting in that outrageous proposition ? I have, as Jacques Sicard's ravings prove, success. The bare idea of marriage with a girl I had not seen, fully prepared the way for that consummation. and who, it seemed, was so eager to unite herself with Clémence-than whom a more charming, amiable girl an utter stranger, revolted, disgusted me! Maria does not exist-knows who you are ; has heard the Wilson's romantic notion of the heroic qualities desirstory, with variations, of your Scout Quixotism; knows able in a husband, which to me, familiar with the seamy and honours the motives that have prompted the side of the heroism that had caught her fancy, appeared noble temerity of your present enterprise ; believes so extravagantly absurd, contrasted brilliantly with the also that a portrait of her sweet_self, missed by sordid marrying motives of this much vaunted demoiMadame de Bonneville soon after I left St Malo's, selle Clémence. Attractive-handsome she might be and which I have unfortunately lost or mislaid, has her eyes, hair, complexion required, I was told, the in some degree influenced your adventurous'
same adjectives to describe them as did Miss Wilson's; The entrance of a waiter interrupted Mr Webbe. but the pure soul-light which diffused so inexpressibly "A note,' said the grizzled garçon, 'for Monsieur pensive a charm over the countenance of the Jersey Jacques Le Gros, from the Sieur Delisle, courtier maiden, must, I was sure, be utterly wanting to the maritime, whose messenger waits for the answer.' feature-comeliness of a damsel who could coquet with
*Very well. Tell him he will not have to wait a conceited, vulgar snob; and, a supposedly favourable long.'
chance occurring, throw herself at the head of a The note appeared to both disconcert and excite wealthier swain, not at all covetous of, or flattered by Captain Webbe. A brief one—not more than a dozen her preference! Perhaps, however, Webbe had mislines, I could not help observing, as he threw it upon represented her sentiments, as he did most things. I the table with an affectation somewhat overdone, it should see and judge for myself before condemning seemed to me, of ill-humour.
her. That were but equitable, more especially if she I cannot yet,' he exclaimed, 'wash my hands, as really was the long-lost Lucy Hamblin. My doubts I hoped to do, of these rascally dodges. Pope was upon that all-important point had not been vanright: the devil, taught wisdom by his failure with the quished by Webbe's hectoring assertion that such man of Uz, tempts now by enriching, instead of ruin- doubts were absurd, ridiculous—very far, indeed, from ing men : by lying promises to enrich, more properly being vanquished by that bold talk. My grandame, -judging from my own experience hitherto-fiend, Mrs Margaret Linwood, a shrewd observer, had suslike fairy money, having, I have found, an uncon- pected Webbe to have been all along confederate with trollable propensity to make unto itself wings and flee Louise Féron. If that conjecture was well founded, away. My return to Virtue must, it is evident, be the proofs indicated by the printed handbill, which had postponed for a while; and it may be that this posi- turned up at so remarkably opportune a moment, and tively the last infraction, on my part, of the laws alleged to be only obtainable by such preposterous of national morality, will enable one of the most expedients, might be mere devices for imposing a supinteresting, in my poor judgment, of Virtue's vagrant posititious daughter upon rich Mrs Waller--a wife, sons to take something home with him that will who certainly would not be supposititious, upon considerably enhance the warmth of his welcome.' William Linwood, the heir to at least his grandmother's
'All that is Greek to me, Mr Webbe, except that it wealth! has the sound of a swaggering defence of something The indelible natural mark--that ineffaceable clue you are really very much ashamed of.'
which was to guide us safely through any labyrinth of "A wiser man might have made a sillier guess,'| deceit that cupidity and imposture could invent, I retorted Webbe. “I must forego the pleasure of your strongly suspected to be a myth. Mrs Margaret
Linwood had, however, promised, that if she could, need ask,' he added. There is a flush on William without danger of exciting chimerical hopes in the Linwood's cheek, a light in his eye, that are not, I shaken mind of Mrs Waller, arrive at a knowledge dare wager large odds, caused by the fire-blaze, or by of what that mysterious mark might be, she would the wine he has drunk.' forward me the important information without delay, Mademoiselle Clémence is a charming girl,' I through Mrs Webbe, under cover to that lady's replied. 'Honest, truthful too, or I strangely deceive husband, as arranged by the captain before he left the myself.' Wight. Should she do so in time, and Mademoiselle "Whoever has looked upon her, or heard her speak,' Clémence be thereby identified, beyond cavil, as Lucy said Webbe, must unhesitatingly endorse that euloHamblin, what insuperable difficulty could there be gium. And her person—what is your opinion of that; in persuading the aspiring damsel to forsake a mean of the characteristics of her person, I mean? English, dwelling in the Rue Dupetit Thouars, St Malo—and Saxon, you cannot doubt ?' the vile woman that had stolen her-for a wealthy 'I should altogether doubt it, were it not evident home in Cavendish Square, London, and her own true, from a few words that escaped her, that she believes unforgetting, loving mother, without encumbering her- herself to be an English girl, and the daughter of Mrs self with a hobble-de-hoy husband, tricked off in bright Waller. True, the young lady has blue eyes, a fair yellow pants, puce-red redingote, blue vest, round ear- skin, brown hair; but, for all that, a more thoroughly rings, and hair à la Brutus. Hair à la Brutus, by the French, or at least foreign, maiden I cannot imagine. way, was hair tortured to stand upward and outward, An English girl of her age and class in society, introso as to form a rim for the hat to rest upon; and duced to a stranger under such peculiar, and, it must nicely graduated downward to the nape of the neck. I be admitted, embarrassing circumstances, would have remember à la Brutus well; and the nervous shudder been all bashfulness and blushes; whereas Clémence
-as from a paroxysm of hydrophobia—which ran was impassive as a statue, comported herself with the through me whenever I encountered my variegated most perfect propriety, and an aplomb, a savoir-faire, image in the pellucid surface of a mirror. It was, that in an English maiden would be effrontery, brazenat all events, impossible that the harlequin figure facedness-simply, I imagine, because in her case it reflected there could excite an interest in the young would be assumed, and awkwardly, for an evident lady's mind subversive of her future peace. I might purpose.' be civil to the most susceptible of maidens without the Mauvaise honte, which you call bashfulness, is not remotest danger of acquiring an embarrassing hold tolerated in any class of French society.' of her affections. That was something-nay, it was 'So I comprehend. Her French education has, at much! Clémence would repudiate marriage as all events, thoroughly Frenchified Lucy Hamblin, as I determinedly as myself
verily believe her to be, so deeply has the truthfulness At about this point of the maundering soliloquy, of Mademoiselle Clémence impressed me. Fancy, now, which might else have droned on till daylight, I I added, as I could not help fancying all the time our discovered that the fire and decanter were both out; interview lasted, Maria Wilson in the same position as and forth with crept, cold and comfortless, to bed. Clémence; fancy the changing colour—the downcast,
I did not see Webbe till near noon on the following suffused eyes--the tremulous speech of that genuine day. He came direct from Madame de Bonneville's, English girl, and'and invited me to immediately accompany him thither. 'Fudge about fancy and Maria Wilson!'interrupted
"The bootmaker's bristles,' said Webbe, have, I Webbe. What just comparison can be instituted find, been smoothed down by Fanchette's assurance between that namby-pamby wench and a girl of sense that Messieurs Le Gros will remain but a very short and spirit like Clémence? time in St Malo, and that the refusal of Mademoiselle A very curious comparison, Mr Webbe; or, more Clémence to accompany him to the theatre, was solely correctly, a strikingly illustrative contrast is suggested prompted by a suddenly recovering sense of the by'impropriety of accepting his escort to a place of Fudge! Twaddle!' again broke in Webbe, with public entertainment during Madame de Bonneville's marked asperity. "Let us, in the name of all saints, absence from home. We are consequently safe from talk of something more interesting than Maria Wilsons. the shoemaker, which is as well, inasmuch, that You, Linwood,” he added, with quick transition to a albeit a goose's cackle saved the Roman Capitol, it more suave tone-you, Linwood, have seen and conmight exert a less salutary action anent the safety of versed with Clémence. You admire-you believe in Captain Jules Renaudin, and aliases too numerous to her! That is sufficient. The rest will come as surely mention. The feeling of decorum, intimated to as shadow follows substance. When shall you see her Jacques Sicard, will also cause the ceremonious dinner, again?' to which we were invited, to be dispensed with, and "To-morrow afternoon, when we shall exchange we shall drop in at the magasin for a gossip now confidences. I am already "mon ami” with the frankand then, par hasard, as it were.'
spoken, and, I have no manner of doubt, frank-hearted That will be quite as well. Your pattern protégée damsel.' is, it seems, apt at expedients.'
*Excellent! Still, be on your guard, Linwood: we *The desirableness of pacifying Jacques Sicard was must have evidence clear as proof from holy writ that my suggestion; the manner thereof, Fanchette's. But your wife is the true Lucy Hamblin.' come; Mademoiselle Clémence awaits with natural Fudge about wife, say I, in humble imitation of Mr impatience her introduction to the chivalrous knight Webbe, who?who comes to rescue her from Madame de Bonneville You will find marriage to be an indispensable and the bootmaker.'
element of success,' interrupted Webbe, with renewed
asperity. “In fact, it is only on that condition that I Well, my ingenuous young friend,' exclaimed will render any further aid in the business. UnscruCaptain Webbe on the evening of the same day, as pulous as I may be in many respects, I will not have he drew his chair towards the roaring wood-fire before the ruin of that young girl's character and peace of which I was seated. He had left me, I should explain, mind upon my conscience.' with Clémence and Fanchette, after a few formal words 'Character! Conscience!' I mentally exclaimed. of introduction, and had been since engaged on business Strange words from the lips of Mr Webbe; not meanmatters with his friend Delisle and the American ingless, however, I am quite sure. Significant, too shipowner. Well, my ingenuous young friend, what though of what I cannot as yet comprehend—must think you now of my pattern protégée ? I hardly be the privateer captain's querulous insistance upon
marrying me, out of hand, to Mademoiselle Clémence! even supposing she is not my own real mother-if I I must quietly, dissemblingly, await the solution of did not love her—would it not?' that riddle.'
But pray, speak of your finding the Well, well,' I said aloud, 'your conscience will not, articles mentioned in this printed bill.' I dare say, have to bear any very heavy load of my Willingly, mon ami. When mamma was absent in laying on. And there is one thing, Mr Webbe,' I Guernsey, as I said, Fanchette asked me one day what added with vehemence, which I will not bear for had become of my turquoise brooch-this which I now another hour of daylight, and that is, these abominable wear. I said mamma had not given it to me when she Pas de Calais pantaloons. If hair à la Brutus, ear- left; but Fanchette was certain she had seen me wear rings, and a puce-red redingote are not sufficient dis it twice since then; and where, therefore, could it be? guise for an Englishman, Auguste Le Moine must do We were both terribly frightened, for mamma attached his best and worst, for draw on again these yellow a great value to the brooch, and if it had been lost, inexpressibles, I will not, come what come may.' would have punished me severely. Well, we searched
The captain's good-humour was restored at once; everywhere for the brooch-vainly searched: it could he laughed heartily, genially, and for the remainder not be found. Poor Fanchette was greatly distressed, of the evening, overflowed with jocund spirits. I and tried to believe I was right in thinking mamma silently scored myself a chalk, and had, I think, a right had not given it me when she left St Malo. Could we to do so.
only be sure of that, our minds would of course be at The reader must not suppose, from my description rest. But how make sure of it? The armoire where of Mademoiselle Clémence, that she was a hold or for- mamma kept all her valuables was locked, there was ward maiden; on the contrary, she was a remarkably no key that would fit it, and we were in despair, for modest-mannered damsel ; but it was the modesty of mamma was expected every day. Suddenly, Fanchette principle, of education, rather than that of nature or rushed into my chamber one morning before I was up. instinct, so to speak. In other words, she was a well. She had found a key that would fit the armoire lock, bred French girl; modest, but by no means bashful; and directly I was dressed, we would make a search, self-possessed, not shy. Very pretty, too, was Mademoi- and satisfy ourselves. We did so, carefully replacing selle Clémence; of most winning, graceful manners; and each article as we found it. Presently, we came to a there was a caressing tenderness in her gentle, truthful neatly folded and tied-up parcel, which I opened, and voice, that was inexpressibly attractive. I was greatly found therein not only the missing brooch, but a necktaken with her, though not at all in the sense which lace made of rows of seed-pearls, with a gold pearlWebbe supposed. In truth, much as I soon came to set cross attached; other twisted rows of seed-pearls, admire, esteem, ay, and to love Clémence, she was which, no doubt,' were the sleeve-loops mentioned about the last person in the world I should have sought here ; a faded blue silk frock, shoes of the same for a wife. I felt towards her as a brother would for colour, and a child's tiny underclothing. My heart an endearing, pure-hearted sister; and I often caught swelled with emotion as I gazed,' continued Clémence; myself mentally comparing the calm, tranquil affection for it occurred to me that those were precious memowhich so grew upon me for the gentle, confiding rials of a sister who died young, and whom mamma Clémence, with the passionate emotion that, circum- often said, when she was angry, she had loved much stances favouring, would be inspired by such a person | better than she did me. But the brooch 'was found,' as Maria Wilson, to whom, oddly enough-as I had she added, hastily brushing away her fast-falling seen her but once-my thoughts, when engaged by tears, and we, Fanchette and I, were happy.' such reflections, persistently reverted.
* And those precious proofs are still, you say, locked Clémence was alone, as she had promised to be, when up in an armoire of which Fanchette has a key ?' I called according to appointment; and entering at O yes, I am quite sure of that. But how pale you once with the most perfect frankness upon the subject look, and you tremble as with ague!' uppermost in both our minds, I was dismayed to find With joy, rapture, ecstasy, Clémence! Listen to that the only proofs she could afford me of being the me, dear girl, and you will comprehend why it is that child of Madame Waller were a dim, fading recollec- this discovery, to which the finger of an overruling tion that she had once lived in a strange country, Providence guided you, so agitates, bewilders, well-nigh amongst strange people--some fragmentary hints, that overpowers me.' had fallen from Madame de Bonneville, and Captain Clémence listened whilst I told her all-told her of Webbe's confident and confidential assertions, upon the mother's maddening agony at the loss of her only which Mademoiselle Clémence placed implicit reliance. child, of my hapless father's persecution, with the
Nothing, positively nothing more in the way of correlative circumstances already known to the reader. evidence, could I elicit; and I was fast making up my The narrative, as it proceeded, cruelly agitated the mind that Webbe had bamboozled himself as well as gentle maiden, her head sank upon my shoulder, and others, when it occurred to me that it would be well she wept aloud in the fulness of her pity, her grief, her to shew Clémence the printed bill given me by the love, her indignation, as these passions of the soul captain: I did so, and doubt, uncertainty was at an end. ruled her by turns.
0, mon Dieu !' exclaimed Clémence, who read Fanchette had helped the weeping girl to her English very well, 'I have seen these things, and chamber, and returned to where I sat, when I belately too.
thought me of the indelible mark hinted at in the How-when-where?'
advertisement. Fanchette was in our interest-heavily 'In the armoire up stairs, about a month since, when bribed to be 80 ; and although I did not like the mamma'—a very imperfect rendering of maman--woman, I could speak to her with perfect confidence. when mamma was absent in the island of Guernsey.' Clémence has no natural mark that I know of,'
Tell me about it, dear Clémence—all about it, to said Fanchette in reply to my question. the minutest detail.'
No mole or moles?' 'It is very simple, mon ami. Mamma is, you know, None-certainly none.' very strict, severe even, with me; and yet I love her!' No stain of blood-no malformation of limbo exclaimed Clémence, impulsively diverging from the peculiar scar?' all-important topic; and it will be a bitter grief for Nothing of the kind that I am aware of; and I me if-if Ah,' she continued disjointedly, 'I should know if any such existed.' remember how kind, loving she was when fever "That is perplexing. You will tell Mademoiselle attacked me, and I should, but for her, have died. It Clémence that I shall see her early to-morrow,' I would be ungrateful of me, then-nay, unnatural, added, as I rose to leave.
'I will, monsieur. Attendez,' added the woman, as Thus, a Dyak house is rather a singular structure; if with sudden recollection. “Yet no-that cannot be and when imbosomed, as it often is, among cocoacalled a mark.'
nut, plantain, and other fruit-trees, forms a quietly What do you speak of?'
pleasing and picturesque object, suggestive of much Nothing, I fear, monsieur, of any importance, social happiness enjoyed in a simple state of society. though I may as well mention it. Clémence, some It awakens, moreover, ideas of a higher kind, for it years ago, was reduced to a skeleton by fever, from is a sign of the presence of all-subduing man on the which it was for a long time thought she would never confines of the jungle that is yet to fall before his
She was attended by Dr Poitevin, who, I axe. heard one day tell Madame de Bonneville, that, by a The materials of which these edifices are constructed curious freak of nature, her daughter Clémence had are so fragile that they require to be rebuilt every five been born with one rib less on her right than on her or six years, and when this necessity occurs, the Dyaks, left side. Surely that cannot be'
instead of erecting the new house in the immediate It can surely be,' I interrupted with a burst-'it vicinity of the old one, generally remove to a considermust be the natural mark spoken of. Hurrah! Do able distance. not forget to tell dear Clémence that I shall call early From the above description, it will be seen that a to-morrow. Adieu.'
Dyak house may with more propriety be called a village, Singular coincidence of discovery and its confirma- as it is the residence of a score or two of families who tion! Webbe awaited my return to the Hôtel de live in a series of rooms under one roof, and all of whom l'Empire with a letter in his band froin Mrs Margaret look up to one tualı, or elder, as their head. These Linwood; hastily opening which, I read: “The in-houses are sometimes in groups of two or three, but delible mark of Mrs Waller's child I have ascertained more frequently they stand alone; and thus it happens to be, that, by a strange caprice of nature, it was born that if the tribe is populous, it may be scattered over a with one rib less on the right than on the left side!' very great extent of country.
Besides the tuahıs, there is another and superior class THE DYAK S.
of chiefs called orang kaya (rich men), grave steady
old men of good family, who, when young, have distinBY A PERSONAL ACQUAINTANCE OF THEIRS. guished themselves by their courage; and who, in their The Dyaks live in communities of from ten or twenty riper years, are regarded as discreet judges in weighty to forty families, all of them residing in one house matters of the law. Even the power of an orang under the headship of one tuah, or elder, whose kaya, however, is extremely limited. He has no actual influence among them depends very much on his authority over his followers, so as to compel them to personal qualifications. The house in which each do anything against their will; his superiority is shewn community lives is an edifice of from fifty to a only in leading them to battle, and acting as a judge hundred yards in length, and raised on posts eight in conjunction with other chiefs. In other respects, or ten feet high. Its framework is constructed of the chiefs have scarcely any distinction. They work posts lashed together with split rattans; while the at their farms and their boats as hard as their own roof and partitions are composed of attaps, a kind of slaves; they wear the same dress, and live in the same thatch, so simple and useful as to merit a distinct manner as the rest of the community; their only token description. It is made of the leaves of the Nipu, a of chieftainship being the respect which is voluntarily palm which grows in the mud on the banks of the accorded to their personal qualities, and the deference rivers, and differs from most other palms in having no paid to their opinion. To an assembly of chiefs, all trunk, being merely a collection of fronds proceeding disputes are referred, and their decisions are given in from one root. Each frond consists of a stem or mid- accordance with their own customs, which, besides rib, about twenty or thirty feet in length, on each guiding the verdict, generally settle the penalty which side of which grow a series of leaves, two or three shall be inflicted on the aggressor. Cases which, from feet long, and two or three inches broad. To form want of evidence or from uncertainty of any kind, attaps, the Dyaks cut off these leaves, and wind them cannot be thus decided, are settled by an appeal to over á stick a yard long, making them overlap each superior powers in an ordeal by diving. other, so as to become impervious to rain. They When both parties in a dispute have agreed that it then sew or interlace them all firmly with split rattans; should be referred to the diving ordeal, preliminary thus forming a sort of leaf-tile, at once strong and meetings are held to determine the time, place, and light, and well adapted for excluding both sun and circumstances of the match. On the evening of the rain. The house is divided longitudinally in the day previous to that on which it is to be decided, each middle by a partition, on one side of which is a series party stakes in the following manner a certain amount of rooms, and on the other a kind of gallery or hall of property, which, in case of defeat, shall come into upon which the rooms open. In these rooms, each the possession of the victor. The various articles of of which is inhabited by a distinct family, the married the stake are brought out of the litigant's room, placed couples and children sleep; the young unmarried in the verandah of the house in which he lives, and are women sleep in an apartment over the room of their there covered up and secured. One man who acts as parents, and the young men in the gallery outside. a kind of herald then rises, and in a long speech, asks In this gallery likewise, which serves as a common the litigant whether he is conscious he is in the right, hall, their principal occupations are carried on; and and trusts in the justice of his cause; to which the here the planks of their war-boats, their large mats, latter replies at equal length in the affirmative, and and all their more bulky articles, are kept; and the refers the matter to the decision of the spirits. Several grim trophies of their ware, the scorched and blackened more speeches and replies follow, and the ceremony heads of their enemies, are suspended in bundles. The concludes by an invocation of justice. In the meanfloor is a kind of spar-work, composed of split palm- time, the respondent deposits and secures his stake trunks, and raised ten or twelve feet from the ground, with like ceremonial in the verandah of his own access being given to it by a ladder, or more frequently house; and early in the morning, both parties, accomby a log of wood cut into the form of steps. Con. panied by their respective friends, repair to the bank nected with the gallery, and running along the whole of the river to decide the contest.
Either party length of the house, there is a broad platform on the may appear by deputy, a privilege which is always level of the floor, upon which the Dyaks spread out taken advantage of by women, and often even by men, their rice after harvest, and other articles they wish for there are many professional divers who, for a to be dried in the sun.
trifling sum, are willing to undergo the stifling contest.
Preparations are now made: the articles staked are all cases of public or private calamity or rejoicing. brought down and placed on the bank; each party They are composed of both sexes, some of the males lights a fire, at which to recover their champion, should being dressed as women-an innocent relic of some he be nearly drowned; and each provides a roughly forgotten custom. Mannangs marry and work at their constructed grating for him to stand on, and a pole to boats, houses, and farms, in all respects like other be thrust into the mud for him to hold by. The grat- Dyaks, from whom they would be undistinguishable, ings are then placed in the river within a few yards of except when employed on important occasions for their each other, where the water is deep enough to reach to services, for which they are paid. Many of the candithe middle; the poles are thrust firmly into the mud; dates for admission into the fraternity are blind, and and the champions, each on his own grating grasping choose it as a profession; while others are tempted by his pole, and surrounded by his friends, plunge their ambition. Mannangs, however, are not held in much heads simultaneously under water. Immediately the respect; they are looked upon in a great measure spectators chant aloud at the top of their voices the as a set of pretenders, whose principal object is to mystic, and perhaps once intelligible word lobõn-lobôn, extract money from those who employ them; and are which they continue repeating during the whole con- regarded as the degenerate descendants of a former test. When at length one of the champions shews race of powerful ghost-expellers, soul-compellers, signs of yielding, his friends, with the laudable desire prophets, priests, and healers of bodily ailments, whose of preventing his being worsted, hold his head forcibly mantles have not fallen upon their successors. under water. The excitement is now great; lobon- I cannot describe from my own knowledge the lobān increases in intensity, and redoubles in rapidity; manner of making a mannang, as I purposely avoided the shouts become yells, and the struggles of the witnessing it, but I believe the ceremony to be as unhappy victim, who is fast becoming asphyxied, follows: A number of mannangs assemble at the are painful to witness. At length, nature can house of the candidate's father, and seating themendure no more; he drops senseless in the water, selves in a circle, with the candidate in the centre, and is dragged ashore, apparently lifeless, by his com- one of them begins a low monotonous and dreary panions; while the friends of his opponent, raising chant, which it is most dismal and irritating to be one loud and prolonged note of triumph, hurry to compelled to listen to, while the rest at stated interthe bank, and seize and carry off the stakes. All vals join in chorus. This portion of the ceremony this, however, is unknown to the unhappy vanquished, takes place in the presence of a large number of who, pallid and senseless, hangs in the arms of his spectators, who on its conclusion are excluded from the friends, by whom his face is plastered with mud, in room, and the subsequent initiatory rites are performed order to restore animation. In a few minutes, respir- in private. The door is shut, the apartment is ation returns; he opens his eyes, gazes wildly around, darkened, and a solemn silence prevails ; a fowl is and in a short time is perhaps able to walk home. sacrificed, and its blood sprinkled around the room. Next day, he is in a high state of fever, and has The head of the candidate is 'split open' with a sword, all the other symptoms of a man recovering from in order that his brain may be cleansed from that apparent death by drowning. The result of the trial, obtuseness which, in the generality of mankind, prewhatever it be, is regarded as the verdict of a higher cludes the knowledge of future events. Gold is placed power, and is never questioned. Even in cases where in his eyes, to enable him to see the spirits ; hooks are the loser knows he is right-when, for example, a man inserted into his fingers, to enable him to extract, from is unjustly accused of theft, and conscious of innocence, the bodies of the sick, fish-bones, stones, and other appeals to the ordeal, and loses his cause-he never foreign substances; and his senses generally are in like thinks of blaming the decision, but attributes his defeat manner supernaturally strengthened. He then emerges to some sin, for which the superior powers are now a perfect mannang; and in order to complete his inflicting punishment.
education, requires only to be taught the tricks and I may here mention a method of divination employed chants of the brotherhood. by the malos, or tinkers, of Borneo, a race who, from The custom the Dyaks have of head-hunting has their skill in working metals, travel and are welcomed been frequently mentioned; but I am not aware that almost everywhere, and by whom-for they are the any account has as yet been given of the ceremonial most superstitious race with whom we have come in attending the capture and storing up of the trophy. contact-are told stories wild as any in the Arabian When a head has been taken, the brains are removed, Nights. In a case of theft which happened at Banting, and the eyeballs punctured with a parang, so as to suspicion was divided among three persons, and the allow their fluid contents to escape. If the boat in principal malo man of the place, by name Ramba, which the fortunate captor sails is one of a large undertook to discover which of them was the culprit. fleet, no demonstrations of success are made, lest it For this purpose, he took three bamboos, partially should excite the cupidity of some chief; but if she filled with water, and, assigning one to each of the has gone out alone, or accompanied only by a few suspected persons, arranged them round a fire with others, she is decorated with the young leaves of the mystic rites and barbaric spells, in the full belief that nipu palm. These leaves, when unopened, are of a pale the bamboo assigned to the culprit would be the first straw colour, and, when cut, their leaflets are separated to eject a portion of its contents by ebullition. One of and tied in bunches on numerous poles, which are them at length did so, and it so happened that it was stuck up all over the boat. At a little distance, they the bamboo assigned to him against whom the little present the appearance of gigantic heads of corn proevidence that could be collected bore hardest. Shortly jecting above the awning of the boat, and amongst afterwards, another also boiled over, while the third them numerous gay-coloured flags and streamers wave would not do so at all. The possessor of the first was in the breeze. Thus adorned, the boat returns in accordingly declared by Ramba to be the culprit, while triumph; and the yells of her crew, and the beatthe possessor of the last was declared to be certainly ing of their gongs, inform each friendly house they innocent. Fortunately for the credit of the Dyaks, pass of the successful result of their foray. The they would not act upon the information thus obtained; din is redoubled as they approach their own house. and unfortunately for the credit of the diviner, it was The shouts are taken up and repeated on shore. afterwards discovered that he whose bamboo would The excitement spreads : the shrill yells of the not boil over was the thief.
women mingle with the hoarser cries of the men, Next to the chiefs, the most important class among the gongs in the house respond to those in the the Dyaks are the mannangs, who combine the functions boat, and all hurry to the wharf to greet the victors. of doctor and priest, and who are in great request in | Then there is the buzz of meeting, the eager question,