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The doctor administered these nuts to girls afflicted The material progress of the nation, as shewn by with curvature of the spine in a school for servants,' the reports of trade, is little less than amazing. The and with the happiest effects; and has treated a suffi- number of steamers in course of building at the prin. cient number of cases satisfactorily by this alimentary cipal yards in the kingdom is so great, that some of method, to justify the conclusion, that the vital prin- the chief builders have orders three years in advance. ciple, duly supplied with the proper materials, is able Our exports for the month of July amounted to to cure all cases of laterad, sternad, and dorsad curva- L.12,201,532; in the same month of last year they ture in growing children-not arising from caries of were L.9,968,226. We find from a recently published the vertebræ — without mechanical appliances ; and blue-book that the total imports in 1856 were valued at that those appliances are a hinderance rather than a L.127,917,561; and the total of exports, L.291,867,388. help, by diminishing muscular exertion, and, as a In the same year, 1855 ships—422,359 tons—were consequence, weakening muscular power.'

built; and the total number of registered vessels was The doctor brings forward the case of a young lady 36,106, or 5,316,736 tons, employing 267,759 seamen. of sixteen, who, after three months' treatment, had Since the new reading-room was opened at the almost lost her spinal deviations, and pursues: 'I British Museum, the number of readers has doubled. am extremely desirous of directing the attention of The South Kensington Museum continues to attract orthopædic surgeons to this mode of treatment, numerous visitors.-A project is now on foot for a because into their hands the greater number of cases great West-end railway-terminus, which when comof spinal curvature fall; assured that if medicinal were pleted will be five times larger than that of the Great entirely to supersede mechanical means, the result, in Western at Paddington. The basin of the Grosvenor most cases, would be much more satisfactory. In cases Canal is to be the site: the canal is to be drained, and of delayed dentition, the growth of the teeth is pro- four lines of rails are to be laid down to connect all moted, and they are speedily protruded through the the metropolitan railways north and south of the gum, under a course of the bone-earth phosphate. It Thames with the grand terminus. We only hope might very probably be administered with success in the scheme will be carried out by honest people. cases of false joint from un-united fracture of the long bones, and in cases of rickets.'

MUSIC. It will surprise some readers to liear of iron in Ireland, but there, nevertheless, the mineral exists, in Music floating from the waters, ebbing through the valley the mountains near Lough Allen, and with coal in slowly, the same range. The returns have of late been so Music where the shattered torrent rises in a surge of hail, encouraging, that the works at Arigna and Creevelea Music where the bee returning cleaves some silent aisleare increasing in activity. The ore contains sixty per glade holy, cent. of iron, and the proprietors are exerting them

Music where a maiden wanders singing softly through selves to produce iron from their furnaces which shall

the vale. equal the best qualities of English. Sir Robert Kane Music in a roadside cottage, from the erening group spoke truly when he shewed that the mineral deposits

assembled, of Ireland had been too long neglected among her Children gathered round their elders, manhood, age, industrial resources.-But for long years to come, and lisping child, Cleveland-the north-eastern corner of Yorkshire And the willing breeze, that near the door with wavering will yield more ironstone than any other part of the tone has trembled, kingdom. The results there are already astonishing. Bears away the psalm's last accents up the mountain

Mr Horner is still working at that important geo pathway wild. logical inquiry—the rate at which the valley of the Nile Music in the stately mansion, where the banquet proud is has been filled up by the annual inundations. The

given, excavations and borings, specimens of which have been

Midst the portraits of ancestors, armour grim, and regularly forwarded to England, have brought to

sword and shield, light some very remarkable facts, which will be made and the music seems to wake to life foes that long since known in Mr Horner's next report. One of his objects have striven, is to ascertain whether the French geologists, in their

And the prancing charger champs his rein across the scientific survey of Egypt, were correct in their con

conquered field. clusions as to the age of the alluvial deposits in the Music where the blooming maiden, with sweet hope of valley of the Nile, and the rate of their deposition. Abstruse as this inquiry may seem, it is intimately

summer standing, connected with the questions most interesting to all And the youth who meet together, in light groups of

Hears the minstrel of the village piping forth his native glee, who think, as will by and by appear. The Curaçoa has arrived at Woolwich, having on

laughter standing,

Join the maidens dancing with them round the Fathers' board some ten or twelve tons of mosaics, sculptures,

old oak-tree. architectural remains, and such like, collected by the Rev. N. Davis, near Tunis, all of which are supposed Music where the child is asking its first accents of its to be relics of ancient Carthage. More specimens for

mother, our museums and schools of art.-The Admiralty have

Music where the mother stoopeth softly o'er the cradle

dear; sent out a circular, requiring all commanders on service in the royal navy to make periodical returns Sweeter songs are on her lips than can be sung by any other, of all the merchant-ships they speak at sea; giving the

Who hath also not been gladdened by a mother's sacred

tear? names, port of departure and destination, and the tonnage. These particulars can be communicated by Music where the spirit only thinketh what it would to means of four signal-flags, with which British regis heaven, tered vessels are provided, and foreigners may have

Music in the student's labours, in the poet's early dream, them by applying at the Board of Trade. By this Music even in those sorrows unto which by nature given, means the shipping-lists published at our various ports

With the darkest currents mingling, flow sweet voices will be much more complete and trustworthy than at

of life's stream.

E. F. present, and every communication from a Queen's ship will increase the number, with benefit to mer Printed and Published by W. and R. CHAMBERS, 47 Paterchants, and often with pleasure to those who have

noster Row, LONDON, and 339 High Street, EDINBURGH. Also

sold by WILLIAM ROBERTSON, 23 Upper Sackville Street, DUBLIN, friends on the deep.

and all Booksellers,

SCHLI TERATURE
POPULAR

Science a nd D rt s.

OF

CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS.

No. 196.

SATURDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1857.

Price 11d.

sixteenth century. The etfect may be somewhat THE OLD COMMENTATOR.

incongruous, but it is at least more piquant than To see the old commentator in situ, we must go back dressing the said Greek and Roman up in the white a good way. He is sitting in his high-backed oaken waistcoat and kerseymere trousers of a modern literary arm-chair; the table before him is a low one, that magnate of the university of Cambridge. the pile of books which he is in the habit of placing Our commentator has just laid down the seventeenth on it may not absolutely bury him; besides which, he folio, which he has opened within the last hour, and has a fancy for stooping at his work. He has an old taken up the eighteenth. It is wonderful how the fur-cap upon his head, and an old fur-coat upon his man matches with his folio. The same massiveness, shoulders. Both are dusty and worn; but both the the same intensity, the same dusty respectability and dust and wearing have something great and venerable uncompromising fixity of form; both of them look as about them, like those upon an old well-read classic of if they could never shut when they were once open, the sixteenth century. Ilis brow is brought down far and never open when they were once shut. The over lais eyes by constant study, and his face is full of ancients had their golden, their silver, and their iron lines; but they are the lines of toil, not of care or age; with still more justice, the moderns might have thought. Care he lias scarcely known; and he has had their folio, their quarto, and their octavo age. The too much to do with the thoughts of others, to have present is eminently an octavo case-octavo in its much call for thoughts of his own : hence his checks habits, forms, and fashions. Our successors will very retain their plumpness, and his features and limbs their probably be duodecimos. But the old commentator is power and elasticity. His look is fixed and steady, eminently a folio: he looks as if anything smaller but not bright. The natural good-humour of his would be crushed under his ponderous fingers—as if it mouth has been twisted into a kind of fierce doctorial would be lost in the immensity of matter, plıysical and defiance, arising from the perpetual warfare in which intellectual, which he is gathering around him. he passes his life. As he looks up from the ponderous Our scholar, once seated amongst his folios, looks old folio, of which he appears to have mastered six as if he never could rise again; but he looks round pages in as many minutes, he presents to you one of with an unexpected vivacity at the tall stalwart form those rude massive magisterial faces which Rembrandt which has just entered the room. It is a man richly loved to paint, and even Vandyck, that artist of kings dressed, yet with a sober hue about his somewhat and senators, could transfer to canvas, with an energy solemn attire. Neither lace nor rufles appear on his which he did not always exercise in the case of more velvet doublet. You look at him, and at the first dignified personages.

glance you set him down for a statesman; at the I must confess a peculiar fancy for the works of the second, for a rich merchant, who had that day been old commentator, all the more that he is so utterly made provost. He places himself at the table, takes gone out of fashion.

I am told that his observations up one of the books with the air of a man who is used on the classics are not what literary slang chooses to to them, and proceeds to converse about them with call critical,' which means, being interpreted, that such a strange mixture of the olar, the gentleman, they did not refer to metrical canons, nor trouble and the man of commerce, that you are fairly at fault themselves about the niceties of moods and tenses : nor to find out what he is. He is one of those chieftains do I, for that matter. So far, we are sympathetic. I of the literary class-a publisher of the seventeenth am still more sympathetic with the dry old sage in the century. He takes up the manuscript on which our second reproach brought against him-namely, that he commentator has been engaged with the air of a man twaddles—that his gossiping meanderings round and who knows all about the matter, and is quite as capable about the regions of ancient history and mythology are of sustaining a contest as to the real nature of the puerile and inane—that he cannot meet with a sen- Pyrrhic dance or the Eleusinian mysteries as his tence about a god or a hero, but he must needs launch learned friend. He has just come from a visit to the out into a lengthy prattle about all sorts of incon- pope or the king of France; he lias been exhibiting to gruous circumstances pertaining to such god or hero. them specimens of his types, and has talked with them Whether these things are puerile or inane, whether for an hour about the details of the edition which he they are mere gossip or not, detracts not from a pecu- is about to publish after the labour of our commenliar interest that they possess. It is the spirit of one tator. He has read to them the dedication which he great past age illustrated by the spirit of another. intends to prefix-one addressed to no less a personage The Greek and Roman are dressed up in the pro- than themselves—but in which he has addressed them fessional cloak and cap of a Dutch scholar of the with perfect freedom, not to say indifference. They

have been jesting with him about the Latinity of his namely, the House of Burgundy. Nothing less than phrases, a point upon which he is extremely tender, and this will satisfy the ambition of our learned man. Why on that account his magnificent patrons make sport should it? Nothing less would add to his dignity. He with him occasionally. The pope has given him the has been accustomed to play the great man so long, exclusive privilege of printing his proposed great book, that his dreams of greatness extend.

under pain of excommunication to all those who shall Our learned man, amongst other honours, receives a infringe it.' The sacred arms of the Roman hierarchy royal invitation to repair to one of the principal courts have been employed in less noble causes; but, in these in Christendom. The invitation he receives with his degenerate days, we might perhaps smile at the publisher wonted sense of his own dignity: he sees nothing who guarded his copyright by an excommunication. extraordinary in the fact that kings or queens should Such, however, were in those days the usual mode of desire to know one of the greatest men on earth. supplying the constitutional guardianship of an act Anybody, he declares, may be a general or minister of of parliament; and, to say the truth, it was more state ; but it is not given to every one to be a great picturesque, and quite as effectual.

commentator. If left to himself, he might very proOur visitor has brought him a pamphlet, which he bably refuse the invitation. But his wife interferes ; presents to our commentator; the writer of which has she has a woman's ideas about appearing at court, and treated the said commentator's opinion of the form is resolved to make a figure. After some hesitation of the acropolis at Athens as “the squalling nonsense whether her husband shall make his appearance in of some effete baby. The learned man looks at the Greek pallium or a Roman toga, she cuts the knot by book with perfect placidity, talks about it with deciding that he shall exhibit himself in complete unconcern, and lays it down; but as soon as his visitor armour. By this means, he is the representative of is gone, he instantly seizes his pen, and adds to his all the old nations of antiquity at once; besides which, notes something in this strain : A certain grunting he is assuming the right to which his descent from pig has found fault with what we have here advanced. princely lineage entitles him. The limbs, therefore, This intolerable cow, this essence of all that is most of the old scholar, stiff with long sitting, are cased in asinine in asses, not content with living in his own greaves and targets; his venerable head, too, for so filth, which so well suits him, thinks proper to bring many years cognizant of the old fur-cap, is surmounted his messes into our garden. A kick or two will send with a brass helmet, new polished for the occasion. It the brute howling into his own sty.'

This same was in this attire that one of the most awkward and "brute' is, nevertheless, like himself, one of the great learned of the old scholars actually appeared at the men of the age—a friend of popes and princes—their court of Christina of Sweden. If that curious personage superior, in his own estimation, and one who has had seen in the learned man's whim a satire on her deserved as well of the world, in the opinion of own proceedings with learned men in general, it posterity.

would have been no more than she deserved. But the This tendency to furiousness of abuse is wonderfully learned man is guiltless of satire; nothing could facilitated by the enormous command which learned make him conscious that he was playing anything but men of those days had of the language in which they a dignified part, peculiarly becoming his position and all wrote the Latin. Were vile words wanted, they circumstances. had them without stopping, like Falstaff, ‘for breath In money-matters, our learned man is a perfect baby. to utter.' The torrents of abuse they could pour out when he first began to teach, many of his scholars, are perfect marvels of Latinity. Their mode of pro- who soon found out the weak side of learning, not only ceeding on this, as on every other occasion, is simply omitted to pay him, but borrowed his money into the that of a child. The old scholar, in his business matters bargain, perfectly certain that he would never ask and in his religious matters, is just as mere a baby as for it again. This went on till the matter became he is in his controversial. In the latter, he scatters notorious; some one interfered, and the pupils were epithets as they rush into his mind, just as a child in prohibited from obtaining any further supplies for their the nursery would, if it had the same command of follies from this quarter. The professor finding his language. For his religion, he is pretty sure to have money accumulate, and not knowing what to do with changed it two or three times over, without any reason it, took it to the gaming-table, partly to get rid of the which would avail with any body but himself. It burden, and partly from a vague idea of gaining a is a fact, that of the old scholars more than half philosophical insight into the human character, which changed their religion with perfect indifference, and would enable him better to understand the Epicurean apparently from mere whim, for they shewed none of philosophy, upon which he was then writing a treatise. a convert's zeal about their new creed, and in very He got his ideas, but with them so much loss and ill few instances seem to have understood it. The rival fame, that he was forced to leave the town, where, said opinions of Papist and Protestant are shared out among one of his admirers, he was worshipped like a god. them with tolerable evenness; and the only evidence The ménage of our commentator is a curious one. any of them shew that they ever thought on the Lion as he is amongst his own race, fiercely as he subject, is their proneness to do what every one else is can repel any attack upon his theories respecting the so slow to do-namely, to forsake the creed which they Greek phalanx or his version of a Latin ode, he is a sucked in with their mother's milk. It would seem mere house-lamb in his own family. Socrates was not that their conduct was a mere childish way of proving the only sage that had a Xantippe. His learned labours their independence; and we really believe that, in are carried on in the midst of a host of squalling chilmost instances, it was nothing more.

dren, whose clatter is not at all improved by the sharp There is another mania which has taken possession tone of the mother, who is scolding and belabouring of our commentator, besides that of changing his reli- them by turns. In the first years of his union, the gion: nothing will serve him but a descent from a hapless scholar, who found more than one of his best crowned head. We remember one of his fraternity, ideas spoiled by the noise, actually did venture on a who, not contented with claiming his descent from a mild remonstrance, but it was received in such a sovereign prince of Italy, actually took his name-a manner that he never ventured upon it again. His whim which, by the way, has alone preserved that of only resource has been in his notes, wherein he pours the sovereign prince in the recollection of the world. out his whole soul to his intimate friend, the reader, to But for the learned man, no one would ever have heard tell the said intimate friend how his lucubrations have of the prince. Another declared himself an offshoot in some instances fallen short of the mark, because of a house which founded the imperial dynasty of his affectionate child would insist upon playing about Austria, and rivalled the kingly dynasty of France, his knees.' 'If I had been in his place, observes a learned modern upon the note, 'I should have sent men of our own time it would take to equal the labour young master out of the room.' Alas, how little did of our commentator-certainly not less than a dozen. the modern understand the position of his renowned In truth, his were the heroic days of literature. See predecessor!

how the pile of manuscript grows under his indefatigIn a corner of the room are stowed away a mass of able fingers! If he has sat at work less than sixteen letters, of which many men might well be proud, but hours in the twenty-four, he considers, like Titus, which our professor looks upon as a mere matter of that he has lost a day. “Fits,' says Bernard Lintot in course, and a simple tribute to his deserts. Half of Pope's squib against Dennis—'a man may well have them are from royal or princely personages, who have fits and swollen legs who sits writing fourteen hours just established a new university or remodelled an old a day. Alas! the degenerate days had already set in; one. They write to our professor in Latin; it is a in the time of Bernard Lintot, our commentator sat shame they do not write to him in Greek. They-the writing for sixteen hours, for six months in succesroyal and princely personages-are just as fulsome in sion, without having fits or swollen legs. There was their expressions of adulation as their own flatterers; a time when he allowed himself only one night's rest one would think that they were parodying the follies out of three. He was warm with youth in those days, daily addressed to themselves, or that they were poking and found that he had gone too far: there are stones fun at the learned man. They are doing neither; they too heavy even for Homeric heroes. No wonder that are only conforming to the general style, with a secret piles of folios grow up out of his labours. No wonder feeling that the learned man is more necessary to them that authors in those days did not print in duodecimo. than they are to the learned man. Princes can adopt Why, a single work would have required a long travel just as mean a style as other people, when they have to get from one end to the other of the series; and as similar reasons for it.

for the entire works of our author, it would only have In truth, our commentator cares much more about been possible to reach the last volumes on horseback. dead kings and princes than he does about live ones. The humour of the learned man would be just as He lives and breathes with the ancients; he has no antique and dusty as everything else about him. If other models to admire, no other authorities to quote. he goes to supper, and gets lively, he will pour out No specimens of good histories, of fine poetry, even Greek epigrams by the dozen ; and on going home, he of accounts of ordinary facts, existed in his day from will exhort his feet, in an extempore Latin distich, to recent pens. If a farmer talked to him about one of keep steady under him. He has often stopped in the his sheep, his mind would instantly revert to a Greek middle of his lecture to cook an ancient dish, by way naturalist; if his wife talked to him about a dinner of illustrating the meaning of his author. If he medi

- there was no Almanach des Gourmands in his days— tates a gay book, as some relief to his heavier labour, all that would occur to him would be the feats of he writes the lives of the ancient cooks, illustrated by some Roman epicure in the devouring days of the an essay on the action of the stomach on the mind, and first emperors.

Who can complain of his taste, a dissertation on the Epicurean philosophy. if in philosophy or poetry he preferred Plato and Such were a race of beings more completely passed Homer to the writings of the schoolmen or the rhyming away than the high-priest of Baal in the Nineveh legends of the monks! All that was worth having, marbles. The last has perhaps a representative in knowing, or thinking about, came from antiquity. The some of the far corners of the globe; but the learned modern scholar has a thousand things of his own day man of the sixteenth century has no representative to master: there is, in the first place, the literature of upon the face of the earth. He has left his works as modern times, which now stands in fair competition memorials of his existence, which hand him down to with those of the ancients; but besides this, there is posterity by their weight, if by nothing else-pondera vast quantum of science, politics, philosophy, and ous folios, that once startled society, but are now selling theology which your modern professor must know, if for waste paper from the groaning shelves of the bookhe would not be the laughing-stock of decent society. sellers. If he does meet with the classical poets and All this was quite out of the way of our commentator. historians in the Elysian fields, how he will wrangle Talk to him about politics in his day, and all you with them over the construction of their sentences ! would get would be a goodly shower of those epithets A meeting of the commentator and his author in the of ' ass, cow, swine, hedgehog,' of which he had so vast next world will certainly be a curious one. We will a profusion in his linguistic quiver. Modern science, let this transient glimpse of the old worthy pass from to him, was made up of the freaks and follies of the us, hoping that the earth lies more lightly upon him alchemists-no wonder he preferred Aristotle.

than his own works upon it. He was once told that the remains of Petronius were to be found entire at Bologna. Petronius was a Latin

THE MOUNTAIN IN THE MAIN. author whom he especially admired: the old scholar had something of a hankering after loose morality. Our in the Arctic Sea, somewhat more than 400 miles The idea of finding the entire works of an old author to the north-east of Iceland, there rises, apparently hitherto found only in part, put him instantly in a projected by volcanic agency, the mountain-island of fever; it was one of those prizes which are rarely drawn Jan Mayen. It shoots straight up out of the sea to in the literary lottery. He scarcely stayed to pack the height of nearly 7000 feet, having from certain up his clothes, and journeyed day and night in winter, points of view the appearance of a peak, not unlike from the north of Germany to Bologna, where was the the enormous spire of a church. As seen from a treasure in question. On his arrival, his first demand distance, it seems impossible to land upon it, yet, on is if the remains of Petronius are not to be found in approaching nearer, there is found to be a narrow line the city ? Certainly: they are the glory of the place. of coast, and several small harbours, which offer a Go to the sacristan of the church of St John.' He goes, tolerable anchorage when the state of the surrounding and requests to be shewn the remains of Petronius. ice admits of entrance. The island was originally The sacristan takes him into the vault. "What!' discovered by Captain Fotherby, who stumbled upon says the scholar, ‘do you keep your manuscripts in it through a fog in the year 1614. Sailing southward the vault?' 'I don't know what manuscripts mean,' in a mist so thick that he could not see to the length replies the sacristan; “but here lies the body of St of his ship, le suddenly heard the noise of waters as Petronius, our guardian saint.'

if breaking on a great shore, and getting a glimpse Homer says that it would take nine men of his shortly afterwards of the gigantic bases of Mount degenerate day to lift a stone thrown by a single Beerenberg, which is the name given to the eminence, warrior of the heroic ages. We know not how many he thought he had discovered some new continent. Since then, it has been frequently sighted by home- dies. The Lord have mercy upon his soul, and upon ward-bound whalers, though, on account of its ordinary us all, we being very sick,' is the entry on this sad inaccessibility, it has rarely been landed upon. Once, occasion. During the next few days, they seem all to however, shortly after its discovery, an attempt was have got rapidly worse, only one being strong enough made to inhabit it, that was attended by tragic con- to move about. He had learned writing from his comsequences; the particulars of which, till recently, rades since coming to the island, and it is he who have been very little known.*

concludes the melancholy story. "The 23d (April), About the year 1635, the Dutch government, wishing the wind blew from the same corner, with small rain. to establish a settlement in the actual neighbourhood We were by this time reduced to a very deplorable of the fishing-grounds, where the blubber might be state, there being none of them all, except myself, that boiled down, and the spoils of each season transported were able to help themselves, much less one another, home in the smallest bulk, prevailed on seven seamen so that the whole burden lay upon my shoulders; and to remain the whole winter on the island. Huts were I perform my duty as well as I am able, as long as built for them, and they were liberally supplied with God pleases to give me strength. I am just now salt provisions, and there left to resolve the problem a going to help our commander out of his cabin, at his as to whether or not human beings could support the request, because he imagined by this change to ease severities of the climate. Standing on the shore, these his pain, he then struggling with death.' For seven seven men saw their comrades' parting sails sink down days this gallant fellow goes on striving to do his beneath the sun; then watched the sun sink as had duty’-attending on his helpless comrades till they sunk the sails; and as the long arctic night set in, were all past help, and making entries in the journal must have felt ihemselves left to a perilous and ques. as to the state of the weather, that being the principal tionable fate. As is the manner of seamen, they kept object they were charged with when left upon the a log or diary of their proceedings, noting down from island; but on the 30th of April his strength too gave day to day what seemed most worthy or desirable to way, and his failing hand could do no more than trace be recorded. The 26th of August,' they wrote, "our au incompleted sentence on the page. fleet set sail for Holland with a strong north-east So, sinking one after another, the forlorn band had wind and a hollow sea, which continued all that night. all fallen. As the season advanced, however, ships The 28th, the wind the same; it began to snow very were getting ready; and on the 4th of June, up again hard; we then shared half a pound of tobacco betwixt above the horizon rose the sails of the Zealand fleet; us, which was to be our allowance for a week. Towards but when search is made for those who it was evening, we went about together, to see whether we hoped would have been found alive and well, lo! could discover anything worth our observation, but each lies dead in his own hut; one with an open met with nothing. To the like effect is their experi- prayer-book by his side; another with his hand ence for many a weary day-cold dreary days of sleet stretched out towards the ointment he had used for and storm, which differ little one day from another. his stiffened joints; and the last survivor with the

On the Sth of September, they were 'frightened by unfinished journal still lying by his side. a noise of something falling to the ground'-probably Since this grim tragedy, Jan Mayen has had no some volcanic disturbance, or descent of a loosened inhabitants. Mount Beerenberg raises his head with glacier. A month later, it becomes so cold that their an awful majesty above the storms, but looks down linen, after a moment's exposure to the air, is frozen on voyaging adventurers who pass his borders like a board. Huge fleets of ice beleaguered the with too inhospitable a frown to induce them to island, the sun disappears, and they spend most of tarry long within his presence. Nevertheless, the their time in rehearsing to one another the adven- island has been occasionally visited by enterprising tures that had befallen them by sea and land.' Ere navigators, some of whoni appear to have explored it long, this resource of story-telling fails, or the relation more completely than its early Dutch discoverers. becomes bald by repetition. On the 12th of December, Twenty-two years ago, the late Dr Scoresby effected they have the fortune to kill a bear, having by this a landing there, on his return from a whaling cruise. time begun to feel the effects of a salt diet. Slowly, He had seen the mountain a liundred miles off, and, drearily, the time goes by, and every day · most weary on approaching, found the coast quite free from ice; seems the sea'

and, by a subsequent survey, ascertained that the

island is about sixteen miles long by four wide. The Weary the wandering fields of barren foam.

last and most complete account of this singular seaAt last comes New-year's Day, 1636. 'After having mountain is given us by Lord Dufferin, who went in wished each other a happy new year, and success in search of it in his yacht, in the sunimer of 1856. our enterprise, we went to prayers,' say they, 'to The particulars are given in his recently published disburden our hearts before God. They had yet two voyage-narrative, entitled Letters from Iligh Latitudes ; months to wait before the reappearance of the sun. It from which very interesting work we select such was some slight relief to the prolonged dulness when, passages as may serve to complete the picture of on the 25th of February, they once more saw him rise. Jan Mayen, and to shew the difficulties and dangers But now to dulness and the pains of cold succeed of approaching it. sickness and debility. By the 22d of March, they Lord Dufferin sailed from Iceland in his schooner. were suffering from the scourge of scurvy: ‘For want yacht, the Foam, a little vessel of about eighty tons of refreshments we began to be very heartless, and burden, being accompanied in his expedition by a 80 afflicted that our legs are scarce able to bear us.' French steamer of 1100 tons, the Reine Fortense, on Alone on that dismal rock, they were 'out of humanity's board of which was his Imperial Highness Prince reach;' slowly, miserably perishing, and in conscious Napoleon. The prince suggested that the Reine dread of perishing, before help could come. On the Hortense should take the Foam in tow; and in this 3d of April, there being no more than two of them in way upwards of 300 miles of the voyage to Jan Mayen health, they killed for the others the only two pullets was performed. At this point, however, the French they had left; the sick men feeding pretty heartily vessel, falling short of coal, was obliged to return, upon them, in hopes it might prove a means to recover leaving Lord Dufferin, who was unwilling to go back, part of their strength. We were sorry,' says the to buffet his way forward amidst fog and ice, as well as record, 'we had not a dozen more for their sake. On the skill and hardihood of himself and crew, and the Easter-day, Adrian Carman, of Schiedam, their clerk, sailing powers of his little schooner, might enable him.

I confess,' says he, 'our situation, too, was not altogether Letters from IIigh Latitudes.

without causing me a little anxiety. We had not seen

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