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madman, and fearing, on the other, that if he gave any Arthur's negligence being habitual, the family credit to the story, he would be dreadfully distressed; appeared to feel no uneasiness on his account, and 80 I remained silent, reflecting on what I should do, everything regarding the marriage advanced most and I suppose looking very grave, for the young man prosperously; the young people walked, and boated, suddenly laid his hand on my arm, and said : “Pardon and rode together in the mornings, whilst Krasinski's me, Monsieur de Rosny, but, from your manner and talent for music and bewitching voice formed the countenance, I cannot help thinking you know more charm of their evening society. Emma esteemed of my brother than you are willing to own"— ! herself the most fortunate of mortals. The prospect felt myself change colour. “Whatever you know, I of leaving her mother was the only drawback to her beseech you to tell me!"
felicity; but Krasinski declared himself so much “But I know nothing !" I replied.
pleased with England, that he had no difficulty in " Then you suspect something - you have heard promising to spend much of his time there. The some report—let me hear it, whatever it is! I, too, ensuing spring, he said, must be spent in Poland; but have some reason to fear-some cause for anxiety; but he assured Mrs Edmonds that scarcely a year should I had hoped it was mere fancy-mere nervousness” pass without her receiving a visit from her daughter.
“What,” said I, interrupting him, “have you seen This state of things had lasted several weeks, when a him too? Has he also visited you?”
cloud suddenly darkened their sunshine, but whence it “Who?" said he, looking wildly at me. “What, in came, no one knew. Emma's beaming face paled visibly; Heaven's name, do you mean?"
her bright eyes grew heavy and dim; her step lost its “You spoke of fancy; you seemed to hint at some- spring; all day she strolled listlessly about the garden, thing that might be mere delusion. I also have had a with her head bowed down, and apparently buried in strange experience-a dream it may be”
thought. “Mrs Edmonds was silent, but looked anxious “Relating to my brother?” asked he eagerly. and perplexed; and Krasinski, who at first hovered
“Relating to your brother,” I replied, now relieved about them, solicitous and assiduous, at length became from my difficulty; and on his conjuring me to narrate silent also, and exhibited an air of extreme dissatisthe particulars, I forth with proceeded to do so, begging faction. Still there was no word of the marriage being him, however, not to attach any serious importance to broken off or even postponed, and the period fixed for the circumstance, unless he should find more conclusive it was fast approaching. Every one remarked the reasons for apprehension.
change, but nobody could obtain a clue to the mystery; He listened to my narrative with the greatest in- and, in fact, as it ultimately appeared, the only person terest; and when I had finished, he confessed, that if I who could have furnished one was Emma, and she had told him such a story a few weeks earlier, it would seemed to be impenetrable on the subject. Mrs probably have been received with the ridicule I feared; Edmonds wrote to Everard that she had questioned * but,” said he, “a circumstance has occurred to my her in vain as to the cause of her depression, which sister, that seems, unhappily, but too confirmatory of appeared to date from a certain day, on which she and your vision or dream, or whatever it was ;") and he her lover, in the course of their morning excursion, then proceeded to acquaint De Rosny with the cause had been witnesses to a very distressing accident; of their alarm.
though how this circumstance should have produced It appeared that Krasinski, whose intention to visit such a sinister influence, she was at a loss to conceive. England had been intimated by Arthur to his mother They were walking on the banks of Windermere, and sister, duly arrived there, bringing with him a when a beautiful little girl, about six years old, was very flattering letter of introduction to the family, who drowned. The agony of her mother, and her entreaties were residing at Ambleside. As he wished to see the to Krasinski to save the infant, were most distressing, country, he took a lodging in the village, and being and doubly so to Emma, since, although she too a very agreeable, accomplished man, was soon a entreated him, he resisted his first impulse, which was welcome visitor in the best houses there, and to none evidently to jump into the water, and suffered the more welcome than to Mrs Edmonds and her daughter, child to perish unaided. Although he excused himself the fair Emma, who, as her brother had justly said, by saying, that the last time he was in the water, he was an exceedingly pretty girl, with the additional had been seized with cramp, and nearly drowned, charm of a good fortune. Whether it was her beauty Emma did not recover her spirits all the afternoon. or her fortune, Everard said he did not know-perhaps Mrs Edmonds thought this quite natural; and Krasit was both—but Krasinski had fallen violently in love inski expected to find her as usual on the following with her, and had made her proposals which were day; but when she appeared at breakfast, they were accepted without reluctance. In fact, the passion struck with her altered appearance. She said she had appeared to be mutual, and the advantages of the a headache, and had not rested well; but from that match not inconsiderable. Count Sta slaus Krasinski day, her health declined, and her whole demeanour was a name not unknown, and the family stood changed. high in public esteem. Though he spoke of his large Affairs being in this position, Mrs Edmonds wrote estates as comparatively unprofitable, he appeared to to Everard, requesting him to try if he could extract be rich, and his personal qualifications and endowments the secret from his sister. "Some cause,' she said, were undeniable. The title of Countess Stanislaus there must be for so remarkable an alteration; and Krasinski was not unattractive to the young lady, and Krasinski's not having saved the child seems to me a the great friendship Arthur entertained for the gentle wholly inadequate one.' man seemed to render the connection everything that Upon this, the young man, who really thought it a was desirable. Mrs Edmonds wrote_to Everard to pity his sister should lose so good a match for a apprise him of the engagement, and Emma appeared caprice, sent her a letter, urging her to confide in him at the summit of happiness; the marriage, she said, if she had anything to tell; and if not, entreating her was to take place soon, and they were to go to Rome, to throw off this mysterious depression, which must be where Arthur and Krasinski" had agreed to meet very displeasing to her lover. As for the accident and pass the winter together. Fancy,' she said, that distressed you,' he said, 'you must remember that “how astonished and delighted Arthur will be when Í men are not always masters of their actions, and we am introduced to him as Countess Krasinski, for we may be incapable of doing at one time what we could cannot write and tell him, since we don't know where do easily at another. The bravest are sometimes he is. We have had no letter since he left Venice. seized with a panic; and that you should sacrifice Arthur is a bad correspondent-he always was, and I your future happiness, and your lover's too, to an suppose always will be.
exaggerated sentiment on this subject, would be an
absurdity that would render you perfectly ridiculous is anything under lieaven to which we have a right to in the eyes of the world; and, moreover, it would be apply that word. an act of unpardonable injustice towards him.'
It seems to me that one of the chief elements of To these representations, Everard received an answer, wrong in the class which I have distinguished as which he now put into the hands of De Rosny. handicraftswomen, is the great but invidious dis
tinction drawn between it and that of professional
women. Many may repudiate this in theory ; yet, A WOMAN'S THOUGHTS ABOUT WOMEN. practically, I ask lady-mothers, whether they would
not rather take for daughters-in-law the poorest
governess, the most penniless dependent, than a WHILE planning this paper, I chanced to read, in a person in business'-milliner, dressmaker, shoplate number of the North British Quarterly, one woman, &c.? As for a domestic servant-a cook, headed “Employment of Women,' which expressed or even a lady’s-maid-I am afraid a young man's many of my ideas in forms so much clearer and better choice of such an one would ruin him for ever in the than any in which I can cast them, that I long hesi- eyes of respectability. tated whether it were worth my while to attempt to fool. Why should it be less creditable to make good
Respectability—begging her pardon!—is often a great set them down here at all; but afterwards, seeing dresses than bad books? In what is it better to be that this Journal may fall into many hands never laid at night a singing servant to an applauding or capri, upon the Quarterly, and that these Thoughts aim less ciously contemptuous public, than to wait on the said at originality than usefulness, I determined in any case public in the daytime from behind the counter of to say my say. It matters little when, or low, or by shop or bazaar? I confess, I cannot see the mighty how many, truth is spoken, if only it be truth. difference; for the question, it must be understood, is In taking up the question of female handicrafts, in not of personal value or endowments, but of external
calling. contradistinction to female professions, the first thing
And here comes in the old warfare, commenced that strikes one is the largeness of the subject, and justly in the respect due to mind over matter, headhow very little one practically knows about it. of work over band-work, but deteriorated by custom necessity, the class is a silent class; it lives by its into a ridiculous and contemptible tyranny-the battle fingers rather than its brains; it cannot put its life between professions and trades. I shall not enter into into print. Sometimes a poet does this for and it here. "Happily, men are now slowly waking up thrills millions with a Song of the Shirt; or a novelist --women more slowly still-to a perception of the presents us with some imaginary portrait-some Lettice truth, that honour is an intrinsic and not extrinsic Arnold, Susan Hopley, or Ruth, idealised more or less, possession ; that one means of livelihood is not of it may be, yet sufficiently true to nature to give us credit or discredit can attach in no degree to the
itself one whit more respectable' than another; that a passing interest in our shop-girls, sempstresses, and work done, but to the manner of doing it, and to the maid-servants, abstractedly, as a class; but of the individual who does it. individuals, of their modes of existence, feeling, and But, on the other hand, a class that, as a class, lacks thought-of their sorrows and pleasures, accomplish- honour, has usually, some time or other, fallen short of ments and defects—we ladies' of the middle and deserving of it. In the class of handicraftswomen who upper ranks, especially those of us residing in great stand to professional women as ordinary tradesmen to towns, know essentially nothing.
the gentlemen, one often finds great self-assertion and As I have said, the working-class is the silent class; equivalent want of self-respect, painful gervility or and this, being a degree above the cottage visitations pitiable impertinence-in short, many of those faults of Ladies Bountiful, or the legislation of Ten-Hours- which arise in a transition state of partial education, Bill Committees in an enlightened British parliament, and uncertain, accidental refinement. Also, since a is the most silent of all. And it includes so many degree of both refinement and education is necessary grades—from the West-end milliner, who dresses in to create a standard of moral conscientiousness, I silk every day, and is almost (often quite) a lady,' believe this order of women is much more deficient down to the wretched lodging-house slavey,' who than the one above it in that stern, steady uprightness seems to be less a woman than a mere working animal which constitutes what we call elevation of character. -that, viewing it, one shrinks back in awe of its vast. Through the want of pride in their calling, and laxity ness. What an enormous influence it must uncon or a slovenliness of principle in pursuing it, this class sciously exercise on society, this dumb multitude, is always at war with that above it; which justly which, behind counters, in work-rooms, garrets, and complains of the unconquerable faults and deficiencies bazaars, or in service at fashionable, respectable, or which make patience the only virtue it can practise barely decent houses, goes toiling, toiling on, from towards its inferiors. morning till night-often from night till morning How amend this lamentable state of things ? How
—at anything and everything, just for daily bread lessen the infinite wrongs, errors, and sufferings of and honesty!
this mass of womanhood, out of which are glutted our Now, society recognises this fact-gets up early-church-yards, hospitals, prisons, penitentiaries ; from closing movements, makes eloquent speeches in lawn which, more than from any other section of society, is sleeves or peers' broadcloth at Hanover Square Rooms, taken that pest and anguish of our streets, the or writes a letter to the Times, enlarging on the virtue of ordering court-dresses in time, so that one portion
Eighty thousand women in one smile ? of Queen Victoria's female subjects may not be hurried Many writers of both sexes are now striving to answer into disease or death, or worse, in order that another this question; and many others, working more by their portion may shine out, brilliant and beautiful, at Her lives than their pens, are practically trying to solve Majesty's balls and drawing-rooms. All this is good; the problem. All honour and success attend both but it is only a drop in the bucket-a little oil cast workers and writers! Each in their vocation will spur on the top of the stream. The great tide of struggle on society to bestir itself, and, by the combination of and suffering flows on just the same; the surface popular feeling, to achieve in some large form a real, may be slightly troubled, but the undercurrent seems tangible, social good. impossible to be changed.
But in these Thoughts I would fain address indi. Did I say "impossible?' No; I do not beliere there viduals, and stimulate them to action. I want to
speak, not to society at large, for everybody's business' because it is a temptation peculiar to ourselves ; is often ‘nobody's business,' as we well know, but to engendered by many a cruel domestic narrowness, each woman separately, in her personal character as many a grinding struggle to “make ends meet,' such employer or employed.
as men, in their grand picturesque pride and heedless And, first, to the employer.
magnificence, can rarely either feel or understand. I am afraid it is a natural deficiency in the consti. I do not here advance the argument, usually enforced tution of our sex that we are so hard to be taught by experience, that cheapness always comes dearest justice. It certainly was a mistake to make that in the end, and that only a wealthy person can admirable virtue a female; and even then the alle afford to make .bargains,' because I wish to open the gorist seems to have found it necessary to bandage her question-and leave it-on the far higher ground of eyes. No; kindliness, unselfishness, charity, come to moral justice. The celebrated sentiment of Benjamin us by nature: but I wish I could see more of my Franklin, 'Honesty is the best policy,' always seemed sisters learning and practising what is far more diffi- to me a very unchristian mode of inculcating the cult and less attractive-common justice, especially said virtue. towards one another.
Another injustice, less patent, but equally harmful, In dealing with men, I think there is little fear that is constantly committed by ladies-namely, the conthey will take care of themselves. That 'first law ducting of business relations in an unbusiness-like of nature,' self-preservation, is-doubtless for wise manner. Carelessness, irregularity, or delay in giving purposes-imprinted pretty strongly on the mind of orders-needless absorption of time, which is money the male sex. It is in transactions between women -and, above all, want of explicitness and decision, are and women that the difficulty lies. Therein-I put faults which no one dare complain of in a customer, the question to the aggregate conscience of us all, but yet which result in the most cruel wrong. is it not, openly or secretly, our chief aim to get the Perhaps the first quality in an employer is to know largest possible amount of labour for the smallest her own mind; the second, to be able to state it possible price?
clearly, so as to avoid the possibility of mistake; and We do not mean any harm; we are only acting for no blunder or irresolution on her part should ever be the best-for our own benefit, and that of those visited upon the person employed. nearest to us; and yet we are committing an act of There is one injustice which I hardly need refer to, injustice, the result of which fills slop-sellers' doors so 'nearly does it approach to actual crime. Any lady with starving sempstresses, and causes unlimited com- who wilfully postpones payment beyond a reasonable petition among incompetent milliners and dressmakers, time, or in any careless way prefers her convenience to while good workers are lamentably scarce and extrava- her duty, her pleasure to her honesty-who for one gantly dear. Of course! so long as one continually single day keeps one single person waiting for a debt hears ladies say: 'Oh, I got such and such a thing which at all lies within her power to discharge—is a almost for half-price--such a bargain!' or: 'Do you creature so below the level of true womanhood, that I know I have found out such a cheap dressmaker!' would rather not speak of her. I wonder if any of these ever reflected, without a And now, as to the class of the employed. It wholesome blush, on the common-sense law of political resolves itself into many branches, and, of late years, economy, that neither labour nor material can possibly has started into many off-shoots of occupations, all be got cheaply'-that is, below its average acknow- valuable in their way, such as glass-painting, wood ledged cost, without somebody being cheated. For my carving and engraving, watch-making, &c., &c.; but part, these devotees to cheapness, when not victims— the main trunk-the root of women's manual employwhich they frequently are in the long-run-always ments—is undoubtedly the use of the needle. seem to me little better than genteel swindlers.
There are few of us amateurs who have not a great There is another lesser consideration, and yet not reverence for that little dainty tool; such a wondersmall either. Labour, unfairly remunerated, of neces. ful brightener and consoler ; our weapon of defence sity deteriorates in quality, and thereby lowers the against slothfulness, weariness, and sad thoughts; our standard of appreciation. Every time I pay a low thrifty helper in poverty, our pleasant friend at all price for an ill-fitting gown or an ugly tawdry bonnet times. From the first cobbled-up' doll's frock-the -cheapness is usually tawdry-I am wronging not first neat stitching for mother, or hemming of father's merely myself, but my employée, by encouraging care- pocket-handkerchief-the first bit of sewing slyly less work and bad taste, and by thus going in direct done for some one who is to own the hand and all its opposition to a rule from whence springs so much duties-most of all, the first strange, delicious fairy that is eclectic and beautiful in the female character, work, sewed at diligently, in solemn faith and tender that whatever is worth doing at all is worth doing love, for the tiny creature yet unknown and unseenwell.' If, on the contrary, I knowingly pay below its oh!'no one but ourselves can tell what the needle is value for really good work, I am, as aforesaid, neither to us women! more nor less than a dishonest appropriator of other With all due respect for brains, I think women people's property—a swindler-a thief.
cannot be too early tauglit to respect likewise their Humiliating as the confession may be, I believe own ten fingers. that, on the whole, men are less prone to this petty It is a grand thing to be a good needlewoman, even vice than women. You rarely find a gentleman in what they call across the border plain sewing,' beating down his tailor, cheapening his hosier, or and in Scotland, a “white seam ;' and any one who haggling with his groom over a few shillings of wages. ever tried to make a dress, knows well enough what Either his wider experience has enlarged his mind, or skill, patience, and ingenuity, nay, a certain kind of he has less time for bargaining, or he will not take the genius, is necessary to achieve any good result. Of trouble. It is among us, alas ! that you see most all persons, the poor dressmaker is the last who ought instances of 'stinginess'-not the noble economy which to be grudged good payment. Instead of depreciating, can and does lessen its personal wants to the narrow. we should rather try to put into her a sincere followest rational limit, but thie mean parsimony which trics ing of her art as an art--nay, a pleasant pride in it. to satisfy them below cost-price, and consequently always at somebody's expense, except its own. Against
The labour we delight in physics pain; this
crying sin-none the less a sin because often and I doubt if any branch of labour can be worthily masked as a virtue, and even corrupted from an pursued unless the labourer takes an interest in it original virtue—it becomes our bounden duty, as beyond the mere hire. I know a dressmaker who women, to protest with all our power. More especially, evidently feels personally aggrieved when I decline to
yield to her taste in costume; who never spares pains one that her future lies, spiritually as well as literally, or patience to adorn her customers to the very best of in her own hands. her skill; and who, by her serious and simple belief in Seldom, with the commonest shadow of a chance to her own business, would half persuade you that the start with, will a real good worker fail to find employdestinies of the whole civilised world hung on the ment; seldom, indeed, with diligence, industry, civility, noble but neglected art of mantua-making. I respect and punctuality, will a person of even moderate skill that woman!
lack customers. Worth of any kind is rare enough in Much has been said concerning justice from the the world for most people to be thankful to get itemployer to the employed; and as much might be and keep it too. In these days, the chief difficulty said on the other side of the subject. For one to seems to consist, not in the acknowledgment of merit, undertake more work than she can finish, to break but the finding of any merit that is worth acknowher promises, tell white lies, be wasteful, unpunctual, ledging-above all, any merit that has the sense and is to be scarcely less dishonest to her employer than consistency to acknowledge and have faith in itself, if she directly robbed her. The general want of con- and to trust in its own power of upholding itself afloat scientiousness among tradesfolk, does more to brand in the very stormiest billows of the tempestuous world; upon trade the old stigma of disgrace which the pre- assured with worthy old Milton, that sent generation is wisely endeavouring to efface, and
If virtue feeble were, to blacken and broaden the line, now fast vanishing,
Heaven itself would stoop to her. between tradesfolk and gentlefolk-more, tenfold, than all the narrow-minded pride of the most prejudiced
But I am pulled down from this Utopia of female aristocracy.
handicrafts by the distant half-smothered laughter of I would like to see working women-hand-labourers my two maid-servants, going cheerily to their bed -take up their pride, and wield it with sense and through the silent house; and by the recollection that courage; I would like to see them educating them. I myself must be up early, as my new sempstress is selves, for education is the grand motive-power in coming to-morrow. Well, she shall be kindly treated, the advancement of all classes. I do not mean mere have plenty of food and drink, light and fire; and book-learning, but that combination of mental, moral, though I shall be stern and remorseless as fate respectand manual attainments, the mere longing for and ing the quality of her work, I shall give her plenty of appreciation of which, gives a higher tone to the time to do it in... No more will be expected from her whole being. And there are few conditions of life, than her capabilities seem to allow and her word whether it be passed at the counter, or over the promised; still, there will be no bating an inch of that: needle—in the work-room, or at home—where an it would be unfair both to herself and me. In fact, intelligent young woman has not some opportunity the very reason I took her was from her honest look of gaining instruction ; little enough it may be—from and downright sayings. 'Ma'am, if you can't wait, or a book snatched up at rare intervals, a print-shop know anybody better, don't employ me; but, ma'am, window glanced at, as she passes along the street when I say I'll come, I always do.'-(P.S. She a silent observation and imitation of whatever seems
didn't!!) most charming and refined in those, undoubtedly her
Honest woman! If she turns out fairly, so much the superiors, with whom she may be thrown into contact ; better for us both, in the future, as to gowns and and though the advances to be thus made by her be crown-pieces. If she does not, I shall at least enjoy small, yet, if she has a genuine desire for mental the satisfaction of having done unto her as, in her improvement, the true thirst after what is good and place, I would like others to do unto me-which simple beautiful—the good being always the beautiful--for axiom expresses and includes all I have been writing its own sake, there is little fear but that it will on this subject. gradually attain its end. There is one class, which, perhaps, from its house
AN EARLY WORKER AT THE ROCKS. hold familiarity with that above it, has perhaps more opportunities than any for this gradual self-cultivation In 1793, there appeared at Glasgow a respectable-I mean the class of domestic servants; but these, looking octavo volume, entitled The History of Rutherthough belonging to the ranks of women who live by glen and East Kilbride. The title bore that the book hand-labour, form a body in many points so distinct, was 'published with a view to promote the study of that I shall not dwell upon them here.
All I can ask is-something different from the usual antiquity and natural history. It is now a scarce cry of elevating the working-classes—whether it be not yolume, and few know anything about it. The possible to arouse in them the desire to elevate them- district to which it refers is part of that coal and iron selves ? Every growth of nature begins less in the field which now pours into the city of Glasgow such external force applied than the vital principle asserting a stream of wealth. In 1793, no one dreamt of its itself within. It is the undercurrent that helps to natural richness; iron-smelting was either not practised break up the ice; the sap, as well as the sunshine, at all, or only on the most trifling scale; and the that brings out the green leaves of spring. I doubt researches of modern geology were yet wholly in the if any class can be really elevated, unless it has first future. Yet this volume contains correct and minute indicated the power to raise itself; and the first thing accounts of the minerals of the district, as well as to make it worthy of respect is, to teach it to respect of the fossils found in the carboniferous strata, with itself.
'In all labour there is profit'-ay, and honour too, if exact representations in copper-plates of the latter, the toilers could but recognise it; if the large talk now being, it is believed, the earliest efforts in Scotland current about the dignity of labour' could only be to depict these objects. You may here see the equireduced to practice; if, to begin at the beginning, we seta, lepidodendra, sigillariæ, and ferns of the coal, each could but persuade the handful of young persons as correctly delineated as in any recent geological immediately around us and under our influence, that treatise. The corals, encrinites, univalves, and bivalves to make an elegant dress or pretty bonnet-nay, to cook a good dinner, or take pride in a neatly kept of the formation are presented in great variety, all house, is a right creditable, womanly thing in itself, correctly named according to the nomenclature of that quite distinct from the profit accruing from it. Also, day, which, however, is considerably different from since hope is the mainspring of excellence, as well as that now in vogue. There are also teeth and spines happiness, in any calling, let it be impressed on every of fishes, all set down as teeth by the author, with
what appears to be a scale of a holoptychius, described life. He advanced from the loom to be assistant to in the letter-press as a fragment of a crustaceous the schoolmaster of Stewarton, in Ayrshire-and from animal. Making allowance for a few misapprehensions, thence to be the master of a subscription school' in unavoidable in the then obscure state of the science, of exertion, he was pursuing the studies required for a
the neighbourhood of Dumbarton. During this course the chapters on the fossils are marvels of intelligence. pulpit in the Scotch church. When at length licensed The author had the sense and the courage to dismiss as a preacher, he was appointed assistant to the Rev. the old notion as to fossils—namely, that they were Mr Connel, minister of East Kilbride—that is, he understones of a peculiar kind produced as lusus naturæ took the pastoral duties for which that clergyman was (sports of nature). 'It is evident,' he says, 'on the unfitted by age or bad health-at a salary of ten pounds slightest attention, that these bodies possessed organ- a year, besides his maintenance! willing, no doubt, to isation and life, in the same manner that shell-fish work at this low rate for some years, in the hope of and other marine productions do at present. It is at last succeeding to the salary of his principal. His almost certain, that most of them lived and died in fact, that out of the ten pounds he continued to relieve,
frugality in these years may be judged of from the the places where now found; and that these places if not wholly to support, his aged mother. While were once covered with sea.' These views are precisely performing the whole round of parochial duty, of those of geologists of the present day. Altogether, which the composition of two sermons a week would this History of Rutherglen and East Kilbride is a unavoidably form a part, Mr Ure studied the ancient marvel of insight into certain things then considerably history and mineralogy of the district, making, it is out of the way of ordinary mortals.
said, some discoveries from which great practical And who was the author ? His name and position he composed the work for which his name deserves to
benefits were afterwards derived ; and it was then that in life are given on the title-page— David Ure, A.M., be held in remembrance. preacher of the gospel.' We find that this name has
The habits of David as an observer are fully described no place in any biographical dictionary, and has never by one who seems to have known him intimately. been referred to in the history of geological science. Whether travelling to gratify his curiosity, or to Strange--but perhaps to be accounted for by the execute any commission, it was always on foot. Though local nature of the book, and the modesty and early short of stature, he was of a vigorous structure of death of its author. When we inquire into Ure's body, and blessed with a sound constitution. He often history, we find that he was in various respects a carried bread and cheese in his pocket, and enjoyed highly interesting person.
his repast beside the cooling spring. When his cirHe was the son of a working-weaver in Glasgow, cumstances would afford it, he would repair to the and was trained to his father's trade. Left in boy- village alehouse and enjoy his favourite luxury, a glass hood with the charge of a widowed mother, he not only of ale. His greatcoat was furnished with a large pocket, worked for her support and his own, but contrived, in in which he stowed such minerals or other objects as intervals of labour, to gratify the insatiable thirst for had attracted his notice. He carried a tin-box for knowledge with which nature had inspired him. It will stowing curious plants; a large cudgel armed with appear more of a wonder to an English than a Scottish steel, so as to serve both as a spade and a pickaxe; a reader, that this weaver lad every day cast aside his few small chisels and other tools; a blow-pipe with its apron to attend the Latin classes in the High School, appurtenances ; a small liquid chemical apparatus ; and afterwards those of the university, in his native optical instruments, &c.; so that his friends used to city. Dr Moor, a Greek professor of some celebrity, call him a walking shop or laboratory. In this way he who was somewhat ungracefully addicted to doggerel braved all weathers; and heat and cold, wet or dry, rhyming, but was a good-hearted and worthy man, seemed equally indifferent to him. He was a patient regarded his weaver-pupil with the respect due to his observer and accurate describer of nature. His descripextraordinary diligence and manifest abilities. After tions were always taken down on the spot, in a species of scolding other youths for negligence, he would make short-hand invented by himself, and which, it is to be a bow to David, and say:
regretted, no one but himself understood.' David Ure,
It is pleasant to learn of one whose intellect calls He sits secure,
for so much respect, that he was simple, sincere, and He 'll ne'er be fined by Dr Moor.
unworldly, of a cheerful affectionate disposition, and
almost incapable of being made angry. His extreme The young man usually worked at his loom for good-nature prompted his friends to lay plots for the greater part of the night; but while his hands incensing him, if it were possible, by stories concernwere throwing the shuttle, his eye would be intent ing ridiculous mistakes which they alleged he had on the pages of Virgil or Homer laid open on the committed, or laughable situations into which he had beam by his side. Antiquities and natural curiosities been brought. But these little tricks invariably failed. of all kinds early excited an interest in David's mind. David would laugh as heartily at the fiction as any, On one occasion, while at college, being informed or, if it had any foundation in fact, he would affect to of something worthy of his notice on the top of Ben correct it; thus in general greatly heightening the Lomond, he took advantage of the Christmas holi- merriment of the company, days to make a pilgrimage thither, notwithstanding We fear it was David's fate to spend a good many that the ground was covered with snow. The years in the situation of an assistant-pastor. There is fancies that beset the scientific mind at the dawn a want of dates for his history; but as Dr Moor ceased of philosophy struck a chord in the active brain of to teach the Greek class at Glasgow College in 1774, David Ure. He thought of discovering the perpetual and Mr Connel died in 1790, we may presume that motion and philosopher's stone. But here the facetious David was not much less than ten years at work on Greek professor gave him a hint, which instantly his ten-pound salary in East Kilbride. The patronage righted his mind. 'David,' said he, we have got a was in the crown, and he had been promised the sufficient perpetual motion in you; and industry and succession. But when the vacancy took place, some perseverance are the true philosopher's stone, because, perverse influence—it is said from a female quarterthough they should not produce gold, they will produce caused the charge to be given to another, to the great what can be exchanged for gold.'
disappointment of the parishioners, most of whom in The subsequent career of David Ure was very much consequence seceded and joined å dissenting body. like that of the run of Scottish students in humble David, with his characteristic generosity, no sooner