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announcement in the voice of the femme de chambre I explained why I could not wear the puce-coloured that 'une jeune personne' below desired to see M. redingote and blue vest, but of course without menJean Le Gros immediately.
tioning how the accident occurred. The explanation Une jeune personne' desirous of seeing me imme- or apology seemed to mollify Webbe's wrath, but not diately! Who, in wonder's name, could it be? in the least to diminish his alarm. Mademoiselle Clémence ? Hastening to obey the 'Read this,' he exclaimed, handing me the newssurprising summons, I was met, upon emerging from paper. the chamber, by a little scream from the femme de I ran over the paragraph to which his finger pointed. chambre, who started back, exclaiming : “My God! It was a pompous version of the Avranches affair, who is that?'
copied from a Havre journal, and therefore supplied, Me, assuredly-Monsieur Jean Le Gros.'
it might be taken for granted, by Auguste Le Moine. 'My faith, it is the voice and droll accent, but' — My person and dress, to the very cross-barred satin
I was quickly out of hearing, but looking back as I waistcoat I had on, the fashion in which I wore my turned down stairs, at the further end of the corridor, hair, as well as l'accent guttural of my French, were I saw the woman staring after me with wide-opened carefully described ; and I blushed with shame for the eyes and mouth—a pantomimic continuation, as it inexcusable folly I had committed in taking pains to were, of her amazed, doubtful “but.'
realise to the most cursory observer the portrait drawn The jeune personne' waiting in the ball was one of of the infamous spy' by the newspaper. The article Madame de Bonneville's workwomen, and she too was concluded by impressing upon all patriotic Frenchmen apparently only convinced by the voice and droll the duty of assisting to apprehend the said 'infamous accent that I was really the M. Jean Le Gros to whom spy,' and deliver him into the hands of justice. she had brought a letter from Mademoiselle Clémence, *You can now appreciate the extent of your insane with strict injunctions to deliver it into his own hands. rashness,' said Webbe, as the paper dropped from my At the moment she was doing so, and saying: 'Monsieur hands. “Who has seen you in that dress ?” he added Le Gros will then have the goodness to read it at once,' with peremptory sternness. a gentleman came out of one of the lower rooms, "The garçon Edouard, the femme de chambre whose and was leaving the hotel, but turned sharply round, face is pitted with the small-pox, and one of Madame and looked keenly at the individual addressed by that de Bonneville's workwomen, who brought me a note name. It was Mr Tyler the American. I had seen from Mademoiselle Clémence.' I did not think it him but once, and that but for a few moments on the necessary to mention Mr Tyler, my impression being ramparts the day before, and as he, though with some that he had not recognised me. what of a puzzled, mystified air, passed on his way A bitter oath broke from Webbe's ashy, quivering without speaking, I concluded that he had not recog- lips. It was plain that he thought the peril deadly, nised me; and that, it vaguely occurred to me, was as imminent, and of a kind which no courage or readiness well.
of resource on his part might avail to turn aside or The note from Mademoiselle Clémence ran thus : elude. Deadly, imminent peril to me only it at first "CHER AMI—I pray of you not to speak of yester- appeared, not to himself. evening's sad occurrences to any one, especially not to * As if your position,' he went on to say, 'was not Captain Webbe, till you have seen me. I begin to already, after the publication of this accursed paraunderstand that we have both, to a certain extent, graph in a St Malo journal, sufficiently critical! Come, been the dupes of that man's cunning roguery. Please however, what may, I am guiltless of your blood : you to send word by bearer-simply yes or no—if I may cannot but admit that. But it is madness to stand expect to
see you at about eleven o'clock this idly babbling here. I must see that sly knave Edouard forenoon.
He was reading the newspaper when I came "Say “Yes” to Mademoiselle de Bonneville from into the room, and you may be arrested, walked off, me,' said I.
and done for, before the day is two hours older. Do I shall do so,' replied the woman. "Good-day, not stir from this till I return.' monsieur
The privateer captain was soon back again, and I had hardly regained my chamber, when the femme appeared to be even more excited and perturbed'than de chambre again tapped at the door, and opening it, when he left the room. I saw she was accompanied by one of the waiters. 'It is as I feared,' he said. “Edouard has identified
• Monsieur, your uncle,' said the woman, with a you, as he could hardly help doing, with the newspaper peculiarity of tone that jarred disagreeably upon my portrait. A considerable bribe, coupled with an ear, desires me to say that he waits breakfast for indirect threat and promise, pointing to the futureyou.'
he believing, as the newspaper intimates, that you are * Very well. And pray, what message do you a confidential agent of the Bourbons, whose restoration bring ? said I, somewhat fiercely addressing the is now only a question of a few days or weeks, more waiter, who, whilst the woman was speaking, eyed me or less-has perhaps secured his and Marguerite's with insolent inquisition.
silence. Perhaps, I say; for there was a knavish None,' he replied, turning carelessly upon his heel ; glimmer in the fellow's eyes when I placed the rouleau 'none at present, Monsieur Le Gros.'
of Napoleons in his hand, which forbids trust in his I was a good deal startled by the man's manner, purchased promises. Upon my soul, Linwood,' added instantly suggesting as it did, that with my usual Webbe, 'I cannot at all understand you. Ten minutes propensity for running my heedless head against a ago, you were as alarmed as I am; and now your post, I had done a very rash and foolish thing in cheek has regained its colour, and you listen to what resuming the precise dress I had worn at the Avranches I say with the coolness of an iceberg. Is this a sign banquet, and likely enough described in the newspaper of calm determination or of mere doltishness ?' paragraph Madame de Bonneville had spoken of. 'I am not going to be scared away from St Malo, Webbe would know if I had thereby incurred any real Mr Webbe, till the purpose that brought me here has danger, and I hastened to join him.
been accomplished; of that be quite assured. And He was reading a newspaper when I entered the reflection tells me it is preposterous to argue that I breakfast - room, and seemed to be struck with have made myself amenable as a spy to the sentence astonishment and dismay at my appearance.
of a court-martial, able as I am to prove the entirely "What, rash boy,' he angrily exclaimed, is the pacific nature of the errand that brought me to meaning of this fool's trick ? Are you tired of your France.' life?'
"You talk of you know not what,' rejoined Webbe,
with increasing heat. Whether shooting you by forth his gold watch, and transferring the long hand to sentence of a court-martial would be strictly legal his waistcoat-pocket-and if honour is not strengthor not, will not weigh a scruple in the matter. The ened, honour will, I plainly perceive, go to the wall practical consideration is, that Schwartzenberg's irre. Hush!' sistible march upon Paris, and Wellington's triumphant That will do, Edouard ; we require nothing more, progress in the south of France, have so exasperated, with the exception of a few last and most interesting maddened the French soldiery, that they would sacri- words with you. Listen, mon garçon,' continued Webbe : fice a hecatomb of Englishmen upon much slighter 'I am about to place entire confidence in you; at the evidence than that adduced by young Le Moine against same time telling you frankly that it greatly annoys you. In this very paper there is an account of the me to be obliged to do so.' shooting of a French émigré, caught, poor devil! at I can easily believe that, monsieur.' Rouen, and suspected only, the proofs being far from "To be sure you can. You must know, then, that conclusive, of being a secret agent of the Bourbons. my young friend here, being naturally desirous of living The inflammable soil of France is on fire, continued all the days of his life, deems it expedient to quit la Webbe, and had already become much too hot, I belle France with as little delay as possible. To do must tell you, for the soles of my feet: I am therefore so without incurring the risk of successful pursuit, he off at once; and unless you are resolved to court will require, or rather, as I shall accompany him, we destruction, you will follow my example. Of course, shall require your assistance.' you and Mademoiselle Clémence,' he added sharply, My assistance, monsieur!' have come to an understanding ?'
• Your well-paid assistance, Edouard.
I propose Mademoiselle Clémence and I have come to an managing the affair in this way. Both of us have little understanding.'
matters to arrange, which will detain us till late in the • What, then, do you mean by saying you will evening, and we have settled to start at ten o'clock in not be scared out of St Malo till the purpose that a chaise de poste, which you will have ready, and have brought you here has been accomplished ?
placed our luggage in, by that hour.' •Can I ask a young girl to take flight with me to ‘But, messieurs, it is impossible! Such an act England at an hour's notice?'
would' •I should think so, when her consent has been Make you a richer man by fifty Napoleons,' interobtained; the priest is ready at five minutes' notice rupted Webbe-fifty gold Napoleons, mon brave, for a to do his office, and the life of her beloved futur is at trifling service which cannot by possibility compromise stake. It is your modest diffidence, Linwood,' added you.' Webbe, with fast recovering calmness and good- 'Fifty Napoleons, monsieur, of course, means in humour, as he reseated himself at the breakfast-table- addition to-to'It is your modest diffidence, Linwood, which suggests • In addition to those you have already received ?that difficulty. That is an amiable quality of mind, I Certainly. It is understood, then. You are sure of admit, but not without its inconveniences, and, as I Marguerite ?' was remarking the other day to my American friend, * Perfectly sure, monsieur.' Mr Tyler, especially so in regard of his countrymen, That will do, then. Stay; I have lost one of the of whom it is so prominent a characteristic, causing hands of my watch; and as a correct knowledge of them to so strictly respect the school-copy maxim, of time will be essential just now, I will thank you to self-praise being no recommendation, as to, possibly, get a new one fitted, and if it can be done by the hour hinder them from obtaining that paramount position we purpose leaving, have it cleaned.' in the universal earth which they could, would, should, It shall be done, monsieur, without fail,' replied might, or ought but for that to achieve.'
Edouard, taking the watch. “It will be well, too, that Richard's himself again!' said I; "his appetite for no one should have an opportunity of reading this breakfast and banter quite restored, I am glad to see. newspaper,' he added, as he thrust the Journal de St He has been frightening himself and me with shadows. Malo into his pocket.
• Warning shadows, my boy, of terrible realities, ' A good thought, Edouard; and now bring us pens, which we must avoid or perish: still, having ascer- ink, and paper.' tained and demonstrated the nature and bearings of • We shall lose the watch,' said Webbe as soon as the coming danger, and the likeliest mode of avoiding we were again alone, as well as our portmanteaus and it, there is not the slightest use in whimpering about clothes. But nothing less would, I feared, satisfy him, the matter; and a hearty breakfast is, I assure you, upon reflection, that we should be here this evening at a capital preparation for a day of peril and brave ten o'clock, to present him with fifty Napoleons.' exertion. Let me help you to a slice of this excellent "You do not then intend to do so ?' ham; and a cup of hot coffee, a fresh supply of which, Webbe laughed out as merrily as if enjoying an if you will ring the sonnette, will, I daresay, be brought excellent joke in the safe security of the Scout's cabin. in by Master Edouard, whose equivocal phiz I should Once upon a time you know, said he presently, like to catch another and clearer glimpse of.'
there was a gentleman, that in pure kindness to his · Replenish the cafetière, Edouard,' said Webbe, when horse buttered his hay; and now I have so thickly that worthy answered the bell. Whilst we have been buttered the promised provender of the greedy ass we idly discussing the awkward little affair you know have to deal with, that the bare imagination of such a of, our coffee has cooled to the temperature of the feast will seal his lips till you, I trust, are far beyond weather outside. And be sure to bring it yourself, the range of a French firing-party. Why, man alive, mon brave, as I have another little word or two to read what are you dreaming of? Once permitted to leave to you out of the same book that we opened together this hotel, we should be simply mad to return! In a few ininutes ago.'
one hour from this, or less if possible, I shall have left That fellow's grinning, sheepish face,' resumed St Malo; in three, at furthest, you, your wife, and Webbe, when the door had closed after Edouard - Fanchette, will, I hope, be on the road to Granville
that fellow's grinning, sheepish face being inter- Ah! here is our friend Edouard with pens, ink, paper, preted, means that a struggle is going on in his brain and sealing-wax. All right, Edouard; you will not pan between the honour-amongst-rogues principle of forget ten precisely, and—the fifty Napoleons.' fairly earning the bribe he has pocketed, and an inclin- The man grinned, bowed, and left the room, fully ation to secure the favour, and, possibly, a few more intending, I was sure, to fulfil his part in the bargain. Napoleons, of Messieurs les Autorités, by our betrayal. “And now, Linwood, my brave lad,' said Webbe, 'I And if honour,' added the privateer captain, drawing have to make a request which may carry an ominous found with it, but is in reality only a matter of have been betrayed by a femme de chambre of the common precaution. I go overland to Cherbourg; Hôtel de l'Empire, and gendarmes are already on thence probably, if Auguste Le Moine is not in the your track!' way, to Havre de Grace. You with your charming bride proceed to England, viâ Jersey. Now, distressing as the possibility of being cut down like the grass on THE OMNIBUS TWO HUNDRED one's wedding-day must be to the sensitive mind of a
YEARS AGO. youthful bridegroom, it is useless endeavouring to conceal from ourselves that you may be overtaken and Ir will perhaps surprise our readers to learn that the summarily shot; in which case you will experience omnibus is no new discovery of the nineteenth century, whatever consolation or the reverse may be derived but rather the development of a seed sown in the from the fact, that you brought the catastrophe upon beginning of the reign of Louis XIV.; that is, nearly yourself. In justice to me, I therefore presume you two hundred years ago, when the Parisians actually will not refuse to state that fact in a letter addressed enjoyed for a time this cheap and popular mode of to your mother and intrusted to me, but not of course conveyance. to be delivered should you safely reach Jersey.'
Carriages on hire had already been long known in "I understand. If I lose my life, that is no reason, Paris ; Nicolas Sauvage, in the Rue St Martin, at the Captain Webbe thinks, that he should lose the reward sign of St Fiacre, let out coaches by the hour or the he has been promised. Give me a sheet of paper.' day; but these conveyances, which were soon distin
My pen scoured over the paper as I related Webbe's guished by the name of the saint, were expensive, and confederacy from the first with Louise Féron, and quite beyond the means of the middle class. In the I should have poured forth all the bitter thoughts that year 1657, a Monsieur de Givry obtained letters-patent were seething in my brain, had it not suddenly struck to establish in the crossways and public places of the me that the letter might be a trick of wily Webbe's to city and suburbs of Paris such a number of coaches, make himself sure of my secret thoughts and plans. calèches, &c., drawn by two horses each, as he should He might open it directly he left the hotel, and I judge proper; to be exposed there from seven in the should then be effectually baffled as to the scheme morning until seven in the evening, at the hire of which I still hoped to carry through. I tore the those who had need of them, whether by the hour, betraying scrawl to shreds, and indited a letter which, the half-hour, day, or otherwise, at the pleasure of should he read, would but the more completely mislead those who wished to make use of them, to be carried the privateer captain as to my real thoughts and from one place to another, wherever their affairs called purposes ; and having sealed, I handed it to him. them, either in the city and suburbs of Paris, or as
He had meanwhile written three letters, two of far as four or five leagues in the environs,' &c. This which he enclosed in a cover addressed to the seaman was an improvement on the system of M. Sauvage; Baptiste; the other was for Fanchette.
but the prices still continued too high for the multiYou will give this to Baptiste,' said Webbe; "it tude, and accordingly we find, in 1662, the Duke of contains letters for persons in Jersey, and intelli- Roanès, the Marquis of Sourches, and the Marquis of gible only to them, which he will deliver. This, as I Crenan, soliciting and obtaining letters-patent for a shall not find it convenient to call at Madame de great speculation-carriages to contain eight persons Bonneville's, you will place in the hands of Fanchette. at five sous the seat, and running in stated routes, at It instructs her to go immediately after the celebra- fixed hours—the omnibus, in short. tion of the marriage—with respect to which there The first omnibus journey was made on the 18th of will be no difficulty or hinderance-to Monsieur March 1662: on that day, seven cheap coaches were Delisle, the courtier-maritime, who by that time will driven for the first time through the streets that lead have provided a swift conveyance, in which you must from the Porte St Antoine to the Luxembourg Palace. all three take your departure from St Malo without According to Sauval, in his Antiquities of Paris, they the loss of one precious moment. And now I am off; were pursued by the stones and hisses of the populace. all my papers are fortunately in this coat-pocket, and The truth of this assertion is, however, much to be I will not even go up stairs. You, however, must get doubted; and we are far more inclined to believe the cloak I have seen you occasionally wear; and mind Madame Perier, the sister of the great Pascal, who, you keep the collar well up as you pass along the in a letter to Arnould de Pomponne, describes the streets. Good-bye, my lad; keep your spirits up, and public joy caused by the appearance of these low-priced your weather-eye well open, and I shall stand god- carriages. She writes as follows: father to your first boy yet. By the way, Linwood,' added Webbe, pausing with the handle of the door in
‘Paris, March 21, 1662. his hand, 'a thought strikes me: the wreck of empires "As every one has obtained some particular office in and the crush of crowns just now in progress--videlicet, the affair of the coaches, I have solicited with eagerness the downfall of Bonaparte and restoration of the that of announcing to you its success, and I have been Bourbons, will at least have one important and bene- 80 fortunate as to obtain it; therefore, sir, each time ficial result—that of recovering my watch and our you see my writing, be assured of good news. The portmanteaus when you revisit si Malo with your establishment commenced last Saturday morning, at wife. Good-bye once more.'
seven o'clock, with wonderful pomp and splendour, It then wanted about three-quarters of an hour to The seven carriages provided for this route were first eleven ; upon the stroke of which I arrived at the distributed. Three were sent to the Porte St Antoine, magasin in the Rue Dupetit Thouars, and found and four were placed before the Luxembourg, where at Clémence anxiously expecting me. To her, I at once the same time were stationed two commissaries of the opened my whole heart; confided to her its hopes and Chatelet* in their robes, four guards of the highfears, its wishes, apprehensions ; and she, sweet, guile- provost, ten or twelve of the city archers, and as many less maiden, with her head resting, after the old fashion, men on horseback. When everything was ready, the upon my shoulder, and sobbing with almost convulsive commissaries proclaimed the establishment, explained agitation, was bearkening, yieldingly as I thought, to its usefulness, exhorted the citizens to sustain it, and my advice and entreaties, when the door was suddenly declared to the lower class that the slightest insult flung open, and Jacques Sicard, with his head bound would be severely punished ; and all this was said in up, and his face white as the paper upon which I am the king's name. Afterwards, they gave the coachwriting, presented himself. • Monsieur Linwood,' he hurriedly exclaimed, you
* The great Chatelet, a court of justice.
men their coats, which are blue—the colour of the that he would not permit this establishment to be king and of the city with the arms of the king and disturbed. of the city embroidered on the bosom, and then they “This is the present position of the undertaking. I ordered the departure.
am sure you will not be less surprised than we are at 'Immediately one of the coaches started, carrying its great success, which has far surpassed all our hopes. inside one of the high-provost's guards. Half a quarter I shall not fail to send you exact word of every pleaof an hour after, another one set off, and then the two sant thing that happens, according to the office conothers at the same intervals of time, each carrying a ferred on me, and to supply the place of my brother, guard, who was to remain therein the whole day. At who would have undertaken the duty with joy if he the same time, the city archers and the men on horse- could write. back dispersed themselves on the route.
'I wish with all my heart to have matter to write • At the Porte St Antoine the same ceremonies took you every week, both for your satisfaction, and for place, at the same hour, with the three carriages that other reasons that you can well guess.- I am, your had been sent there, and the same arrangements were obedient servant,
G. PASCAL' made with respect to the guards, the archers, and the men on horseback. In short, the affair was so well the last lines he ever penned he died August 1662:
Postscriptum in the writing of Pascal, and probably managed, that not the slightest confusion arose, and those carriages were started as peaceably as the
"I will add to the above, that the day before yesterothers.
day, at the king's petit-coucher (evening reception), a • The thing, indeed, has succeeded perfectly : the dangerous assault was made against us by two courtiers very first morning the coaches were filled, and even
most distinguished in rank and wit, which would have several women were among the passengers ; but in the ruined us by turning us into ridicule, and would have afternoon, the crowd was so great, that one could not given room to all sorts of attacks, but the king answered get near them, and every day since it has been the so obligingly and so drily with respect to the excellence same; so that we see by experience that the greatest of the affair, and for us, that they quickly put up their inconvenience is the one you apprehended - people weapons. I have no more paper; adieu, entirely yours.' wait in the street for the arrival of one of these It has been said that Pascal was the inventor of the coaches to get into it, and when it comes, it is full. omnibus. Sauval affirms it distinctly in his Antiquities, This is vexatious, but there is consolation, for it is and Madame de Sévigné seems to allude to it in a known that another will arrive in half a quarter of an passage of one of her letters, where she says: 'A propos hour; however, this other comes, and it also is full; of Pascal, I am in the humour to admire the honesty and after this has been repeated several times, people of messieurs les postillons, who are incessantly on the are obliged to continue their way on foot. In short, road carrying our letters. that you may not think I exaggerate, I tell you this It is certain that he and his sister were pecuniarily because it happened to myself. I was waiting at interested in the affair, and it is possible that it was the door of St Merry's Church, in the Rue de la at his suggestion that his rich friend the Duke of Verrerie, having a great desire to return home in a Roanès became one of the principal leaders of the coach—for it is pretty far from there to my brother's undertaking; but we must not consider Pascal in the house-but I had the vexation to see five coaches pass light of a vulgar speculator, for earthly interests without being able to get a seat; all were full; and affected him personally but slightly: he saw in this during all this time I heard blessings bestowed on the invention an advantage for the public at large ; and authors of an establishment so advantageons and use if any profits were to accrue, his share was intended ful to the public: as every one spoke his thought, for the relief of the poor, as is evident in the following some said that all this affair was perfectly well extract from the little work Madame Perier has invented, but that it was a great fault to have put dedicated to the memory of her brother : only seven coaches on one route; that they were not "As soon as the affair of the coaches was settled, sufficient for half the people who had need of them, he told me that he wished to ask the farmers of it and that there ought to have been at least twenty. I for an advance of a thousand francs, to send to the listened to all this, and I was in so bad a temper poor at Blois. When I remarked that the success from having missed five coaches, that at the moment I of the enterprise was not sufficiently assured for him was quite of their opinion. In short, the applause is to make this request, he replied that he saw no universal, and one may say that nothing was ever inconvenience in it, because, if the affair did not better begun.
prosper, he would repay the money from his estate, The first and second days there was a crowd on the and he did not wish to wait until the year was ended, Pont Neuf, and in all the streets to see them pass, and because the necessities of the poor were too urgent it was very amusing to observe the workmen cease to defer charity. As no arrangement could be made their labour to look at them, so that no more work with the farmers, he was not able to satisfy his desire. was done all Saturday throughout the whole route On this occasion, we perceived the truth of what he than if it had been a holiday. Smiling faces were seen had so often told me, that he wished for riches only everywhere—not smiles of mockery, but of content to be able to help the poor : the moment God gave and joy; and this convenience is found so great that liim the hope of possessing wealth, even before he was every one desires it for his own quarter.
assured of it, he began to distribute it.' "The shopkeepers of the Rue St Denis demand a By an extract taken from the parliament registers route with so much importunity, that they even speak in the ninth volume of the Ordonnances de Louis XIV., of presenting a petition. Preparations were being made we learn that these cheap conveyances are permitted to give them one next week, but yesterday morning for the convenience of a great number of persons M. de Roanès, M. de Crenan, and M. the High Provost ill accommodated; such as pleaders, infirm people, and (M. de Sourches), being all three at the Louvre, the others who, not having the means to hire chairs or king talked very pleasantly about this novelty, and carriages, because they cost a pistole or two crowns at addressing those gentlemen, said: “And our route, will least the day, can thus be carried for a moderate price you not soon establish it?"
by means of this establishment of coaches, which are “These words of the king oblige them to think of the always to make the same journeys in Paris from one Rue St Honoré, and to defer for some days the Rue St quarter to another-namely, the longest at five sous Denis. Besides this, the king, speaking on the same the seat, and the others less; the suburbs in proporsubject, said that he wished those who were guilty of tion; and which are always to start at fixed hours, the slightest insolence to be severely punished, and however small the number of persons then assembled,
and even empty, if no person should present himself, and made them public under a certain constellation, without obliging those who make use of this con- whose bad influences he well knew how to turn aside.' venience to pay more for their places,' &c.
If we now endeavour to discover the cause of the These regulations are similar to those of the modern failure of an undertaking which seemed so well begun, omnibus ; but there were restrictions as to the quality we shall find it in the restrictions it was thought of the passengers. In the same registers, volume K., necessary to make in the choice of the passengers. we find it ordered that soldiers, pages, lackeys, and | At a period when society was still divided into orders other gentry in livery, also mechanics and workmen, most distinctly marked, the upper and middle classes, shall not be able to enter the said coaches.'
who alone enjoyed the privilege of travelling together, The first route was opened on the 18th of March saw in this invention rather a new mode than the 1662; the second, on the 11th of April, running from fulfilment of a social want, and got tired of it after a the Rue St Antoine, opposite the Place Royale, to the certain time, as fashionable people still get tired of Rue St Honoré, as high as the church of St Roch. everything fashionable. It was reserved for the present On this occasion, a placard announced to the citizens age to adopt the true omnibus-that is, a carriage for that the directors had received advice of some the use of all indiscriminately, in which the workman inconveniences which might annoy persons desirous takes his seat beside the gentleman. Thus, this conof making use of their conveyances; such, for veyance has become not a fashionable amusement or instance, when the coachman refuses to stop to take caprice, but a necessity and a habit, which can never them up on the route, even though there are empty be eradicated from the customs of the people. places, and other similar occurrences; this is to make Neither drawing nor engraving of this ancient omniit known that all the coaches have been numbered, bus is in existence, and we can therefore give our and that the number is placed at the top of the readers no description of its appearance; as, however, moutons, * on each side of the coachman's box, with the we know that it contained eight persons, and was hung fleur de lis—one, two, three, &c.—according to the by long braces, fastened to moutons, it is probable it number of coaches on each route. And so those who resembled the coaches represented in the pictures of have reason to complain of the coachman, are prayed Van der Meulen and Martin. to remember the number of the coach, and to give advice of it to the clerk of one of the offices, that order
THE FARM-SCHOOL OF GLASNEVIN. may be established.
The carriages will always carry the arms of the city In driving about the beautiful environs of Dublin, the of Paris, and the coachmen wear a blue coat.'
attention of a stranger is attracted by a large building The third route, which ran from the Rue Montmartre which rises on a rather bare upland overlooking the and the Rue Neuve St Eustache, to the Luxembourg city, and distant from it about three miles. This, Palace, was opened on the 22d of May of the same he quickly learns, is the house connected with the year; and the placard which conveys the intelligence Training Farm of Glasnevin. On making further to the public, gives notice also, that to prevent the inquiry, he is likely to be surprised by the recital he delay of money-changing, which always consumes gets regarding this farm, and he will be still more so much time, gold will not be received.'
if he alights and inspects the establishment. Strange Every arrangement being thus made to render these to say, Ireland is taking a lead in a movement for the cheap carriages useful and agreeable, they soon became scientific training of agriculturists. For several years fashionable; so much so, indeed, that an actor named past, her enviable system of National Education has Chevalier wrote a comedy in verse, entitled The Intrigue embraced means for practical instruction in this branch of the Coaches at Five Sous, which was represented at of industry. She has in all 166 farm-schools, as they the theatre of the Marais in 1662. Some passages of may be called, and the establishment at Glasnevin is this play are given in the History of the French Theatre, the principal one. The land attached to them is of by the Brothers Parfaict. What caused a fashion so very various extent, ranging from 2 to 180 acres. Two convenient to change, seems at first sight inexplicable; inspectors have been appointed to visit them, and but it is certain that after a few years the enterprise report annually upon their position, progress, and failed, and the omnibus was forgotten for more than a prospects. One of these inspectors, Mr Donaghy, hundred and fifty years. Sauval attributes this mis- whose inspection extends over the schools in the fortune to the death of Pascal; but the coaches con- northern district of Ireland, says, in his report for the tinued to flourish for three or four years after that year 1855: With very few exceptions, nothing in my event, which took place on the 19th of August 1662. mind can be more satisfactory than the gradual pro
*Every one,' says he, in a curious page of his Anti- gress in improvement which characterises the working quities, during two years, found these coaches so con- of the whole; nor anything more gratifying than the venient, that auditors and masters of accounts, coun- efficient manner in which, in most instances, the sellors of the Chatelet and of the court, made no scruple indoor and outdoor agricultural instruction of the to use them to go to the Chatelet or to the palace; pupils is conducted. And again : the schools are and this occasioned the price to be raised one sou. shewing an example, whether in the reclamation and Even the Duke d’Enghien + has travelled in them. But improvement of the land, the establishment or the what do I say? The king, then passing the summer pursuit of correct cropping and tillage, or in the supeat St Germain, whither he consented that these coaches rior management of the different departments of the should come, went in one, for his amusement, from the homestead, which has already been copied to a conold castle, where he was staying, to the new one, to siderable extent, and which cannot ultimately fail to be visit the queen-mother. Notwithstanding this great extensively practised ; whilst the valuable course of fashion, these coaches, three or four years after their instruction afforded to the pupils on all the operations, establishment, were so despised, that no one would systems, and modes of improved husbandry, must in make use of them; and this ill success was attributed time have the effect of rooting out those prejudices to the death of Pascal, the celebrated mathematician, which have so long opposed a barrier to the onward still more celebrated for his Letters to a Provincial. It march of agricultural improvement.' is said that he was the inventor of them, as well as The Albert Institution at Glasnevin was established the manager, and that he had drawn their horoscope, in 1838 by the Commissioners of National Education
in Ireland; it was considerably enlarged in 1849; and • Moutons-pieces of wood placed perpendicularly on the axle. in 1853, it was opened for the reception of a class of tree of the carriage, and to which the braces are fastened.
about 100 agricultural pupils. The professed design + Henri Jules de Bourbon-Condé, son of the great Condé. is to supply to young men intending to become