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left the crowded ring of delighted spectators standing upon a table in front of his residence to attract the upon the grass in a level field at the back of the town. attention of visitors. But at length Richard, when The weather was very sultry, and the harvest was on his way to Charmouth in the year 1810, to deliver nearly in, it being the 19th of August. A passing a message, taking a short-cut, fell over the cliff at cloud discharged a heavy shower, and crowds hastened the present New Cut, and died in consequence of the through the streets to their homes. About five o'clock injuries he received. This fossil-seller's visits to the there was an awful peal of thunder, which re-echoed beach had made his wife, Molly Anning, very angry, round the fine cliffs of Lyme Bay. Our attention was as she considered the pursuit utterly ridiculous. called, soon after, to a group of noisy talkers, who After her father's death, which the family, consisthad an infant, for whom they wanted some hot water. ing of a widow, one son, and a daughter, felt sorely A bath was procured, and the apparently dead child in a pecuniary point of view, Mary Anning went was bathed with ultimate success, amidst the joy- down to the shore to look for curosities. She found a ful exclamations of the assembled crowd. Three dead cornemonius, a corruption of cornu ammonis, which is bodies were carried home at the same time, one of now called an ammonite. Her age was then ten whom was the nurse of the infant whom she had years. Something occurred as she was returning taken to the Rackfield. There, the three were together which decided at once her future career. A lady in with the infant in arms when the shower began, and the street, seeing the pretty fossil in her hand, offered the whole ran under the dangerous shelter of an elm- her half-a-crown for it, which she accepted; and from tree, when the flash of lightning dealt instant destruc- that moment fully determined to go down'

upon tion to all but the babe. This baby was the offspring beach' again, and thus find means to support the of a carpenter and his wife, who lived near the jail

. family. She did so regularly, and roamed over the She had been a dull infant, but was dear to her ledges of blue lias left uncovered by the sea at parents: her name was Mary Anning.

low-water. When the layer of stone was removed by Fifty years before the catastrophe we have described, workmen' or the action of the sea, a bed of mari two very important entries in the world's bulky cata- remained. In four months after, Mary Anning saw a logue-watering-places and geology-did not exist. bone of some kind projecting from this marl. She

As regards the former, the sea, up to that time, traced the organic fossil-a crocodile as was then was judged to be designed for commerce, and sea- believed—and men she hired dug it out. H. H. Henley, side towns for the residence of merchants and Esq., the lord of the manor, purchased these organic fishermen. There were no migrations to the sea-side. remains for the sum of L.23, intending the fossil for Why should people go to the coast ? and at a time his private museum; but he eventually gave it to when the healthy climate of Northampton was attri- Bullock's Museum, where it was greatly admired; and buted to its distance from the noxious fumes of the sea. the trustees of the British Museum purchased it when There were watering-places, it is true, but these were the Piccadilly collection and exhibition were dispersed. towns which possessed mineral waters. At this period, This so-called crocodile was no less than a specimen however, 1750, Dr Russel, the son of a London book- of the ichthyosaurus, and what a history does the name seller, wrote upon the beneficial effects of sea-water of this fossil animal present! It quite engrossed the upon glandular affections; and straightway did our attention of the scientific world. The great geologists, countrymen, like so many land-crabs, make towards Buckland, Delabeche, Sir Everard Home, Birch Conysea-lodgings wherever they could find them. Dr beare, Cuvier, and the elite of that body in this and Russel was obliged to reside at Brighton to direct the other nations, were for six years deep in the study of bathers, his patients, and old towns were revived in a the contribution from the young girl of Lyme-Regis. surprising manner, and new ones founded. Brighton, Mary Anning, now called with great respect Miss Hastings, Weymouth, Lyme-Regis, &c., were metamor- Mary Anning, furnished drawings of fragments, supphosed ; Torquay, Worthing, Bognor, Bourne Mouth, plied deficiencies in published accounts, and proWeston-super-Mare, &c., sprang up from the bare ceeded to discover plesiosauri, pterodactyles, and fish shore.

more numerous than the present sea produces. Only As to geology? This great science was in its earliest look round the cases of the British Museum, and you infancy, without form or fashion. Some noble pioneers will see that the grandest specimens were found had been clearing the way; but the startling outbreak by Miss Mary Anning. The science of geology has had not yet taken place. Watering-places had begun become firmly established; honour to those who, and when geology was unknown. But what have watering- under no small discouragement, laboured in its infancy. places and geology to do with our story? You shall Miss Mary Anning was known to Sir R. Murchison, hear.

Sir C. Lyell, Professor Owen, Agassiz, and, in a word, The infant thus recovered, as we have told, grew up to the greatest savans of the age. Many illustrious a fine lively girl. Her fate was decided by circum- foreigners made a pilgrimage to Lyme. Her death, stances which rule most of our destinies; and it when it took place, was a great misfortune to the involves some interesting particulars which pertain to town; but the inhabitants smiled incredulously when the history of science.

the fact was mentioned. Just so at Yverdun, PestaThe coaches from London to Exeter passed through lozzi having gone to prison for the sum of L.25, no Charmouth, two miles from Lyme. Å man named one could see what that could have to do with the Lock, whom Dr Maton, the tourist, calls Curiman- welfare of the place. One hundred_and fifty resithat is, curiosity-man; but who is better known as dents, however, who had come from Russia and other Captain Cury, had for some time accustomed himself countries to take lessons from Father Pestalozzi to attend the coaches. He offered for sale curosities for a twelvemonth, returned home, and the town was to the passengers daily, and adopted the nomenclature nearly ruined. of the day for his fossils. There were the bones of croco- Mary Anning was of rather masculine appearance. diles' backs and jaws, ladies' fingers, John Dorie's petri- She braved all weathers, and was far too generous fied mushrooms, fc. This captain was the first vendor in allowing even wealthy visitors to accompany her of curosities; a Mr Crookshank, a retired London in her explorations without requiring a fee, as some tradesman, was the first collector of such things; and naturalists now very reasonably do. A cancer in the soon a gentleman, named South, came occasionally in breast was the cause of the death of this remarkable the summer in pursuit of interesting objects.

character, at the age of forty-seven, on the 9th of May Richard Anning, the infant's father, was a car- 1847. An obituary window has been set up in Lyme penter, and often accompanied Mr South to the shore. Church in remembrance of her. Who can ever hope When Richard found anything pretty, he placed it to fill the place she occupied ? Were Mary alive, I

should like to have extracted from her a list of the themselves on these points, but unless they know them famous men of all countries with whom she main cither through their own skill or the assurance of adepts tained a correspondence. The Geological Society sub- whom they can trust, they must keep in mind that in scribed towards the window, 'in commemoration of buying shares they do not invest their money—they specuher usefulness in furthering geology.' Molly Anning, late with it. The vast enlightened enterprise—the great the mother, who was quite an original, used to say of prosperity of the company-will be no effective substitute her famous daughter that she was a history and a for such a knowledge, for the bold operations which are mystery. The lower orders, who could not understand likely to bring it to ruin will readily invest it with these what she had achieved, remembered the deadly flash characteristics. . . . When the humble seeker of an of lightning.

investment sees the names of capitalist potentates in a Jist of directors, he should remember that these are men

who can afford to gamble for great prizes at the risk of SIMPLE PEOPLE AND THEIR INVESTMENTS. losses, and he may be none the worse of keeping in THERE is so much truth, sagacity, and practical usefulness recollection the story of the giant and the dwarf who went in the following little article of the Scotsman newspaper of out together to battle. Even the new arrangements for November 17th, that we believe we must be conferring a establishing companies on limited responsibility, capable public benefit in helping to extend its circulation :

as they no doubt are of very beneficial results, must not About joint-stock companies there lurk many obstinate supersede individual prudence and inquiry. Let the natuand mischievous prejudices in the human mind, confusing ral limitation of the word 'limited’ be duly remembered. the relations of debtor and creditor. When a merchant It does not exclude the subscribed capital from loss. He possessed of just five thousand pounds invests it all in who subscribes L.500 to such a company is warranted boxes of indigo, and sells them at a tempting price to a against further loss, but he may lose that L.500, and if buyer, who fails to pay him, he goes into the Gazette, of it be, as it may be, all that he possesses, the limitation course, and the result is counted in the natural order of will be of small service to him. things, for he had his eyes open, and must have known that he ran some risk. He is to some extent, in fact,

THE LITTLE SLEEPER, a gambler-he tables his stake, and he pays the loser's forfeit. But the retired half-pay officer, the widow, the SAE sleeps; but the soft breath slenderly endowed old maid, do not perceive that they may No longer stirs her golden hair, be doing precisely the same thing when they lay out their The robber hand of Death L.500 in the shares of a joint-stock company. They do not Has stolen thither unaware ; speak of trading—they say they are investing. If the joint The lovely edifice stock company sell to unsound purchasers, or lend to pre Is still as beautiful and fair, carious debtors, they risk the individual partners' money as But mournfully we miss much as if he did the same thing with it. And yet how The gentle habitant that sojourned there. many people, who would not entertain for a moment the notion of risking their money in trade, or of lending it to

With stealthy pace he crept, some private borrower who proposes to do so, will, with

To the guest-chamber where it layout hesitation, hand it over to a joint-stock company to be

That angel thing-and slept, gambled with as the managers may please. Nor is there

And whispered it to come away; generally, in times when all runs smooth, the slightest

He broke the fairy lute anxiety about the soundness of the 'investment,' or any

That light with laughter used to play, curiosity to know what those who have taken the pittance

And left all dull and mute into their clutches are doing with it; but there is a child

The silver strings that tinkled forth so gay. like reliance not only on their honesty, but on the extreme Then with his finger cold prudence of men generally of a class who being ever ready

He shut the glancing windows too; to risk their own wealth on the chances of extravagant

With fringe of drooping gold, profits, cannot be expected to resist the temptation of

He darkened the small panes of blue. throwing other people's money into the game, especially

Sheer from the marble floor when they are neither controlled nor even watched.

He swept the flowers of crimson hue; Individual thrift makes public wealth, and individual

He closed the ivory door, losses make public calamities. It surely tends to support

And o’er the porch the rosy curtains drew. the hallucination which causes these calamities, that in mercantile nomenclature the losses of shareholders are not The angel-guest is gone, Josses to the public. It has been the boast of the Scottish Upon the spoiler's dark wings borne ; banking-system that every bank truly founded on it has The road she journeys on, paid 20s. in the pound to every note-holder, and to every Wends evermore, without return. depositor; but how has this been accomplished ? By the To ruin and decay ruin of whole tribes of shareholders. And the shareholder, The fairy palace now must turn, is he not a man and a brother-is not the shareholder For the sun's early ray often in the position of a helpless sister? If a hundred Upon its walls and windows shall not play, poor depositors have their savings restored to them, is it Nor light its golden roof to-morrow morn. C. nothing that a hundred poor shareholders have lost all their humble investments ? There seems in the meantime no remedy for risks and

NEW ROMANCE BY MAYNE REID. disasters, such as we have been referring to, but individual prudence. In the first place, let humble investors eschew On the 2d of January 1858 will appear in this Journal large and tempting profits or percentages, for these are

the commencement of the sure concomitants of risks. But further, they ought

OCEOLA: to be assured about the business of the joint-stock coinpany in which they embark their capital, as if they were

A STORY OF THE SEMINOLE WAR. embarking it in business entirely of their own. They

BY CAPTAIN MAYNE REID, cannot, of course, make themselves acquainted with the

AUTHOR OF THE WAR-TRAIL' &c. several transactions of the company, but they should know that it does not speculate in fluctuating sales — like an

To be continued weekly till completed. eminent bank which speculated in indigo, an article liable to great oscillations in value-and that it does not advance Printed and Published by W. & R. CHAMBERS, 47 Paternoster money on insufficient or tainted security. It is hard,

Row, London, and 339 High Street, EDINBURGH. Also sold by

WILLIAM ROBERTSON, 23 Upper Sackville Street, DUBLIN, and all perhaps, for those who are not men of business to assure Booksellers.

[graphic]

Science and I rt s.

CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS.

No. 207.

SATURDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1857.

Price 1 d.

so doing. And where the capitalist is himself the FALSE THEORIES AND THEIR RESULTS.

worker of the fresh undertaking, or keeps a sharp eye Our community does a vast amount of hard work, and on those to whom he intrusts his funds to be used, the realises considerable returns for it; but it is wonderful results are likely to be tolerably satisfactory. Such how much of these results is wasted. False theories may be called the natural order of things in work and in political economy lose us half the benefits of our in commerce. To proceed on this principle, is to act national industry. One by one, we get them trampled in harmony with the divine ordinances ; and all such out. One age sees the prejudice against forestallers action is productive of good. Where, on the other expire. Another witnesses the extinction of 'pro- hand, a set of men, with little or no capital of their tection.' But these pets of ignorant selfishness are own, are endowed temporarily with a merely ideal hard to kill. One which clamours for large credits capital based on credit, we always find that wilder as an encouragement to trade, and for large issues projects are undertaken, management is less prudent, of paper-money as needful thereto, has been in the and waste and loss almost inevitably follow. The course of killing for many years, but unhappily is latter kind of trader has everywhere to outbid and not dead yet. What may be called the authorised or undersell, to grasp at every promise of a market howparliamentary monetary system of the country, is ever perilous, to be constantly making great sacrifices against it; but it lives, nevertheless. Unwise theorists for the fulfilment of his engagements ; he raises support it; and in places where speculative commerce obstructions against himself by the very inflation which is rife, there are men who venture their means to carry his kind of business gives to the prices of all those it into action; for, somehow, a false theory will work articles on which his work-people live. While he itself out. Some of its votaries may be kept right by almost ruins, or at least creates great difficulty and the applomb of their common sense; but others are loss to all sound and well-intending traders in the same sure to be carried beyond the line, being most likely line, he does no real good to himself, but sooner or favoured in that movement by certain persons to later comes to destruction—the fate of all those who whom the results of the false theory are convenient. will not take God's rule as this way, which is truth,

The consequence is--a Bank, professing to supply but insist on taking it that way, which is error. "a want generally felt in the commercial community.' There is a legitimate, safe, and honourable business Its directors are partly men of substance under the for banks in facilitating the business transactions of false theory, partly men of little substance for whom persons trading on actual capital; but if a bank sets increased accommodation' is desirable. Shareholders itself to support adventurers with little or no capital of the same character are obtained, besides a vast by giving them credit, it clearly lends itself to what number of innocent, ignorant people, who are led to is wrong, and prosperity cannot be expected for it. believe that their little fortunes, portions, and endow. Fortunately, the greater number of our banks keep ments cannot be better placed for a profit. The mainly to the legitimate business—scarcely any, perleading spirit is the false theory as to increased haps, but what go beyond the line somewhat, for the accommodation.' Some would take a less charitable false theory cannot quite be withstood; but, happily, view of the said spirit; but we believe that sincere the greater number do not trespass to any serious error does nine-tenths of all the mischief done in this extent. But there is an order of banks-generally world, and deliberate roguery but a small part. Even of recent institution—it is not the destiny of any to be those ultimately found to have done the most harm as oldwhich act almost wholly on the false theory. the debtors of the bank, we believe to be in general Assistance to expanding commerce' is with them men misled by views false, but entertained in perfect the cry. The colossal speculations of Liverpool and good faith.

Glasgow impress them greatly. Pushing men who have Well, the bank goes on. Now, what should a bank suddenly sprung from nothing into transactions of condo ? In the first place, how should merchants carry siderable moment, especially those who seem to have on their business? The fundamental principle in all been clever in breaking into new walks of commerce, great scenes of industry is simply this: Saved results are received with favour, and allowed liberal accomof labour-or capitalare the means by which further modation. Directors permit each other to get similar work is done. Those who possess such results, and favours. At first, perhaps, a certain moderation is employ them in fresh undertakings which they have observed, but with an “expanding commerce' this is thoroughly ascertained to be calculated to make a difficult to be maintained. After five thousand is in profitable return—the only criterion of their sound-peril in an account, it becomes necessary to give other ness—will be benefiting the world and themselves in five thousand to recover the first. This, too, being

compromised, further advances must be made. Good and keep in mind that there are many other precious money goes out in search of bad, and neither comes things to look after in this life besides money; we back. The debtor sometimes honestly expresses a might hope to see these disgraceful confusions cease to desire to stop and declare insolvency ; but the bank, be periodical, as they have hitherto been. The great eril for its own credit, will not allow him. It advances is ignorance. Our people shew immense industry; but more and more-and more. We have lately been want of sound knowledge is constantly balking them astounded with single accounts in a deficit equal to a of its fairest fruits. Men occupying important stations grandee's fortune. There is something Titanic in such in life, men commissioned with great trusts, will, as a sins. There can be no doubt that the actual posture rule, be found unacquainted with the simplest prinand character of a bank such as we liave described, ciples of political economy. Active merchants, whose is simply that of a fomenter and supporter of all kinds aspirations have perhaps led them into the senate of of false and unprofitable business throughout the the realm, will be found standing up, and unblushingly country. It is the adventurer ultimately in all these advocating fallacies in that science of the most transcases, and it becomes the ultimate sufferer. In short, parent character-all the time pretending to be sound its funds and its credit are compromised, till, error practical men, and no theorists, as if a multitude of having spent itself, a collapse takes place, and the right practical steps became a falsity and a dream bank is obliged to suspend payment. Then do we when they were agglomerated into a general principle. hear a Babel of wild outcries. The bank, according The success of such men will generally be found" to to some, has only suffered a little in a good cause-80 have depended on adherence to some profitable routine, tenacious of life is the false theory. Other banks or a few lucky conjunctures. They are in danger from are loudly railed at for not supporting it through its every new and unwonted step they take, particularly temporary difficulties. A judicious few see that great when they attempt to carry realised means into higher errors have been committed, and acknowledge the fields of business—as, for instance, into banking. justice of the punishment. But the sad thing is, Then they are seen to act like the children which they that the shareholders, who thought themselves only really are; then does the value of their boasted pracemploying their money at a fair rate of interest, find ticalness appear. The last estate of these men is they are committed to losses of indefinite magnitude. extremely apt to be worse than the first. It never had occurred to them that they were authorising a set of men, hardly known to them, to speculate

MORAL SUNSHINE. for them, and on their responsibility, in every kind of imaginative project which the seething brains of a In the Jardin des Plantes at Paris is a sun-dial commercial city could invent. Quiet ladies, living bearing this inscription: Horas non numero nisi serenis the most unspeculative of lives, were thus speculating (I count only the sunny hours)—a pretty and approby proxy, without once dreaming of responsibilities, priate motto for the ancient timekeeper, and one till they were suddenly startled with the prospect of which might, with almost equal propriety, be adopted ruin, or an approach to it. Could anything be more by those merry mortals who are the moral sunshine of pitiable than such a consequence of simple ignorance ? our work-a-day world, and who appear as heedless as One looks round for some one to wreak vengeance the dial itself of the fact that even sunny hours are upon, or at least to visit with a seemingly due indig. numbered by a shadow. Happy beings! the birthnation. But if he takes a candid view of the matter, right of enjoyment they possess surpasses the fabled he will most likely be arrested in his design. The gifts bestowed by fairy godmothers, since it enables immediate administrators have been doubtless greatly them by a mental alchemy to turn dross to gold, and to blame; but they have not meant any harm; quite to laugh away the wrinkles from Time's brow of care. the contrary. They had a doctrine that there was and then the power they have over the sympathies need for increased accommodation to an expanding and the affection of their fellow-creatures !' Time commerce — they have fairly worked it out-and, and difference of opinion cannot shake the hold these the doctrine being unfortunately false, behold the counters of the sunny hours take on our good-will and consequences.

kindly feeling; and we think of Raleigh cheerful in the Yet, while we acquit the fallacious banking-men of prison and on the scaffold; of More meeting death dishonesty, we must frankly express our opinion that with playfulness; and even of the worldly but merry they are encouragers of dishonesty in others. The Cardinal de Retz, laughing at the malice of Mazarin, reckless speculators with other people's money, whom and seeking a gay revenge for his imprisonment they supply with funds, are all dishonest workers, for by writing the life of his jailer-with a sort of they are seeking gains at the hazard of others; indeed, affectionate interest which we do not bestow on other pursuing a career of the purest selfishness. The proper perhaps wiser and better personages. Even in fiction destiny of these men, seeing they had no capital of we acknowledge the charm, and love Falstaff in spite their own wherewith to seek profits, was to take of his cowardice and gluttony, and feel more for subordinate places in the concerns of those who really Mercutio than for Romeo himself. Happy-tempered have capital, and to try thus to realise a fair remuner people are perfect sunbeams in our everyday life, and, ation for a modest industry. But they despised such like sunbeams, make their way through difficulties and honest working. They would be quickly rich at the obscurities that would effectually repulse duller spirits. expense of their neighbours. For all who countenance, We will introduce some two or three of these lightor in any way assist such unrighteous ambition, there hearted individuals to our reader, trusting that he may can be nothing but condemnation. And if they suffer find them, as we have, pleasant acquaintances. And loss in consequence, and are themselves brought to first, out of respect to the motto which suggested our ruin, they have only reaped the crop which they sowed. sketch, we will select M. Jules Bernard, whose history

Increased intelligence, and an improved sense of the is a good exemplification of the advantage to be real government of the world, and of the necessity of derived, even in worldly matters, from a cheerful and conforming to it, will alone save our community from sanguine temper. such shocks as it has lately received. If men would He was born of republican parents during the first truly learn that there is but one source of wealth, work French Revolution, and received a good education, done judiciously in time and place; that promises to pay being destined for the profession of the law. His father can never be themselves wealth, or be of any good was engaged in commerce, and was supposed to possess use unless they represent real wealth; if they would, a large fortune; but at his death, which took place amidst the excitements of an industrious career, never when Jules was about nine-and-twenty, his affairs lose sight of the beauties of soberness and moderation, were found to be greatly embarrassed. Their final

arrangement left the young man almost destitute, and looked on the over-ripe fruit that cured me as worthdependent on his own exertions for support. Having less, and for myself I then first learned the full value always had a great facility in acquiring languages, of an orange.' he determined to proceed to England, and try to The stranger was amused, and when the arrival of a turn his powers as a linguist to good account; but he vacant hackney-coach separated them from his new brought to his adopted country no introduction and acquaintance, expressed a wish to know him better, a very slender purse, and found himself therefore as and asked for his address. Bernard gave it willingly; completely lost in London as if he had suddenly and from that time a way was opened for him to alighted in the Great Desert.

fortune and comfort. The unknown proved to be a A heavy shadow was then marking his life, but he physician of eminence, and very speedily procured in saw only the occasional gleams of sunshine vouchsafed the families of his patients, pupils for the French him in the kindness of some few of the surrounding teacher. The cheerful energy of Jules rapidly brought strangers. His lodging was in a time-stained, gloomy him into repute. His pupils loved him, for childhood house in one of the dullest and dirtiest streets of is seldom uninfluenced by the attraction of a happy London, but he used to congratulate himself on its temper, and his teaching was consequently most sucelevation bringing him into a purer atmosphere ; and cessful. Indeed, it was impossible not to learn with on its comparative quiet, from its not being a thorough a master who could not be brought into daily comfare. At first, the reserve and coldness of the people, munion even with nouns and verbs without bestowing so different from the sociable and courteous character on them a portion of his affections ; who talked of of his own countrymen, somewhat chilled him; but, as words as of living things, till the student remembered he said when recounting his history to us, “there was them and their adjuncts rather as friends than as warmth behind the snow-cloud;' at least it was evident mere abstractions, and, consequently, were as little that the dwellers beneath the same roof were thawed likely to forget the gender of a noun or the conjugation by the sunny hilarity of the Frenchman, whose singing of a verb, as they would have been to become oblivious the popular chansons of the day attracted the attention of the names of their intimate acquaintance. A merry of his landlady, and introduced him to her tea-table. jest or a whimsical similitude fixed many a dry rule in To be sure, the good woman was by no means equal in their memories; and thus he laughed his way up the point of education or station to her lodger, but Jules high road to success, till the dingy lodging was exwas not fastidious; he appreciated her motherly kind- changed for a good house in a large city square, where ness and common sense, and preferred her society to he saw bright-green on leaves veiled by eternal dust, his former absolute solitude. The rainy days of and rejoiced in having a prospect of a wide space of England and his want of employment were now the sky, regardless and heedless of the intervening smoke. evils he most deplored; but the former were destined It was when his fortunes were most prosperous that to be of essential service to him, and even in the end, he became our teacher, and occasionally we gathered to remove the still greater one of idleness.

from his own lips the story of his life; though so It was on the very wettest of wet days that Jules, completely did he dwell on and count the sunny weary of watching the descent of the rain on the hours,' that even the account of his early trials and opposite house-roofs, tied his comforter round his difficulties did not cause a painful impression. throat, and armed with an umbrella, issued out into the Happy old man! in a strange land, he had created streets. He had walked to some little distance from round him, by his warm-hearted hilarity, a circle of his abode, when he perceived a gentleman with a friends, perhaps even more affectionate than if attached young lady leaning on his arm standing beneath an to him by the ties of affinity. His portrait by a firstarchway. The former was endeavouring to shield his rate artist smiles from the wall of his pleasant drawcompanion as much as possible from the storm, from ing-room; it was painted for, and presented to him by which they had no other shelter than the narrow arch, his pupils. The elegant silver coffee-pot from which being without an umbrella ; moreover, there was no his coffee is poured on les Dimanches was also their cab-stand, or rather hackney-coach stand, near, nor gift. He is wealthy, and he rejoices in diffusing round any shops in which they might have taken refuge. him a portion of his own happiness. Daily, some Bernard, with the courteous gallantry of his nation, poor and unknown foreigner or struggling teacher advanced, and offered the lady his umbrella; the. dines at his hospitable board; and on Sundays a group gentleman, rather surprised at such unusual civility of such persons spend their weekly holiday in his from a stranger, accepted it for her, 'till a vacant house, and he devotes himself to their entertainment: carriage should pass; ' and Jules took his place beside a motley party, speaking many different tongues ; them, meantime, beneath the arch. They entered into some well dressed, some very shabbily attired, but conversation on the weather--the ordinary topic of all infected by the contagion of his mirth, and forgetful the English—and the stranger, perceiving that their of their work-a-day cares in his presence. Some of new friend was a Frenchman, asked him if the contrast his more peculiar friends once remonstrated with the between the sunny days of his own land and the excellent host on the incongruous mixture of his climate of England did not greatly distress him. The society, and received the simple reply, that his invicheerful negative which followed, the light spirit that tations were given in accordance with the spirit of disdained that subjection to the elements which the l'Evangile.' sadder Anglo-Saxon acknowledged, interested the Monsieur Bernard is a rare and happy specimen of unknown, who was a man of intellect, and considered the union of industry and contentment; truly might himself a philosopher. He asked if his companion he assume the motto: Horas non numero nisi serenas. found that his health, as well as his spirits remained Our next ómerry mortal' was far less blessed by unaffected by the island atmosphere; and Bernard nature and fortune with those external gifts we are acknowledged that he had been slightly indisposed on apt to value so highly; yet, with a calmer and quieter his arrival in England; but,' he added, “it was from manner than the volatile Frenchman, he possessed, we the change of diet, not the air. I was too poor to be able believe, to the full as happy a disposition. to procure sufficient fruit, and the want of it, in warm We were walking on a cold March morning on the weather, affected me; but happily, one day I thought of esplanade of a fashionable watering-place, when we oranges, which were not quite gone out, and leaving first saw him. It was one of the most uncomfortable off all other food, purchased two dozen; and by the days we can remember. The sky was thickly overtime I had eaten them, was quite well again. Ah! cast with clouds; the wind was high and chilly ; the monsieur, we do not half appreciate the good gifts sea looked heavy and sullen, and there was a disconle bon Dieu bestows on us. The people round me solate tone in the hoarse murmurs it breathed upon

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