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Still had she gazed; but ’midst the tide
I will have my careless season,
Spite of melancholy reason,
Will walk through life in such a way,
That when Time brings on decay,
Now and then, I may possess
Hours of perfect gladsomeness,
Pleased by any random toy,
By a kitten's busy joy,
Or an infant's laughing eye
Sharing in the ecstasy ;
I would fare like that or this,
Find my wisdom in my bliss;
Keep the sprightly soul awake,
And have faculties to take
Even from things by sorrow wrought,
Matter for a jocund thought,
Spite of care, and spite of grief,
To gambol with life's falling leaf.
Commend us to Wordsworth for finding
Tongues in the trees, books in the running brooks,
Sermons in stones, and good in everything.
Scottish heraldry has also some claim on Pussy.
The motto of the famous Clan Chattan is : Touch A favourite has no friend.
not the cat but (i.e., without) a glove'-a warning From hence, ye beauties, undeceived,
which proved fearfully significant in the combat à Know one false step is ne'er retrieved,
l'outrance commemorated and rescued from the gloom And be with caution bold.
of history by Walter Scott in his Fair Maid of Perth. Not all that tempts your wondering eyes
Everybody knows how Ireland immortalises the And heedless hearts is lawful prize,
valour of her Kilkenny cats, who fought in a shamrockNor all that glisters, gold.
like duel of three, and were so well matched that they Contrast this with the natural beauty of Words- to commemorate the deadly combat but three tails !
all conquered and ate up each other, leaving nothing worth's kitten:
With this climax, we shall close the poetry of cats,
adding only one trait of Pussy, so romantic as to See the kitten on the wall
deserve a place in her poetical memorial, though it Sporting with the leaves that fall,
is strictly true: When the Duke of Norfolk found Withered leaves-one, two, and three,
himself imprisoned in the Tower for the sake of the From the lofty elder-tree !
unhappy Mary of Scotland, the faithful friend who Through the calm and frosty air
sought and shared his captivity was his favourite cat. Of this morning bright and fair,
She made her way into his unknown and unseen
prison-chamber, by getting down the chimney.
THE SILK-WEAVERS OF LYON.
The operatives of Lyon have gained for themselves
a sinister name in the history of the period extending In his wavering parachute.
from the accession of Louis-Philippe to the establishBut the kitten, how she starts,
ment of the present empire in France; and although Crouches, stretches, paws, and darts,
the strong hand of power, which, under the present First at one, and then its fellow,
régime, holds every element of disorder in check, has Just as light, and just as yellow;
subdued these turbulent masses also, the name of There are many now-now one
the right arm of socialism,' which still clings to the Now they stop, and there are none;
silk-weavers of Lyon, proves that though the volcano What intenseness of desire
may be at rest, it is not considered extinct. This In her upward eye of fire !
fact, together with the peculiar organisation of the With a tiger-leap half-way
industry of Lyon, invests with a special interest the Now she meets the coming prey,
vast agglomeration of about 250,000 individuals, all Lets it go as fast, and then
more or less directly engaged in the manufacture of Has it in her power again!
one species of merchandise which maintains an undis. Now she works with three or four,
puted superiority in all the markets of the world; and Like an Indiap conjuror;
a sketch of their life and activity may therefore not be Quick as he in feats of art,
unwelcome. Far beyond in joy of heart.
The character of the city of Lyon bears a strong Were her antics played in the eye
affinity to the character of its population. Unlike Of a thousand standers by,
other towns, it does not form a compact, homogeneous Clapping hands with shout and stare,
mass. Its various parts, on the contrary, are separated What would little tabby care
from each other by natural barriers, which at the same For the plaudits of the crowd ?
time indicate the social barriers that separate the Over-happy to be proud,
various classes of the inhabitants. Built partly on the Over-wealthy in the treasure
slopes of the steep hill which is bathed on the right Of her own exceeding pleasure.
and on the left by the Saône and the Rhône, whose
waters here still remain distinct, and partly in the The end of this little poem contains so sweet a lesson, small plain that stretches from the foot of this hill drawn from Pussy and her freaks, that we cannot towards the confluence of the two rivers, Lyon, not refrain from adding it:
content with remaining thus pent up between the two
streams, spreads herself along the heights of Fourrières, delivery of each piece of goods ordered, and though the on the right bank of the Saône, where was the cradle former may continue for some time to employ the of the ancient city, and along the left bank of the same workers, the contract must be renewed each Rhône, where the suburb of La Guillotière extends itself time a piece of work is finished. The chef-d'atelier is freely in a vast plain ; and within these great divisions the owner of the looms, and is aided in liis labours there are smaller ones, so strongly marked, that they by hired workmen and workwomen, who are termed seem to make a distinct town of each quarter of the compagnons and compagnonnes. city.
It has been calculated that two looms require the In the centre of the city at the foot of the hill, and services of five persons; and the 70,000 looms comalong the quays on the right bank of the Rhône, dwell prised within the manufacturing districts of Lyon thus the merchants and commercial agents, still busy build- occupy about 175,000 individuals, half of whom are ing up fortunes for their descendants, while the classes gathered together in the city itself. This army of whose fathers did this for them seek quiet far from workers is recruited in two ways-either by herethe bustle of trade on the southernmost slope of the ditary transmission of the trade from father to son, or hills towards Perrache. In La Guillotière, separated by the enrolment of new hands from the country, who from this the most aristocratic quarter of the town by are tempted by the allurements of the city to leave the waters of the Rhône only, are encamped those their fields or their herds, and are engaged by the nomade and deeply degraded classes which form part chefs-d'atelier first as apprentices, and are afterwards of every large population, and which are more espe- promoted to be compagnons; but who, once admitted cially distinguished by calling into constant activity into the trade, are never known to leave it again, the vigilance of the police; and up the steep slopes to though a certain love of change, and a somewhat wards the Croix-Rousse climb the houses of the fabri- overwrought sense of dignity, which is very apt to cants, rising tier above tier, and few of them less than take offence, lead to frequent changes of atelier. The six stories high. The parent nucleus of the industrial wages of the compagnon depend upon the price paid activity of Lyon will be found on the right bank of by the manufacturer to the chef-d'atelier for each piece the Saône, in the old quarters of St George and St of goods, the invariable custom being for the latter to Just, the native home of the docile, inoffensive, puny give half to the compagnon, and to keep half for himrace, known under the name of canuts, which formerly self. The prices paid are generally low: the following represented the silk-weavers of Lyon, but which has is cited as a fair example by M. Andiganne in his work now entirely disappeared, or only survives in the on the working-classes of France,* from which we person of some dwarfed old man, with spindle shanks, borrow our facts. For plain black silks of ordinary obese body, and sallow, lantern-jawed face, who may quality, the merchant-manufacturer pays 70 centimes be seen from time to time hovering round the precincts per mètre, and the weaver can make little more than of the sombre cathedral of St John, the former head four mètres a day, though he works from five o'clock quarters of la canuserie. But on the summit of the in the morning until ten at night. This gives a heights overlooking the centre of the town, in the daily gain of three francs, of which half falls to the famous quartier of La Croix-Rousse, is gathered to share of the chef-d'atelier, and half to that of the gether the great mass of the present proud, discon- compagnon. Some goods are more profitable to the tented, and turbulent race of silk-workers; and from maker, and some less; but M. Andiganne is of opinion these heights it was that in 1831, 1834, and 1848, that the above will be found a correct average, if all they went forth undaunted to confront the trained the various kinds of goods produced in this great troops of their country.
centre of labour be included in the calculation. The The manufacturing activity of which Lyon forms numerous women employed in the workshops are paid the centre, extends over several of the departments the same as the male workers. To them almost bordering on that of the Rhône, and comprises from exclusively is left the weaving of the plain silks, which 60,000 to 70,000 looms, of which from 30,000 to 35,000 demands less physical power than the manufacture of belong to the city itself, or to the communes which the figured goods; and they are also employed as have of late been incorporated with it. The spectacle, dressers, winders, &c. so familiar to the dwellers in our manufacturing towns, Considered individually, as well as en masse, the of thousands of operatives thronging into one great character of the Lyon weaver of the present day is building, there to perform their daily task, is never very different from that of the ancient canuts, whose seen in Lyon. Here the workshop is represented, not gentleness, docility, and submissiveness were proby a huge edifice with tall chimneys and hundreds of verbial. The actual representatives of this class, glazed windows, but by a humble dwelling, as a gene- according to M. Andiganne, are, on the contrary, ral rule containing no more than four or five looms, proud, sensitive, self-important, and very independent and in which the workmen live and work entirely in their bearing. In the chefs-d'atelier, these tendencies independent of the so-called manufacturers who em- have manifested themselves in political turbulence; ploy them; for these latter keep no stock on hand, and in the compagnons they have led to a spirit of disaffecdo not maintain in their pay large masses of men, who tion and insubordination in relation to the chefs, and are considered as their special hands; but when orders to an entire severance of the more intimate bonds come in, either directly from the shopkeepers, or which used to exist between them; for, until a comthrough the agents established in Lyon or in Paris, paratively very recent period, it was customary for the they send out their clerks to recruit weavers, as in the chef to board and lodge his compagnons, who, living middle ages, before the introduction of standing armies, under his roof, came to be considered in a measure as men were sent out in times of necessity to enrol members of the family. But while such was the case, soldiers, who were disbanded again when no longer little domestic services were expected from them, against needed. The choice of designs, on which some houses which the jealous independence and touchy dignity of spend annually enormous sums, devolves upon the the men of the present day revolt; and in most cases, manufacturer, and he also furnishes the raw material therefore, this custom has been discontinued, to the to the chiefs of the workshops or chefs-d'atelier whom great detriment of both parties—the men being losers he has engaged; but liere his authority and his activity in point of money, as the employers never made any cease, except in as far as regards a certain superin-charge for lodging, and allowed them their board at tendence, for the exercise of which it was a rule up to the usual rate of six or eight sous per day for the 1789 that the door of the atelier should never be kept so-called "pittance,' which includes neither bread nor locked. The industrial contract entered into between the manufacturer and the chef-d'atelier ceases on * Du Mouvement Intellectuel parmi les Classes Ouvrières.
wine; while the masters, though freed from many their action. These are, a mutual aid society (Société little daily annoyances, have less security as to the Générale de Secours Mutuels) and a superannuation fund regularity and assiduity of their men.
(Caisse de Retraite); in addition to which, we may notice The changes which have taken place in the physical a yearly sum allowed by the municipality to provide characteristics of the manufacturing population of for persons whose advanced age does not admit of their Lyon since the days of the ancient canuserie, are benefiting by the Caisse de Retraite. The mutual aid equally striking; and these, which are all in favour of society is richly endowed by means of a special duty the modern worker, are chiefly owing to the great levied in its favour on the Condition des Soies, * and improrements introduced in the construction of their constituting a species of voluntary taxation imposed dwellings and their looms in the course of the present by the trade on itself. By means of this, in addition century. The improvements in the domestic architec- to the subscriptions of the honorary members and the ture have further led to the development of a taste for regular payments of the beneficiaries-namely, two home-comforts; for, in spite of his political turbulence, francs per month for every male member, and one franc the Lyon weaver is domestic in his habits. The aid and a half for every female member--the society is of a woman being indispensable in many of the acces- enabled to allow a daily sum of the same amount to sory processes of the manufacture, and the whole every member labouring under illness; while an addiorganisation of his business being such as to keep him tional sum of twenty francs per annum paid into the alniost constantly at home, the chef-d'atelier invariably national Caisse de Retraite, insures to each a pension marries at a very early age; and even during periods for life when grown too old for labour. of slackness, or entire cessation of business, the weaver In spite of the misery that reigns among the working will be found the greater part of the day sitting in population of Lyon at times of deep depression in the front of his inactive loom, sunk in gloomy meditation; silk-trade, the weavers are never found gwelling the while in happier times it is not unusual to see him number of beggars that encumber the streets of the employing his leisure hours in adorning his dwelling city. They run into debt, they endure the direst or adding to its comforts. The habit of mixing in privations, but they look for no assistance; and it is political clubs, and taking part in secret societies, has, never at such epochs that insurrections break out however, in some measure slackened the domestic among them. Indeed, although the hardships to which bond ; and of late years, the silk-weavers are seen they are in various ways subjected, are no doubt at less frequently amusing themselves en famille on a the bottom of the spirit of discontent and revolt so Sunday, though their tastes still remain more refined, often evinced among them, their turbulence seems to but perhaps also more expensive, than those of the arise from the speculative tendencies of their intellects, working populations of other parts of France. They rather than from any distinct practical views regarding have not the fatal habit of gorging themselves with reforms to be introduced. The active imagination of brandy two or three times a day, which, M. Andiganne these men, which renders them incapable of dwelling asserts, prevails almost universally among the opera- long on one subject, or of contemplating it on all sides, tives of France. Even in the use of wine, the chefs- prevents them in most cases from forming a correct d'atelier are very moderate; and although among the judgment of their own position, or of the circumcompagnons inebriety is less rare, they stand, neverthe- stances that bear upon it; and therefore, notwithless, as regards this point, immeasurably above their standing their affectation of independence, says M. fellow-workmen of the north and east of France. Andiganne, they submit with extraordinary readiness
The Lyon weavers frequent coffee-houses in pre- to the influence of the ideas and passions of others. ference to pot-houses, and more especially the cafés. Abstract subjects, hazy ideas, vague solutions, most chantants of late years imported from Paris, and easily captivate them. It is not necessary that they which are as great favourites on the banks of the should understand a speech to be carried away by Rhône as on the banks of the Seine, the population it; if it contain but some high-sounding generalities of the south being great lovers of music and of such as these : “the antagonism of labour and capital,' theatrical representations of all kinds. It has also the sacredness of insurrection,' the organisation of been observed that the operatives of Lyon give more labour,' “universal fraternity.' He who inscribed on attention to their outward appearance than is usual his standard those famous words, We will live workwith the same class in other parts of France. It is ing or die fighting !' knew well the character of this their ambition to appear on Sundays in the same dress population; so easily roused to violent but purposeless as the classes immediately above them; and the pic. action by a few striking words; and the deputation turesque blouse and cap, which is the distinguishing of Lyon workmen despatched to Paris during the costume of a workman in France, give way, on the insurrection of 1831, to lay their grievances before Sunday, to the more prosaic frock-coat and hat of the the government, and who, when interrogated by M. citizen of the middle class. Unfortunately, however, Casimir Perrier as to the measures of relief they these tastes are frequently indulged in without any wished to propose, found that they had come away reference to the means at command, for provident habits without a definite idea on this head, affords a true do not figure among the prominent virtues of the manu- measure of the mental condition of their class. facturing population of Lyon; and yet never was pro In a country where free-trade principles have as yet vidence more needed than in the case of this population, gained so small a number of adherents, even among for the silk-manufacture being entirely subject to the the educated classes, and where political economy thus capricious rule of fashion, and in a great measure proves itself to be but little understood, we cannot dependent on foreign markets, frequently passes, in wonder that the working-classes should not yet have a few days, from extreme activity to complete immo- | learned to understand that no arbitrary standard can be bility. A workman who for a month, perhaps, has imposed on wages, and we are not therefore surprised been obliged to work sixteen or seventeen hours a to find that the rate of wages is the constant theme day, will then have to submit to weeks of perfect of declamation among the silk-weavers. Looking to idleness; and to the great mass of Lyon weavers their peculiar mental tendencies and to the difficulties these fluctuations are the conditions of their existence. by which they are surrounded, owing to the peculiarly Various means have been devised to counteract the precarious nature of the trade in which they are evils arising from this precarious nature of the trade, engaged, we can also readily understand how it is that and among these M. Andiganne mentions, in terms of high praise, two modern institutions, which have in a great measure superseded the older savings-hanks specific weight of silk, independently of the moisture which it
* An establishment formed for the purpose of ascertaining the and provident societies, which were very limited in absorbs.
this population has shewn itself above all others willing your mind, for it is not every one who can get so lucid to receive the teachings of modern socialism, and we an explanation of what an F.F.V. is.' can only hope that the ruler who has known so well On we went, clattering over the rough road between how to check the ebullitions of this popular frenzy Aquia Creek and Richmond. As we whisked by the in France, will find means to introduce such material farms that here and there dotted the side of the railimprovements in the condition of the labouring classes, way, I could not help noticing that the houses wore and more especially of the silk-weavers, as will render a dilapidated look; that the tillage seemed rude and them less liable to grasp after shadows.
imperfect; that the fences were falling, and the grow.
ing crops very indifferent. I couldn't help thinking, THE TWIN QUADROONS.
for the life of me, that something was wrong; that the
glowing descriptions of the state's prosperity, which I “TWENTY minutes to two!' exclaimed my friend had so recently read in the Richmond Inquirer, were a Stokes, after looking at his watch. “How slowly we little overdrawn; for the country through which we jog on! I'm afraid we shall be too late for church; were passing certainly would not have impressed a I'm sorry for that.' This exclamation rather surprised stranger with an idea that any very remarkable me, for Stokes is not renowned for his attention to prosperity existed in that region at least. religious observances ; but I contented myself with around here,' I remarked to my lank neighbour.
*Things don't wear a very flourishing appearance making some remark on the probability of his being in
Wall, I kaint say they do; things air pretty much time at least for the sermon.
at sixes and sevens about here. The land on them Hang the sermon !' said he, in the most irreverent farms ain't worth much, I reckon. You see them air's manner. The sermons preached in that church are got breedin'-farms.' up for nigger hearers, and all the beloved brethren are 'Oh, stock-growing places,' I replied—sheep or black. Many of the congregation have their backs cattle ?' well cut in the morning, and go there in the afternoon Nuther one ner tuther. Stranger, we don't raise 'to learn that it is done upon the authority of the nuther sheep ner cattle down here; we turns our gospel. No; it's not the sermon—it's the music I'm attention to something more valable; we raises niggers, after. I tell you what,' continued Stokes, growing and a tolerably large crap is turned out every year, I enthusiastic, and wheeling round on the seat, so as to reckon.' face me more completely-'I tell you what, I've heard “You don't mean to say you raise men and women your Jenny Linds, your Grisis, your Kate Hayes, and for the purpose of selling them, do you?' I asked your Bishops, but I'd rather hear those two yaller with some astonishment. gals that sing in the choir of the Old African Church *You've hit it, stranger; we do that air very thing; at Richmond, than any opera-singer you could scare and we turns out the tallest crap of niggers every year up between Naples and London. I tell you what,' that can be scared up south of Mason and Dixon's concluded he, with a confident look, 'them gals can't line. That's so, ain't it, curnel ?' be beat; them gals are some: now mind, I tell you.' *To a superficial observer,' replied the colonela
“That's so,' said a lank individual at my elbow; starched-looking individual—'one, sir, entirely un'that's quite so. Them_two gals are screamers. I acquainted with the workings of our peculiar instihearn one of 'em sing Home Sweet Home at a concert tutions--this great and prosperous commonwealth of the darkies guv at their church, and it couldn't be Virginia must appear to be upon the brink of ruin. beat easy nohow, I reckon. Why, I went home to He does not hear the sound of the forge or the anvil; my old 'oman, and our dirty old log-hut looked jest as he does not see manufactories rearing their heads fine as the White House at Washington: it did, by beside our creeks and rivers. We admit, sir, that jingo. I give it to you, stranger, as my 'pinion, that the sound of the spindle is seldom or never heard that air gal can't be got over on Sweet Home. I'll within our borders. What of that, sir? Virginia, back her on that song agin anything you kin start up sir, scorns all these. She leaves the manufacturing anywhere.'
of railroad iron, of cotton goods, of wooden pails, of I was a traveller in America. I went over to see shoes, and linsey Woolsey, to the greasy operatives our Brother Jonathan under his own vine and fig-tree. of northern cities : hers is a higher mission, hers & One of the particular objects of my journey was to nobler aim. Virginia, sir, has assumed the duty of see for myself whether he did treat his black fellow- raising slaves to cultivate the fields of the far south, to countrymen as people often say he does. For this raise cotton, rice, and sugar to clothe and feed the purpose I was making an excursion, in company with poor, oppressed, priest-ridden, and king-cursed pauper Stokes, into one of the strongholds of slavery; was nations of the Old World. I repeat it, sir, Virginia's travelling into the great state of Virginia--the state great, and her greatness is in her niggers. With them that has given birth to so many of the chief rulers she is building herself an ebony monument which of the American confederacy the land of the F.F.V.s, shall tell the story of her greatness to coming generas the poverty-stricken, negro-breeding aristocracy of ations. On the top of this great monument, sir, she that sovereign state are pleased to denominate them will kindle the beacon-light of freedom, towards which selves.
will rush the down-trodden millions of European * What is F.F.V.?' said I to Stokes, the first time I despotisms in search of the liberty, equality, and heard it. "What is F.F.V.?'
fraternity they are denied in their native lands. Oh, you ignoramus,' he replied ; ‘it means First The lying traducers of our noble state have dared to Families of Virginia.'
say that we are relapsing into barbarism, that we • Who are the F.F.V.s? Are they a large class ?' I improve nothing; but I need only point to our niggers innocently inquired.
as a refutation of the vile slander. Sir, what were Quite a large class,' replied Stokes ; 'for every those niggers when they were first brought to the man who is possessed of two niggers is an F.F.V.; shores of Virginia ? Sir, they were flat-footed, crookedevery old woman who owns a palsy-stricken darkey, legged, and bandy-shinned, with black skins and that she hires out for five dollars a month, is an woolly heads. Now, sir, look at them; see what they F.F.V.; ; every dirty boy, whose uncle used to own a
Sir, we have bleached them out to a nigger, is an F.F.V.; in fact, everybody who is con- Saxon standard of fairness: the serf of Virginia is nected with niggers in the way of ownership, either now almost as white as the serf of Russia, and directly or indirectly, is an F.F.V. There, now,' con more valuable; for with the infusion of American cluded he, ' you have the whole thing; treasure it in blood, he has acquired American energy and
intelligence. Sir, if the sons of Virginia have done no the negro, to the fairness of the Anglo-Saxon, yet more, they have done this; and the world will one all identified as one people, all coming under the day do them justice for the ability they have displayed denomination of 'niggers. In the great number of in this direction.'
quadroons and mulattoes present, I began to have a “That's so,' said the lank individual before men- realising sense of the exertions of the sons of Virginia tioned. "Go at it agin, curnel; it takes you to in the bleaching process referred to by the colonel. spread yourself on that air question.'
Just then I heard a voice behind me ask-Haven't Thus encouraged, the colonel proceeded: 'I see, you got over it yet, Aunt Molly ?' sir, you are a stranger; travelling, I presume, with the No, chile, and never shall. He was my last boy, intention, sir' But here the eloquent colonel was and they've sold him. I tell you, girl,' said she, with interrupted by the entrance of the conductor, whose sudden energy, 'don't you never get married- never. sonorous cry of Tickets, genlmen; tickets, if you I know you are thinking 'bout it, honey; but don't please,' completely drowned the voice of the defender you, chile, that's a dear. If that George Barkley of the cherished institution of the southern states. wants to marry you, tell him he must buy you fust,
Stokes quickly found the porter of the Exchange for den, you see, your children will all be free.'
'He's too poor, Aunt Molly; he got nothing but his Now for it!' cried he-' come on.'
barber-shop to support him-he can't buy me.' 'Nonsense,' replied I; 'you are not going to church *Then don't you marry him, girl : take the advice in this guise? Why, we are both covered with dust.' of a broken-hearted old woman, who has seen every
Never mind the dust. There is no one to see us chick and child she ever had sold away from her, and but niggers; and while you are jabbering here, they don't you marry him; if you do, unless you are free, will have sung the first hymn-so let's have no more every little baby you have will be a knife in your talk, but come on.'
breast. Take my advice, chile; don't get married On we went, pushing our way through crowds of till you are free, or maby you 'll live to be a poor neatly dressed people of every shade of black, brown, miserable broken-hearted old woman like I is.' and yellow, that lined the side-walk of the wide street Did you hear that?' I asked of Stokes. through which we were walking.
O yes, I heard it; but it's none of your business Oh, we need not hurry so, after all,' said Stokes, nor mine-we can't help it.' pointing before him ; 'there goes the minister. We But I tell you it is our business,' said I wrathfully; need not trouble ourselves to catch up to him; there'it's every man's business—every man worthy of the is a desperately long prayer before the singing; and name must feel it his duty to protest'I'm not particularly anxious to hear it.'
Protest fiddle-sticks!' said Stokes. There is to And so we sauntered on until we came in front of be one sermon from the pulpit, I don't want another the church, around the door of which a knot of well- from the pew; 80 please shut up instanter, for they dressed gentleman-like young men were standing. are going to sing.'
“Do you see those dandy fellows there?' said Stokes, I looked up into the pulpit, and saw a hatchet-faced pointing to the group just mentioned. “Ten chances to individual clearing his throat preparatory to reading one, they are all slaves. Some of them I know are: the hymn. business brings me here so often that I begin to know During the reading of the verse, Stokes had turned the people.'
in such a manner as to enable himself to face the You don't mean those nice-looking young men ?' choir. • Yes, I mean just them. They might be put on "Who are those white ladies dressed in mourning, the auction-block to-morrow. Notice particularly that sitting in the front row of the choir ?' I asked of him. one in the handsomely fitting surtout, the young man • They are not white. Those are the gals we were with an Italian-looking face and black hair. I know talking of in the cars—those are the Twin Quadhim: his name is William Sykes. He belongs to a roons. One of them, you see,' whispered he, 'is taller company of gamblers.'
than the other-she is the prettiest; her name is Kate; * Impossible !' replied I. "Why, the man's white.' the other is her sister Rachel; but hush, they are
In complexion, I grant you; but he has African about to begin.' blood in him notwithstanding--and is a slave for life.' Now, I don't pretend to judge music critically or
"How well dressed they all are. They don't look as artistically; any school-girl of thirteen can tell you if they endured much suffering.'
more about an Italian bravura than I can. I've been "That's the way,' said Stokes, 'with all you English to the opera numberless times: I've heard Grisi, travellers. Your idea of a slave is in accordance with Piccolomini, Amidei, Alboni, and every other si and the wood-cuts in the popular geographies—a bare- ni that has been before the public for the last ten headed black man, with a piece of cotton round his years—I've heard them I say ; but they never loins, a ball and chain at his ankle, and a hoe in his produced such feelings in my bosom as were aroused hand. You travel over the country from city to city, by the sweet voices of those two girls. I felt a and often, because you don't see the counterpart of the sensation beneath my waistcoat to which I had been picture, you go home with an idea that the whole thing previously a stranger; and, as the sweet mournful has been dreadfully misrepresented. It's a matter of wailing notes of the hymn floated through the long pride to a rich slave-owner to dress his negro well; he low building, a film came over my eyes. puts fine clothes on him as he does a silver-mounted The words, “My dear hearers,' coming from the harness on his horses—to display his wealth. Why, pulpit above, drew my attention to the coming text: you numskull, it is not for the man's sake any more Content, with godliness, is great gain. I will not than it is for the horses'. Let me tell you, you stupid attempt to review the whole of the abominable disbeef-eating Britisher, that there is many a master who course, nor to describe how the meaning of the takes the skin off his nigger's back, and then covers Scripture was perverted to give sanction to the it with a broadcloth coat at five dollars a yard. Don't iniquitous system of slavery; but these were some of judge them by their feathers. But it's time to go the words: in church,' concluded he, as he opened the door and My dear hearers, don't you know that when you stepped in, followed by me.
wish to change the condition in which you have been Service had not yet commenced; so, after we were placed by a watchful Providence, that knows what is seated, I had an opportunity to look about me. There best suited to your wants; when you rebel against were assembled nearly, if not quite, three thousand your situation, and want to be free men and women; people of every shade, from the jet-black colour of | when you entertain hard thoughts and ungrateful