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explanation of this usage, of which I retain no clear of rock, which towers some two or three hundred feet remembrance, save that it is of very remote antiquity. perpendicularly above the sea. The wild music of the Be this as it may, a few hours sooner or later are of waves, on a stormy day, as they surge against its base, little import; it is the pleasing impression on which is borne upward by the wind, and distinguishable I dwell, and it is one of the customs that, even with amid the strains of the organ and the voices of the my hard matter-of-fact notions about the 'good old choir, produce an effect not easily forgotten. Unfortimes,' I should gladly see revived amongst us. tunately, the existence of this venerable pile is threat

On Easter Sunday, every one who has scraped the ened by the inroads of the sea, which slowly, but wherewith together, puts on new clothes, and dines perceptibly, is undermining the cliff; and in a hundred on roast lamb; baskets of stained eggs are sent about years, it is calculated, the duomo will be in ruins. as presents, and children feast on cakes embellished The votaries of San Ciriaco say, however, that he will with the figure of the Paschal Lamb. In the week not fail to protect his church, and defy the ravages of following, many marriages take place, as, except the elements. under particular circumstances, weddings are never The body of the saint, clad in his episcopal robes, solemnised in Lent.

for he was bishop of Ancona, is preserved in a subDinner-parties are also frequently given at this terranean chapel, and is annually exposed, for the first season amongst intimate friends; more formal ones eight days of the month of May, to the veneration of sometimes on Easter Monday or Tuesday, by the the people. principal families, to some great personage, the dele- The legend runs, that after undergoing in the east gate or the bishop, for instance. But throughout the martyrdom of boiling lead being poured down his all, whether on a social or more ceremonious footing, throat, his remains floated in a stone coffin back to the same kindly feeling, the same absence of osten- the scene of his former labours. tation, invariably prevail. Would that we resembled In the duomo is also kept the famous picture of the the Italians in this respect ! They literally follow Madonna, attested to have opened her eyes in 1795, at the evangelical precept of asking to their banquets a moment of great peril to the state, which was overthose by whom they cannot be bidden in return. At run by the armies of the French Republic. Fifty every dinner-party there are always to be met three years after, in 1845, this miracle received the confiror four old gentlemen, friends of the family, neither mation of the papal authority; and the petitions from useful nor ornamental accessories, not distinguished the gonfalonière (mayor) and magistrates, the clergy and by sprightliness, riches, or good looks. They would the nobility, imploring that, as an acknowledgment be classed as insufferable bores by us, and if asked of being thus privileged, they might be permitted to at all, only grudgingly, to fill up a vacant place; place Ancona under the immediate protection of the but here, on the contrary, their age and infirmities Madonna, who, by opening the eyes of her venerated constitute their title to admission; and unfailingly, image, had signally shewn her favour towards it'whenever a trattamento is given-as any gathering for received a gracious response. Fireworks, processions, the purpose of making good cheer is denominated- a general illumination, and nine days of religious are these old friends seen in their accustomed seats ceremonies at the duomo, inaugurated this event, at the table, not the least tinge of patronage being which at every succeeding anniversary is still commingled with the cordiality of their reception.

memorated with great solemnity. The celebration of the festivals of the Madonna, to It was my good fortune to hear a course of sermons whom the month of May is especially consecrated, and delivered in honour of the holy image by a Barnabite of San Ciriaco, the patron saint of Ancona, followed friar, Padre G of Bologna, one of the most celequickly upon those I have been just now describing ; brated preachers of the day; and the scene presented and a concourse of peasants, daily flocking in, by their by the illuminated church, the enthroned picture-a bright-looking costumes, and picturesque handsome meek and lowly face, shaded by a dark-blue mantle, appearance, enlivened the town to a very unusual but resplendent with a star and rose of brilliants, with extent.

which it had been adorned by Pius VII.--the eager Indeed, the weather was so lovely, the air so balmy, upturned countenances of the crowd, as their kindling the atmosphere so gauze-like and softening to the glances wandered from the impassioned orator to the objects it surrounded, that an irresistible charm half-closed eyes of the motionless effigy he was aposseemed resting upon the land; and it became easy to trophising, as if seeking to discern some miraculous comprehend how a colony of Dorians, establishing manifestation in their favour; the enthusiastic appeals, themselves upon its shores, crowned its lofty pro- the fervent action of the priest as his lofty form montory with a temple where Venus was invoked. towered in the pulpit, and his powerful voice swelled

A cathedral, dedicated to San Ciriaco, one of the like an organ through the aisles-all rise vividly oldest in Europe, now occupies the site of the heathen before me, resembling some dream of enchantment, shrine, nobly situated on the very summit of the hill, with that strange fascination that such pageants in overlooking the town, which rises for some distance Italy possess. along its sides, but terminating about half-way, leaves Not less remarkable than his startling eloquence the duomo undisturbed in its hoary majesty and im- was the ingenuity with which the preacher diversified pressive solitude. We used to delight in walking up nine consecutive days of discourses upon the same here, and sitting on the steps of the portico, of which topic. One day he surprised his auditors by a disserthe columns were supported on two colossal lions of tation on the invention of gunpowder, the destructive red granite, gaze forth on the grand prospect which missiles employed in modern warfare, the disastrous this position displays. At our feet, sloping downwards sieges and the fearful loss of life, all attributable to in a semicircle, lay the town, the mole with Trajan's this discovery. Then depicting the horrors of two or celebrated arch, the harbour and shipping, commanded three well-known bombardments and pillages with by the citadel, and background of mountains stretch- thrilling power, he asked triumphantly whence it was ing far along the curve of the coast, with higher ranges that Ancona, often surrounded by hostile armies, and more dimly seen, forming part of the great chain of invested by foes as watchful as relentless, had always Apennines by which Italy is intersected. Turning been preserved from a similar fate? Whence, if not away from this, you seem transported to a different by the miraculous presence of that heavenly portrait, region, for on three sides of this bold headland, a whose modest eyelids had been raised, in moments of broad expanse of waters alone meets the view. The the greatest peril to the church, to give courage to walls of the cathedral are not six paces removed from the dejected, and faith to the wavering! where the cliff abruptly ends, presenting a rugged face On another occasion, he commenced by a vivid

description of the early youth, the education, the first they heard or witnessed, than if they were in a theatre exploits of Napoleon. He led you on step by step in or a forum: they were there solely to enjoy Padre his career; he successively brought him before you as —'s eloquent descriptions, to look about them, the sullen sensitive boy at Brienne, the aspiring lieu- and to kill time. tenant of artillery, the young general of twenty-six, making Italy ring with his fame. On he went, gather

DOMESTIC BOOKBINDING. ing fresh ardour, more striking similes, more startling vehemence, as he dwelt on the resistless might which Much valuable literary matter is lost for want of hurled down thrones and swept away kingdoms in a binding; for many persons will go to the expense of breath, till he brought him, flushed with conquest, to the one, who grudge, or cannot afford, the other. We Ancona. “And here,' he continued—'here, beneath strongly recommend our friends to make all possible this venerable dome, standing before the sacred pic- efforts and sacrifices with a view to getting their music, ture, prepared to scoff and ridicule its divine powers— magazines, &c. bound for them; but if they cannot, or that man, with eagle eyes and folded arms, gives one will not do this, we offer them a few suggestions on hurried glance, and trembles. ... Yes! The haughty the subject of binding at home. brow which the fabled thunders of Jove might have We know amateurs who take much pleasure in the encircled, is bent before that benign though reproach- art of bookbinding, and follow it with great success ; ful gaze. His sallow cheek grows ashy pale as those but, to do this, there must be a workshop and the heavenly orbs unclose upon him! His limbs totter; regular apparatus. Our object is to shew how books the sacrilegious hand which was stretched forth to may be bound without such apparatus, and at a small lay hold on the venerated image is withdrawn, and expense. he hastens away, sternly forbidding its removal or Some little preparation must, however, be made; inspection!

and we shall describe what is indispensable. Take As a last specimen of this attractive, but certainly two flat pieces of plank of some hard wood, about 14 peculiar style of pulpit oratory, I ought to quote from inch thick, and somewhat larger than any book a magnificent delineation, with which he opened another you may have to bind-say, 20 by 18 inches. Lay of his discourses, of the terror that marks the progress these planks together, and bore through them both of the Destroying Angel, scattering pestilence from three holes at either end, about an inch from the his sable wings, with desolation and mourning in his edge, and with an inch auger.

Make six pegs wake. But my limits forbid anything beyond a mere of hard wood, six inches long, and fit them tightly sketch of the subjects on which he enlarged, with a into one plank on one side of itthat is, so that graphic power, a scenic effect if I may use the term- the pegs may all stand out at one side. Reduce of which it is impossible to convey any just conception. the size of the pegs, so that they will pass freely The dread judgment on the first-born of Egypt, the through the holes in the other board, that by their plagues sent on the murmuring Israelites—the dire means the boards may be separated or brought near to records of the dark ages, when cities were made desolate, each other at pleasure. The board in which the holes and whole populations swept away by similar awful are should be fitted with a backstay or two, so that visitations-all were detailed with harrowing power. it may support itself edgeways on a table, and the Passing on from these to modern times, he addressed two together will thus form a sort of vice or press. himself more particularly to the feelings of his auditors, For tightening this, arrange four large iron wood by recalling the ravages which the cholera had made screws.' Holes must be bored in the outer plank, a few years previous in Ancona, when, out of its large enough to let the screws pass loosely through, then population of 25,000, 1000 were swept away; but in the other plank, they should bite.

When a and finally bade them ascribe their own preservation - book is in the press, the screws must be tightened so the final disappearance of the scourge-to the wondrous as to hold it firmly. This cheap and simple conpicture having been borne, amid the tears and supplica- trivance is susceptible of many improvements, as of tions of the inhabitants, in solemn procession through screws with winged heads, specially made, &c.; but it the streets. "Give me, O Maria !' he here cried with will be found sufficient in its simplest form. transport, striking himself upon the breast give me a In addition to this, you must have a heavy hammer, spring-tide of roses and hyacinths to weave in garlands twelve or fourteen pounds' weight, and round at the for thy shrine; give me the laurel-wreath of genius, ends, to beat and compress the books. If near a the monarch's crown of gems ; give me all that earth foundry, you should make a model in wood or clay, holds beautiful or rare, to cast in tribute at thy feet. and have it cast;

but, in any case, the hammer is not Give me eloquence to inspire, fervour to incite, per- very expensive. The glue-pot may be any little pot suasion to reclaim-give all to me, who yet am nothing, of crockery; but should never be put on the fireto be consecrated to thy service. Let me gaze on those melt the glue by placing the pot in a sauce-pan with celestial eyes, which so benignly opened upon Ancona, water, and boiling that. Besides the glue-pot and and gather there undying ardour and unconquerable press, you must have some scissors and cutting tools ; love, our only hope, our only refuge!'.

and now for the mode in which you must proceed. After an address of this description, an approving Suppose you had a year's monthly parts of this murmur used to be discernible among the crowd, while Journal to bind—first remove the covers and all papers now and then an irrepressible 'bravo,' or a patronising not belonging to the text ; lay the parts carefully "bene, bene,' would be heard. But apart from the together in order, striking the backs gently on the peasants—who, as I have said, flocked in large numbers table to get them quite even. Then beat them on a to these ceremonies-and the poor old women, whose block with the hammer, so as to compress and flatten withered lips and palsied fingers were ever busy in them. Next put them carefully into your press, and saying their rosary and counting its beads, I should tighten the screws, so as to hold them steady. Let be sorry to have to estimate how much real devotion about an inch of the back appear above the edge, dwelt in the hearts of the multitude which daily and, with a common saw, cut four slits in the ck congregated at the duomo, as soon, at least, as the at regular intervals, not deeper than the teeth of the excitement which such fiery appeals would naturally saw. In each of these nicks insert a cord, and to produce upon the susceptible temperaments of the these cords secure with packthread all the little quires south, had worn away.

forming the book. This completes the first stage of As for the young men, of whom there were numbers the binding. always present, I heard from various sources that they To aid in the sewing process, a square frame of had no more thought of anything religious in what / light wood is necessary. The cords must be tied to

this above and below, and the lower portion of the suggesting to more than one reader who can afford the frame should be so flat and broad that the book can lie proper apparatus, an amusing and useful mode of filling on it.

The cords being passed into their respective up a few leisure hours now and then. It should not be nicks, the binder must open the leaves regularly to forgotten, that the art admits of the exercise of high find the middles of the little quires, and then pass, artistic powers, and that it is allied to the fabrication with the needle, the packthread along the inside, but of such little elegances as card-cases, work-boxes, twisting it round each cord in succession as he goes; papeteries, &c., on which taste and a decorative talent making it fast at the end with a knot or hitch. When may be displayed to any extent. Supposing homethis is done, he must cut away the cords, except an made pasteboard to be used, it is a good plan to inch and a half or so on each side, which should be left press the covers, before using, as strongly as possible to form the attachment to the cover. He must now between the planks, as described above, leaving them replace the book in the press, and give its back a for a night, or longer, if possible, under the pressure. good coat of glue, melted as described above. Leave it in the press till the glue is dry. In the meantime, the binder can see and measure

A BUTTERFLY. the breadth of back for which he will have to provide

Thou incarnation of the light, the cover, according to the following directions:

Coquetting with the flutt'ring sight, Cut two pieces of thiņ pasteboard a little larger

Looking as if thou 'd ta'en a flight, than your book. Cut out also a piece of calico or

Like winged flower, linen, so much larger than both these every way, as

Down from the sun's effulgent bright to allow for the back and the turning in.' Paste,

And burning bowerdown the middle of this, three or four slips of the same calico, to strengthen the back; carefully measure

The flashes of thy filmy wing, its breadth and length, and lay on your covers, leaving

Like gaudy pennon's fluttering, the space of the back between them; turn in your

That o'er the seas of sunlight spring, calico round the edges of the covers, avoiding creasing,

A bark of light, and the cover is made, and must be allowed to dry.

And with the wavy breezes bring Then take your book, unravel and soften the ends of

Us beauty bright. cord, and wet them with strong glue. Lay the book carefully on its back into the cover, and glue down the

Thou star of day, I see thee shine, cords to the sides. Support the book in this position

Against the azure depths divine; by some simple contrivance, and glue down a slip of

And where the twinkling tints combine linen or calico to hold the cords steady. Afterwards

A flow'ry cell, paste, over all this, a sheet of white or fancy paper to

Thou feed'st on beauty rich as thine, line each cover, and the work is done when dry. We

And loved as well. say nothing about cutting the edges artistically, as it requires a particular arrangement not contemplated

The earth secreteth rubies red, here; but if you are ingenious enough to cut them

The sounding sea, its coral bed, clean and straight with a sharp knife, so much the

The lucid air creates instead better.

A living gem, However simple or rough such binding may be, it

To wreath in circles round my head is far better to bind thus than to let books go to ruin.

Light's diadem.

W. S. As regards the edges, it may be added, that, previous to putting the book into its cover, it may be put in the press, bringing up each edge of the three exposed ones successively, and, while held thus tightly, should Experiments are now in progress to shew that the sea be cut with a sharp knife or shoemaker's cutting-tool. is constantly charged with a solution of copper. Mr Any little inequalities may be smoothened down with Septimus Piesse caused a bag of iron nails to be hung fine glass-paper. The edges, when cut, may be dabbled from the sides of steamers passing between Marseille and with any colour desired, by using a big hair-brush and Nice, and obtained a precipitation of copper upon the iron. water-colours.

He finds the same metal in the substance of animals In speaking of the linen or calico for the covers, inhabiting the sea, and recommends the popular experiwe, of course, intended something of the sort used by ment of putting an oyster-a bad one, if possible-on the bookbinders, as it may be had of almost any colour.

blade of a knife, and leaving it there for twenty-four hours, We should strongly advise the amateur to make his when, on the removal of the oyster, the copper will be own pasteboard. It may be done with old newspapers, blue colour of some portions of the Mediterranean is due

found on the knife. In Mr Piesse's opinion, the beautiful at 3d. per pound, if none others can be had. If only done to an ammoniacal salt of copper, while the greenness of flat, and without creases or wrinkles, it is far stronger other seas is owing to the chloride of copper. and better than that which is sold in the shops, and costs only a fraction of the price. The secret of making

CURIOUS PARALLELISM OF CUSTOMS. it good and even is, to wet the paper, independently of It is a custom in Berwickshire among women-workers the paste to be employed, laying the sheets quite flat in the field, when their backs become much tired by on each other, and, when nearly dry, placing them on bowing low down while singling turnips with short-shanked a table or other flat surface, on which they should hoes, to lie down upon their faces to the ground, allowing be secured with books or such things laid upon them, others to step across the lower part of their backs, on the so as to force them to dry out flat. The last thing lumbar region, with one foot, several times, until the pain of all to be done is, to put the book as tightly as of fatigue is removed. Burton, in his First Footsteps in possible into the press, and leave it there for some East Africa, narrates a very similar custom in females hours.

who lead the camels, on feeling fatigued, and who “lie at We hope none of our readers whom it may concern full length, prone, stand upon each other's backs, trampwill be discouraged from attempting bookbinding by ling and kneading with their toes, and rise like giants the apparent complexity of the operations necessary refreshed. —Notes and Queries, June 20, 1857. for it. It is an amusing work enough ; and the comfort of having books bound, and standing orderly on their Printed and Published by W. and R. CHAMBERS, 47 Patershelves, will amply repay the trifling cost and trouble.

noster Row, London, and 339 High Street, EDINBURGH. Also

sold by WILLIAM ROBERTSON, 23 Upper Sackville Street, Dupuis, Perhaps what we have written may be the means of and al Booksellers.

COPPER IN THE SEA.

OF POPULAR

LITERATUR EN

Science and Jrts.

CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS.

No. 188.

SATURDAY, AUGUST 8, 1857.

Price 1d.

the religious newspapers, who, upon the occasion of A POPULAR PREACHER.

a frightful accident occurring in his crowded conI am not a successful person, and I don't like a person gregation, asserted roundly that it served them, the that is so. When I am told of people who have caught sufferers, right. "No man,' said one of them, 'is the public ear or eye--an actor who draws full houses, justified in collecting large assemblies who has not the a barrister who affects juries to tears, a poet who power of controlling them'-upon an alarm of fire, for reaches a second edition, anybody, in short, who has instance; after which it went on to describe what its done more than I have done I feel a very natural Archdeacon Stratecote would have done in a similar antipathy for him, and adopt one of two courses : 1 emergency. Anti-Boanerges tracts also were published deny that the thing is true; I have been to the theatre, with strange interrogatory titles: “Who is Boanerges ?' and was the only creature in the stalls ; I have been to Why is Boanerges popular?' 'Who is the Chief the Old Bailey, and was convulsed with merriment at Heretic of To-day?' Not, of course, that we, or the the pathos of the learned gentleman; I happened to newspapers, or the tracts cared sixpence what Boaknow the publisher, and he confessed to putting 'second nerges was or was not, but on account of the fifteen edition’ upon all after the first fifty copies. Or else, thousand persons, more or less, who still kept going admitting the success, I deny that it is deserved: the to hear him. People one meets at dinner-parties actor is a stick, the counsel is a pump, the poet is a began to go; some of whom—Wilkins, for instance, fool. I find this practice, as a general rule, to be a young man without a proper sense of respect for his soothing to myself, as well as pleasing to my friends: superiors—thought fit to oppose my sentiments. the majority of whom also have been unfortunate in 'Any man,' I had observed, “who degrades himself life, having merits that have never been appreciated, to act the buffoon, will get thousands to come and see genius that has been ignored, and yearnings that have him do it.' never come to anything.

“There are more buffoons in the world than specPicture, then, our indignant sentiments when we tators,' retorted Wilkins. heard of a certain reverend gentleman-one Boanerges “Sir,' said I, in a manner which is considered to -getting fifteen thousand people to listen to him in be like that of the great lexicographer's, there are the open air. This, of course, was a frightful exaggera- not. I maintain that if a man choose to play the tion; but then if there were only ten thousand ? or actor in his pulpit upon the Sabbath-day, he will fill even five thousand ? Some of us were clergymen his house.' ourselves, and were, reasonably enough, excessively “Nay; but we know not a few of those also,' outraged. Well, we did what we could: we heard it persisted Wilkins, who have still several pews to from the best authority that there were barely five let. I don't want to exalt my man unduly, but he hundred in his chapel, and that each of those received shall not be sat upon.' a fourpenny-piece for going there; that after the first 'Sir,' said I, did not this person address a man day's preaching, the novelty of the thing went off, and from his pulpit who happened to come into his chapel so did the congregation; that poor Boanerges was a out of the rain, and stigmatise him as “an umbrella seventh-day wonder which only lasted a week. The Christian ?” Did he not on one occasion imitate a report then spreading that a gigantic place of worship, Baelga ? Did he not, on another, run down his pulpit such as had not been heard of since Solomon's Temple, stairs, to illustrate the swiftness of a fall from grace ; had been actually projected for the express purpose of and toil up the same slowly, to picture the difficulty accommodating Boanerges's hearers, followed by the of repentance? Did he not call the established clergy certain news that one of the finest music-halls in “dumb dogs ?” Did he not?' London had been found insufficient for his audience Perhaps he did, and perhaps he did not,' said in the meanwhile, and that the very largest of all had Wilkins; 'I have heard you say he did, often enough; been engaged instead—then, I say, we altered our now, do you come with me next Sunday to hear him, tactics. Boanerges was (then) a Mormon, a Shaker, a and judge for yourself.' Jumper, a Latter-day Saint. He belonged to the I agreed to go. Horshair, who lias been thirty Agapemone, denied the rotundity of the earth, was in years at the bar without stooping to any transaction favour of a plurality of wives, habitually preached with an attorney, and Humbleby, one of the most standing upon one leg, emphasising with the other respectable of modern divines, offered to accompany upon the reading-cushion, and held dramatic dialogues us on the ensuing evening. We left all the arrangewith Adam, with Moses, and with Nebuchadnezzar. ments to Wilkins. He said we must dine at four We were confirmed in this line of proceeding by 1 o'clock, in order to be at the music-hall before the

service commenced. This was very disagreeable to respectable minister-Ebenezer Chapel, first turn on people of our years and position, and particularly as the left hand.' This announcement was greeted by a we could get nothing at the club till after six. We general groan, the sentiment of which was · Boanerges arranged, then, to meet at 'the Wellington'at fifty- aut nullus ;' and not till the opening hymn-it sounded nine minutes past three; and Humbleby and I were like a song of triumph-was raised by the fortunate there, punctual to the minute.

There was some inmates of the wished-for place, did we in the street printed statements upon one side of the door, setting begin to melt away in twos and threes. In those forth that upon Sundays no table could be served till unknown, ill-paved, unlighted, cabless regions, I claim after five o'clock; we rang the bell, and found that credit for myself and Horshair that we did not do for even this hope was illusory, and that the earliest Wilkins, who appeased us, however, in some slight time of hope was half-past five.

measure by standing dinner-for we had had no Horshair and Wilkins kept us waiting in the east dinner, in any high sense of the term--at the club. wind for near a quarter of an hour, during which my On the ensuing Sunday, Wilkins called upon me friend continuously observed that it served us both at breakfast-time with two tickets: •Admission for right, and that it was nothing more than he had Lord's-day mornings' to the temple of Boanerges. I expected. We then adjourned to a neighbouring glared at him for a moment or two, and then consented chop-house, strongly recommended by our young com- to go. It was a beautifully clear day; the gardens in panion, and partook of the very worst dinner that which the music-hall was built were crisp with frost, I have had since I was a school-boy: much as wine and their ornamental waters sparkled in the sun; the was to be desired on such an occasion, and particularly scene was more like one in Paris than in London ; and for the stale fish, there was no wine to be got until the vast throngs of ticket-holders among the statues six o'clock. During this melancholy entertainment, and the arbours, and in front of the great model of Wilkins observed that he hoped we were all right the Russian stronghold, seemed pleasure-takers rather about Boanerges, for he was advertised to preach than church-goers. The music-hall itself, with its at so many different places that one could never be hundred windows and long gilded galleries, with its quite sure. Humbleby was speechless with indigna- printed announcements of Cloak-room,''Refreshmenttion; but Horshair and I gave the young man so much room,' "This Way to the Stalls, and so on, which of our minds as to induce him to confess he was only were suffered to remain in all their native profanity, joking. Immediately after cheese, we drove away in contrasted strangely with the usual habitations of two hansoms to the music-hall: an hour's indiges-religion amongst us; two private boxes on either tion, turnpike-paying, and suffocation (for Wilkins side the orchestra alone reminding one, by a sort of would smoke) ensued before we reached our bourne, impious parody, of the grand old British pew. Upon which seemed to be a long blank wall in a perfectly the orchestra seats and fronting the vast assemblage, empty street. An official person with his back against Boanerges's own particular flock were accommodated; it informed us that Boanerges only preached there in and where the conductor's box was wont to be, was the mornings; and that in the evenings he preached reared an enormous pen, by way of pulpit. How the at his own chapel, a mile or two off, in Southwark. folk kept flocking in!—for the most part, well-dressed Humbleby, who had quarrelled with Horshair coming there were scarcely any poor among them and along, immediately began to walk back again without quite as many males as females ; the majority, like any remark, and, as we afterwards discovered, had the ourselves, with curious, half-smiling faces ; but a large misfortune to be garroted near to the South-western minority, too, with very demure ones, in whose, chiefly Railway Station.

feminine, hands were a Bible and a ticket neatly We three drove on to the chapel, the street in front wrapped up in a pocket handkerchief. These tickets, of which was filled with masses of people. Horshair, by the by, cost but twelve stamps for a course of four not knowing that Humbleby had previously paid the sermons, and, it is fair to state, go a very little way cabman, discharged the entire account over again,' towards paying the hire of so vast a place, which is from which circumstance much dispute arose between expected to be defrayed by the voluntary contributions the two friends; but there was no time to lose in of the congregation at the doors. The body of the hall inquiries, if we were to hear Boanerges that evening. and also the best seats in the galleries, were filled before Though we formed ourselves into a solid square of the gates were opened to the general public, and the three, we had much ado to keep our position in the unticketed religious world rolled in upon us like a crowd, and could not advance one step. The great flood. In ten minutes, when the gates were closed iron gates in front of the chapel were closed; but two again, there was not an empty seat to be seen. The strong currents of people were flowing in, by ticket, at whisper that threaded this great crowd dropped in an the side-doors ; 'a thoroughly Calvinistic notion,' as instant, and every man's head was bared, as if by Horshair observed, whose forte, when disgusted, is magic, for we had come together, some of us at least, sarcasm. Presently, the police let three great waves of to worship, and lo! there was the preacher. outside folk through the main entrance, and then the A middle-sized, unhandsome person, not above inexorable iron closed for good: we were in the fourth twenty-five years old at most, heavy-featured, rather wave next the bars. A deacon-one of those of whom flat-faced, straight-haired—but with what a voice! Boanerges is reported to have said: 'Resist the devil, Without effort, without perceptible lift even, it filled and he will fly from you; but resist a deacon, and he that mighty temple with a volume of sound. A short will fly at you'-here addressed us, and implored us to opening prayer, somewhat remarkable for metaphor, go away. 'Mr Boanerges himself has said that his was followed by a hymn, which a man with a tuningchapel holds but twelve hundred to hear, and two fork gave out from the orchestra seats, and the select thousand to suffocate; the two thousand are now in. few thereon began to sing ; one not well-known to us, Three streets off, there is good doctrine and a most | or in which most of the congregation could join, being

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